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How to start Kienyeji chicken farming for eggs/chicks production

Many farmers in Kenya have overlooked the potentials in Kienyeji chickens. Starting a Kienyeji chicken farming is a good, cheap means to boost eggs and chicks production. This guide will help you with starting a Kienyeji chicken farm, either for meat, eggs or chick production.

Introduction to Poultry Production

Poultry contributes to improved human nutrition and food security by being a leading source of high quality protein in form of eggs and meat. It acts as a key supplement to revenue from crops and other livestock enterprises, thus avoiding over dependency on traditional commodities with inconsistent prices. It has a high potential to generate foreign exchange earnings through export of poultry products to neighboring countries. Poultry is highly prized in many social-cultural functions such as dowry and festivities.

The poultry industry is rapidly growing. The industry is characterized by widely diverse methods of production which include the following: village flocks, small-scale commercial flocks and large-scale commercial farms.

Constraints in poultry production include:

  • Production related constraints
    • inadequate access to improved breed
    • Access and affordability of feed
    • Disease control
  • Lack of knowledge and skills
  • Inadequate capital at all levels and marketing.

Systems of Management in Poultry Production

  • Free range
  • Semi-intensive
  • Intensive


  • Housing space should be 2 metres by 3 metres or be a traditional brooding basket. The traditional brooding basket can be used as a brooder basket for chicks, either inside or outside the house.
  • House should be raised to protect birds from predators.
  • Perches should be provided in the house for chicken to roost on at night.
  • The house should be well ventilated.
  • Preferably have cemented floor for ease of cleaning and disinfecting
  • Be rat-proof
  • Using plenty of litter after cleaning the poultry house
  • Keeping the right number of birds in poultry houses
  • Separating chicks from old birds

Management of chicks

  • Before chicks arrive at home; make sure that;
    • A brooder is in place
    • Paraffin lamps/electric bulbs/charcoal stove is available
    • Litter for the floor is available
    • 1m2 will accommodate 20 chicks up to 4 weeks old.
  • Temperature control: 35C for day-old chicks, 24-27C for 1 week. Reduce heat as they grow especially at night.

Physical features of a good Kienyeji layer chicken

  • Bright red comb and wattles
  • Alert eyes
  • Width between pelvic bones should measure at least 2 fingers
  • The beak and claws should look bleached
  • The cloaca should be moist

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Advantages in choosing Kienyeji chickens for farming

  • They are self-sustaining i.e. can raise their own replacement stock
  • They are hardy birds that can survive hard conditions
  • Management requirements are not critical as those of commercial exotic breeds
  • They are immune to some diseases and parasites
  • Their products fetch more money than those from exotic birds

Limitations in choosing Kienyeji chickens for farming

  • They have low growth rate
  • They produce fewer small sized eggs and comparatively little meat
  • People keep them without commercial purposes
  • They have been neglected by breeders/scientists despite their potential

How to Improving the production of Kienyeji chickens

Control of parasites and diseases

  • External parasites that affect Kienyeji chicken include: poultry body louse, stick tight flea, poultry lice, ticks, feather mites and leg mites.
  • Control can be done using commercial/synthetic or herbal insecticide.
  • Herbal preparations are cheaper for Kienyeji chicken but a lot of research is still needed in this area to establish proper dosage.
  • Internal parasites include worms and coccidia.
  • Worms can be eliminated using a potent dewormer preferably given as a tablet because these chickens have low water consumption.
  • Deworming should be done at least every month.
  • Commercial coccidiostats can be used alternately with herbal preparation. These must be given to birds on 8th, 9th, and 10th days of age. Repeat as directed by veterinarian.
  • In early days, vitamins-mineral mixtures should be given to chicks to minimize losses.
  • Vaccination of birds especially against New Castle Disease. Target first vaccination at the beginning of the dry seasons, repeat after one month and every four months thereafter.

Interested in the fruit farming and export business in Kenya?

 Feeding Kienyeji Chickens

  • Farmers can mix their own feeds using the abundant carbohydrate and protein feed available in their area.
  • Feeding should be accompanied by green feeds and fruits such as pawpaw.
  • Only palatable green feeds should be given to birds.

