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Uhuru to Sign Hass Avocado deal In China Next Month

Uhuru to sign hass avocado deal with China

Avocado farming and especially the hass variety has taken shape in Kenya and our leaders have seen the opportunity and have been in the forefront in ensuring Kenyan farmers access better markets.

In this regard, President Uhuru Kenyatta is expected to travel to China next month for the first Shanghai Import Expo. In  his visit, president Uhuru is expected to sign a deal for exportation of avocados, mangoes and cashew nuts.

On Thursday as he held Cabinet meeting, president Uhuru briefed his cabinet on his intentions. China is one of the recent countries to embrace hass avocado fruits, and being the most populated country, the demand is rising and if President Uhuru can secure a deal, then brighter days for hass avocado farmers are coming.

The President said he will lead a strong delegation of horticultural farmers and traders to China for the first Shanghai Import Expo. A number of trade deals will be negotiated and sealed, he said.

Among the deals the president is expected to seal is the Sanitary and Phytosanitary deal between Kenya and China. This will open doors for the exportation of more than 40 per cent of Kenya’s fresh produce to the expansive Chinese market.

President Uhuru in his statement said the agreement will also include exportation of stevia – a sweetener grown in the Rift Valley.

What are the best organic methods of controlling pests in Kenya?

Signing Of Hass Avocado and Other fruits Deal

During the Shanghai visit, the Head of State is also expected to sign an MoU for the establishment of a trade negotiation working group. It will be mandated to negotiate trade tariffs especially on Kenya’s tea and coffee exports to China.

On Tuesday 17th October, Uhuru banned Chinese fish, saying it is killing the local market. He spoke at the Strathmore University during the 2018 SMEs conference. “I have been told about the imported fish from China. It is not possible that we import Chinese fish when our local traders are here,” he said.

Uhuru attended the China-Africa Forum for Cooperation (FOCAC) 2018 Summit in August. He held bilateral talks with his Chinese counterpart President Xi Jinping focusing on trade, infrastructure, investments, education and technology. The President witnessed the signing of an Economic and Investment Cooperation Agreement between China and Kenya. Uhuru’s delegation engaged in discussions on financing for Phase 2B of the Standard Gauge Railway from Naivasha to Kisumu.

The discussions also covered the financing for the Western Bypass in Nairobi. The talks also centred on Kenya’s shift from pure debt financing to embrace Private Public Partnerships.

China has remained the biggest lender to Kenyan economy with some quarters saying the loans might plunge the country into a debt trap. (courtesy of Star)

This is the biggest opportunity we have as a nation. Hass avocado farmers have a chance now to get the best prices for their fruits. Last year, Kakuzi Ltd an agricultural company bought hass avocado fruits from farmers at a record high of up to Ksh 35 per fruit. This year we expect the prices to go higher.

Contact us for quality certified seedlings.

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Macadamia nuts help release stress and it will strengthen your hair

Macadamia nuts

Macadamia nuts have many health benefits which are worth planting for. Macadamia nuts take care of your heart or they can keep you upbeat all day. These nuts are fruits of the macadamia tree which is native to Australia. They are commercially very important. Macadamia belongs to Proteaceae family of plants and it can reach as high as 40 feet but the grafted hybrid variety is shorter. Its leaves are elliptical and are usually arranged in whorls of 3 – 6.  Its flowers are slender, and are about 10 inches long.

Macadamia nuts are extremely hard and woody. They have a pointed apex and have 1 or 2 seeds. If you take macadamia nuts in excess amounts, then they can cause skin allergies like rashes and other allergies like coughing. If you bought macadamia nuts that are salted, then they can elevate your blood pressure. This is a reason why you should eat unsalted natural variety. In addition, macadamia nuts are good source of fiber but if you take them in excess amounts, then they can cause gastrointestinal problems like bloating, diarrhea and gas.

Macadamia nuts health benefits

Strengthens hair

Macadamia nuts are rich in palmitoleic acid. They can help to treat hair and it can strengthen the hair roots. When you are massaging your hair regularly with macadamia nut oil, then it can make it shiny, stimulates hair growth and it can rebuild hair elasticity. This oil can also prevent the hair breakage by penetrating the scalp and it can improve the strength of the hair follicles. Also it can control the frizz. It will hydrate your hair as well.

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Macadamia nuts Improve skin health

Macadamia nuts have essentially fatty acids which are playing an important role in the skin health. It has palmitoleic acid which can hydrate the skin, support the health of cell membranes and promotes skin healing. You should apply macadamia oil to your skin because it can render a youthful glow. It is thick, but it gets absorbed by your skin very easily. It is important to know that there is some amount of palmitoleic acid which is naturally happening on our skin and as we are getting older, it diminishes. When you apply macadamia nut oil on your skin, then it can replenish your skin with this essential acid. Also this acid can delay the skin aging. It will prevent the early onset of the signs of aging like age spots and wrinkles.

