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Prosper by Growing Lemons

Lemons can be grown over a wide range of soils. Lemon fruit plant can flourish well on light soils having a good drainage capacity  and, deep soils having pH range from 5.5 to 7.5 are considered as the best suitable for lemon tree farming. But, do note that they can be grown up to a pH ranges from 4 to 9. Heavier soils and light loam soils with well drainage facility sub soils are supposed to be the ideal for growing lemon trees.

Lemon is mostly asked because of its extensive bitterness. It is also known for its juice and pulp throughout the different portion of the world. It is mostly asked for its extensive bitterness. Its extensive bitterness is beneficiary in curing numbers of disease and disorders. It is full of amazing medicinal value, and it is especially recommended to the pregnant women.

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Most lemon trees can take about three years after planting to yield some lemons suitable for picking, which is long as they are cared for correctly.

Health Benefits of Lemons

  1. Lemons are a good source of vitamin C.
  2. Improves the digestive system.
  3. Protects against anemia as it contains iron.
  4. Protects against kidney stones.
  5. Helps in preventing some cancers.

An acre of lemons can accommodate 200 plants.  Lemon plant bears over 1000 fruits annually. The minimum selling price for a lemon fruit is 5ksh. This means a farmer would get 1millonKsh as he would be selling 200,000 fruits.

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A Simple Guide on Growing of Lemons

Lemon plant is a small evergreen tree with yellow fruits which are high in vitamin C, fiber and various beneficial plant compounds. The lemon juice is used to make cocktails, soft drinks and lemonade.

Lemon have numerous health benefits which include,

  • Supports heart health
  • Improves digestive health
  • Reduces cancer risk
  • Protects against anemia
  • Prevents kidney stones
  • Helps in controlling body weight

How to plant and care a lemon seedling

  1. While planting dig a hole 2ft by 2ft, mix the top soil with half bucket manure. Fertilizing should be done after the first flush of leaves. Apply N.PK, two table spoonful and this should be repeated after each and every three months and as the tree nears flowering stage, apply fertilizer with micro elements to enhance good fruit growth.
  2. Ensure your seedling gets enough water. Water twice a week.
  3. Weeding should be thorough, as weeds compete for nutrients with the lemon tree and they harbor pests which eventually attacks lemon tree.
  4. Pruning should be done yearly by removing the dead, broken and diseased branches.

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Lemon trees generally produce their first crop of fruit at around 3 years of age.

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Diseases and Pests That Affect Oranges

Oranges are round citrus fruits with finely-textured skins that are, of course, orange in color just like their pulpy flesh; the skin can vary in thickness from very thin to very thick. Oranges usually range from approximately two to three inches in diameter.

Diseases in Oranges

  1. greasy spot in oranges

    Greasy spot.

It’s a fungal disease.

Symptoms

Yellowish-brownish blister spots on leaves, often on the underside of the leaf.

Spots develop into oily looking blisters.

Control

Timely application of copper based fungicide.

  1. Sooty mold.

sooty mold in citrus

It’s a fungal disease.

Symptoms

Leaves becomes black

This is as a result of honeydew secretions from insects such as white-flies, aphids and mealy bugs.

Control

Use an effective insecticide and also spray copper based fungicide and where there is severe infestation spray again after 14 days.

  1. Citrus canker

It’s a bacterial infection.

Symptoms

Yellow halo-like lesions or scabs on the fruit, leaves and twigs.

Severe infections can cause leaf loss, blemished fruit, fruit drop and die back.

Spread

It spreads easily and quickly on air currents, insects, and birds and on humans by means of clothing and infected implements.

Control

Use copper based fungicide as a preventative measure. Destroy already infected trees to contain the spread of bacteria.

PEST AND DISEASES CONTROL IN TREE TOMATO (TAMARRILO) FARMING

  1. Root rot

It is caused by the soil-inhabiting fungus from the phytophthora species.

 Symptoms

Dark brownish patches of harden bark on the trunk of the tree.

The infected area is then left as a dark sunken canker.

