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Prosper by Growing Lemons

Lemons can be grown over a wide range of soils. Lemon fruit plant can flourish well on light soils having a good drainage capacity  and, deep soils having pH range from 5.5 to 7.5 are considered as the best suitable for lemon tree farming. But, do note that they can be grown up to a pH ranges from 4 to 9. Heavier soils and light loam soils with well drainage facility sub soils are supposed to be the ideal for growing lemon trees.

Lemon is mostly asked because of its extensive bitterness. It is also known for its juice and pulp throughout the different portion of the world. It is mostly asked for its extensive bitterness. Its extensive bitterness is beneficiary in curing numbers of disease and disorders. It is full of amazing medicinal value, and it is especially recommended to the pregnant women.

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Most lemon trees can take about three years after planting to yield some lemons suitable for picking, which is long as they are cared for correctly.

Health Benefits of Lemons

  1. Lemons are a good source of vitamin C.
  2. Improves the digestive system.
  3. Protects against anemia as it contains iron.
  4. Protects against kidney stones.
  5. Helps in preventing some cancers.

An acre of lemons can accommodate 200 plants.  Lemon plant bears over 1000 fruits annually. The minimum selling price for a lemon fruit is 5ksh. This means a farmer would get 1millonKsh as he would be selling 200,000 fruits.

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Chandler Strawberry Farming in Kenya

These early mid-season June-bearing strawberries are a good choice for fresh pickings of homegrown, bright red, flavorful fruit. Firm, large and beautifully shaped, these berries are especially appealing in fresh fruit trays.

The vigorous, high-yielding, June-bearing Chandler strawberry plants produce very desirable strawberries.  Chandler strawberries are very large, firm, and produce early-season to mid-season.  The strawberries vary from being long and wedge-shaped to large and conical.  They are a brilliant red color, glossy, and have an exceptional flavor profile.

The Chandler variety has gained prominence among many farmers in Kenya due to its fast maturing rate, superior pest and disease resistance traits and low cost production process. On average strawberry takes three months to mature.

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Chandler strawberries, however, are susceptible to root rot and absolutely must have well-drained soil and be planted properly.  The preferred soil pH is about 6, and additional watering is needed when rainfall is not sufficient. The mulching helps to suppress weeds and retains moisture around the berries.

They are, however, tolerant of gray mold.

Benefits of eating strawberry fruits

  • They can help with blood sugar regulation.
  • They are rich source of antioxidants
  • They support the immune system
  • They can help with body weight management
  • They can improve cardiovascular activities
  • They can have antimicrobial effects

To order chandler seedlings contact 0706,222,888

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The Miraculous Macadamia Muranga 20 Variety

Muranga 20 variety is hardy and adapts well in different climatic conditions and is becoming more popular due to its fast growth rate and increased production.

Muranga 20 variety has a lifespan of over 100 years.

A macadamia tree is an investment, as are many fruit and nut trees, taking 3 years after planting a grafted specimen before the tree produces a significant crop.

Macadamia nuts are a growing market and as such provide an attractive investment opportunity because it’s an easy crop to deal with. It’s not alternate bearing, has a low labour requirement and farmers get a return on their investment in about three to five years.

You will need rich well drained soil for best results. A good supply of nitrogen and potassium are needed to produce quality fruit. Addition of animal manure and compost as a regular side dressing throughout the growing season is recommended.

Keep the weeds away from competing for water and nutrients as this will increase the vitality of the tree and maximize production of the nuts.

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Kenya’s climatic condition is ideal for optimum macadamia production and the timing of this project to coincide with the rising global demand is not a coincidence- rather a calculated move to help local farmers prosper.

Demand in the global market is rising and outstrips supply. There lies an opportunity for Kenyan farmers to take advantage and be part of this global boom.

According to Oxfarm Ltd, an acre of land will hold to 70 Macadamia trees. This could earn a farmer, going by the minimal returns of Ksh150 per kilogram of nuts Ksh1,050,000 per acre if a farmer harvests 100Kg per tree, depending on farming practices and favorable climate. At the primary harvest, that comes 3 years after transplantation of seedlings, a farmer will get between 30kg and 50kg, reckoning on the range and the attention given to the trees. Production will increase with each harvest.