Macadamia nuts can help Relieve stress

There are some studies in which are shown that macadamia nuts can help to relieve the oxidative stress in people. They are rich in antioxidants which can help to beat the stress as well. Antioxidants fight against the free radicals and if you have high levels of free radicals in your body, then it can lead to oxidative stress and an increased risk of disease. Also these nuts have high – quality protein but it is in small amounts. There are some studies in which are said that when we consume a handful of macadamia nuts due to their high – quality protein content, they can keep the blood sugar levels in check and they can provide a steady flow of enhanced energy and mood.

Boost metabolism

Macadamia nuts have monounsaturated fatty acids which can accelerate fat metabolism. When you are consuming 3 nuts, then they can reduce your risk of metabolic syndrome.

 Offers energy boost

Macadamia nuts have complex carbs and they can spike your energy levels. It is known that fats sustain the energy.

Macadamia nuts Aid in anemia treatment

These nuts have some amount of iron which can help to treat the anemia and it can prevent this disease. But you should include other foods that are rich iron such as spinach. Also when you are including Vitamin C in your diet, then it can improve your iron absorption and this can help to prevent anemia.

Now if you area farmer in Kenya and you want a tree that can give you money, think Macadamia. As we have seen the above benefits, macadamia nuts are highly sourced all over the world.

 

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Significance of Hass Avocado Farming in Kenya

Hass avocado has continued to be number one success story in Kenya.

Both local and foreign investors have been putting up avocado factories in the country and have therefore improved prospects among local farmers.

Each year, more than 1500 avocado containers are shipped to Europe and the Middle East. New markets in Asia- specifically Russia and China are opening up opportunities for farmers and exporters, according to key industry players.

This has boosted the country’s profile as a top avocado producer among their other producing nations of Mexico, Chile, Peru and South Africa.

In recent years, the World Economic Forum has recognized Kenya’s avocado success story. Kenya has about 10000ha under the crop with more than 70 per cent of total avocado production coming from smallholder farmers. Increased investment by the county governments has come as a boon to many farmers who previously had to suffer low prices from ravenous brokers-fleecing farmers of their incomes. Contract farming has also encouraged farmers to improve their farming and replace old less productive trees with modern varieties.

tree tomato Pruning and why it’s important

Diversification Through Hass Avocado Farming

Farmers and especially in central Kenya where land has been subdivided many times becoming too small for commercial purposes have been force to diversify their thin king and they have over the recent years adopted hass avocado farming and macadamia farming.

With an acre of land carrying 150 avocado trees, and a single tree producing over 1000 fruits on maturity each retailing at an average of Ksh 10, a farmer is assured of 1.5 million from a single acre.

Production usually starts two and a half years after planting. Hass avocado and Fuerte varieties are the most sought-after. The latter is said to be a good pollinator popular with exporters while the former is more popular in Europe.

Countries that buy avocados from Kenya include United Arab Emirates, the UK, Egypt, The Netherlands, France, Saudi Arabia, Belgium, Spain, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Germany and Hong Kong.

The government under CS Agriculture Mr Kiunjuri plans to expand to emerging markets such as Malaysia, Singapore and South Korea.

What are you waiting for, we have told you before and we will continue emphasizing that hass avocado farming is the way to go.

Contact us for more details.

 

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Do you think Kenyan leaders who are highly recommending hass Avocado farming are bluffing? What do they know that we don’t?

hass avocado farming

President Uhuru Kenyatta

President Uhuru Kenyatta while he was opening Nairobi ASK show in October 2018 asked Kenyans to embark on Hass avocado farming. President has noted that avocado market in Europe and other major countries has grown tremendously. Through the minister of Agriculture and Trade, President noted that his government would work closely with farmers and exporters in enhancing people lives through farming.

Former Premier Hon Raila Odinga

Former PM planting Hass Avocado

Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) leader Raila Odinga has urged farmers in Western Kenya to embrace hass avocado farming to improve their income generation levels.
Speaking during the launch of avocado tree planting at Nyamira Girls’ High School and Bar Opuk Primary School in Bondo constituency, Odinga said avocado had been discovered to be the new ‘gold’ in the world. He encouraged the farmers to plant it in large quantities to be able to serve the region as a cash crop. “Hass avocado farming is a cash crop. Avocado is the new gold that has been found in the world… so we want to see this place become more and more green,” said Odinga.
Urging the residents to paint the region green, the National Super Alliance (NASA) principal stated that he wants the people of Western Kenya to plant many avocado trees so that they can organize to put up an avocado processing factory in Kisumu.
Odinga said that if the programme was properly embraced, then the region could produce more avocados that could even be exported to other parts of the world, adding that “we want to have a flight emanating from Kisumu direct to London carrying Nyamira avocado.”
The former premier was flanked by Siaya Governor Cornel Rasanga who stated that, as a county, they support the programme and promised that his government would help in planting as many avocado trees as possible to enhance the region’s tree cover.
Rasanga added that his county government is currently supporting the establishment of tree nurseries in all primary and secondary schools across the region with a view to improve the area’s forest cover.

