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The greatest challenge facing avocado farming

Following the increase in demand for avocado in the local and international market, farmers have been generating a lot of income.  Farmers in different parts of the country are tuning in to avocado farming to reap something from the profitable industry. In the export market, avocados are likely to be the game-changer crop, especially Hass avocados which are highly nutritious. In the recent past, Europe has been the most targeted market for Kenyan Avocados. China giving a nod to the Kenyan avocados in April was a major development that would boost the avocado market. The IX World Avocado trade show was well attended with many different stands and interesting speakers. According to recent reports, it is evident that big markets in Europe and China are showing more interest in the avocados. For instance, avocado exports to China and Europe have increased by more than 1000 times and the projection is still growing. The consumption of hass avocados has risen by 150% in Europe in one decade, which shows that there is a development in the avocado farming industry.

Yield Depends on Quality of Seedlings

Hass Avocado seedlings at Oxfarm.co.ke Nursery In Ridgeways Nairobi

However, most farmers tend to copy what their neighbors are doing and end up getting disappointed when the fruits are mature and ready for sale. The farmers are not aware that the yield of the avocado trees depends on the quality of the seedlings, the variety, and proper farming methods. Despite the Chinese and European market being huge, it might not benefit all the farmers if they are not properly trained. This means that it will only benefit a small number of people. Although the industry is profitable, it still suffers several challenges which might affect the sales of Kenyan hass avocados in the international market.

The majority of avocado growers are small scale farmers with different methods of production and therefore the quality of the Kenyan avocados varies. There is also a lack of confidence in the international markets due to the claims that the packaging of Kenyan avocados is not strong enough. Initially, the international market for Kenyan avocados was dominated by French importers who exploited the Kenyan production to meet the rising demand in the European market and paying 20-30% lower than the other importers. The European Union has well-documented standards for avocados that China has also embraced even after giving Kenyan avocados a nod. For instance, the EU and China outline that the fruits should be clean and free from debris. Furthermore, they should be free from pests and diseases, the stalk should be intact and mature to enable them to ripen uniformly at room temperature. Also, they must undergo inspection and certification from KEPHIS. The greatest challenge that might face Kenyan avocados is the ability to adhere to international standards.  To prevent loses, farmers should ensure that they plant high quality and certified seedlings. They should employ professional farming standards to prevent their avocado trees from being affected by pests such as thrips, and moth insects. They are also susceptible to fungal diseases such as anthracnose, root rot, Cercospora, and scab. Anthracnose, Cercospora and Scab can be controlled using copper-based fungicides. Root rot can be prevented by getting high quality, grafted, and treated seedlings.

Demand Continues to Grow

The consumption of avocados locally and international continues to grow every year. Most hotels have avocados in their menus which means that the demand is quite high. To produce quality fruits, it is the high time farmers employ good agricultural practices to ensure that their fruits make a kill both in the local and international markets. Farmers should get the necessary training to produce something that meets international standards. Quality seedlings that are resistant to diseases can be acquired at oxfarm.co.ke. These seedlings also can withstand harsh weather conditions.

 

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Tea Farmers; It’s Time To End The Bonus Slavery

Tea was first introduced in Kenya from India by a colonial settler G.W Caine in 1903. Tea is mainly grown in several districts which include Kericho, Bomet, Nandi, Kiambu, Thika, Maragua, Muranga, Sotik, Kisii, Nyamira, Nyambene, Meru, Nyeri, Kerinyaga, Embu, Kakamega, Nakuru and Trans-nzoia.

 

Bonus pay for 2018 – 2019 tea leaves

 

The decrease in the annual bonus is being attributed to overproduction, socio-economic and political factors in international markets.

Other contributing factors to the decline in tea prices and returns include the levying of VAT on direct sales by local exporters, levying of VAT on buyer inter-trading, lack of adequate consumer-driven research, development and promotional activities.

Turbulence in the international markets such as economic sanctions imposed on Iran by the US and high inflation rates in Egypt also negatively impact tea market.

Why Every Fruit Farmer Should Have a Bee Hive

Last year, the exchange rate dropped 1.6 per cent as the shilling strengthened against the dollar. Tea is traded in the US dollar, which is then converted to Kenyan shilling.

The growers express their displeasure each and every year but no change is effected on the tea bonus but instead it gets lower and lower thus making tea farmers poorer and poorer.

hass avocado

An acre tea farm on average produces 2500kg an year. This translates to a farmer getting 75,000ksh as bonus if the rate is given at 30ksh. Given the workload done to achieve the target of 2500kg is enormous as almost each and every week the farmer needs to pluck the tea leaves. On average a farmer gets 6,250ksh per month if the bonus is to be divided by 12 months. The other monthly payment per kg which the farmer gets paid covers for labour costs plus the inputs costs of fertilizer. Isn’t this slavery really tea farmers and should this be enough reason to embrace change?

