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Why Grafted Hass Avocado Is Gaining Popularity in Kenya

There is a group of farmers within Muranga County who believe that the Hass avocado is now Kenyan number one variety and that in tonnage it is destined to eventually exceed all other varieties including the Fuerte. This group points out that the Hass season compliments the Fuerte season making possible a two-variety coverage of the year as in the orange industry. Its paramount appeal to the grower for its heavy and precocious production. This fact coupled with its excellent eating and shipping quality, long season and medium size make it a profitable fruit for the entire Avocado industry.

The Hass is gaining acceptance in a wide area, possibly being suited to all avocado counties. This makes the Fuerte the “runner up” to the HASS for top rating and unless some new yet undeveloped variety hass made a spectacular rise the and it will eventually command the largest tonnage in the Kenya avocado industry.


Hass trees are vigorous growers and easy to propagate. Trees top worked are usually very upright in growth like the parent tree but nursery trees range from moderately upright to spreading with most of them forming a rather well-balanced head. Close planting of the Hass has produced rather slender trees and some growers have considered this variety an upright tree to be planted as close as 6M by 6M apart.

This procedure has produced very heavy tonnage per acre at a surprising early age but it is undoubtedly true that these groves will have to be thinned. On deep soils, at least 7M spacing would seem to be required for mature trees. The Grafted Hass is very precocious, top worked trees usually bearing the first year and nursery trees by two years. It is quite impressive to produce so much fruit so soon and it is understandable the great grower interest that is developing around this variety. In some Counties growers are turning from the Fuerte to the Hass because of its much greater production in their localities. Although some Hass trees bear regularly there is a marked tendency with most trees to over bear one year and recuperate the next with a light crop. Unlike the old furte variety these trees will not kill themselves by continued over production. This alternation of production is usually a simple one of very heavy crops every other year. To the degree that the Hass overbears one year it will under bear the next. Occasionally trees will bear a terrific crop and will not even bloom the next year.

The Hass bloom is usually moderate in amount and comes later than the Fuerte with shorter duration. Unlike the Fuerte a healthy Hass tree limits the crop by the amount of the bloom. The flowers seem to all set and after a normal thinning retain a good crop commensurate with the amount of bloom.


The Hass has the longest season of any known avocado and has been demonstrated to be edible throughout most of the year. As a back-yard tree, its season is probably from March to November but commercially from May to October at in Kenya. At present, it fills the gap between the Fuerte and the other varieties bringing high prices at this time. When it is in greater supply its commercial limits will have to be determined.


From the market standpoint, the Hass would appear to have everything. Excellent quality, popular size, small seed, good shipper, its leathery skin and long season complimenting the Fuerte. The Hass variety gives satisfaction and repeat business follows. This variety has been put to the top by Kakuzi farmers and has numbered among its members the pioneer growers of this variety and have had more experience with marketing it to date. The report says that it has consistently returned more than any other avocado. Its small size is very popular and as it comes on the market early it beats competition to a great extent.


For more information, visit our offices or contact Oxfarm Organic Limited Experts.

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A one year and three months old flowering hass avocado

After a year and 3 months our hass avocado trees have started flowering. So far so good

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When planning a new orchard, the following aspects need to be involved: soil type, climate and availability of irrigation water, management skills and cultivar to be planted.

  • Set in a rectangular system that allows for movement of orchard equipment between the trees for spraying and harvesting.
    • Pruning may be required
    • Spacing of hass avocado can vary from 5m * 5m to 9m* 5m but the final decision rests with the grower.
    The tree rows should be planted as close as possible in an east-west direction for maximum sunlight on both sides of the trees.
    The tree drip area should be kept clean of any growing crop but should be mulched.
    Make sure that at the time of planting the soil is clean of weeds in the planting rows, the irrigation has been installed and is in a working condition and enough stakes are available for supporting the trees directly after planting.
    Trees should be kept upright and out of direct sunlight until they are physically planted. Planting holes can be dug with a hoe and spade and needs to be 2ft * 2ft *2ft.
    When ready for planting the bag is carefully cut open along one side without disturbing the root system. Loose soil is piled into the planting hole so that the soil level of the avocado tree will be 1/3 above the ground.
    • The tree is then kept upright and the hole is filled with soil and firmly pressed down. Fill to the soil level of the planting bag.
    Water the avocado tree directly after planting. Afterwards regular light every to 2 to 3 days is necessary to keep the root system from drying out.
    Mulching around the trees will also prevent drying out of the soil and will keep the root system cool and active.
    Use 1.8m to 2.0m treated poles/bamboo sticks for this purpose and plant them +/- 50mm away from the main stem of the tree.
    • Do not fasten the trees too tightly against the pole, but rather loosely. Ensure the stake is not placed within the root zone.
    For more information on hass avocado management contact us or visit our offices at Hermes House Nairobi Tom Mboya street opp K.T.D.A



