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Pests and diseases associated with Avocado fruit

Avocado tree is a tasty addition to the garden, however there are several pests  and diseases associated with avocado fruit trees that one simply ought to remember before planting.

Most of fruit tree issues with sickness will be cliched to placement in poorly drained soils or growing trees that aren’t certified disease-free — they carry the pathogens with them. Read more to learn more about common avocado tree pests and diseases.

Common Diseases  associated with Avocado trees

Fruit rots – Fruit rots, caused by flora pathogens, usually occur wherever sanitation is poor and tree stressors are high. These fungi might overwinter in plant trash on the bottom round the tree, or in fruits that are left on the tree when harvest avocados. correct pruning and prompt removal of fruits can facilitate stop sickness.

Tree Cankers – Cankers are sometimes solely minor diseases of associate fruit tree, however they’re extremely visible. These sores on tree trunks and branches might sink slightly and ooze gum, giving the sore a rusty look. Cankers will typically be cut out of limbs, however cankers in trunks typically kill affected trees.

Sunblotch – Sunblotch could be a serious, incurable sickness of avocado trees. Fruits are typically stained or scarred, twigs might develop red or yellow discoloration or rectangular cracks might develop in bark. Infected trees are typically inferior; however, some trees show no symptoms in the least, other than a discount in yield. Once narrowed, sun blotch cannot be cured. However, by buying certified disease-free stock and active smart tool sanitation, you’ll stop the unfold of sun blotch.

Root rots – Root rots usually seen in areas with poor drainage or in trees that are inveterate over moisture. If conditions will be improved, the tree is also ready to be saved. Sometimes, producing by removal round the tree and exposing the roots can permit the crown to dry enough to stop tree death.

Wilts and blights – Wilts and blights are characterized by dead areas in trees, particularly once solely a location of the tree is affected. Wilts unsurprisingly cause explosive weakening and death in branches. Blights on the other hand might kill little branches or solely influence the leaves themselves. Pruning the symptomatic tissues from trees and providing smart support will facilitate your avocado recover.

Related post: apple farming in Kenya: mitigating risks

Pests that affects Avocado tree

Avocado tree invested by pests
Pest invested avocado tree

Avocado Tree Insects Borers – Borers tunnel into avocado trees, wherever they feed or lay eggs. Entrance holes are extremely visible and might leak sap and borer-weakened branches may break simply. Strained trees are most well-liked by borers; keeping your tree healthy will stop infestation. Cut out plagued branches and eliminate them in real time.

Lace bugs – Intermittent pests of avocado, lace bugs injury leaves once they are present. Feeding sites cause yellow spots that shortly dry out and stressed leaves can drop, exposing fruit and wood to ultraviolet rays. once symptoms seem, sprays of agriculture oils or pyrethrin are suggested fruit tree treatment.

Caterpillars – Caterpillars attack foliage, flowers and fruits and may cause substantial injury in a very short time. Sprays of Bacilli thuringiensis are extremely effective, given that you’ll reach caterpillars, like leaf rollers, who feed within protecting nests manufactured from leaves. Creating a special purpose to spray within the sun rays over or silk-bound leaves can destroy the caterpillars within.

Mites – Mites cause similar injury as lace bugs; however, leaves may additionally combat a bronze look and also the pests are troublesome to check with the optic. Some mites spin fine webs as they feed, just like those of spiders. Treat them with agriculture oil; pesticides will cause population explosions.

Thrips – Thrips seldom cause serious injury to trees, however can seriously scare fruits. un-smooth or coriaceous brown scars seem as fruits enlarge, generally stunt flying fruits. Careful pruning and fertilizing can facilitate stop thrips, which are drawn to tender flushes of growth. .

For more information on this and more kindly visit our offices or contact us. Also if in need of Hass avocados and other seedlings book now.

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Current state of hass avocado farming in African Kenya and Africa

CURRENT STATE OF HASS AVOCADO FARMING IN AFRICAN KENYA AND AFRICA

Hass Avocado could be a universal fruit that thrives in most climatic zone climes and therefore the temperate belt of the planet. The angular distance demarcations for the foremost varieties area unit between 450 “N and 600” S. This includes most of Pacific America, South-east Asia and continental Africa where Africa Hass Avocados find their way thanks to numerous world markets for various functions.

