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The Benefits of the Wonderful Tangerines Fruits

Tangerines are tasty and refreshing citrus fruit packed with many nutritious compounds, including flavonoids, vitamin C, vitamin A, folate and potassium. These healthful components contribute to the health of all parts of the body, from cell DNA to the bones and heart. Tangerines taste is considered less sour, as well as sweeter and stronger, than that of an orange.

Benefits of Components in Tangerines Fruits.

  • tangerine fruits

    Tangerines are a good source of B-vitamin complex like folate. Folate has shown to help in neural tube formation and red blood cell formation in prenatal babies. A deficiency of folic acid in pregnant women can lead to the birth of underweight infants.

The Superb Organic Absorber

  • Vitamin C is a powerful natural water-soluble antioxidant that helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and eliminates cancer-causing free radicals in the body.
  • Tangerines are an excellent source of fiber which helps in prevention of constipation and helping make your bowel movements easier to manage.
  • Along with giving your skin a youthful glow, tangerines’ powerful properties, and antioxidants slow the aging process by stimulating the production of collagen and elastin.
  • The vitamin B12 in tangerines promotes hair growth, reduces hair loss and slows down the graying process.
  • The potassium in tangerines helps with your muscle growth and recovery.
  • Tangerines have a flavonoid called nobiletin. It’s this powerful player that helps protect against type 2 diabetes and was shown to prevent the buildup of fat (particularly in the liver) by encouraging the body to burn fat and discourage the manufacture and storage of fat.

For more information or purchase of tangerines seedlings contact 0706 222 888.

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The Marvelous Pixie Tree

Sweet, seedless, easy to peel, and small. It stores very well and retains excellent flavor for a remarkably long time. The yellow-orange coloured fruit has a rough texture

The tree is a vigorous grower with an upright growth habit. The flavor is mild and sweet.

The dwarf fruit tree can handle frosts. When planting one should ensure that the soil is of good drainage with a PH of 6.6 to 7.3. Watering should be frequent. Many citrus trees grow 20 or 30 feet tall, but breeding and grafting practices have led to small varieties. The pixie mandarin grows to just 5 to 6 feet tall and has a spread of 4 to 6 feet.

How to establish grafted purple passion Fruits Orchard

The tree matures at around 2 to 3 years.

Pixies have a lower acid content than many other citrus varieties making them the ideal fruit for people who are sensitive to acidic foods.

A medium sized tangerine is cholesterol- and fat-free and has on average approximately 50 calories. Tangerines are an excellent source of potassium (approx. 180mg), fiber (approx. 12 percent of the daily recommended allowance) and are of course packed with vitamin C as well as some calcium and iron.

Here are the amazing benefits of eating pixie fruits

  • They help in keeping the skin look young.
  • They help in reducing of body weight.
  • They help in better absorption of other nutrients in the body.
  • They are packed with potassium which reduce the risk of stroke as well as reduce heart diseases.
  • They help with shortening of colds.
  • They are good source of fiber.

For certified pixie seedlings contact 0706 222 888 or email us at info@oxfarm.co.ke

 

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A Simple Guide on Growing the Miraculous Washington Navel Orange

It is a delicious, easily peeled; seedless fruit is produced by this medium-sized tree. Fragrant flowers in spring and handsome foliage year-round. Washington navel orange is adapted to all areas, except desert and cool coastal areas.

They are mostly grown for human consumption and their big advantage is that they have a long growing season.

Steps while planting and managing Washington navel oranges

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The Washington navel orange is propagated by grafting and cuttings.