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The most efficient way to water is to apply water when it begins to show signs of stress from lack of water. It’s paramount to avoid water stress unless it’s by design to induce it; lest one may incur massive crop loss on both quantity and quality. The following signs are indications of water stress;
• Footprints or tire tracks that remain in the grass long after being made
• Many leaf blades folded in half.
• If a soil sample sought from a profile 1-2ft deep is not pliable and sheds into soil droplets upon dropping to the ground.
• Premature fruit drop and/or flaccid fruits on trees.


• An efficient watering does not saturate the soil, and does not allow water to run off.
• Avoid extremes in watering frequency and amount. If you apply too much water, it runs off and is wasted.
• On the other hand, light frequent watering is inefficient and encourages shallow/restricted root systems.
• Typically, 2-3 irrigation rounds per week in the peak irrigation periods is ideal. If rainfall occurs, irrigation should be suspended depending on the rainfall amounts.


• The best time to irrigate is in the early morning hours and /or late evening. Watering during the day can be wasteful due to evaporation.
• Avocados require 8000-9000m3 per Ha for the whole year, including water supply from rain.
• The avocado trees have varied moisture requirement in amount depending on the prevailing physiological stage.
• Aspects/stages directly influenced by optimal water regime on avocados include; Flowering, fruit set, fruit drop fruit sizing and fruit quality.
• In central region, 50-60m3 suffices to supply adequate moisture to 1Ha of avocados in a 2 week cycle of irrigation in dry periods.
• In a week, 50-75 litres being applied per tree will supply adequate moisture to support the tree during peak demands.

Below is a guideline on irrigation calendar for the small-holder farmer:

DEC – MAR Fruit set and rapid expansion Irrigate fully until rain starts 25-35 liters per tree twice every week There must be no stress on trees
APR – MAY Fruit development Do not irrigate Rainy season
JUN – AUG Harvest Partially irrigate 5-10 liters per tree once a week Maintenance only
Sept-mid Oct Dormant period Do not irrigate Stress prior to flowering
Mid Oct-rains(Nov) Flowering and fruit set Irrigate fully 25-35 liters per tree twice every week There must be no stress on trees


• Install a drip line in the orchard to be served by a tank through gravity. Ensure the tank is raised and/or installed on higher ground.
• 2 drip lines to serve a row of trees.
• The tank can be filled with water by manually pouring using jericans or through pumping.

• Entails manually transporting water in 5, 10,15 or so liter containers sprinkling around the root zone.
• Care should be taken to avoid excessive water application that can lead to run-off.
• Water can also be applied using watering cans and these give a better distribution.

• This is important operation that helps retain moisture around the root zone.
• It’s important to maintain mulch around the tree always.


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Earn more than 10 million per acre with 40k investment.


Here at oxfarm we have old hass trees {request for a visit at our demo farm} that have consistently given us income like in the case of real estate, its called passive income. Once you set it up you do not have to worry, why because hass avocado farming require least form of management but be present during harvesting time for inspection and counting, why? ask me later.

We faced challenges during planting and even later when we thought all could be well another big issue came up. We were tricked and bought varieties which were not hass avocado. We had to top work our trees, we wasted two years due to what we say negligence. Please if you have to buy any type of seedling request to see whether they are certified with concerned authorities. This will not only save you money but most importantly Time, 2-3 years waiting then it turns to be otherwise is so demotivating.

Enough about us, we came up with the package few years back where we save our clients hard time during planting which require one to have knowledge on basic planting technique and if you have ever tried to plant hass seedlings then you do understand what we mean. Some of our clients who enrolled in this package have harvested severally and in this year most of them will sell their fruits at an average of Ksh 12-25 depending with fruit sizes. Some sell to us while others to other major exporting companies for exports.

Below entails what you expect from the package.

WhatsApp Us Here


Earn more than 10 million per acre with 40k investment.

Project: Hass avocado, contract farming
Cost: 40000

What’s in 40k?

  • Free consultancy
  • soil Testing
  • 150 hass avocado seedlings at a spacing of 17*17ft,
  • digging of holes 2ft by 2ft,
  • manure application,
  • delivery of seedlings and planting,
  • monitoring for the three months.
  • Market connection.