The following should be done in rearing Kienyeji chickens:

  • Vaccination against Newcastle disease
  • De-worming
  • Remove mites and lice manually or better still using medicated powder
  • Provide water as much as possible
  • May supplement free range with other feeds e.g. maize bran and concentrates
  • Avoid buying chicken in dry seasons because diseases, especially Newcastle, are more rampant in dry seasons
  • Avoid buying birds when there is a disease outbreak
  • Buy birds of almost the same age i.e. 2-3 months are more ideal. Avoid buying old birds
  • Plan for synchronised mating and therefore synchronized reproduction and production to ease management

Precautions to take during egg storage

  • Do not store eggs in a kitchen where it is hot. Heat may partially incubate the egg and kill the embryos in them
  • Do not store them on top of a cupboard because heat from roof may incubate them.
  • Keep eggs in a cool secure place.

Incubation by mother hens

  • Usually one hen starts incubating by staying overnight on the boiled egg
  • Leave this hen on the boiled egg for 10 days while it is waiting for other birds
  • After the 10 days, give all the birds that would have started incubating (within the 10 days) 17 selected but recently laid eggs
  • Leave the birds that refuse to incubate alone
  • If you want to eat or sell, eat/sell those which were laid first (old ones).
  • Avoid giving these eggs to birds for incubation: very small, round eggs, very dirty, cracked eggs, extremely pointed eggs, very big eggs, very old eggs.
  • When done this way, all birds will hatch on the same day. An egg takes 21 days, 6 hrs to hatch.

 General Disease Control Practices

The following can only be used as guidelines for disease control, for proper disease diagnosis and treatment, consult the veterinarian.

  • Don’t overcrowd brooders
  • Adequate ventilation
  • Feed must be of good quality
  • Give clean water ad-lib
  • Don’t mix young and older birds
  • Clean poultry house
  • Dispose of dead birds quickly and isolate sick ones
  • Provide disinfectant at entrance to house

Antibiotics should never be used to replace good management and should be used on prescription by a veterinarian.

Signs of ill health

  • Dullness
  • Reduced feed intake
  • Reduced water intake
  • Low egg production
  • Reduced growth rate
  • Rough coat

Record keeping

Records to keep include:

  • Production data such as number of eggs produced, number of egg hatched
  • Quantity of feed eaten
  • Health interventions e.g. treatment
  • Deaths
  • Sales and purchases


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What you need to know to start a hatchery business

Getting live chick from eggs has been made simple with the innovation of hatchery and despite the fact that working a hatchery, brooding eggs and dealing with the incubation needs some level of aptitude and specialized know-how, egg hatchery business is one that can be done easily with little supervision.

Points to note:

  • Fertilized eggs ought to be gathered from the hen three times each day based on the production framework that is placed.
  • To disinfect the eggs before setting, keep up the privilege barometrical condition amid incubation. Also, test run the hatchery before you set eggs inside. it’s imperative to permit the satisfactory escape of Co2 from the hatchery and;
  • Put the hatchery far from wells and light eggs logically.
  • disinfect hatchery before setting

There are various things required before delving into business, but here, we will be discussing only the most critical aspects.

The Incubation Process

A procedure called incubation is the basic system whereby treated eggs are hatched into chicks. Incubation is the procedure by which prepared eggs are given ideal states of temperature, relative dampness and ventilation essential for the improvement of chicks and their effective hatching.

Since you have now come to terms with the meaning of incubation, it is also imperative to understand that there are two kinds of incubation and they are the natural incubation and Artificial incubation respectively.

The natural incubation entails:

  • Incubation is independent of anyone else after the hen may have laid a few eggs up to 15.
  • The hen gets broody and stops laying.
  • The hen sits on the eggs and gives the required climatic condition, heat, for an effective incubation of the eggs in twenty-one days.

The artificial incubation entails:

  • It utilizes man-made gadget called INCUBATOR, which gives the ideal conditions under a logical framework for the advancement of egg hatchery to chicks.