Governor Mwangi Wai ria- Muranga

Muranga Governor Mwangi Wa Iria

Mwangi Wa Iria Governor Muranga County, has been at the forefront of encouraging people and farmers to plant hass avocado and macadamia. Muranga county government through courtesy of Mwangi Wa Iria has partnered with major hass exporters such as Kakuzi.
Before the governor intervened, hass avocado farmers were being exploited where brokers were buying fruits as low as Ksh 3. However after the governor negotiated the price, a single fruit is now being bought @15 and can go as high as Ksh35.
Before the market was regulated, farmers used to sell a fruit for as low as Sh1. Now they sell one for Sh8. Hass-avocado exporters sell the fruit for as high as KSh 30. Just last year farmers in Murang’a county earned Sh500 million from hass avocado farming according to Governor Mwangi Wa-Iria. Hass avocado investment is bigger than coffee. One properly watered tree of hass avocado can give you 1,000 fruits a year, which comes to Sh8,000.

Governor Kiraitu Murungi- Meru County

Meru Governor Kiraitu distributing seedlings

On Friday 5th October 2018, H.E governor Kiraitu Murungi distributed hybrid Macadamia and Hass Avocado seedlings to farmers in Meru. Although the governor was categorical that he doesn’t encourage farmers to uproot their miraa, he was quick to note that hass avocado and macadamia farming is the future.
In January 2018, Meru County government through the governor took major steps in empowering farmers in the region to embrace diversity and stop depending on traditional cash crops such as tea and coffee. Towards that end, the County’s Department of Agriculture promised to distribute half a million seedlings of avocado in the next two years.
The Hass avocado species has been identified for the project which if successful, should see farmers earn at least ten thousand shillings from each tree every season. As he was speaking at Gitoro ASK showground, the governor asked Trade and Industrialization CS and former Meru governor to help get a good market for farmers. He distributed over 400,000 seedlings.
With the demand for avocados growing in the west, Kenyan farmers are upping production of the coveted crop and reaping the benefits.

Governor Alfred Mutua- Machakos

Machakos Governor, Dr Alfred Mutua

Machakos Governor Alfred Mutua during his benchmarking tour in Nyeri County in 2018 reached at a decision to partner with Nyeri County in a bid of supporting Avocado farmers and increasing the number of trees in the county.
Mutua reached at the decision in his bench-marking tour in Nyeri County when he visited an avocado farm, Mweiga in Kieni . Avocados are in super high demand in the world and if one grows them well, returns can be as high as 250-300 percent. That is good money. I have learned how to grow and ship Avocados to overseas markets.
Mutua said this can fetch good extra income to Machakos residents. “We have decided to partner with Nyeri County to support our Avocado farmers and expand the number of trees grown in our counties. We can then join hands in marketing the fruits locally and overseas so that our households have added income.” Mutua said.
“Our people are hardworking and it is the role of our governments to support and guide them so as to grow wealth. My vision is to identify at least five crops that each household in Machakos can grow so as to generate sufficient income. Once we do that, it will be Bye Bye Mwolyo (Bye to relief food shame),” Mutua added.
Mutua said he is committed to doing this and other ventures such as construction of factories, promoting industrialization and economic enterprises. He said all these will enable residents get extra income.

Governor Mutahi Kahiga- Nyeri

Governor Mutahi Kahiha said that the Hass variety is particularly popular for export. “One tree of the Hass Avocados variety can bear up to 1,000 fruits if well cultivated and cared for. Abroad, one Hass Avocado can fetch up to 5 dollars. If more farmers could take up this type of farming, with the support of the County Government, then more farmers would be empowered. The County Government of Nyeri is committed to cultivating a suitable and conducive environment for farmers where best market practices are practiced.” Mutahi added.
Governor Mutahi this year only has distributed more than 500,000 hass avocado seedlings.