We start by first coming to your farm location to monitor and doing soil analysis to ensure that the project will be successful. The best time to do the project is during the rainy season either short or long rain, but in case you have an irrigation system you can do it any time. The best time to engage us is now to plan for the coming rain season. We do not charge anything for consultation the only cost is for transport to your farm at Ksh 20 per km from Nairobi for field visitation.
The least Forecasted returns for the first 10 years in a one acre land is as follows.

Return for an acre with 150 trees. (prices of hass fruit range between Ksh 8 – 30 in local market depending on size.


True to type Hass Avocado Fruit


• The first two years –growth stage
• 2nd year (harvest of 50 fruits per tree) – 60k
• 3rd year (harvest 200-250 fruits) – 240k
• 4th year – (400 fruits) – 480k
• 5th year – (800 fruits)- 900k
• 6th year – (1000 fruits) – 1.08m
• 7th year –(1100 fruits) – 1.3m
• 8th year –(more than 1300 fruits) – 1.5m
• 9th year – (more than 1500 fruits) – 1.8m
• 10th year – (more than 1750 fruits) – 2m

Total cumulative returns Ksh 10 million

by 20th year you expect?
• 20th year – (3500 fruits) – 4m

Note that:

We have calculated the prices of each fruit at a minimum price of Ksh 8 as of lowest in the local market, The prices go up to even Ksh35 per fruit (REF KAKUZI).

The life span of a hass avocado tree is more than 50 years, let your idle land become profitable by investing Ksh 40,000 in it and we will do the work for you or you can buy the seedlings from us each at Ksh 150. The good thing about hass avocado is that its market is growing each day and big companies like kakuzi and sasini have embraced this opportunity by planting thousands of their acres under hass avocado due to stability of the hass market and high returns. Rumours has it that our Vice President has planted acres due to the good opportunity the industry present. Then why not me?

The hass avocado is the least stressful form of farming because it’s a tree with least form of management you just have to visit your shamba when harvesting. Once you enroll in our package we will give you detailed information on our market, management practices, what you can intercrop with and recover your investment within some month’s.

Don’t miss this opportunity this short and long rain season we already have many acres under this project ongoing in Kenya.

Contact us or fill out the booking form we will contact you  CLICK HERE.


Our contacts 0706222888 / 07236662773

WhatsApp us Here


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Pruning is an essential operation that ensures that trees in an orchard remain economically viable. Reasons for pruning include:
a) Promote light penetration into the trees thus keeping the shoots alive.
b) Maintain the frame work hence training for size and shape for effective light utilization, air movement and manage tree height.
c) Maintain size and shape for optimal tree and orchard management eg, tractors can move within the orchard with ease.
d) Encourage regular shoot and branch renewal, rejuvenating growth ensuring availability of new wood for fruiting.
e) Obtain tree complexity for maximum bearing units thus maximizing production.
f) Open up the trees hence reduce instances of fungal disease spread hence reduce instances of fungal diseases, e.g. Cercosfora.
g) Rehabilitate older trees.
h) Reducing plant tree vigor in water shoot removal.

Related Post: How well-planned are you for tree fruit farming this season?


• Training starts in tree seedlings whilst in the nursery. This entails selection of the strongest upright growing branch as a leader. There is also removal of any other strong branch developing on the tree to curb competition for energy and nutrients.
• Furthermore, horizontal side branches are spread evenly along the main stem to ensure that a strong frame, balanced framework will develop.
• Tree height can be maintained at 4.5m
• During the rest of the growing season, removal of water shoots has to be done continuously while the horizontal growing branches are tipped sparingly to stimulate side shoot development hence achieve branch complexity.
• As a guideline any branch thicker than half the thickness of the leader is removed whereas any branch thicker than a third the thickness of the leader is pruned back severely to control its vigor.

Actions taken in the 1st year:
a) Selection and developing of the leader.
b) Removal of leader competition.
c) Inducing shoot complexity.
d) Developing a well-balanced branching system (framework).
Actions taken in the 2nd year:
a) Water shoot and unwanted shoot removal.
b) Shoot and branch thinning for light penetration.
c) Besides these operations, shoots developing too close together are thinned.
From the 3rd year onwards, this regular and timed pruning continues to enhance the shape of the plant.


Its preferred as the best shape for avocado optimum crop production. To curb massive loss in production after pruning for shape achievement, one side of the tree rows running is pruned singly in a season after which the other part is pruned in the following season. Concurrently, branch renewal is done after harvest to maintain branch vigor for good production.
This is done by pruning back the branch to a new developing branch inside the tree.