Hass avocado is ideally suited for tea growing zones. An acre of Hass can fetch more than a 1,000,000 ksh under good management skills. Hass avocado variety is the most common for exporters as it has a massive market in Europe as compared to other varieties. The best way to eliminate this suffering from our dear farmers is to intercrop the already established tea with Hass avocado and eventually after three years the trees will have taken over the tea plantation.

 

HERE IS THE ESTIMATE RETURN FROM AN ACRE UNDER HASS AVOCADO

The first two years –growth stage
• 2nd year (harvest of 50 fruits per tree) – 60k
• 3rd year (harvest 200-250 fruits) – 240k
• 4th year – (400 fruits) – 480k
• 5th year – (800 fruits)- 900k
• 6th year – (1000 fruits) – 1.08m
• 7th year –(1100 fruits) – 1.3m
• 8th year –(more than 1300 fruits) – 1.5m
• 9th year – (more than 1500 fruits) – 1.8m
• 10th year – (more than 1750 fruits) – 2m

Total cumulative returns Ksh 10 million

 

Average production and prices hass avocado farming.

 

Earn more than 10 million per acre with 40k investment.

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Prosper by Growing Lemons

Lemons can be grown over a wide range of soils. Lemon fruit plant can flourish well on light soils having a good drainage capacity  and, deep soils having pH range from 5.5 to 7.5 are considered as the best suitable for lemon tree farming. But, do note that they can be grown up to a pH ranges from 4 to 9. Heavier soils and light loam soils with well drainage facility sub soils are supposed to be the ideal for growing lemon trees.

Lemon is mostly asked because of its extensive bitterness. It is also known for its juice and pulp throughout the different portion of the world. It is mostly asked for its extensive bitterness. Its extensive bitterness is beneficiary in curing numbers of disease and disorders. It is full of amazing medicinal value, and it is especially recommended to the pregnant women.

Former Teacher Earning Millions from Hass Avocado Farming in Tetu Nyeri

Most lemon trees can take about three years after planting to yield some lemons suitable for picking, which is long as they are cared for correctly.

Health Benefits of Lemons

  1. Lemons are a good source of vitamin C.
  2. Improves the digestive system.
  3. Protects against anemia as it contains iron.
  4. Protects against kidney stones.
  5. Helps in preventing some cancers.

An acre of lemons can accommodate 200 plants.  Lemon plant bears over 1000 fruits annually. The minimum selling price for a lemon fruit is 5ksh. This means a farmer would get 1millonKsh as he would be selling 200,000 fruits.

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Chandler Strawberry Farming in Kenya

These early mid-season June-bearing strawberries are a good choice for fresh pickings of homegrown, bright red, flavorful fruit. Firm, large and beautifully shaped, these berries are especially appealing in fresh fruit trays.

The vigorous, high-yielding, June-bearing Chandler strawberry plants produce very desirable strawberries.  Chandler strawberries are very large, firm, and produce early-season to mid-season.  The strawberries vary from being long and wedge-shaped to large and conical.  They are a brilliant red color, glossy, and have an exceptional flavor profile.

The Chandler variety has gained prominence among many farmers in Kenya due to its fast maturing rate, superior pest and disease resistance traits and low cost production process. On average strawberry takes three months to mature.

Make Great Fortunes by Growing Grapes.

Chandler strawberries, however, are susceptible to root rot and absolutely must have well-drained soil and be planted properly.  The preferred soil pH is about 6, and additional watering is needed when rainfall is not sufficient. The mulching helps to suppress weeds and retains moisture around the berries.

They are, however, tolerant of gray mold.

Benefits of eating strawberry fruits

  • They can help with blood sugar regulation.
  • They are rich source of antioxidants
  • They support the immune system
  • They can help with body weight management
  • They can improve cardiovascular activities
  • They can have antimicrobial effects

To order chandler seedlings contact 0706,222,888

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The Miraculous Macadamia Muranga 20 Variety

Muranga 20 variety is hardy and adapts well in different climatic conditions and is becoming more popular due to its fast growth rate and increased production.

Muranga 20 variety has a lifespan of over 100 years.

A macadamia tree is an investment, as are many fruit and nut trees, taking 3 years after planting a grafted specimen before the tree produces a significant crop.