Hass Avocado and Macadamia farming will Improve Lives “ Kiraitu Murungi”

Former Agriculture Cabinet Secretary Willy Bett

Former Agriculture Cabinet Secretary Willy Bett called Kenyan residents to venture into hass avocado farming, saying that the market in France and other European countries was huge.
The CS said the national government would promote farming of avocados by licensing the establishment of seedling nurseries. He explained that there was high demand for avocado produce in France and other European countries and emphasized of the need by the farmers to venture into farming.
Former CS Willy Bett has urged farmers to diversify and seek alternative crops to boost food security in the counties and also to improve their livelihoods.
Mr Bett said maize farmers cannot rely solely on maize and wheat production because of changing economic trends.
He said the country faces maize shortage because many Kenyans depend on it as their staple food adding that farmers should not only concentrate on maize farming.
Speaking at the Kenyenya Green Stadium in Bomachoge Borabu constituency where he launched avocado farming in Kisii County, the CS urged farmers to embrace avocado farming to improve their earnings.
“Farmers need to adjust their farming techniques and venture into other forms of agriculture such as avocado.” “I urge the Kisii people to embrace intensive farming to increase food production for local consumption and export. Kisii is endowed with plenty of rainfall which residents need in planting various crops despite shrinking land sizes,” said Mr Bett.
The CS together with the Kenya Health Inspectorate Service distributed 10, 000 avocado seedling to trained farmers.

Agriculture CS Mwani Kiunjuri

Agriculture CS Mwangi Kiunjuri Distributing Hass avocado Seedlings

Avocado market for Kenya continues to expand as South Africa lifts an 11-year-old ban on Kenya. I urge farmers take advantage of my Ministry’s collaboration with the County Governments in distributing avocado seedlings. However, avocado farmers should ensure that they comply to market standards to avoid attracting another ban.

Conclusion

Do you think all these leaders are bluffing? Many people have been questioning us and in their thinking, they think Hass avocado farming is a pyramid like the quail birds. We at Oxfarm Ag Ltd can assure you our esteemed customers and farmers at large that Hass avocado farming is the future. Avocado is a fruit and with the new eating trends, people are eating healthy and doctors have been recommending avocado as a source of natural fruits.
This short rain, don’t waste time, plant as many tree fruits as you can. More specifically plant hass avocado and Macadamia nuts.

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Hass Avocado and Macadamia farming will Improve Lives “ Kiraitu Murungi”

On Friday 5th October 2018, H.E governor Kiraitu Murungi distributed hybrid Macadamia and Hass Avocado seedlings to farmers in Meru.

Although the governor was categorical that he doesn’t encourage farmers to uproot their miraa, he was quick to note that hass avocado and macadamia farming is the future.

In January 2018, Meru County government through the governor took major steps in empowering farmers in the region to embrace diversity and stop depending on traditional cash crops such as tea and coffee. Towards that end, the County’s Department of Agriculture promised to distribute half a million seedlings of avocado in the next two years.

Top Skills farmers need to be successful in Kenya

The Hass avocado species has been identified for the project which if successful, should see farmers earn at least ten thousand shillings from each tree every season.

As he was speaking at Gitoro ASK showground, the governor asked Trade and Industrialization CS and former Meru governor to help get a good market for farmers. He distributed over 400,000 seedlings.

With the demand for avocados growing in the west, Kenyan farmers are upping production of the coveted crop and reaping the benefits.

Farmers are now switching from coffee and tea to avocados in a bid to profit from the growing European demand. Kenya produces an estimated 115,000 metric tonnes of avocados annually, a figure that is about to increase as farmers embrace news.

Kenya is currently the world’s sixth largest exporter of hass avocado. In recent years, the popularity of hass avocados has increased and is driven by the global awareness of their health benefits.

However, there are concerns by stakeholders that Kenyan farmers should not rush to uproot their coffee trees in order to plant Avocado. This is because it takes about two to three years to start producing fruit, and a further two to reach maturity. However, you can inter-crop and later uproot coffee.

If you are looking for a better way to earn from farming contact us.

 

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Health Benefits of Green Apple Grown in Kenya

An apple is a very nutritious fruit containing a lot of vitamins and minerals with several impressive health benefits which qualifies it as part of one’s daily diet.

It is packed with vitamins, minerals and fiber that help to regulate normal blood glucose, fight digestive problems of different types and promote appetite; these are just but a few to mention among other benefits this fruit adds to human health. Below are some of its benefits on human health

Improves Cardiovascular Health

Apple has the content of soluble fibre which has the characteristics of lowering high level of bad cholesterol in the blood caused by high fatty foods and improving general cardiovascular health.

Results from scientific studies showed that eating an apple on daily basis helps to reduce arterial plaque, lower LDL, balance sugar level and thwart other illnesses associated with the heart.

Generally, the presence of high potassium content and epicatechin, an antioxidant flavonoid helps to improve heart health.

 Enhances Metabolism of The Body

Apple contains soluble fiber which makes it a strong anti-oxidizing agent that enhances the metabolism of the body.

It is good to eat apple regularly because it is a natural metabolism booster but more effective in the morning as it will fasten the speed during morning hours.

The presence of iron in green apple fruit also helps in the process of metabolism and quick absorption of oxygen in the body.

Boron is a trace of mineral in an apple that also helps the body to metabolize appropriately and make use of other vital nutrients.