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Steps to Start an Egg Hatchery Business

Beginning a poultry hatchery is a profitable venture to take to in Kenya. However, it’s imperative to plan out the business in detail before you begin. Here are some pieces of information to enhance your startup procedure:

  1. Get A Business Plan

The business plan eliminates the mystery of business failure, protecting your poultry hatchery from the likelihood of basic oversights. A poultry business plan coordinate with different applications will help you to streamline the procedure, functionality and prospects of your business much further.

  1. Research Your Competitors

Sometime before you open a poultry hatchery in your vicinity, it’s a smart thought to perceive how you will fit in the prospective business environment. It’s always good to “look around” and see what is already on the ground. This will help you to discover competitors close to you. Simply enter your proposed business environment to get a rundown of poultry incubation facilities and businesses in your locality.

Search for Poultry Hatcheries near You. Is the nearby, prevailing market sufficiently huge enough to accommodate another poultry hatchery? If not, it is advised to make certain adjustments, perhaps change location or devise a means of fitting in.

  1. Follow a Well-Guided Master-plan

Develop a hatchery business master plan such that treated eggs are kept for a time of 21 days, and they are then hatched to day-old chicks. The day-old chicks are then sold to poultry farmers and others in the Agro-allied industries.

Generally, the first port of call is to prepare a storage where eggs laid are stored. The eggs are later moved to hatcheries where they will be hatched in 21 days. It is ethical and also helpful to make provision for good health practices in your eggs hatchery business to forestall future contingencies.

As touching finance, your egg hatchery business can be financed by the Agricultural bank, Bank of Industry and Business banks if where you are able to convince them to support your enterprise.

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  1. Network With People Who Are Already in The Hatchery Business

If you are keen on beginning a poultry hatchery business, it’s a savvy move to network with some person who has been in the business for a considerable number of years. Debunk the idea that every competitor is a threat. It’s not always so. Besides, many experienced business people appreciate offering guidance to start-up business visionaries like yourself. If you are tenacious, you can discover a business coach who will bail you out.

The significant position of this stage provides for artificial incubation where a hen doesn’t necessarily have to sit on eggs for 21 days. With the use of the technology available in artificial incubation process, a large number of eggs can be hatched after the stipulated time-frame, within minutes. Today, we have hatcheries with the capacity of more than 100,000 eggs hatchery limit per day.

If you are looking to start hatchery business and you are in need of poultry equipment’s, don’t hesitate, contact us and we will help you out.


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what you should do to stop your chickens from fighting and pecking

Every farmer looks forward for a healthy flock, however at times farmers have had an experience where their birds fight and peck at each other. Below are a few things you can do to stop it from happening. Keeping a peaceful flock requires interpreting behaviors to decipher what chickens are communicating. When chickens are spending more time in the pen, boredom can bring out changes in behavior, such as pecking.

Chickens are naturally inquisitive, but they don’t have arms and hands to inspect things. They use their beaks to explore instead. Pecking is a natural chicken behavior that allows them to check out their surroundings, including their flock mates.

Though hen pecking is a natural occurrence, the nature of this behavior can change when birds spend more time inside.

Understanding the difference between curious and aggressive hen pecking is key to knowing when there is a problem. Not all pecking is bad. When it is gentle, this behavior is fun to watch. If pecking becomes aggressive, it can be problematic to other birds in the flock.

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How do you stop Chickens from Pecking at Each Other?

Explore on the reason as to why they are Pecking

If the hen pecking behavior becomes aggressive, first is to determine if something is causing birds to act out. Start by asking yourself these questions;

  • Are the hens too crowded?
  • Do they ever run out of chicken feed or water?
  • Are they too hot or cold?
  • Is there a predator in the area?
  • Is there something outside of the coop that is causing them to be stressed?.

After the stressor has been identified, the next step is easy: remove the problem and the behavior may go away or diminish.To maintain this newfound peace, make sure your birds have a minimum of 4 square feet indoors and 10 square feet outdoors per bird. Adequate feeder and waterer space is also critical. If a new hen is added to the flock, there may be a period of uneasiness.