Macadamia nuts are a growing market and as such provide an attractive investment opportunity because it’s an easy crop to deal with. It’s not alternate bearing, has a low labour requirement and farmers get a return on their investment in about three to five years.

You will need rich well drained soil for best results. A good supply of nitrogen and potassium are needed to produce quality fruit. Addition of animal manure and compost as a regular side dressing throughout the growing season is recommended.

Keep the weeds away from competing for water and nutrients as this will increase the vitality of the tree and maximize production of the nuts.

Save on irrigation with Superb Organic Absorber

Kenya’s climatic condition is ideal for optimum macadamia production and the timing of this project to coincide with the rising global demand is not a coincidence- rather a calculated move to help local farmers prosper.

Demand in the global market is rising and outstrips supply. There lies an opportunity for Kenyan farmers to take advantage and be part of this global boom.

According to Oxfarm Ltd, an acre of land will hold to 70 Macadamia trees. This could earn a farmer, going by the minimal returns of Ksh150 per kilogram of nuts Ksh1,050,000 per acre if a farmer harvests 100Kg per tree, depending on farming practices and favorable climate. At the primary harvest, that comes 3 years after transplantation of seedlings, a farmer will get between 30kg and 50kg, reckoning on the range and the attention given to the trees. Production will increase with each harvest.

To order Muranga 20 variety seedling contact 0706 222 888.

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The Benefits of the Wonderful Tangerines Fruits

Tangerines are tasty and refreshing citrus fruit packed with many nutritious compounds, including flavonoids, vitamin C, vitamin A, folate and potassium. These healthful components contribute to the health of all parts of the body, from cell DNA to the bones and heart. Tangerines taste is considered less sour, as well as sweeter and stronger, than that of an orange.

Benefits of Components in Tangerines Fruits.

  • tangerine fruits

    Tangerines are a good source of B-vitamin complex like folate. Folate has shown to help in neural tube formation and red blood cell formation in prenatal babies. A deficiency of folic acid in pregnant women can lead to the birth of underweight infants.

The Superb Organic Absorber

  • Vitamin C is a powerful natural water-soluble antioxidant that helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and eliminates cancer-causing free radicals in the body.
  • Tangerines are an excellent source of fiber which helps in prevention of constipation and helping make your bowel movements easier to manage.
  • Along with giving your skin a youthful glow, tangerines’ powerful properties, and antioxidants slow the aging process by stimulating the production of collagen and elastin.
  • The vitamin B12 in tangerines promotes hair growth, reduces hair loss and slows down the graying process.
  • The potassium in tangerines helps with your muscle growth and recovery.
  • Tangerines have a flavonoid called nobiletin. It’s this powerful player that helps protect against type 2 diabetes and was shown to prevent the buildup of fat (particularly in the liver) by encouraging the body to burn fat and discourage the manufacture and storage of fat.

For more information or purchase of tangerines seedlings contact 0706 222 888.

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The Marvelous Pixie Tree

Sweet, seedless, easy to peel, and small. It stores very well and retains excellent flavor for a remarkably long time. The yellow-orange coloured fruit has a rough texture

The tree is a vigorous grower with an upright growth habit. The flavor is mild and sweet.

The dwarf fruit tree can handle frosts. When planting one should ensure that the soil is of good drainage with a PH of 6.6 to 7.3. Watering should be frequent. Many citrus trees grow 20 or 30 feet tall, but breeding and grafting practices have led to small varieties. The pixie mandarin grows to just 5 to 6 feet tall and has a spread of 4 to 6 feet.

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The tree matures at around 2 to 3 years.

Pixies have a lower acid content than many other citrus varieties making them the ideal fruit for people who are sensitive to acidic foods.

A medium sized tangerine is cholesterol- and fat-free and has on average approximately 50 calories. Tangerines are an excellent source of potassium (approx. 180mg), fiber (approx. 12 percent of the daily recommended allowance) and are of course packed with vitamin C as well as some calcium and iron.

Here are the amazing benefits of eating pixie fruits

  • They help in keeping the skin look young.
  • They help in reducing of body weight.
  • They help in better absorption of other nutrients in the body.
  • They are packed with potassium which reduce the risk of stroke as well as reduce heart diseases.
  • They help with shortening of colds.
  • They are good source of fiber.

For certified pixie seedlings contact 0706 222 888 or email us at info@oxfarm.co.ke

 

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A Simple Guide on Growing of Lemons

Lemon plant is a small evergreen tree with yellow fruits which are high in vitamin C, fiber and various beneficial plant compounds. The lemon juice is used to make cocktails, soft drinks and lemonade.