Helps to Detoxify the Liver

Green apple fruit helps to detoxify the liver by removing some harmful toxins; it contains active detoxification properties which make it very effective for cleansing the liver.

Drinking the apple cider vinegar with water daily is a natural remedy that contributes greatly just as apple fruit does to protect liver problems by eliminating harmful toxins from the liver.

Reduces Digestive Problems

Eating of green apples can help to reduce digestive tract diseases. Apple fruits are rich in fiber which helps to maintain a healthy gut.

Also, they contain essential minerals and vitamins such as folate, phosphorus, vitamins A and C that all contribute to maintaining a healthy digestive system and good functioning of the intestine.

 Reduces Blood Cholesterol

Some important properties contained in apple which are linked to cholesterol reduction are epicatechin, a plant flavonoid; polyphenol which is a strong antioxidant and pectin. Both contents help to lower blood pressure and cholesterol.

Scientific studies carried out to compare a cholesterol moderating drug, statin and an apple showed that Apple is more effective in reducing bad cholesterol which causes serious heart problems.

Taking just an apple per day regulates cholesterol level in the body which can lead to the risk of stroke and related other heart problems when not controlled.

 Enhances Low Appetite

Apple contains organic acids that help to control human appetite; therefore, people who suffer from low appetite can use the green apple fruits to boost their appetite.

 Reduces the Risk of Asthma Attack 

Apple fruit contains an important flavonoid compound on the skin known as quercetin, which helps to reduce the tendency of an asthma attack in the human body.

Other pronounced antioxidant properties that are contained in apple also help in playing this role and getting rid of oxidative damages in the lungs.

 Prevent Allergies

Other important compounds in apple fruit are quercetin, catechin, and chlorogenic acid which are all flavonoids with potent antioxidant actions such as fighting sicknesses like certain allergies also helps in body pain reduction.

Lowers the Risk of Diabetes

Apple fruit helps to prevent the risk of type 2 diabetes which is caused by beta cells insulin damage due to the presence of a soluble fibre that stops the blood sugar spike.

Polyphenol, an essential plant compound that plays a key role of antioxidant in preventing tissue damage to beta cells is contained in apple. It helps to inhibit the risk of type 2 diabetes by averting such damage that leads to the case.

 Contains Properties that Help to Prevent Cancer

Apple has strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant substances that help to fight the development of cancerous diseases in the body.

Studies supported by the American Association of Cancer Research proved that the flavonoid and triterpenoids compounds in apple play a key role in frustrating the growth of pancreatic cancer and other tumors in the human body

Maintains Proper Bone Health

Apple is one of the major fruits considered the powerhouse for bone health due to the presence of vitamin C, potassium, fiber and calcium which are bone nutrient density.

Another bone building phytonutrient in apple is phloridzin, a naturally occurring plant compound in an apple that helps to prevent induced bone loss and play other potential roles in the body. 

Helps in Boosting Brain Health

Antioxidants play numerous roles in overall human health which one of them is boosting the brain health. Apple is rich in antioxidants and these properties make it very good for brain health.

This fact has been supported by several scientific studies which proved that eating apple fruits prevent certain conditions that affect the neurons in the human brain such as Alzheimer’s.

Juice contained in apple fruit helps to lessen mental decline as well as protects a neurotransmitter in the human brain called acetylcholine which tends to have age-related function reduction.

Vitamin C is one of the major properties in green apple fruit which is an essential dietary nutrient that performs many vital functions in the body system.

Eating one apple per day is a daily recommendation by nutritionists and health practitioners because it helps to flush out toxins in the body and other numerous benefits it provides. This follows a saying that “one apple a day keeps the doctor away”

Apple plays many important roles in the human body which should make it a part of our daily diets as it plays lots of uncountable health benefits. Adding to the ones mentioned above, apple helps to prevent a swollen canal in the anus, in other words, called haemorrhoids or piles.

Green Apples

English apple has different varieties such as the green apples, red sweet apples, yellow, yellow and pink. These colors on apple pigments are just the natural coloring that develop as apples grow.

The taste of all these varieties of apple remains the same just as the benefit they offer to man’s health and lifestyle in spite of the colors.

Apple is one of the most consumed fruit in the world today, cultivated in most parts of the world. Green apples which originated in Australia are today grown in most part of the world including the East African countries including Kenya.

 

Apple fruit is generally healthy and safe to eat for all ages. There are no side effects attached to the eating of this fruit. But the warning is that the seeds should not be consumed excessively either by mistake or otherwise as they contain cyanide. Cyanide is a chemical compound that can be extremely toxic to human health and when eaten in excess can cause harmful damage to human health.

Apples do well in Kenyan soils particularly in colder areas. Contact us for seedlings and more information.