Africa Hass Avocado Varieties

Kenyan Hass Avocado Varieties area some of the best within the world as Africa continent vaunts many the best varieties. Here are most Africa Avocado Varieties each in African nation and African country.

  • Hass-a thick variation (Kenya, SA).
  • Fuerte-a hybrid selection (Kenya)
  • Nabal, Puebla-both terribly inexperienced variations (Kenya).

The Hass Avocado sort develops quick, not solely in African nation however in its original home of California. Its fruition amount is characterized by immense, succulent turn out.

Kenyan Hass Avocados Area Unit Thought of The World’s Finest

Africa Hass Avocado exporters ride on the fineness of the African Hass Avocado by world standards because of it’s a mixture of native and international varieties. As an example, before the Central American country variations saw the sunshine in African nations (1904), there were already small-scale native trees that later evoked a master selection through affixation. Secondly, the tree is ideally a warm-climate flora, and considering most of tropical African nation is sunny, and has dry soils with correct evacuation, the fruit comes in sensible yield and style. Thirdly, because the African nation case illustrates, the mixture of growth highlands of between a hundred and fifty and 2100 meters, as well as, between water level and 800 meters altitude, diversifies the standard.

As with the remainder of the world, Hass Avocado seasons fall under the higher chunk of the year. starting spring (early March) to late season (November), the crop espouses extended harvest seasons after we have the very best offer for many Africa Hass Avocado commerce corporations. In African country, the subsequent varieties bear harvest within the months in brackets:

  • Fuerte (March to July)
  • Hass (May to Gregorian calendar month
  • Edranol (May to July)
  • Rayan (July to August)

Major Markets that Import Kenyan Hass Avocados

Kenya and African country lead the pack among the African states that barrage the worldwide market with their turn out. The only most vital market is that the EU of that France is that the leading country among those who purchase African nation Hass Avocados, African country and therefore the remainder of the countries. In 2010, African nation exported 14101 Mega Tons whereas SA accounted for the second biggest export, after Peru, of 56282 Mega Tons that visited the EU. Europe amounts into the largest market in the main because of its outside the angular distance scope of best climes for growing Hass Avocado.

Related Content: Tips on how to get over 20Kgs/Tree from Tree-tomato farming

State of the planet marketplace for the Hass Avocados from African nation

Though United Mexican States and South American country still control with the EU and Britain markets, Africa has shown a lot of improvement within the last four years in its hold of the planet market. Kenya, as an example, saw nineteen p.c of its Hass Avocado fruit endure sale within the UK within the last four years season whereas virtually the remainder, 79 percent, visited the Eurozone. Considering that in production levels the country doesn’t rank beside the leading world producers in geographical area and South-East Asia, the fact that it had been among the highest 5 exporters in early years reflects the demand for the really African crop.

Kindly contact oxfarm Organic  for more information on how to plant Hass Avocados and how to get these seedlings and many more.

 

 

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Hass avocado is the overall super fruit within the World

HASS AVOCADO IS THE OVERALL SUPER FRUIT WITHIN THE WORLD

Kenyans have this habit of going to the restaurants associated automatically ordering their dish accompanied with a Hass Avocado. It does not matter what it’s — if it options that delicious raw fruit, likelihood is it’s going straight into their belly. Hass Avocados may be paired with nearly any food, and it’s socially acceptable to chow down on one at any time of day.

But their rich taste is not the solely reason their quality has been slowly escalating for the past few years. The Hass Avocado has step by step evolved into a front, with scores of fans across the world. The super fruit has become associate overall super fruit.

Hass Avocados Contain Healthy Fats

Yes, there are some styles of fats you truly ought to be feeding if you wish to remain healthy. although it doesn’t sound harmful, Hass Avocados contain monounsaturated fat, a “good fat” that may truly lower high sterol and cut back the danger for cardiovascular disease. This kind of fat is usually recommended over saturated fats. And if that is not enough, Hass Avocados additionally contain sixty percent additional Potassium than bananas, the same old go-to fruit for the solution.

You Can Grow Your Own Hass Avocado

Our previous blogs have shown lists in small stages directions for growing your own Hass Avocado plant, and everyone you wish to begin is by a seed. However, if you are super curious about the project, you’ll be able to contact Oxfarm Organic Ltd and that we can assist you accomplish a better success rate. Hass Avocados have up to be one in all the foremost standard fruits within the world.