  1. While planting dig a hole 2ft by 2ft, mix the top soil with half bucket manure and still Washington navel oranges can be planted in large containers. Fertilizing should be done after the first flush of leaves. Apply N.PK, two table spoonful and this should be repeated after each and every three months but as the tree nears flowering, apply fertilizer with micro elements to enhance good fruit growth.
  2. Ensure your seedling gets enough water. Water twice a week.
  3. Weeding should be thorough, as weeds compete for nutrients with the orange tree and they harbor pests which eventually attacks orange tree.
  4. Pruning should be done yearly by removing the dead, broken and diseased branches .
  5. Harvesting is done by tasting a single orange on the tree seven months after flowering, and repeat every two weeks until the flavor of the oranges is sweet enough for you.

    washington navel fruit
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Diseases and Pests That Affect Oranges

Oranges are round citrus fruits with finely-textured skins that are, of course, orange in color just like their pulpy flesh; the skin can vary in thickness from very thin to very thick. Oranges usually range from approximately two to three inches in diameter.

Diseases in Oranges

  1. greasy spot in oranges

    Greasy spot.

It’s a fungal disease.

Symptoms

Yellowish-brownish blister spots on leaves, often on the underside of the leaf.

Spots develop into oily looking blisters.

Control

Timely application of copper based fungicide.

  1. Sooty mold.

sooty mold in citrus

It’s a fungal disease.

Symptoms

Leaves becomes black

This is as a result of honeydew secretions from insects such as white-flies, aphids and mealy bugs.

Control

Use an effective insecticide and also spray copper based fungicide and where there is severe infestation spray again after 14 days.

  1. Citrus canker

It’s a bacterial infection.

Symptoms

Yellow halo-like lesions or scabs on the fruit, leaves and twigs.

Severe infections can cause leaf loss, blemished fruit, fruit drop and die back.

Spread

It spreads easily and quickly on air currents, insects, and birds and on humans by means of clothing and infected implements.

Control

Use copper based fungicide as a preventative measure. Destroy already infected trees to contain the spread of bacteria.

PEST AND DISEASES CONTROL IN TREE TOMATO (TAMARRILO) FARMING

  1. Root rot

It is caused by the soil-inhabiting fungus from the phytophthora species.

 Symptoms

Dark brownish patches of harden bark on the trunk of the tree.

The infected area is then left as a dark sunken canker.

Control

Remove all leaves and damaged fruit when it falls to the ground.

Prune off all lower branches off the tree so that the tree branches are more than 2 feet from the ground.

Spray the tree with an effective fungicide.

Pests Affecting Oranges

  1. Aphids

aphids on oranges

They sack the sap out of the leaf.

There is yellowing and the twisting of the leaves, which gives the appearance of deformed leaves. As the severity of the aphid infestation increases, leaf drop and twig and branch die back.

Control

For effective control of aphids use an insecticide e.g. prosper and make sure the underside of the leaf is sprayed thoroughly.

  1. Red mites

They are extremely tiny pest and red or purple in color. These mites infest leaves and fruit. Intense infestations during hot, dry weather can cause leaf drop.

Control

Spray an effective insecticide e.g. karate.

  1. Citrus leaf miner

They feed within the leaves creating distinctive silvery tunnels or ‘mines’.           

Damage is usually worst when there is new flushing particularly on young trees below three years old.

Control 

Spray an effective insecticide e.g. karate.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Causes of Scarring Of Citrus Fruits such as Oranges and Tangerines

Fruit farming in Kenya is gaining momentum day by day. The most common fruits grown in Kenya include oranges, tangerines, mangoes, avocados, bananas as well as passion. Growing your own oranges at home is fun and money making at times. Whether growing outdoors or in containers, watching the trees flower and begin to produce fruit is quite exciting. If you are growing fruits commercially, you may have noticed that the market requires clean and good-looking fruits. However, this is sometimes not possible as your citrus fruits might be scarred or marked.

Identifying Citrus Fruit Scarring

Citrus fruit scarring is the result of damage done to the rind and/or flesh of the fruit while growing. Scarring of citrus fruit can occur for a variety of reasons, and when grown commercially, will often dictate which product (e.g. fresh eating, juice, etc.) the fruit will be used. Scars on citrus fruits are sometimes only cosmetic. However, in many cases, damage can be more severe and even cause the fruit to begin rotting. While some causes of scarring are preventable, others will need more care and attention to resolve.