To order Muranga 20 variety seedling contact 0706 222 888.

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The Benefits of the Wonderful Tangerines Fruits

Tangerines are tasty and refreshing citrus fruit packed with many nutritious compounds, including flavonoids, vitamin C, vitamin A, folate and potassium. These healthful components contribute to the health of all parts of the body, from cell DNA to the bones and heart. Tangerines taste is considered less sour, as well as sweeter and stronger, than that of an orange.

Benefits of Components in Tangerines Fruits.

  • tangerine fruits

    Tangerines are a good source of B-vitamin complex like folate. Folate has shown to help in neural tube formation and red blood cell formation in prenatal babies. A deficiency of folic acid in pregnant women can lead to the birth of underweight infants.

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  • Vitamin C is a powerful natural water-soluble antioxidant that helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and eliminates cancer-causing free radicals in the body.
  • Tangerines are an excellent source of fiber which helps in prevention of constipation and helping make your bowel movements easier to manage.
  • Along with giving your skin a youthful glow, tangerines’ powerful properties, and antioxidants slow the aging process by stimulating the production of collagen and elastin.
  • The vitamin B12 in tangerines promotes hair growth, reduces hair loss and slows down the graying process.
  • The potassium in tangerines helps with your muscle growth and recovery.
  • Tangerines have a flavonoid called nobiletin. It’s this powerful player that helps protect against type 2 diabetes and was shown to prevent the buildup of fat (particularly in the liver) by encouraging the body to burn fat and discourage the manufacture and storage of fat.

For more information or purchase of tangerines seedlings contact 0706 222 888.

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The Marvelous Pixie Tree

Sweet, seedless, easy to peel, and small. It stores very well and retains excellent flavor for a remarkably long time. The yellow-orange coloured fruit has a rough texture

The tree is a vigorous grower with an upright growth habit. The flavor is mild and sweet.

The dwarf fruit tree can handle frosts. When planting one should ensure that the soil is of good drainage with a PH of 6.6 to 7.3. Watering should be frequent. Many citrus trees grow 20 or 30 feet tall, but breeding and grafting practices have led to small varieties. The pixie mandarin grows to just 5 to 6 feet tall and has a spread of 4 to 6 feet.

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The tree matures at around 2 to 3 years.

Pixies have a lower acid content than many other citrus varieties making them the ideal fruit for people who are sensitive to acidic foods.

A medium sized tangerine is cholesterol- and fat-free and has on average approximately 50 calories. Tangerines are an excellent source of potassium (approx. 180mg), fiber (approx. 12 percent of the daily recommended allowance) and are of course packed with vitamin C as well as some calcium and iron.

Here are the amazing benefits of eating pixie fruits

  • They help in keeping the skin look young.
  • They help in reducing of body weight.
  • They help in better absorption of other nutrients in the body.
  • They are packed with potassium which reduce the risk of stroke as well as reduce heart diseases.
  • They help with shortening of colds.
  • They are good source of fiber.

For certified pixie seedlings contact 0706 222 888 or email us at info@oxfarm.co.ke

 

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A Simple Guide on Growing of Lemons

Lemon plant is a small evergreen tree with yellow fruits which are high in vitamin C, fiber and various beneficial plant compounds. The lemon juice is used to make cocktails, soft drinks and lemonade.

Lemon have numerous health benefits which include,

  • Supports heart health
  • Improves digestive health
  • Reduces cancer risk
  • Protects against anemia
  • Prevents kidney stones
  • Helps in controlling body weight

How to plant and care a lemon seedling

  1. While planting dig a hole 2ft by 2ft, mix the top soil with half bucket manure. Fertilizing should be done after the first flush of leaves. Apply N.PK, two table spoonful and this should be repeated after each and every three months and as the tree nears flowering stage, apply fertilizer with micro elements to enhance good fruit growth.
  2. Ensure your seedling gets enough water. Water twice a week.
  3. Weeding should be thorough, as weeds compete for nutrients with the lemon tree and they harbor pests which eventually attacks lemon tree.
  4. Pruning should be done yearly by removing the dead, broken and diseased branches.