According to analysis Hass Avocado consumption within the world has steady climbed throughout the last decade. The analysis notes that once restaurants use the fruit as a selling strategy, their traffic will increase. Back in 2012 once the Hass Avocado unfolds became a Subway staple, the lines for the sandwiches quickly became longer in America.

Related Content: Why Hass Avocado is the new Cash Crop

Hass Avocado Makes Your Skin Soft

You’ll be able to rub them on your face and it will not be weird. If you’ll be able to resist chowing down long enough to create yourself associate Hass Avocado mask, you’ll finish up with softer, power tool skin. Hass Avocados contain natural oils that may hydrate and soften skin. They additionally contain lots of tocopherol, associate anti-inflammatory drug agent that penetrates layers of skin and protects against ultraviolet radiation harm. Hass Avocado would be a pleasant overall quite hydrating, healthy gently exfoliating quite mask.

According to Live Science, Hass Avocados contain associate assortment of essential vitamins and minerals that contribute to keeping many organs healthy. Additionally, to lowering sterol and regulation glucose, the fruit has anti-inflammatory drug properties associated an inhibitor related to regulation system health. Moms-to-be are counseled to feature the Hass Avocado to their diet to assist preventing birth defects, and therefore the article even notes that Hass Avocados are shown to cut back some cancers.

Also Read: how to grow peaches and nectrines

Contact Oxfarm Organic for these and other seedlings.

 

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GOOD RETURNS THROUGH HASS AVOCADO FARMING

Avocado farming in Kenya presents a decent chance not just for farmers, however a growing population of young people to venture into. The Kenyan market whether domestic or export is growing however restricted by the production levels of the present farmers. First and foremost, common selection for the export market is that of the HASS avocado. Hass could be a semi-spreading tree requiring a minimum of a 5M by 5M planting distance at maturity. It’s a generous bearer of fruits.

We at Oxfarm Organic Ltd have a privilege of interacting with farmers from central Kenya who started Hass avocado farming in 2010 from hass seedlings. Four years down the road his trees were of fruit bearing age and in 2016 his venture was commercially viable. Further interactions disclosed his preference of avocado farming to alternative crops is growing, this was when a prepared export marketplace for his product at 8-15 ksh per fruit, he delivers his product on to an exportation firm.

Best Conditions

The climatic conditions in most localities of the country square measure ideal for Hass selection farming. Hass Avocados are sensitive to wind, which might cause fruit drop and defoliation. Trees ought to be settled in safe areas. Planting of avocado trees is completed at a spacing of 5M × 5M with an acre carrying an approximation of 150 seedlings. Dig planting holes 60cm by 2ft separating top soil and the other soil, combine the top soil with 20kg of well rotten manure, take away the seed plant from the pot keeping the basis and soil structure intact, and plant the seedling using the top soil mixture. The soil is also accustomed to creating a basin round the plant.

Expected Returns in A Year

We could verify production per tree by indiscriminately sampling trees within the farm. Production averaged sixty fruits per tree, this was what we tend to be able to count and will be additional before the top of the season. Please note gather is completed double in one year.

Average production per indiscriminately sampled tree yielded 600 fruits at its fifth year in one season, production is 2 seasons annually. At a median value of 10 shillings per fruit the returns per tree annually quantity to 6000 ksh. It takes one hundred or additional fruits to form a meaning financial gain of over hundred thousands ksh.

Related Content: How well-planned are you for tree fruit farming this season?

NB: There are many alternative Avocado fruit varieties however this is often the foremost common for the export market and includes a high production, because of its quality for domestic and export consumption it fetches high costs compared to ancient varieties.

CAUTION: The Grafted seedlings verify the fruit selection for mature trees, get your seedlings from certified farmers like us.

 

For more information kindly contact, us or visit our offices.