Should be maintained at 70% of the work row width to ensure adequate light interception into the rows onto the lower parts of the adjacent rows thus curbing the would-be shading effect if the trees were to be left to increase excessively in height.


Remains a continuous operation in the tree management.
• Pruning is a tool that is used to rehabilitate older trees. Trees older than 12 years are usually very high and equally wide.
• This makes irrigation, spraying, picking, fertilizers application and general orchard management cumbersome. Production declines as well as fruit size and quality.
• Heavily encroached orchards require a 3-year pruning programme to reduce the tree size and open up the orchard.
Overhanging branches are removed completely to ensure that sunlight reaches into the tree up to the base. Any upward growing branches on the outer edge of the tree are removed. This diminish energy reserves by producing wood rather than fruit.
• Height control up to 70% of the work row tree then starts in the 2nd year. Shaping of the tree to achieve pyramid shape also starts. Continuous water shoot removal also continues. Maintenance pruning then continues from here.

For more information on hass avocado management and seedlings contact us or visit our offices at Hermes House Nairobi Tom Mboya street opp K.T.D.A

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• It is good to note that avocado orchards enjoy natural enemies (predators and parasites) that are able to maintain a biological balance.
• Cultural control is also effective depending on the level of infestation.
• When both the cultural and the biological control system are not working, selective use of chemical insecticides to control pests and diseases is necessary.
• This approach is referred to as IPM.

a) MOSQUITO BUGS (Helopeltis schountedeni) – stainers
• Feeds early in the morning hours, late afternoon and at night. They fly quite fast and thus have a potential to affect many fruits.
• They don’t fly and they only affect few fruits that are within their reach.
• To make decision on control method, we monitor for the two stages of the pest and for fruit damage.

• The female lays its eggs under the rind of an avocado fruit.
• Careful monitoring using pheromone traps is critical to establish population levels when to control and the efficacy of control measures taken.
• Both natural and chemical methods are used.
• For chemical control, we bait. We use a protein bait as an attractant mixed with a chemical as the poison. Spays are to continue until the trapped number reach 0 and sprayed at low volumes.
• For cultural control method, the key thing is sanitation. Fruits fallen to the ground are also collected and disposed. Routine eradication of alternative hosts like guavas is also done.

• It is a major phytosanitary threat.
• When eggs laid on the surface of the fruit hatch, the caterpilars bore into the fruit, rendering it undesirable for consumption and leaving the fruit vulnerable to plant diseases and rot.
• Fruits may also ripen and drop from the trees prematurely. The resulting fruit loss and damage could potentially result in millions in economic losses. The fruit is prone to secondary infections.

• Adult and systate weevil damage.
• Notched (uneven) feeding on the leaves is a classic sign of feeding by adults.
• This is significant on young trees and not big trees.
• The pest hide in the leaves, mulch and soil.
• Control is difficult because of their behavior. Cultural method of control is practiced. If pressure persist, chemical control is done.
• The timing of spray is critical.

• When you see diseases on the tree the damage is done
• Early detection is a great plus.
• Anthracnose & collectrotrichum
• On hass the symptoms will be seen as a bronzing, similar to mite damage on other crops, but has a small lesion and is described as “pepper spot”
• These diseases are most likely to occur during the wet conditions.
• When the fruit is small, i.e. smaller than pegion egg size, it is not susceptible.
• Fruits bigger than this size is susceptible to infection at any time under favorable climatic conditions for the fungus.
• Control with copper.

i. Soil Selection
 Well drained and aerated.
 NB ridging/moulding.
ii. Resistant/Tolerant Rootstocks
 ‘Dusa’, ‘Duke 7’, ‘Bounty’
 Disease free nursery trees.
iii. Irrigation Management
 Beware of over-irrigation in sick trees
 Use of micro-jet or drip irrigation for better control.
iv. Chemical Control
 Young trees use Alliete paint.
 Mature trees inject with Phosphorous acid.

For more information on hass avocado management contact us or visit our offices at Hermes House Nairobi Tom Mboya street opp K.T.D.A

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Avocado the new cash crop in our farms

  • The most important crop to me now is avocado of the hass variety. The fruit has a limitless market in Europe.
  • It is bigger than coffee. One properly watered tree of hass avocado can give you 1,000 fruits a year, which comes to Sh8,000.
  • Relief seeds is far more helpful than relief food. With the poorest soil conditions, the 2kg should be able to give us three to five bags.
  • To increase the market for farmers, we have also launched the Murang’a County Schools Milk Programme. Pupils from nursery to Standard Eight get a packet every week.