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Lemon trees generally produce their first crop of fruit at around 3 years of age.

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Be a Millionaire by Growing Pink Lady Apple

Pink lady was originally bred by John Cripps. A round to asymmetrical shape with vivid green skin covered in a pinkish blush that becomes a deeper shade of red where the apple is exposed to more sun. They are earliest to blossom and last to be harvested among other varieties of apples.

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Pink Lady apples had elevated levels of flavonoids, which are natural compounds, also called antioxidants. It can improve clinical indications of cardiovascular health, including blood pressure and its response to stress. Other health benefits include;

  • Reducing the risk of diabetes. Apples help regulate blood sugar. It contains compounds that help by inhibiting enzymes involved in the breakdown of carbohydrates into simple sugars; by stimulating pancreatic cells to produce insulin; by decreasing the absorption of sugars into the bloodstream.
  • Preventing constipation. Fresh apples are high in fiber, which adds bulk to the stool. Apples contain both soluble and insoluble fiber, and roughage.
  • Fighting bad breath. Apples contain pectin, which helps control food odors. Pectin also promotes saliva, which cleanses breath.
  • Preventing asthma attacks. Asthma sufferers often have low levels of antioxidants. Apples are high in vitamin C and flavonoids. Both are antioxidant.
  • Reducing the risk of stroke. Intake of apples is related to a decreased risk of thrombotic stroke.
  • Combating fatigue. The high vitamin C and antioxidant content in apples counter the free radicals leading to oxidative stress, which has been linked to fatigue.

How To Plant, Care and Maintain Pink Lady Apple

 

The pink lady is propagated by grafting.

  1. While planting dig a hole 2ft by 2ft, mix the top soil with half bucket manure. Fertilizing should be done after the first flush of leaves. Apply N.PK, two table spoonful and this should be repeated after each and every three months but as the tree nears flowering, apply fertilizer with micro elements to enhance good fruit growth.
  2. Ensure your seedling gets enough water. Water twice a week.
  3. Weeding should be thorough, as weeds compete for nutrients with the pink lady tree and they harbor pests which eventually attacks apple tree.
  4. Pruning should be done yearly  by removing the dead, broken and diseased branches.

Pink lady apple production.

pink lady fruits

An acre supports 200 plants of these apples. A mature pink lady apple produces an average of 400 fruits. A farmer should harvest about 80000 fruits in an acre. This translates to 1,600,000ksh as one fruit fetches 20ksh. Go for pink lady and you will never be disappointed.

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A Simple Guide on Growing the Miraculous Washington Navel Orange

It is a delicious, easily peeled; seedless fruit is produced by this medium-sized tree. Fragrant flowers in spring and handsome foliage year-round. Washington navel orange is adapted to all areas, except desert and cool coastal areas.

They are mostly grown for human consumption and their big advantage is that they have a long growing season.

Steps while planting and managing Washington navel oranges

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The Washington navel orange is propagated by grafting and cuttings.

  1. While planting dig a hole 2ft by 2ft, mix the top soil with half bucket manure and still Washington navel oranges can be planted in large containers. Fertilizing should be done after the first flush of leaves. Apply N.PK, two table spoonful and this should be repeated after each and every three months but as the tree nears flowering, apply fertilizer with micro elements to enhance good fruit growth.
  2. Ensure your seedling gets enough water. Water twice a week.
  3. Weeding should be thorough, as weeds compete for nutrients with the orange tree and they harbor pests which eventually attacks orange tree.
  4. Pruning should be done yearly by removing the dead, broken and diseased branches .
  5. Harvesting is done by tasting a single orange on the tree seven months after flowering, and repeat every two weeks until the flavor of the oranges is sweet enough for you.

    washington navel fruit
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Diseases affecting apple farming in Kenya

Powdery mildew

powdery mildew affecting apple plant

Symptoms

Spores appear first as white, felt-like patches on the lower surface of the leaves of the apple.  Secondary infections commonly appear first on the lower leaf surface, and may be detectable on the upper leaf surface as chlorotic spots.  Leaves infected along the leaf margin may become curled, crinkled, or folded longitudinally.  As the disease progresses, affected tissues develop the powdery, silver-gray appearance.