 

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Kenyan Avocados: Connecting to High-value Export Markets

Kenya is frequently cited as a “bright spot” in African agriculture. Conducive government policy, strong donor support and private-sector leadership have helped to create success stories in exports to the EU. Policy changes supporting this growth include the liberalization of the fertilizer market. Following the removal of price controls and subsidies, increased competition led to lower fertilizer end-prices, triggering a 14 percentage-point increase in adoption rates among smallholders. Today, agriculture amounts to half of Kenyan GDP and employs 75% of the Kenyan workforce. Kenyan policy-makers and agribusiness players continue to prioritize the growth of agricultural exports, both in green beans and other cash crops like avocados. be

Kenya is one of the world’s largest producers of avocados, with production of 200,000 tons in 2017.For comparison, the largest producer is Mexico with about 1 million tons produced annually. Local varieties dominate Kenyan production (about 70% of total), whereas Fuerte and Hass, the varieties suitable for export, make up approximately 20% and 10%, respectively.

 

Kenyan Avocado Export Supply Chain

 

An estimated 70% of Kenyan avocados – even those for export – are produced on smallholder farms. When not linked to exporters through an out-grower scheme, farmers market their avocados through middlemen, either legally government-certified agents or unofficial brokers. These middlemen typically harvest avocados themselves and organize transport to Nairobi packhorses. This initial leg of transport is usually done with small pickup trucks. Once at the factory, avocados are quality-checked, sorted, washed, waxed, pre-cooled and packed in cartons. Once packed, exporters stuff the cartons into refrigerated containers (“reefers”) outside the processing gate, and shipping companies then transport the reefers to the Mombasa port. There, the reefers, which are controlled-atmosphere-treated, are loaded onto a ship and later trans-shipped in Salalah, Oman. Finally, the reefer containers are unloaded in Europe and delivered to importers

Most often vertically integrated with exporters, packers procure and package a 4-kilogram (kg) carton of avocados at a cost of about US$ 4.10. An additional US$ 1.60/carton is required for shipping to Europe by sea in a reefer. With the import price fluctuating around US$ 7-8/carton, the supply chain overall is profitable. This situation was enabled by government-led infrastructure investments, followed by private-sector investment in reefers, which helped to reduce transport costs versus expensive air shipments. Once this tipping point of profitability was reached, investments started to naturally flow into the sector.

Impacts of Supply Chain Barriers and Potential Solutions

Successful initiatives to overcome supply chain barriers are presented, as well as some remaining opportunities to overcome challenges to future growth.

Transport and Communications Infrastructure

Mombasa is the pivotal port for East African countries and is accessed via the main corridor, the Nairobi-Mombasa highway. By the early 1990s, the quality of this road had deteriorated due to high traffic. The Kenyan government, with the help of the World Bank and the EU, decided to invest in rehabilitating the highway.  Investments were made over approximately a decade, ending in 2005. Travel time from Nairobi to Mombasa was reduced by 40%, from 12 to 7-8 hours, and costs decreased as well. Typically, road rehabilitation projects in East Africa drive operational cost reductions of 15%. Although this saving has a marginal impact on the Kenyan avocado industry – less than 1% of the European end price – the incremental benefit is applied to many different value chains. The overall benefit for Kenya and Kenyan agricultural export value chains is thereby important.

Also Read: how to grow peaches and nectrines

 

Introduction of reefer container technology has made Europe accessible for Kenyan avocados.

One of the major challenges previously faced by this industry was the lack of suitable transport equipment. If not cooled, avocados ripen faster than the time it takes to ship them to Europe. Exports to Europe, therefore, were only possible through expensive air shipments. Alternatively, transporting by sea was only feasible for the more proximate Middle East, where avocados sell for much less than in Europe.

Recognizing this opportunity, exporters first engaged temperature-controlled, break-bulk vessels to replace expensive air freight. They then approached A.P. Moller-Maersk to present the business case for refrigerated container transport. Shipping companies consider a number of factors when evaluating a value chain for reefer investment. Most importantly, they look at the economics and growth potential of the value chain. In this case, if Kenyan avocados were able to be sold profitably when transported by air, there was a clear case for investment in sea freight, provided quality could be maintained during the journey. In addition, key enablers must be in place to ensure sustainable operations. Fortunately, the Kenyan government had invested in the Mombasa port and was able to provide the necessary infrastructure (e.g. specific plugs, berth capacity) to support reefers. Continuous investments are being made to accompany the growth of reefers in the Mombasa port, including a new berth to open this year.