 

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Common Questions and Answers About Macadamia Farming In Kenya

Macadamia farming in Kenya has taken shape and farmers especially in central region have taken it seriously.

1. How long does Macadamia trees take to produce nuts?

There are several varieties of Macadamia grown in Kenya. However, a grafted tree will usually start to produce in its 3rd or 4th year after planting. The common varieties include Kiambu 3 & 4, Meru 23 & 24, Taita Taveta 1 & 2, Kirinyaga 15 and Murang’a 20. Depending on your area, you should have reasonable nuts after 7 or 8 years.  A seedling tree that is not grafted will usually not produce nuts until it is 7 to 10 years old.

2. What about tree maintenance?

Macadamias are a low maintenance tree and will grow in almost any soil type, as long as it is not water logged.  It is a forest tree native to Queensland Australia and likes a good mulch.  The main pest in is the green vegetable bug, attacking the young nuts and causing black spots on the nut kernel.  Long grass and seeds are known to harbor these bugs, keeping grass short or having it grazed by sheep and poultry will help.

More recently the guava moth has also become a problem pest with pheromone traps and spraying the only solution at the moment.  Organic growers and the majority of smaller growers take the risk of loosing some of their crop, in a bad year up to 30% by not spraying.  If you decide to spray, then 3 times a season will do the job, starting 3 weeks after flowering at intervals of about 3 weeks.

3. Can macadamias be pruned?

Yes, but be aware there are 2 types of trees, Droppers and stickers and pruning varies for each type.

Macadamias will stand quite heavy pruning.  The aim when pruning is to keep the tree to a manageable height (3 to 4 meters).  Do this by cutting strong leaders out of a sticker type tree or pruning the outside of a dropper variety.  This will open up the interior of the tree to light, air and bees to help with pollination, particularly because Macadamias tend to flower into the center of the tree.

In short, keep the tree low and open on the inside to aid pollination and to make picking easier.  Reduce multiple forks to a maximum of two to avoid the incidence of wind damage.

4. When are macadamia in Kenya ready for picking?

For varieties which do not drop their nuts, the simplest way is to look at the lining of the husk after the shortest day of the year.  When the lining has turned deep brown, to about the same color as the nut inside, the crop is ready for picking.  Depending on the weather and position of the trees this can be as late as April.  Beware, trees can drop (abort) quite a lot of nuts if stressed by drought, these nuts will be immature and can be mistaken as ripe.

Earn more than 10 million per acre with 40k investment.

5. What to do after picking

Below are a few things you should do after picking. However, in Kenya most companies will buy the nuts while still at the tree and they will carry them to the processing plant.

  • Remove the husks preferably within 24 to 48 hours of picking.
  • Bag the fresh nuts in 10kg onion sacks and hang them in an airy and shaded position (open carport is ideal), for a 3 month minimum.  Hang them out of the reach of rats and mice who love chewing through them.  During drying the nuts will loose about 15% of their weight.
    Larger or Commercial growers will tend have a drying room with heat up to 350C lots of air movement and dehumidifiers operating.
  • Once dry, store them on or near the hot water cylinder for a minimum of 3 weeks.  The additional weight loss after this drying will be approximately 10% (a dehumidifier can be very helpful).
    Larger growers will have dried them to below 3% moisture in their drying rooms ready for cracking as required.
  • Once fully dry and ready for cracking (less then 3% moisture) .  The kernel will ideally be rattling in the shell and above all, will be crunchy and sweet.

The above process is meant for those who plant macadamia for own consumption. However, commercial macadamia farmers who intend to make money sell their nuts to companies such as Jungle nuts, Sasini, Kakuzi etc..

6. Do macadamias nuts last long?

All nuts deteriorate over time, however macadamias ‘in shell’ will last for a couple of years in a dark, cool and airy place.  After cracking, the kernels will last for about six months if kept in an airtight and moisture proof container. Larger growers with vacuum seal kernels or Nitrogen purge and pressure seal bags to keep the kernels fresh for a considerable time.

If you have any other questions about macadamia growing please contact us and we will do our best to help you.

 

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Inter-cropping and Mulching in Tissue Culture Banana Farming

You can plant short-term crops, annual crops, legumes such as beans, and groundnuts or you can plant vegetables. This is what is referred to as inter-cropping and the crop you plant is referred to as an inter-crop. These can be planted at the same time with the bananas or within days.

Always consider the Spacing

As you plant these crops, make sure the cover crop is not too close to the planting hole where tissue culture banana seedling is. Leave about a foot especially for beans, which can grow from the hole in which it was planted, entangle and suffocate the young banana seedling.

If you want to have longer term intercrops, such as coffee or pineapples, these can be planted either before or after the planting of the tissue culture garden. Whereas it is fine to intercrop bananas with a perennial crop such as coffee or pineapples or cocoa, in case you want to do this, the spacing will need to be increased accordingly from the standard (2.5m-3m).