Control

Where infestations are low, pruning of the infected terminal shoots is an effective control method. When the rate of infestation is high use foliar fungicides.

 

Leaf spot

Symptoms

It begins as tiny purple flecks or specks on the front of the leaf. The purple flecks rapidly expand into irregularly shaped, often concentric, lesions. In severe infestation the leaves turn yellow and drop off.

Control

Pruning of the affected shoots and planting resistant cultivars of apple.

Also spray effective fungicides e.g. copper based fungicides.

Apple scab

Symptoms

apple fruit affected by scab

It appears as pale yellow or olive-green spots on the upper surface of leaves. Dark, velvety spots may appear on the lower surface. Severely infected leaves become twisted and puckered. The same symptoms on the leaves appear the same way on fruits

Control

Plant resistant cultivars and proper timing of sprays is needed for fungicides to control disease.

 

 

 

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Banana Diseases and Their Remedies

Banana Diseases and Their Remedies

  1. Mycosphaerella Leaf Spot

leaf spot in banana leaf

Early symptoms appear on the third or fourth leaf from the top. There are small spindle shaped spots on foliage with grayish and yellowish halo running parallel to veins. A small number of these enlarge, become oval; the colour also changes to dark brown. Still later, the center of the spot dies, turning light grey surrounded by a brown ring. In severe cases, numerous spots coalesce, killing large parts of the leaf.

For effective control of the disease make sure that the farm has improved drainage, control of weeds, removal of diseased suckers and adopting correct spacing. Also copper based fungicides spray is recommended.

  1. Panama or Fusarium Wilt

fusarium in bananas

It’s a fungal disease mostly common in poorly drained soils. Initial symptoms are yellowing of lower leaves, including leaf blades and petioles.

For effective control of panama disease  plant cultivars that are resistant  to the disease, make sure drainage of the soil is excellent and in case there is serious infestation in the farm uproot and burn the affected plants. Always ensure your suckers and tissues cultures come from certified nurseries.

  1. Banana bract mosaic virus (BBMV)

Its symptoms are spindle shaped pinkish to reddish streaks on the pseudo stem and midrib. Typical mosaic streaks on bracts, peduncle and fingers observed.

It survives and spreads through aphid vectors. It’s controlled by uprooting and destruction of affected plants together with their rhizomes.

  1. Banana streak disease

banana streak disease

Its symptoms are yellow streaking of leaves which become necrotic producing a black streaked appearance in older leaves.

Its spread through infected planting materials and mealy bugs.

For effective control, destroy the affected plants, use clean planting materials and control the vectors namely mealy bugs.

  1. Infectious Chlorosis (CMV)

It’s a viral disease.

banana chlorosis

Its symptoms are yellowish green patches and thickening of veins. Leaf sheaths also pull away from the pseudo stem easily. It manifests itself at all stages of crop growth. Due to repeated use of suckers from infected plants it leads to gradual decrease in yield and quality.

For effective control destroy all affected plants and always plant tissues and suckers which are disease free and from certified nurseries.

  1. Bunchy top virus\ Curly top

Symptoms occur as prominent dark green streaks on the petiole and midrib along the leaf veins. Petioles fail to elongate. Leaves are reduced in size, chlorotic, stand upright and become brittle. Flowers display mottled and streaked discoloration.

For effective control of the disease, destroy all the affected plants and control the banana aphid vector.

  1. Anthracnose

anthracnose in bananas

Symptoms at the initial stages represent small circular black spots develop on the affected leaves. These spots enlarge in size turning to brown colour. The skin of the fruit turns black and shrivels and becomes covered with characteristic pink acervuli. It affects the whole finger and later the disease spreads and affects the whole bunch.

Its spread through conidia of the fungi and numerous insects which frequently visit banana flowers and also spread the disease.

Its effectively controlled by removal of decaying leaves and remaining floral parts and also avoid damage to the banana tissue during harvest, packaging and storage.