Read Also:Macadamia nuts farming: How to get most returns

Early packing of containers ensures an uninterrupted cold chain. When dealing with perishable produce, maintaining an uninterrupted cold chain is critical for food quality and safety. When reefers were first introduced, exporters preferred to transport avocados to Mombasa in regular trucks and pack the reefers at the port. Over time, exporters realized that they could command a price premium in EU markets if a cold chain was begun as close to the farm as possible. This price premium outweighed the costs of bringing an empty reefer to Nairobi and loading it at the pack house gate. This extended cold-chain-arrangement also simplified logistics by eliminating one touch-point at the port, and is now common practice.

For more information on how to become a better Hass Avocado Farmer, kindly visit our offices or contact us.

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AVOCADO EXPORT FLOURISHING IN KENYA

Kenya is known to support its budget through agriculture majoring on exports of tea, coffee, flowers. However, Hass avocado is now getting a lot of attention. Kenya is in an ideal location for Avocado production since it’s in subtropical climates and avocados do well in such conditions.

South Africa and Kenya are major exporters of Avocados in Africa, with hass, fuerte, and pinkerton varieties. There is a countless potential for hass avocado production in Kenya due to its climatic conditions especially in central Kenya, upper eastern and rift-valley areas. Most avocado farms are near Nairobi, where packing factories are located for export.

Main avocado seasons for the Kenyan avocados is march to September but the fuerte one starts as early as February while the Hass is normally available from May. Nonetheless, due to the difference in climatic conditions and different avocado growing zones in Kenya, there are fruits throughout the year although in smaller quantities which are mainly sold locally.

Also, Kenya enjoys a competitive advantage over other exporting nations mainly because the hass avocado variety harvesting period extends later in the year than Peru’s, thereby granting Kenya a window of opportunity in the global market. Hass avocados from Kenya sell in European markets at roughly three times their domestic price, making the export options extremely very attractive.

 

Also Read: Hass avocado farming: Suitable Counties

More than 115,000 metric tons of avocado are produced in Kenya annually, where 70% are normally grown by small-scale farmers. Sometimes back, most avocados were traded locally, however, this trend has tremendously changed over time where now over three quarters of the produced avocados is exported overseas.

This drastic change can be attributed to technological advancements called `reefer` introduced by Maersk lines has made it possible to transport Kenyan avocados beyond the middle east to Europe markets.

Most farmers who grow Avocado are commonly found in Muranga, Kiambu, Nyeri, Kisii, Meru as well as Mt. Kenya regions. Over the years, Kenya has seen a sharp increase in the number of counties interested in Kenyan Avocados, and these countries are, Hong Kong, Russia, Singapore, Belgium, Germany, Netherlands, France, Egypt, Spain, Iran, Libya and many more. Leading exporters from Kenya include Mt. Kenya Avocado Farms.

The nutritional benefits of avocado are another boosting factor to its demand. All over the world people knows about its benefits and the wide variety of its uses. Guacamole food, with avocado as its main ingredient is very popular especially in America, greatly increases avocado consumption and importation.

Muranga county government through its Governor Mwangi Wa-Iria has started an initiative of encouraging its residents to embrace farming of hass avocados as a way of eradicating poverty as well as boosting their health. The national government of Kenya has also initiated programs that help in boosting the avocado industry to fully comply with the global requirements. Bodies like KEPHIS are actively involved in monitoring as well as educating farmers and exporters. In addition, other county governments are also helping farmers get good market rather than struggle with brokers who offer them low prices.

As you read this article today, more and more farmers are compelled to start growing Grafted hass avocados, which will triple the country’s production rates for exportation. The sky is not the limit for our esteemed farmers. The future belongs to you farmer who is willing to make your hand dirty!

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Hass Avocado Farmers From Central-Kenya Enjoying Export Opportunity

Close 1350 avocado farmers from central Kenya, are enjoying steady income from supplying a natural oil extract and export company, OLIVADO with Avocado fruits. 45% of these farmers are women. Olivado buys fruit directly from farmers cutting down the brokers who normally exploit farmers. Avocado acquired from the farmers are processed to make oils by Oliviado in its Muranga Factory which is then exported to 30 countries.