Control

Remove all leaves and damaged fruit when it falls to the ground.

Prune off all lower branches off the tree so that the tree branches are more than 2 feet from the ground.

Spray the tree with an effective fungicide.

Pests Affecting Oranges

  1. Aphids

aphids on oranges

They sack the sap out of the leaf.

There is yellowing and the twisting of the leaves, which gives the appearance of deformed leaves. As the severity of the aphid infestation increases, leaf drop and twig and branch die back.

Control

For effective control of aphids use an insecticide e.g. prosper and make sure the underside of the leaf is sprayed thoroughly.

  1. Red mites

They are extremely tiny pest and red or purple in color. These mites infest leaves and fruit. Intense infestations during hot, dry weather can cause leaf drop.

Control

Spray an effective insecticide e.g. karate.

  1. Citrus leaf miner

They feed within the leaves creating distinctive silvery tunnels or ‘mines’.           

Damage is usually worst when there is new flushing particularly on young trees below three years old.

Control 

Spray an effective insecticide e.g. karate.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Causes of Scarring Of Citrus Fruits such as Oranges and Tangerines

Fruit farming in Kenya is gaining momentum day by day. The most common fruits grown in Kenya include oranges, tangerines, mangoes, avocados, bananas as well as passion. Growing your own oranges at home is fun and money making at times. Whether growing outdoors or in containers, watching the trees flower and begin to produce fruit is quite exciting. If you are growing fruits commercially, you may have noticed that the market requires clean and good-looking fruits. However, this is sometimes not possible as your citrus fruits might be scarred or marked.

Identifying Citrus Fruit Scarring

Citrus fruit scarring is the result of damage done to the rind and/or flesh of the fruit while growing. Scarring of citrus fruit can occur for a variety of reasons, and when grown commercially, will often dictate which product (e.g. fresh eating, juice, etc.) the fruit will be used. Scars on citrus fruits are sometimes only cosmetic. However, in many cases, damage can be more severe and even cause the fruit to begin rotting. While some causes of scarring are preventable, others will need more care and attention to resolve.

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Causes of Scars on Citrus Fruits

There are different ways in which citrus fruits are scarred. The most common cause of scarring is the damage caused by insects. Since various insects may attack citrus fruits, proper identification is a key step in addressing the problem. To identify which insect may have caused damage to your fruit, take a close look at the scarring and look for any specific pattern or shape. The size, shape, and type of scar may provide key information as you begin to determine the culprit.

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Some common pests include: Citrus thrips, Citrus cutworm, Citrus Peelminer, Citrus rust mite, Forktail bush, katydid Potato leafhopper, Brown garden snails, and Caterpillars.

However, scarring may also be caused by weather condiions, such as hail or wind. Windy conditions may have caused developing fruit to rub or scratch again tree branches. These types of scars likely occur only on the surface of the fruit and, generally, do not compromise its quality. Lastly, chemical and equipment damage are sources of citrus fruit scarring that may need consideration. While uncommon in the home garden, large citrus operations may have issues with phytotoxicity, or chemical burn, among treated trees.
Now that you know about scarring in citrus fruits, don’t hesitate to invest in fruit farming. Contact us today for farm management, seedlings or consultancy.

 

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Citrus Fruit farming in Kenya: What you should Know

Growing citrus is a long-term investment, so it’s a good idea to be informed before undertaking this type of farming. These plants are large shrubs or small to moderate-sized trees, reaching 5–15 m tall, with spiny shoots and alternately arranged evergreen leaves. They Include;

  • Limes,
  • Sour & sweet oranges,
  • Lemons,
  • Grapefruits,
  • Tangarines

Ecological Requirements

The growth, development and production of citrus plant depends on the physical characteristics of the soil such as drainage, water-holding capacity, structure, soil depth, and the degree to which water can infiltrate the soil, among others. These characteristics however differ in the various soil types.