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Causes of Scars on Citrus Fruits

There are different ways in which citrus fruits are scarred. The most common cause of scarring is the damage caused by insects. Since various insects may attack citrus fruits, proper identification is a key step in addressing the problem. To identify which insect may have caused damage to your fruit, take a close look at the scarring and look for any specific pattern or shape. The size, shape, and type of scar may provide key information as you begin to determine the culprit.

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Some common pests include: Citrus thrips, Citrus cutworm, Citrus Peelminer, Citrus rust mite, Forktail bush, katydid Potato leafhopper, Brown garden snails, and Caterpillars.

However, scarring may also be caused by weather condiions, such as hail or wind. Windy conditions may have caused developing fruit to rub or scratch again tree branches. These types of scars likely occur only on the surface of the fruit and, generally, do not compromise its quality. Lastly, chemical and equipment damage are sources of citrus fruit scarring that may need consideration. While uncommon in the home garden, large citrus operations may have issues with phytotoxicity, or chemical burn, among treated trees.
Now that you know about scarring in citrus fruits, don’t hesitate to invest in fruit farming. Contact us today for farm management, seedlings or consultancy.

 

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Citrus Fruit farming in Kenya: What you should Know

Growing citrus is a long-term investment, so it’s a good idea to be informed before undertaking this type of farming. These plants are large shrubs or small to moderate-sized trees, reaching 5–15 m tall, with spiny shoots and alternately arranged evergreen leaves. They Include;

  • Limes,
  • Sour & sweet oranges,
  • Lemons,
  • Grapefruits,
  • Tangarines

Ecological Requirements

The growth, development and production of citrus plant depends on the physical characteristics of the soil such as drainage, water-holding capacity, structure, soil depth, and the degree to which water can infiltrate the soil, among others. These characteristics however differ in the various soil types.

  • Citrus can be grown in a wide range of soil types. However, for best results, they should be grown in well-drained soils, which are fertile, well-aerated and with a pH of between 6-6.5.
  • Citrus trees should be planted in a sunny and wind-protected area, and in frost-free regions because they cannot tolerate severe frosts.
  • They can tolerate high temperatures provided the trees are well supplied with soil moisture.
  • Well-distributed annual rainfall of not less than 1000 mm is needed for fair crop.

Read: How to grow Williams Hybrid Banana

Planting

  • Clear the field and dig planting holes 60 x 60 x 60 cm well before the onset of rains.
  • At transplanting use well-rotted manure with topsoil.
  • Spacing varies widely, depending on elevation, rootstock and variety. Generally, trees need a wider spacing at sea level than those transplanted at higher altitudes. Usually the plant density varies from 150 to 500 trees per ha, which means distances of 4 x 5 m (limes and lemons), 5 x 6 m (oranges, grapefruits and mandarins) or 7 x 8 m (oranges, grapefruits and mandarins). In some countries citrus is planted in hedge rows.
  • It is very important to ensure that seedlings are not transplanted too deep.
  • After transplanting, the seedlings ought to be at the same height or preferably, somewhat higher than in the nursery.
  • Under no circumstances must the graft union ever be in contact with the soil or with mulching material if used.

Read: Pests and Diseases control in capscum farming

Maturity/Harvest

  • Upon Planting, Citrus matures and starts producing fruits after 3 years.
  • Depending on the climate, citrus fruits may take 6 to 8 months to ripen.
  • Citrus fruits will not ripen off the tree, so refrain from picking them too early.
  • The best indicator of ripeness is taste.
  • Harvest the fruit by cutting them off with pruning shears or by pulling the fruit stalk from the tree

 

 

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How Long does an Orange Tree take to produce fruits?

Young orange trees are a practical addition to your yard since they provide both shade and a food source as they mature. However, you must have patience with a new sapling since it only provides ornamental value for several years before any fruit appears. The tree needs time to establish itself and grow larger so that adequate energy reserves are available for cultivating juicy Oranges.