Note, there will always be some dominance in the flock as part of the pecking order. There are typically one or two boss hens who rule the roost. Once the pecking order is determined, the birds usually live together peacefully.

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Ensure Cleanliness and Hygiene

The next step to prevent feather picking is to keep birds clean. Chickens take a different type of bath then you might expect. They often dig a shallow hole, loosen up all the dirt and then cover themselves in it. This process is called a dust bath. Dust bathing is an instinct that helps keep birds clean. Follow these steps to make dust baths;

  • Find a container at least 12” deep, 15” wide and 24” long;
  • Combine an equal blend of sand, wood ash, and natural soil;
  • Watch your birds roll around in the bath and clean themselves.”

Dust baths can also prevent external parasites such as mites and lice. If external parasites are an issue, supplement your birds’ dust bath with a cup or two of food-grade diatomaceous earth. If you add diatomaceous earth, be sure to mix it in well. Diatomaceous earth can be harmful if inhaled in large amounts. By mixing the diatomaceous earth into the dust bath, it has less probability to become airborne while still helping prevent external parasites.

Offer an alternative place for birds to peck

Next, provide your birds with something to keep their minds busy. Perhaps the most fun of it all is to find toys for chickens that bring out their natural instincts. Interactive objects can make the chicken coop more complex and exciting. Logs, sturdy branches or chicken swings are a few flock favorites. These ‘toys’ provide unique retreats for hens who may be lower in the pecking order.

Farming is fun and cool if done with the right mind and attitude. Always contact us whenever you need ideas on crop or livestock farming and we will advise.

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Can poultry farming make you enough money to quit your job?

How many of you dream of becoming their own boss? What about considering poultry farming? Many of you are worried whether they will still make as much money as they do while employed. Take for example a poultry farmer in Nyeri, Mr Muturi. Mr Muturi a trained salesperson quit his job in 2013 and he is now making millions.

Muturi who worked with an established company in Nairobi told Oxfarm how his peers laughed him off after he told them that he was quitting to start poultry farming. “my friend, are you insane?” One of his friend asked him; Muturi recalls. To his friends, this was a huge gamble but never the less he was convinced that the time was ripe for him to go into self-employment.

His desire to be his own boss saw him become one of the most successful poultry farmer in Nyeri.

As he was narrating his story, Muturi remembered how he started five years ago with just a small capital. He didn’t any formal training on poultry farming, but he decided to give it a short.

With just 20,000, he embarked on a journey. This came after he has done a market study and realized that most of Kenyan traders who sell chicken products import them from Uganda and Tanzania. He knew there was money in this kind of business and he had to try no matter what. So Muturi bought 100, 1-day old chicks and some feeds. The rest as they say is history.

What you Need to Make Money from Poultry Farming

Nevertheless, Muturi notes that you should be careful if you want to make money through poultry farming and you should do the following few things;

  • Housing system:

According to Muturi, this is a very critical factor to consider, regardless of the number of birds, housing can make or destroy your success in poultry farming. If you successfully construct a good housing system, then more than 40% of your problems are solved. Note that housing is the second most expensive thing in poultry farming after feeds.

  • Feeds and feeding:

Before you kick up the project, you need to conduct a feasibility study which will go a long way in helping you achieve your goals and succeed. Feeds and feeding carries a big weight in poultry farming and enough plans should be put I place. One can choose between producing feeds or buying from distributors. Proper feeding makes the birds grow well and to a larger extend their health is secured.

According to Muturi who produces his own feeds, making your own will cut the cots by almost 50%. However, he notes that new farmers should wait until they break through to produce their own food.

Profitable poultry farming and production in Kenya

  • Record keeping:

This is also another vital factor towards success. A proper book-keeping will foster your poultry business development, it will help you determine your success or failures and where change is required. Always keep a proper record for your poultry farm in order to increase your production level always.

  • Changes and differences:

You need to be sensitive to changes and differences in your poultry farm, which includes the growth, feeding, their droppings, the laying capacities, number of birds, sound amongst others.