  • Citrus can be grown in a wide range of soil types. However, for best results, they should be grown in well-drained soils, which are fertile, well-aerated and with a pH of between 6-6.5.
  • Citrus trees should be planted in a sunny and wind-protected area, and in frost-free regions because they cannot tolerate severe frosts.
  • They can tolerate high temperatures provided the trees are well supplied with soil moisture.
  • Well-distributed annual rainfall of not less than 1000 mm is needed for fair crop.

Read: How to grow Williams Hybrid Banana

Planting

  • Clear the field and dig planting holes 60 x 60 x 60 cm well before the onset of rains.
  • At transplanting use well-rotted manure with topsoil.
  • Spacing varies widely, depending on elevation, rootstock and variety. Generally, trees need a wider spacing at sea level than those transplanted at higher altitudes. Usually the plant density varies from 150 to 500 trees per ha, which means distances of 4 x 5 m (limes and lemons), 5 x 6 m (oranges, grapefruits and mandarins) or 7 x 8 m (oranges, grapefruits and mandarins). In some countries citrus is planted in hedge rows.
  • It is very important to ensure that seedlings are not transplanted too deep.
  • After transplanting, the seedlings ought to be at the same height or preferably, somewhat higher than in the nursery.
  • Under no circumstances must the graft union ever be in contact with the soil or with mulching material if used.

Read: Pests and Diseases control in capscum farming

Maturity/Harvest

  • Upon Planting, Citrus matures and starts producing fruits after 3 years.
  • Depending on the climate, citrus fruits may take 6 to 8 months to ripen.
  • Citrus fruits will not ripen off the tree, so refrain from picking them too early.
  • The best indicator of ripeness is taste.
  • Harvest the fruit by cutting them off with pruning shears or by pulling the fruit stalk from the tree

 

 

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Growing Lemons in Your Backyard

Favored by gardeners and cooks, lemons do not  only seem  attractive, but they bear fruit most year round.

If there’s one tree that ought to be included in each garden it’s a lemon tree. Not only attractive with shiny leaves and white flowers, lemons bear fruit most year round. And as it’s a tiny low to medium-sized tree, it’s ideal for little gardens.

CONDITIONS

While they grow best in warm, temperate and sub-tropical areas, you’ll grow them in cold midland areas if you plant them in an exceedingly protected spot. In exceptionally cold areas, plant them in massive pots which will be stirred onto a terrace or below the roof overhang during cold weather condition.

VARIETIES

  • The Cape rough-skinned lemon will well in colder areas. however, remember that the skin comes off sort of a naartjie which implies it’s tasking to slice.

  • Smooth-skinned Eureka is that the preferred selection. It doesn’t handle frost well therefore it desires a protected spot against a north or west-facing wall. And once it’s young, keep it coated with garden fleece on cold winter nights.

  • The Meyer selection is slighter sweeter and a lot of compact creating it ideal for pots. massive pots are essential so they don’t dry out too quickly. Raise them off the bottom on bricks or stones to enhance the avoidance and air flow.

Also Read: The role of an Agronomist

PLANTING

Lemon trees want a sunny spot in soil that drains well.

Dig an oversized hole. Keep the top soil and the sub soil separate. to every pile add compost, some of organic fertilizer and 1-2 cups of 2:3:2, ideally organic. If the soil is clay, add coarse river sand and peanut shells to enhance the drainage.

Put some of the sub soil back to the outlet. Place the tree at constant level as it was within the bag or pot and fill in around it with soil. Leave the top soil until last. Firm the soil and water well.

Read Also: The benefits of certified fruit seedlings

CARE AND MAINTENANCE

To encourage fruiting, feed with 3:1:5 fertilizer each four months. Apply some of Epsom salts each few months and water in well.

Water trees often and deeply, a minimum of twice per week, and a lot of for pots. Mulch with compost to forestall the soil from drying out.

To let in light-weight and air, prune gently once every crop and before they flower once more.

PESTS AND DISEASES

Look out for citrus psylla that causes little bumps on the leaves. Remove and destroy the  infected leaves and spray the undersides of all  leaves with an eco-friendly product like Bioneem or Pyrol.