Young Trees

Healthy orange trees produce fruit in their third year. At this point, a well-established root system is in place and the tree has enough foliage to create the photosynthesis energy needed for fruit production. The key to fruit production starting in the third year is soil structure. Using a pH meter, your soil needs to reflect a moderate to slightly acidic environment, or a pH of 5.5 to 6.5, for the most efficient nutrient uptake by the roots. Those juicy fruits also need periodic soil fertilizing; rich soils contribute to foliage and fruit growth over the years.

Related Content: How well-planned are you for tree fruit farming this season?

Mature Trees

Organic farmingOnce your orange tree begins fruiting, it consistently produces fruit every year under ideal climate and soil conditions. Each cultivar fruits during different seasons, but the majority are ready for harvesting between dry seasons and rainy seasons. Producing fruit takes four to 12 months once the tree starts blossoming. During this flowering period, orange trees rely on insects for cross-pollination and fruit development. For example, oval-shaped fruits often appear during cooler weather harvesting, whereas round and swollen fruits grow during warmer summer and fall months.

Water Requirements

Your watering habits directly influence fruiting success and frequency. To establish young trees, they must be watered frequently so that roots grow deep and foliage proliferates across the limbs. An accompanying well-drained soil structure helps the roots stay healthy for better fruiting chances. If you overwater or underwater orange trees, their fruit may be small or not appear at all for an entire season. It is possible, however, to correct the watering issue so that the trees have a healthy environment for next season’s harvest.

Sunlight Needs

Lack of sunlight easily stifles consistently fruiting orange trees. Without full sunlight, orange trees cannot generate the necessary energy from photosynthesis to create the juicy fruits. As your trees grow, periodic observation of the surrounding yard structures should be employed. For example, do not install a tall shed near a young orange tree since the structure’s shade may impede the tree’s sunlight absorption, especially during the cold months.

Related Content: Choosing an Irrigation System For your Fruit Farm

For more information about fruit farming, kindly visit our offices or give us a call. Also book your seedlings today!!

 

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WHY YOU SHOULD PLANT AN ORANGE-TREE FRUIT TODAY

Sweet and juicy to taste, orange is one of the most popular fruits in Kenya as well as the world. Belonging to a group of citrus fruits called hesperidium, oranges have more health benefits than one. Here are the top 10 health benefits of the fruit that Kenyans ignore.

  • Boosts your immunity- A single orange can meet more than 100% of your daily requirement of Vitamin C. This vital nutrient helps improve your immunity, keeping you free from diseases and infections. Here are some more immunity boosting foods.
  • Good for your skin- As we grow older, our skin along with other body parts suffers from free radical damage. This process is like how metals rust after exposure to air.  Even though it is inevitable, oranges are packed with antioxidants and Vitamin C which slows down the process and makes you look younger than your age! Besides oranges, you can eat these fruits and vegetables for glowing skin!
  • Great for your eyes- Along with our skin, our eyes too suffer from damage as we grow older. Oranges are rich in nutrients like Vitamin A, Vitamin C and potassium which are great for your eyes. So, if you want your vision to be just as good as it is now, eat an orange every day!
  • Prevents heart disease-One of the reasons why people get heart disease is because their arteries are blocked due to unhealthy lifestyles and consumption of junk food. Oranges have flavonoids like hesperidin which reduces cholesterol and prevents your arteries from getting blocked. This, in turn protects you from heart attack and various other cardiovascular diseases. Alternatively, you could try these 8 natural cholesterol busters.

Also Read: Regaining Kenya’s passion fruit farming

  • Helps in brain development- Folate and folic acid present in oranges promote brain development and keep the vital organ in mint condition. In fact, these nutrients also make orange a healthy fruit for pregnant woman as it prevents the baby from having neurological disorders later.
  • Prevents cancer- Having cancer can be a tough and harrowing experience for both the patient and the caregiver. Research has shown that a compound called D – limonene present in oranges can prevent various types of cancer like lung cancer, breast cancer, skin cancer, etc. Additionally, the antioxidants and Vitamin C help promote the body’s immunity which helps in fighting cancer cells. Here are some food habits to keep cancer at bay.