The spacing must be increased from 3m to between 3.5m-4.5m to allow more light penetration to reach the perennial intercrop (say coffee, cocoa or pineapples) when they have established.
If the distance between different stools is too small or standard (2.5m-3m), when the bananas grow, their leaves will shade off the intercrop and it will suffer from lack of sufficient light to manufacture its own food, and to grow healthy and give good yield.

Quality hass avocado seedlings and best packages

Excellent care

Whereas it is fine to intercrop with a perennial crop, you need to do this only if your primary enterprise is the intercrop rather than bananas.

In case your primary or focus enterprise is bananas, it is advisable that inter-cropping be done  with only short-term crops, and this can be done for two seasons, after which the banana canopy (leaves) will have closed up. After the first year, your efforts should shift to mulching the plantation for better soil nutrition and health.

Like animals, bananas need excellent care if they are to give you good returns—thus, you will need to invest in mulching your plantation—I mean thorough mulching.

Need nutrients

Mulching has several purposes: controls weed growth, protects the soil against heavy rainfall and intensive sunshine, prevents erosion in plantations on steep slopes, provides organic matter to the soil, stimulates root development, improves soil drainage, cools the soil, increases soil porosity (water and air penetration), and supports abundance of beneficial soil organisms such as earth worms and some useful fungi and bacteria, thereby improving overall soil health.

Bananas are heavy feeders and need a lot soil nutrients and water if they are to yield well. Thus, mulching helps in providing these soil nutrient and water requirements.

Due to high cost of buying and transporting mulching materials, it is important to use grass cleared during field preparation; use materials obtained from the intercrop; materials obtained from the plantation itself such as leaves, pseudo stem, corms; use organic matter near the plantation such as chicken droppings, pig and cow dung if you keep some animals.

Also, you can grow grasses such as elephant grass, Guatemala grass, and Kikuyu grass for your own mulch. The grass can both feed your animals as well as provide mulch for your plantation.

Not too close

Irrespective of the good roles of mulching, it is known to facilitate multiplication of pests and spread of some soil born diseases of bananas. It also encourages roots to grow upwards from the soil, resulting in hanging mats, which eventually can topple especially during stormy rains.

The phenomenon of banana plants becoming shallow rooted and hanging near the surface of the ground is called ‘high mats’. The moment it sets in, that marks the end of your enterprise as weevils will attack it too. Thus, never mulch too close to the plant itself when it has already fully established.

A young tissue culture seedling needs mulch around it, but an established banana mat does not, as its roots are already well established. Thus, always keep the mulch, and manure application away from the banana mat by about 2-3ft. The roots of the banana are long and can search for nutrients from a distance, thus do not worry that your plants will not get the nutrients.

Frequently Asked questions about Hass Avocado Farming in Kenya

Pros and Cons of Inter-cropping

Advantages of inter-cropping

  1. The enterprise starts giving early returns before the bananas start yielding and start giving returns.
    2. Weed control in a newly established plantation is easier as you kill two birds with one stone, that is weed the beans and the banana plantation too.
    3. The soil is protected against soil erosion, cover crop is used.
    4. If a legume such as beans is used, it adds nitrogen to the soil making it more fertile.
    5. If crop residues from the inter-cropping are used to mulch the crop, it improves soil nutrients and adds organic matter.

Disadvantages of Inter-cropping

  1. Soil nutrient depletion,
  2. Competition with bananas,
  3. May spread diseases and pests
  4. Damaging and injuring banana roots when digging in the garden, among others

It is, therefore, advisable that you do it only for the first year of plantation establishment, unless the inter-crop is your major enterprise.

For tissue culture banana seedlings contact us.

 

TC seedlings
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How to grow Tissue Culture banana in kenya

Bananas are Kenya’s number one fruits. In some parts of Kenya, banana is a staple food. Of recent, whereas the banana is the favorite food, the crop has been faced by many challenges ranging from diseases and pests. Tissue Culture banana are affected by bacterial wilt disease that is today known to everybody that grows or has ever grown bananas. The weevils are also well known.
For the case of diseases, they are mainly transported from one garden/farm to another through picking young suckers for planting into a new garden.
Whereas you may see the plant and think it is clean or has no disease, because you cannot see the disease-causing agents with your eyes, you will be introducing the disease to your new garden. It is against this background that tissue culture planting materials are becoming the favorite planting materials for farmers who intend to grow bananas commercially.

What is tissue culture?