Lemon have numerous health benefits which include,

  • Supports heart health
  • Improves digestive health
  • Reduces cancer risk
  • Protects against anemia
  • Prevents kidney stones
  • Helps in controlling body weight

How to plant and care a lemon seedling

  1. While planting dig a hole 2ft by 2ft, mix the top soil with half bucket manure. Fertilizing should be done after the first flush of leaves. Apply N.PK, two table spoonful and this should be repeated after each and every three months and as the tree nears flowering stage, apply fertilizer with micro elements to enhance good fruit growth.
  2. Ensure your seedling gets enough water. Water twice a week.
  3. Weeding should be thorough, as weeds compete for nutrients with the lemon tree and they harbor pests which eventually attacks lemon tree.
  4. Pruning should be done yearly by removing the dead, broken and diseased branches.

Passion Fruit Farming In Kenya on the rise Again

Lemon trees generally produce their first crop of fruit at around 3 years of age.

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Be a Millionaire by Growing Pink Lady Apple

Pink lady was originally bred by John Cripps. A round to asymmetrical shape with vivid green skin covered in a pinkish blush that becomes a deeper shade of red where the apple is exposed to more sun. They are earliest to blossom and last to be harvested among other varieties of apples.

Reasons to embrace pomegranate farming in Kenya

Pink Lady apples had elevated levels of flavonoids, which are natural compounds, also called antioxidants. It can improve clinical indications of cardiovascular health, including blood pressure and its response to stress. Other health benefits include;

  • Reducing the risk of diabetes. Apples help regulate blood sugar. It contains compounds that help by inhibiting enzymes involved in the breakdown of carbohydrates into simple sugars; by stimulating pancreatic cells to produce insulin; by decreasing the absorption of sugars into the bloodstream.
  • Preventing constipation. Fresh apples are high in fiber, which adds bulk to the stool. Apples contain both soluble and insoluble fiber, and roughage.
  • Fighting bad breath. Apples contain pectin, which helps control food odors. Pectin also promotes saliva, which cleanses breath.
  • Preventing asthma attacks. Asthma sufferers often have low levels of antioxidants. Apples are high in vitamin C and flavonoids. Both are antioxidant.
  • Reducing the risk of stroke. Intake of apples is related to a decreased risk of thrombotic stroke.
  • Combating fatigue. The high vitamin C and antioxidant content in apples counter the free radicals leading to oxidative stress, which has been linked to fatigue.

How To Plant, Care and Maintain Pink Lady Apple

 

The pink lady is propagated by grafting.

  1. While planting dig a hole 2ft by 2ft, mix the top soil with half bucket manure. Fertilizing should be done after the first flush of leaves. Apply N.PK, two table spoonful and this should be repeated after each and every three months but as the tree nears flowering, apply fertilizer with micro elements to enhance good fruit growth.
  2. Ensure your seedling gets enough water. Water twice a week.
  3. Weeding should be thorough, as weeds compete for nutrients with the pink lady tree and they harbor pests which eventually attacks apple tree.
  4. Pruning should be done yearly  by removing the dead, broken and diseased branches.

Pink lady apple production.

pink lady fruits

An acre supports 200 plants of these apples. A mature pink lady apple produces an average of 400 fruits. A farmer should harvest about 80000 fruits in an acre. This translates to 1,600,000ksh as one fruit fetches 20ksh. Go for pink lady and you will never be disappointed.

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A Simple Guide on Growing the Miraculous Washington Navel Orange

It is a delicious, easily peeled; seedless fruit is produced by this medium-sized tree. Fragrant flowers in spring and handsome foliage year-round. Washington navel orange is adapted to all areas, except desert and cool coastal areas.

They are mostly grown for human consumption and their big advantage is that they have a long growing season.

Steps while planting and managing Washington navel oranges

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The Washington navel orange is propagated by grafting and cuttings.

  1. While planting dig a hole 2ft by 2ft, mix the top soil with half bucket manure and still Washington navel oranges can be planted in large containers. Fertilizing should be done after the first flush of leaves. Apply N.PK, two table spoonful and this should be repeated after each and every three months but as the tree nears flowering, apply fertilizer with micro elements to enhance good fruit growth.
  2. Ensure your seedling gets enough water. Water twice a week.
  3. Weeding should be thorough, as weeds compete for nutrients with the orange tree and they harbor pests which eventually attacks orange tree.
  4. Pruning should be done yearly by removing the dead, broken and diseased branches .
  5. Harvesting is done by tasting a single orange on the tree seven months after flowering, and repeat every two weeks until the flavor of the oranges is sweet enough for you.

    washington navel fruit