The company was founded in New Zealand and first conducted a pilot project in a temporary facility near Nairobi in 2007, when the supplies in the pacific Island went down. Within a period of six months of starting its operations in Kenya, the company had established more than seven hundred small scale farmers, and had certified them through the organic certifier, IMO. The company is now capable of producing over 900Metric tons of organic extra avocado oil per year.

Oliviado sources its raw materials from farmers who deal with the two varieties that was introduced to the nation in the 1970s by KARI, which is now KALRO.

  1. HASS – it’s a warty, medium sized, roundish fruit that turns purple at full maturity. It has a tough, pebbly skin, with an impressive shelf life.
  2. Fuerte, a Mexican-Guatemalan hybrid is a shiny-green, pear-shaped fruit that weighs 250g to 450 g and has high oil content.

It is approximated that four out of five of the trees in Kenya are Fuerte, which was in high demand in the late 1970s and early 1980s when most farmers were establishing their orchards.

But market trends now favor Hass, with horticultural companies like Olivado encouraging farmers to plant Hass or graft Hass scions onto Fuerte rootstocks.

More Farmers Cleared to Export Avocado

At least 294 farmers have been cleared to sell fresh avocados to the European Union after receiving certification of compliance to production and harvest regulations that have been limiting export. Europe is one of the main horticultural consumers for Kenya, but conditions such as limited chemical use and harvest hygiene have consistently limited farmers from accessing this multi-billion-shilling market. The allowing of the 12 farmers’ linked companies to export comes when the harvest of fuerte and Hass is peaking before slowing down by August. With the closure of the South African export market a few years ago, most farmers, who are not linked to the outside market by other exporters, sell their produce locally. When the local market is saturated, the rest goes to waste since value addition is still limited.

Also Read: How to Maximize Your Land by Planting Apricot Fruits in Kenya

Coupled with the introduction of the controlled atmosphere containers that allow for transportation of the fruits for long distances without depreciating in quality, farmers will export their product to the European market with ease. The Export Promotion Council CEO Peter Biwott said in Thika that the nine companies working with nine farmers’ groups in Murang’a County will have a sure market, and producers will not be in losses any more. The nine companies received an Overall 9 Global Gap Certificates, marking their authorization for the entry into this multi-billion-shilling fresh produce market. He said the inclusion of the farmers raise the export margin by 35 per cent. The farmers’ groups include Rwakama Farmers, Kiawambogo Central, Gachocho Mixed, Ng’araria Avocado Farmers Self-help Group, Gaichanjiru, Mavuno Organics Kenya Limited, Gatuya Avocado Farmers Self-help Group, Marigu and Mofarm Fresh Fruit Exporters.

Kenya’s dried avocado export has been rising, with the country selling 46.7 tons to the international market in 2016. The figure was higher by 7.8 tons than what was exported in 2015. Kenya earned Sh6.5 billion and Sh5.2 billion in 2016 and 2015 respectively, according to the Kenya national bureau of Statistics.

 

For More information contact us or visit our offices.

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Why Grafted Hass Avocado Is Gaining Popularity in Kenya

There is a group of farmers within Muranga County who believe that the Hass avocado is now Kenyan number one variety and that in tonnage it is destined to eventually exceed all other varieties including the Fuerte. This group points out that the Hass season compliments the Fuerte season making possible a two-variety coverage of the year as in the orange industry. Its paramount appeal to the grower for its heavy and precocious production. This fact coupled with its excellent eating and shipping quality, long season and medium size make it a profitable fruit for the entire Avocado industry.

The Hass is gaining acceptance in a wide area, possibly being suited to all avocado counties. This makes the Fuerte the “runner up” to the HASS for top rating and unless some new yet undeveloped variety hass made a spectacular rise the and it will eventually command the largest tonnage in the Kenya avocado industry.

GRAFTED AVOCADO DEMAND FOR SEEDLINGS

Hass trees are vigorous growers and easy to propagate. Trees top worked are usually very upright in growth like the parent tree but nursery trees range from moderately upright to spreading with most of them forming a rather well-balanced head. Close planting of the Hass has produced rather slender trees and some growers have considered this variety an upright tree to be planted as close as 6M by 6M apart.