This will help you as a farmer to be sensitive to changes in the system. For instances: when layers are about to start laying, they makes a lot of noise, feeding rate and body weight increases, and sometimes when there is disease outbreak you can quickly take note of this happenings by their droppings, if it changes from what it use to be when they are healthy then something is wrong, you can call on your vet doctor for inspection. Be sensitive to regular changes in your poultry farm always.

  • Types of birds:

This is another important factor you should consider in a poultry farming business what are the types of birds you want to raise? Chicken? (Layers or Broilers as applicable to other birds) Turkey? Goose? Duck? You should source for quality chicks from breeders. First generation chicks f1 are the best. Only source chicks from reputable breeders.

  • Areas of concentration:

This is a very important factor to consider in a poultry farming business. Do you want to keep them for: Egg production, meat production, breeding (hatching of eggs into chicks), feed processing and production, packaging of poultry products, marketing and lots more?

  • Capital:

Capital is one of the major factor that determine what happens and what goes on in the system. Capital is the fund (total amount of money you are investing into a business) the main reason why poultry needs enough fund is that you can’t be managing poultry birds you have to provide the best for them in order for you to get the required products at the end of your production.

  • Poultry Equipment and facilities:

It is very important to get adequate equipment ready and set before starting a poultry farm so that you don’t get stocked on the way. Some of the necessary equipment includes:

  • Feeders and drinkers,
  • egg trays
  • heat source,
  • waste disposal,
  • incubator,
  • culling cage (for keeping sick birds),
  • clean water, and
  • feeds,

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  • Poultry location:

Poultry farming should be conducted in a place where the smell cannot affect people living around them and disposal of waste is easy, actually you can run a poultry farm at home as well in your backyard but in a situation where you are considering thousands of birds, try and locate the house in an environment with less population of people and settlement so that you can run your business without any interference and disturbance .

If you look into the above factors and keep your eyes open, you just like Muturi can make money in this business. Be your own boss.

Future billionaires will be farmers!


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Profitable poultry farming and production in Kenya

Poultry farming in Kenya if done ther right way can be a very lucrative business. The current poultry kept in Kenya is not enough to sustain the always rising demand of poultry products in Kenya. Over a short period of time the business has gained popularity and has become one of the genuine ways of making ends meet.

Poultry in Kenya is a lucrative business. The rise of major restaurants and hotels makes it even better. There is never a shortage of demand for the poultry products, apart from restaurants and hotels, Kenyans are known to consume eggs and chicken meat.

Read: Cost and returns of establishing successful dairy farm

Chicken rearing in Kenya

When you mention poultry what comes in peoples mind is chicken rearing. This field has many subsidiaries as one can decide to produce eggs or broilers as well as kienyeji meat/eggs. Some like Muguku have dedicated their lives to providing a hatchery for chickens and selling chicks to Kenyan poultry farmers.

Read: Profitable Coffee Farming in Kenya

Raising turkeys in Kenya

This is generally done on a small scale and very few agriculturists raise turkeys for profit. Be that as it may, contrasted with chicken, turkeys bring in more cash.

Geese farming in Kenya

Although not so many people have devoted their lives in rearing geese in Kenya, the few who have entered into the business enjoy various advantages, including profit making as well as security.

Business Plan

Just like any other business, you will require a business plan if you are a smart farmer.

A business plan is much the same as a guide which reveals to you where you are and where you are running with your business. Your poultry farming business plan should answer the accompanying inquiries: What is your specialty? Is it egg production or meat generation? Which birds will you keep? Are they layers or broilers? What is your start-up capital? Are you beginning with something big or will you begin small and expand with time? Where is your poultry farm located? Is it near the market? What is the population density of your location? What hardware and apparatuses will you utilize? Do you have a house? Feeders and drinkers?