Tissue culture is the science of multiplying clean disease-free planting materials of different crops and you have many identical copies of the same variety without changing the taste and any other physical attribute of the plant.
This work is done in agricultural laboratories and then the plants are raised in nursery beds where farmers can buy them ready for planting.
When you plant these tissue culture seedlings of bananas, you can be sure that you are starting off with clean seedlings rather than planting what you are not sure about.
Consult any farmer that has grown them before and you will discover that they grow very fast, faster than the suckers which are picked from an old garden, and they yield earlier (between eight and 12 months from planting depending on variety), and that they yield bigger bunches.
Because they are small, tissue culture seedlings are more convenient to transport. They will grow uniformly, and you can plant as many acres of a garden of the same variety unlike the old method of picking suckers from a neighbor’s garden where you may not get enough of the same variety and in most cases, you can pick wrong varieties.

Quality hass avocado seedlings and best packages

Procedure of planting tissue culture banana seedlings

  • Tissue culture banana seedlings are bought when they are ready to be planted in the garden, so you need to have your garden ready by the time you go to pick them from us. After your field is prepared, you dig the holes (1.5-2ft x 1.5-2ft x 1.5-2ft). The deep hole helps reduce formation of high mat and risk of the plants toppling (falling) in the advent of wind.
    Rows should be in straight lines and if on a hill side, planting should be along the contours to minimize soil erosion.
    As you dig the hole, the soil you remove is separated, top soil (black) separate and subsoil (red soil) separate.
  • After that, you put well decomposed manure (three to five kilograms) in each hole and you can add one hoe-full of the red soil and mix properly.
    Do not return too much soil in the hole (so do not refill the hole). When all the holes are ready, and with manure in, you then can pick the plants from the company selling them and transport them straight to your garden.
    If you cannot plant on the same day, you can off load the plants carefully and keep them under shade for planting the next day, but make sure you water them that evening.

Planting Tissue Culture banana

  • Planting should never be done in a field that already has bananas. This to avoid pests and diseases. Planting should therefore be done in a clean field preferably a virgin one where bananas have not been planted in the last 2-3 years.
    The exercise of planting tissue culture banana involves splitting of the polythene paper pot holding each while holding the soil carefully. Then, using your hand or a simple garden tool such as a panga, make a smaller hole in the manure/soil mixture at the bottom of the hole and place the seedling in this small hole.
    Then compact the soil by pressing using your hands to make the plant hold firm in the soil.
  • Water the plant with about half-a litre of water and if possible mulch around the plant with grass inside the big hole (mulching could be done before the plants are brought when you are preparing the holes after putting manure/soil mixture).
    Depending on its size, the seedling will most likely remain deep in the hole but this is okay.
  • The remaining big hole will serve to collect any rain water and other soil nutrients brought by runoff to feed this plant and make it grow healthy. If the season is dry, check on your plants regularly and water them, if necessary.

Planting population

If you are planting say 1 acre, the recommended number of plants is 450 plants but for a higher plant population and for commercial purposes, you can plant 640 plants per acre.
If you plant 450 plants per acre, the distance between holes is 3 metres by 3 metres. If you choose to plant 640 plants per acre, the plant spacing is 2.5 by 2.5 metres.

If you need Tissue culture banana seedlings, don’t hesitate, contact us today.

 

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Quality hass avocado seedlings and best packages

Quality hass avocado seedlings and best packages

Its yet another rainy season. Farmers all over Kenya are preparing their land for the coming short rain season. The question we are asking is, are you still going to grow maize and beans or have you thought of another better plant to grow? Hass avocado among other tree fruits has been picking up well in both domestic and export market. There a few Kenyans who will discourage others by telling them how avocado will be out of market and how it takes long to mature.

That is not true, avocado and especially hass avocado is always in demand in oversees country, more specifically in the European countries. Hass avocado is generally liked because;

  • It has a longer shelf life compared to the other varieties
  • Matures faster
  • Can produce more than 1000 fruits from a single tree
  • Its sweater and has a lot of fats
  • Has many health benefits

If you put all the above reasons into consideration, then you will realize that hass avocado farming is here to stay. We all know Africa is best in fruit farming because its strategically located at the equator and its warm enough. Not every country can grow avocados, countries in Europe experience very cold seasons and extreme hot seasons making unsuitable for farming.

It’s not just growing avocados, its growing them in the best way possible. Do your research, invest wisely and we assure you, you won’t regret.

Earn more than 10 million per acre with 40k investment.

Inter-cropping Hass Avocado with Vegetables

You can inter-crop hass avocado trees with fast-maturing crops such as legumes, beans and vegetables. The beans fix nitrogen in the soil, thus, making it rich for the avocados besides helping to utilize the farm to the maximum.

We highly discourage inter-cropping with crops that grow into trees because they will have deep-roots which will compete with those of avocados.

For the best seedlings contact us here and we will get back to you. Our seedbeds are located in Nyeri and Embu and we also have a demo farm coming soon in Nairobi (ridge-ways).

Check out our services and packages here.