This procedure has produced very heavy tonnage per acre at a surprising early age but it is undoubtedly true that these groves will have to be thinned. On deep soils, at least 7M spacing would seem to be required for mature trees. The Grafted Hass is very precocious, top worked trees usually bearing the first year and nursery trees by two years. It is quite impressive to produce so much fruit so soon and it is understandable the great grower interest that is developing around this variety. In some Counties growers are turning from the Fuerte to the Hass because of its much greater production in their localities. Although some Hass trees bear regularly there is a marked tendency with most trees to over bear one year and recuperate the next with a light crop. Unlike the old furte variety these trees will not kill themselves by continued over production. This alternation of production is usually a simple one of very heavy crops every other year. To the degree that the Hass overbears one year it will under bear the next. Occasionally trees will bear a terrific crop and will not even bloom the next year.

The Hass bloom is usually moderate in amount and comes later than the Fuerte with shorter duration. Unlike the Fuerte a healthy Hass tree limits the crop by the amount of the bloom. The flowers seem to all set and after a normal thinning retain a good crop commensurate with the amount of bloom.

GRAFTED HASS AVOCADOS SEASONS

The Hass has the longest season of any known avocado and has been demonstrated to be edible throughout most of the year. As a back-yard tree, its season is probably from March to November but commercially from May to October at in Kenya. At present, it fills the gap between the Fuerte and the other varieties bringing high prices at this time. When it is in greater supply its commercial limits will have to be determined.

GRAFTED AVOCADO MARKET

From the market standpoint, the Hass would appear to have everything. Excellent quality, popular size, small seed, good shipper, its leathery skin and long season complimenting the Fuerte. The Hass variety gives satisfaction and repeat business follows. This variety has been put to the top by Kakuzi farmers and has numbered among its members the pioneer growers of this variety and have had more experience with marketing it to date. The report says that it has consistently returned more than any other avocado. Its small size is very popular and as it comes on the market early it beats competition to a great extent.

 

For more information, visit our offices or contact Oxfarm Organic Limited Experts.

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A one year and three months old flowering hass avocado

After a year and 3 months our hass avocado trees have started flowering. So far so good

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BEST METHOD OF PLANTING HASS AVOCADO

PLANTING

  1. a) PLANTING AND BRINGING THE TREE TO BEARING

When planning a new orchard, the following aspects need to be involved: soil type, climate and availability of irrigation water, management skills and cultivar to be planted.

  1.  ORCHARD LAYOUT AND SPACING
  • Set in a rectangular system that allows for movement of orchard equipment between the trees for spraying and harvesting.
    • Pruning may be required
    • Spacing of hass avocado can vary from 5m * 5m to 9m* 5m but the final decision rests with the grower.
  1.  DIRECTION OF ROWS
    The tree rows should be planted as close as possible in an east-west direction for maximum sunlight on both sides of the trees.
    The tree drip area should be kept clean of any growing crop but should be mulched.
  2.  PLANTING PROCEDURE
    Make sure that at the time of planting the soil is clean of weeds in the planting rows, the irrigation has been installed and is in a working condition and enough stakes are available for supporting the trees directly after planting.
  3.  HOLES SIZE AND POSITIONING.
    Trees should be kept upright and out of direct sunlight until they are physically planted. Planting holes can be dug with a hoe and spade and needs to be 2ft * 2ft *2ft.
  4. REMOVING PAPER.
    When ready for planting the bag is carefully cut open along one side without disturbing the root system. Loose soil is piled into the planting hole so that the soil level of the avocado tree will be 1/3 above the ground.
    • The tree is then kept upright and the hole is filled with soil and firmly pressed down. Fill to the soil level of the planting bag.
  5. WATERING
    Water the avocado tree directly after planting. Afterwards regular light every to 2 to 3 days is necessary to keep the root system from drying out.
  6. MULCHING
    Mulching around the trees will also prevent drying out of the soil and will keep the root system cool and active.
  7. SUPPORTING
    Use 1.8m to 2.0m treated poles/bamboo sticks for this purpose and plant them +/- 50mm away from the main stem of the tree.
    • Do not fasten the trees too tightly against the pole, but rather loosely. Ensure the stake is not placed within the root zone.
    For more information on hass avocado management contact us or visit our offices at Hermes House Nairobi Tom Mboya street opp K.T.D.A

CONTACT US FOR MORE IN MANAGEMENT AND SEEDLINGS