Profitability of Poultry Farming In Kenya:

Poultry farming is a practical business anywhere and at any time. There are many reasons why the business is beneficial. One, nourishment is one of the essential human needs. Notwithstanding the monetary circumstance, individuals must eat and since household birds are consumable, that makes poultry farming doable. Individuals will dependably purchase eggs and meat. Once more, with the expanded mindfulness on the well-being ramifications of red meat, there is an increased popularity of white meat and poultry are a wellspring of white meat.

Read: Get Over Ksh 700,000 from an acre of Hybrid onions in Kenya

Poultry Farming Tips

If you are a poultry farmer or an aspiring farmer, follow the following guidelines and you wont regret;

  • Proper and Healthy Housing -the most important consideration for poultry farming is the housing framework and fencing alternatives. They guarantee close to 40% of your success rate in the industry. Most common housing frameworks used include: • Extensive framework: Fold and range unit; • Semi-Intensive framework: Standard semi-serious unit and straw yard; • Intensive framework: 1) Deep litter; 2) Wire and slated floor; 3) Straw yard; 4) Battery confine
  • Get a powerful marketing tact in your business Plan – If you’re going to make any money, you should be ready to look for the market. Thankfully, the market is readily available. However, you will need to secure it yourself.
  • Begin small – Don’t rush into a quick venture. Start small. Find a niche market and experience, learn how to run your business, and do not expect overnight achievement.

The demand is ever rising, the ball is in your hands now, don’t drop it. Start today and you will make it.

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A starter guide on having a successful small poultry production unit

Farming in Kenya, and especially poultry is one of the most profitable ventures you would think off. The challenge however is how to start rearing chickens for money. One can decide to start small or go commercial. There are several ways of starting poultry farming in Kenya.

With the subdivisions of land in Kenya, crop farming is becoming hard by day. However, with the current demand of both eggs and chicken meat, poultry farming is becoming one of the best investments. Whether you will sell in your neighborhood or you will sell in large quantities in cities, with poultry you will never go wrong if you do it right.

The biggest challenge however, could be feeds, however, farmers are now conversant on new methods of feeding and how to make their own feeds.

Farmers carry out poultry farming for two purposes, one for own consumption and two for money. The best way after you have decided to embark on poultry farming is to visit successful farmers and learn a few things.

Read: Different Types of Fish Farming in Kenya

Popular breeds of Chicken reared in Kenya

There are several breeds of chicken in Kenya. They have their advantages and disadvantages depending on what purpose they serve, either eggs or meat.  Before embarking on poultry farming, do your analysis and see which breed fits you best. Below are some of the breeds reared in Kenya.

Popular Chicken Breeds Kept in Kenya

Breed Rate of Laying Number of Eggs Egg Shell Color Weight at 5 Months (Average)
Kenchic Layers Best 250-280 Brown 1.5
KARI Improved Better 220-280 Tinted Brown 1.5
Kuroiler Good 140-150 Brown 2.5
Rainbow Rooster Good 180-200 Brown 2.5
Kenbro Good   Dark Brown 2.4
Indbro Bown Layers Best   Brown  
Kenchic Broilers Fair   Dark Brown  

Where to Purchase Chicks

As an upcoming farmer, always obtain your chicks from a certified government hatchery. If you have to buy from a local hatchery, ensure that your poultry producer have flock that are free from several serious diseases. One fact that we know for sure is that birds from commercial poultry producers that are certified by government are reasonably certain to be healthy. We are not saying that all hatcheries that are not certified by government sell unhealthy chicks but use your best judgement while dealing with such breeders.


Chicken cages in Kenya

There are various chicken cages in Kenya that will help you with your poultry project. If you are looking for chicken cages in Kenya for commercial poultry farming, then you need to adhere to some of the basics. The kind of the breed you will chose to keep will determine even the kind of housing needed for your chicken.

However, ventilation is a must and you need a house that is free from predators both small and big. Make sure the house is always clean. Have dry wood shavings on the floor and replace them regularly. It’s important that you have a chicken house that is easy to clean. One that you can collect eggs easily to avoid breakages in case you are having layers. There are  ready made cages and also you can build one yourself.  There are  ready made cages and also you can build one yourself.