Aphids, white woolly insects that leave a black, pitchy substance on the undersides of leaves, may also be a problem. Spray with Efekto Oleum as counseled on the pack till the leaves are clear.

For more information about tree fruit farming, visit our offices. Book your seedlings today!!!

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HEALTHY BENEFITS OF LEMON AND HOW TO GROW THEM

Lemons originated in India and are part of the citrus family. Lemons most likely were introduced in Kenya by Catholic Missionaries when they planted them in in their farms.

GROWING LEMONS

There are two main varieties of lemons acid and sweet. The acid lemons include: Lisbon and Eureka. The sweet lemons include: Meyer and Ponderosa. Commercially grown lemon trees can reach heights of up to 20 feet. Lemons are very sensitive to cold and must be grown in areas that are not prone to extreme cold. They also require full sunlight.

Lemons are not very particular in the type of soil that they are grown in. Many lemon trees are actually grafted on the sour orange root stock to make them hardier. Typically, a lemon tree is not grown from seed in the home garden instead a tree seedling will be bought from a nursery. Lemons may be grown in containers as well as in the ground. Lemon trees do not require pruning other than if cold damage is present.

NUTRITIONAL VALUES OF LEMONS

  • Serving size 1/2 cup, sectioned, peeled (106g)
  • Amounts Per Serving % Daily Value
  • Calories 30
  • Calories from Fat 5g
  • Total Fat 0g 0%
  • Sodium 5mg 0%
  • Total Carbohydrate 10g 3%
  • Dietary Fiber 3g 11%
  • Sugars 3g
  • Protein 1g
  • Vitamin A 0%
  • Vitamin C 90%
  • Calcium 2%
  • Iron 4%

HEALTH BENEFITS OF LEMONS

Lemons are very high in Vitamin C with a half a cup of juice containing 100% of the RDA. The Vitamin C in lemons is in the form of citric acid which has been shown to help improve the absorption of calcium by the digestive system.

Lemons also contain unique flavinoids and are high in antioxidants which can fight free radicals and cancer cells. The antioxidants in lemons also help with providing vascular protection and boosting the immune system.

Lemons are helpful in treating urinary tract infections, and many digestive problems. Lemon can also be used as a natural antiseptic on cuts.

HOW TO GET THE MOST OUT OF LEMONS

When choosing a lemon it is important to look for fruits which are firm and bright in color. Lemons that have a fine texture and feel heavy for their size typically produce the most juice.

A medium sized lemon produces approximately 3 tablespoons of juice and 3 tablespoons of grated zest. Both of which can be frozen for future use. In order to get the most juice from your lemons microwave them for about 15 seconds or roll it against a hard surface before juicing.

A fresh lemon should last about 2 weeks at room temperature; however, when stored in a plastic bag in the crisper of the refrigerator a lemon can last up to 6 weeks.

Lemons have a multitude of purposes. They are a great flavoring agent. They are beautiful to use as an edible garnish. They also are useful as natural cleaning purposes.

Read Also: WHY YOU SHOULD PLANT AND EAT MACADAMIA NUTS

CONCERNS AND CAUTIONS

Because of the exceptionally high content of Vitamin C in lemons it is important to monitor your daily consumption of Vitamin C in order to avoid intestinal discomfort and diarrhea.

Plant lemons today to supplement your income as well as boosting your health. Kindly visit our offices or contact us and let Oxfarm organic tell you more about lemons, where to grow and where to sell.

 

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Lemon farming and seedlings

Did you know that lemons produce throughout the year? You should also know that each plant can produce more than 1000 fruits yearly and the current market price is sh 10 per fruit.The demand for lemons in Kenya is unsatisfiable due to their many benefits to the body especially on women.For every 10 people 8 people have a lemon in their diet daily.It is also easy to grow as it is free from attacks by pests and diseases.They mature after 2 -3 years.They are also resistance to any harsh climatic condition.Starting a lemon orchard is now easy.We now have the seedlings at sh 100 only.We deliver country wide at a small fee.Visit our offices at hermes house,opposite KTDA, To mboya. Contact us  for more info