  • Keeps you free from stomach ulcers-Oranges are a very good source of fiber which helps keep your stomach and intestines healthy. A diet rich in fiber will ensure that you are not affected with ailments like stomach ulcers and constipation.
  • Protects your vision-Oranges also contain very good levels of vitamin A, and other flavonoid antioxidants such as alpha and beta-carotenes, beta-cryptoxanthin, zea-xanthin and lutein. These compounds are known to have antioxidant properties. Vitamin A is also required for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin and is essential for vision. Consumption of natural fruits rich in flavonoids helps the body to protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.
  • Great for diabetics-People who have diabetes are unable to absorb glucose since the beta-cells present in their pancreas either fail to produce insulin or the body’s cells are unable to respond to the insulin produced. Oranges are high in fiber and have a high glycemic index which makes it a good food option for diabetics. Also, worth mentioning is that good oranges have a sweet taste, and since diabetics aren’t allowed to eat sweets or other sugary foods, they can eat oranges to tingle their taste buds.
  • Prevents hair loss-Orange has high Vitamin C content which is required for producing collagen which, in turn, is responsible for keeping the tissues in your hair together. Nobody likes bald patches on their head, and eating oranges can ensure that you do not have to part with your lovely hair as you grow older.

How better can you get an orange than getting it from your farm, grow your oranges today by buying grafted seedlings from Oxfarm Organic Ltd. Visit our offices today or contact us.

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HOW TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR GRAFTED ORANGES IN KENYA

The orange tree is an evergreen, flowering tree, with an average height of 9 to 10 m (30 to 33 ft), although some very old specimens can reach 15 m (49 ft). Its oval leaves, alternately arranged, are 4 to 10 cm (1.6 to 3.9 in) long and have crenulate margins.

Oranges can thrive in a wide range of soil and climatic conditions. Citrus is grown from sea level up to an altitude of 2100 m but for optimal growth a temperature range from 2° to 30° C is ideal. Long periods below 0°C are injurious to the trees and at 13° C growth diminishes.

Temperature plays an important role in the production of high quality fruit. Typical coloring of fruit takes place if night temperatures are about 14° C coupled with low humidity during ripening time. Exposure to strong winds and temperatures above 38° C may cause fruit drop, scarring and scorching of fruits. In the tropics, the high lands provide the best night weather for orange color and flavor.

Depending on the scion/ rootstock combination, Orange trees grow on a wide range of soils varying from sandy soils to those high in clay. Soils that are good for growing are well-drained, medium-textured, deep and fertile. Waterlogged or saline soils are not suitable and a pH range of 5.5 to 6.0 is ideal. In acidic soil, citrus roots do not grow well, and may lead to copper toxicity. On the other hand, at pH above 6, fixation of trace elements take place (especially zinc and iron) and trees develop deficiency symptoms. A low pH may be corrected by adding dolomite lime (containing both calcium and magnesium)

A orange orchard needs continuous soil moisture to develop and produce, and water requirement reaches a peak between flowering and ripening. However, many factors such as temperature, soil type, location, plant density and crop age influence the quantity of water required. Well-distributed annual rainfall of not less than 1000 mm is needed for fair crop. In most cases, due to dry spells, irrigation is necessary. Under rain-fed conditions, flowering is seasonal.
There is a positive correlation between the onset of a rainy season and flower break. With irrigation flowering and picking season could be controlled by water application during dry seasons. Irrigation systems involving mini sprinklers irrigating only soil next to citrus trees have been developed as an efficient and water conserving irrigation method.