Chicken feeds

The health of a chicken is determined by several factors but one major factor is what they feed on. Therefore, only buy feeds from certified dealers and companies. Even if you are rearing Kienyeji chicken, always ensure you use quality feeds that has all the supplements. Water is a major thing in ensuring your poultry farming is successful. Ensure there is always clean water. Ensure the store and where they feed from is always clean. Buy all Poultry Equipments here.

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Pros and Cons of Chicken farming in Kenya

Raising chickens can be a lot of fun for the entire family. It’s a chance to break into small-scale farming, create a family business, and reduce food insecurity. These poultry farming advantages and disadvantages can help you decide if raising chickens is right for you.

Can One rear Kienyeji for commercial purpose

There are only 2 main ventures in poultry rearing, eggs or meat.

There are mainly3 types of chicken for that. Layers, Broilers and Kienyeji.

  • Kienyeji feeds more than layers
  • Kienyeji best for scavenging
  • Layers have best laying rate and longest laying period
  • broilers achieve market value faster than Kienyeji
  • The market for eggs is bigger than meat
  • The market for Kienyeji meat is growing very fast
  • Kienyeji eggs fetches higher prices

Our take is that improved Kienyeji is more suitable for meat at commercial production scale.

Also Read: How to Be Smart in The World of Agribusiness

Does one need cages in poultry farming?

  • Well, that depends on the number of birds you have. Cages are best for layers farming but also used in broiler production
  • Return on Investment(ROI) is the major considerations in cage system.
  • Cages have alot of benefits but also expensive when calculated cost per bird
  • My opinion is to use deep litter system for less than 300 birds and consider cages for large number of birds

Which is more profitable, eggs or meat?

  • This also depends with the resources available. In the long run egg production is more profitable and in the short run meat production is more profitable
  • Consider meat producing chicken achieving the market value in less than 3 months and layers starting to lay after 5-6 months.

Which venture is easier, to do eggs or meat?

  • Also depends with resources available. Meat production at commercial levels is easier to do as it does not involve tedious vaccination and disease control. Also, the duration to its maturity is shorter.
  • However the cage system simplifies the layers production

Which one is less risky?

  • Kienyeji production has  less  risks compared to layers or broilers. The improved breeds are resistant to diseases and can be done for meat and eggs.

Vaccination program  for layers 

  • 1st day –  Marek (should be done at the hatchery)
  • 7th day –  New Castle
  • 14th day -Bursal disease(Gumboro) in drinking water
  • 21st day – Bursal disease(Gumboro) in drinking water
  • 35th day – New castle in drinking water
  • 56th day – fowl typhoid intramuscular
  • 70th day – fowl pox wing stab
  • 112th day – New castle in drinking water

How to get your own layers or broilers

  • Start by rearing your breeding stock. This can be done by buying ex-layers and respective cocks and produce fertile eggs.
  • Obtain an egg incubator and hatch your own chicks
  • Get the eggs incubators

Which is cheaper, buying feeds or making own feeds

  • Feeds constitute 80% of the total costs. Making your feeds would definitely lower these costs especially when raw materials are available and or purchased in bulk
  • Also get the formula for making feeds

Requirements to make own feeds

  • Feed making machine
  • Raw materials
  • Feed formula
  • Get the feed making machine

How much do i need to start layers, broilers or kienyeji production

Well, this depends on you. How many birds do you want, do you have an established structure? We can do this for you if you visit us.

Also Read: 5 Things to Consider When Thinking of Starting a Fish Production

Advantages of Poultry Farming

Chickens provide multiple food resources

If you begin raising chickens, then you’ve got choices. You can raise chickens for meat and be able to replenish your food supply once per quarter. Hens can also provide eggs that reduce food insecurity.

It can be profitable

Depending on where you live, one dozen farm-fresh chicken eggs can be priced at Ksh 10-20. Even at the lower end of the pricing spectrum, a dozen goes for around $2. If your hens are laying a dozen eggs per day, that’s some easy cash that begins to add up.