The most important crop to me now is avocado of the hass variety. The fruit has a limitless market in Europe.

We just can’t satisfy that market. Before we regularised the market, farmers used to sell a fruit for as low as Sh1.

Now they sell one for Sh8. We negotiated with four buyers and set the minimum price. Last year farmers in Murang’a earned Sh500 million from avocados.

It is bigger than coffee. One properly watered tree of hass avocado can give you 1,000 fruits a year, which comes to Sh8,000.

However, we have also distributed four million seedlings of the high-yielding Batian variety that is resistant to coffee berry disease and leaf rust.

We gave out 100 seedlings per farmer and they are now harvesting this coffee. The variety has significantly boosted productivity, raising it from Sh17 a kilo to Sh61.

We have also addressed food crops. We have given farmers 2kg of high quality maize seeds depending on their altitude.

Relief seeds is far more helpful than relief food. With the poorest soil conditions, the 2kg should be able to give us three to five bags.

Anything on value addition?

In a month’s time we will have the first farmers owned milk factory since independence. This will complete the milk value chain.

To increase the market for farmers, we have also launched the Murang’a County Schools Milk Programme. Pupils from nursery to Standard Eight get a packet every week.

But how sustainable is this?

The infrastructural investments we have are long-term. With the right management, our children should be able to drink this milk in a sustainable manner.

Why did Murang’a choose to go the organic manure way?

Instead of going for the usual inorganic fertilisers, we went for manure because it has a lasting restorative power on soil.

We buy manure from across the country and sell it to farmers at subsidised rates. It is one of the most popular products.

contact us for hass avocado seedlings








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Hass avocado farming is the next big cash crop in Kenya. In the next 3 years each fruit will be retailing for more than sh 30 which is 100% increase from the current price of sh 15 per fruit at the farmgate. This is due to its day to day discovery of new products in it. These include manufacturing of all types of oil, soap and fat. Don’t be left behind when others are planting this rainy season and after 2 years you will be making great money. A mature Hass avocado tree of 15-20 years can produce more than 3000 fruits per year which mean you can get shot 30000-40000 per tree. An acre can be planted 150 seedlings.

Also Read: how to grow peaches and nectrines

The good part of it is that avocados requires no management after planting and the normal farming activities will take place as they do not interfere with any crop that you plant. With only sh 40000 per acre we do the planting and manage your farm for 3 months. We also sell seedlings at sh 150 per seedling for those who don’t have big sizes of land. Get in touch with us today. Visit our offices in Nyeri (Osman Allu) , Nairobi (Hermes building) and Eldoret (opposite veecam house). CONTACT US for enquiry.


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Hass avocado that is gaining popularity due to huge market oversees

This is not lotto we are talking of guaranteed income to farmers. The trend is not good for farmers nowadays compared to previous years due to numerous reasons major ones being uncontrollable pests and diseases and also drought that have led to big losses. It might get even worse but we have good news for you, we will guide you on various plants to grow in your land that require little or no management which are drought resistant with ready market and an acre giving you a million very comfortably every year.



























One such plant is hass avocado that is gaining popularity due to huge market potential to European market. It does well in almost all areas of the country, its drought resistant, no frequent diseases and pest control, it’s a tree with numerous uses etc. The hass avocado tree can be harvested for the next more than 50 years and its yield continue to increase exponentially.

Oxfarm Organic Ltd did a sampled research from farmers last week in Muranga, Eldoret, Meru, Nakuru and Machakos and from them a 5 year old hass avocado tree yielded on average of Ksh 4000-7000 per year and with an acre able to accommodate 150 trees a farmer gets Ksh 600000 – 1million.

This income increases as the tree grows bigger where a farmer Mr Karanja at Kenol recorded an income of Ksh 25000 from a single tree of 19 years. We have made it simple for you to invest in your land,

We have a package of one acre that is going at Ksh 40000 that involve signing of a contract that include

  • Field visit and soil testing analysis,
  • Delivery of pure hass seedlings,
  • Preparation of planting holes,
  • Planting and monitoring for three months and
  • Connecting farmer to the market.


We also sell our hass seedlings at 150 each and we do delivery country wide. Visit our offices today for further details and book a visit to your farm. In Nairobi our offices are at Hermes House opp K.T.D.A Tom Mboya Street, Eldoret at Sham House opp Veecam house along Oloo Street and in Nyeri Next to Housing Finance along Kimathi Way.