Chickens can reduce stress levels

Chickens have unique personalities. They might try to fly somewhere and fail. Some might run into your fencing and then think the sky is falling. Spending time with chickens can definitely lower cortisol levels.

Disadvantages of Poultry Farming

It is a monetary investment
You’ll need to install a chicken house and coop to protect your chickens. Poultry netting can run as high as $400 for a single coop. Small coups can be found for around $300 if you just want a handful of hens running around. Feed and bedding have costs to consider as well.

It is a time investment

The chickens need to be put in every night to avoid predators. Someone will need to feed them for you if you go on vacation. Without enough food, water, and grit, your time as a poultry farmer will be short.

Chickens are filthy birds

Poultry farming requires the bedding in a chicken coop be replaced about once per month. You may need to avail your coop for inspections if you sell food products. Without proper cleanliness, an entire farm could be wiped out with just one illness.

Get it right, always seek professional help.

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Different Types Of Poultry Farming And Their Products

Poultry farming in Kenya is assuming an essential part in the Kenyan general economy and satisfying the sustenance demand. Reports demonstrates that a few people are getting to be tycoons by commercial poultry farming in Kenya. The clear majority of the farmers of Kenya raise egg laying or broiler chicken. Raising some other household birds can likewise be found in Kenya.

A few people raise poultry for family consumption and a large portion of the farmers raise poultry commercially as a source of income. Poultry egg consuming rate is moderately high than meat consumption in Kenya. Schools, hotels and homes are the greatest market for poultry eggs in Kenya. On the other hand, hotels are the major consumers of chicken meat.

One can start poultry farming in Kenya having in mind domestic as well as the international market. In the event that you would prefer not to burn through cash in purchasing poultry products then you can run with little scale poultry farming in Kenya. Be that as it may, for business generation you need to center around the marketing of your products. You can target large hotels, organizations and furthermore sending out to remote nations for marketing your items.

Poultry farming has very broad branches. Below you have those that are common in Kenya:

Broilers breeding

Broilers in Kenya

This is for meat production. You`ll develop your broilers and sell them out to the purchasers. Broilers grow so quick. Within 42-45 days, most broilers are grown and ready to be sold.

Layers breeding

Here you are producing your layer chickens with the real point of making them lay eggs, however you`ll in the end sell them after they are getting to be frail and are never again laying eggs obviously (this is more often than not following 68-70 weeks, around 1 year and 4 months)

Kenbro Rearing

Kenbro chickens can be raised both for eggs and meat. These chickens should have been bolstered for at least a half year before they will begin laying eggs, however they don`t lay as much eggs as layers. Some of them that are reared for meat as well take much longer time to mature than broilers

Poultry feed production

People in this branch of poultry farming are producing poultry`s food and selling them to the poultry farmers


Here you have people who hatch chicken and other birds. This aspect of poultry business is very important (though not common) because the health of a bird is determined by the effectiveness of the hatchery process.

Read: Making millions through pig farming

Poultry equipment manufacturing

You guess it. These guys manufacture various equipment needed on the poultry farm.

Poultry Advisors

You will need experience in aforementioned niches before you can succeed as a consultant. Yes, a giant company may be doing all the above together, but if you`re just starting out, you definitely cannot, because of these two or three reasons;

  • Taking the greater part of the above together will require so much capital, however not only that.
  • Starting all the above together won’t work since, poultry, similar to some other business has an expectation to absorb information. For instance, when you see an organization doing all the above together, their story may look something like: Starting with layers for a few months, going in to broilers, growing to poultry feed production, later hatchery and since they may have spent numerous years at this point, they would now be able to venture into poultry consultancy. I`m beyond any doubt you got that. Begin some place. Learn and develop.
  • Crisis administration. Did you hear somebody said poultry business is exceptionally risky? That`s not genuine. Each business is risky, not just poultry. Starting all the above together (regardless of whether you have enough capital) isn’t prudent in light of the fact that you are putting excessively too much food in your mouth at once.

Read: Production and marketing of capsicum crop.

Since you have chosen one of the above branches of poultry business you`ll love to go for, you might consider Investing.