Related Post: GOOD RETURNS THROUGH HASS AVOCADO FARMING

PLANTING Oranges

 

  • Acquire your Seedlings from our farms at onset of rains.
  • Clear the field and dig planting holes 60 x 60 x 60 cm well before the onset of rains.
  • During planting, use well-rotted manure with topsoil.
  • Spacing varies widely, depending on elevation, rootstock and variety. Generally, trees need a wider spacing at sea level than those transplanted at higher altitudes. Usually the plant density varies from 150 to 500 trees per ha, which means distances of  5 x 6 m (oranges, grapefruits and mandarins) or 7 x 8 m (oranges, grapefruits and mandarins). In some countries citrus is planted in hedge rows.
  • It is very important to ensure that seedlings are not transplanted too deep.
  • After planting, the seedlings ought to be at the same height or preferably, somewhat higher than in the nursery.
  • Under no circumstances must the graft union ever be in contact with the soil or with mulching material if used.

Orange Management and maintenance

  • Keep the trees free of weeds.
  • Maintain a single stem up to a height of 80-100 cm.
  • Remove all side branches / rootstock suckers.
  • Pinch or break the top branch at a height of 100 cm to encourage side branching.
  • Allow 3-4 scaffold branches to form the framework of the tree.
  • Remove side branches including those growing inwards.
  • Ensure all diseased and dead branches are removed regularly.
  • Careful use of hand tools is necessary to avoid injuring tree trunks and roots. Such injuries may become entry points for diseases.
  • As a rule, if dry spells last longer than 3 months, irrigation is necessary to maintain high yields and fruit quality. Irrigation could be done with buckets or a hose pipe but installation of irrigation system would be ideal.FERTILIZERS

    For normal growth development (high yield and quality fruits), Orange trees require a sufficient supply of fertilizer and manuring. No general recommendation regarding the amounts of nutrients can be given because this depends on the fertility of the specific soil. Professional, combined soil and leaf analyses would provide right information on nutrient requirements.

    In most cases tropical soils are low in organic matter. To improve them at least 20 kg (1 bucket) of well-rotted cattle manure or compost should be applied per tree per year as well as a handful of rock phosphate. On acid soils 1-2 kg of agricultural lime can be applied per tree spread evenly over the soil covering the root system. Application of manure or compost makes (especially grape-) fruits sweeter (farmer experience).

    Nitrogen can be supplied by inter cropping citrus trees with legume crops such as cowpeas, clover or beans, and incorporating the plant material into the soil once a year. Mature trees need much more compost/well-rotted manure than young trees to cater for more production of fruit.
    Conventional fertilization depend on soil types as well.

DISEASES AND CONTROL
There are many orange trees diseases caused by bacteria, mycoplasma, fungi and viruses. The organic citrus disease management consists in a 3-step system:

  • Use of disease-free planting material to avoid disease problems
  • Choosing root stocks and cultivars that are tolerant or resistant to prevalent diseases
  • Application of fungicides such as copper, sulfur, clay powder and fennel oil. Copper can control several disease problems. However, it must not be forgotten that high Copper accumulations in the soil is toxic for soil microbial life and reduce the cation exchange capacity.

For more Information, Visit our offices.

 

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How To Grow Sweet Tangerines In Kenya That Will Make You Rich

Tangerines grow well in areas that don’t have harsh winters and will produce an abundance of flavorful fruit every year with just a little bit of help. Tangerine is a seasonal fruit just like oranges and lemons. While a single tree can produce fruit on its own, planting more than one tangerine cultivar in an area can increase the yield of tangerines on all the trees.

Climatical Conditions

Tangerines are relatively cold-tolerant, making them easier to grow than oranges, grapefruits and other types of citrus. The fruit comes in many different varieties, and anyone living Kenya should be able to find tangerine cultivars that will thrive in their area, if they get full sun. Some varieties, such as the Citrus reticulata “Dancy,” are heat-tolerant and do best when it is hot, but other types, including the Citrus reticulata “Sunburst,” do best when it’s on the cool side.

Thinning

Some trees will produce large quantities of tangerines, resulting in fruit that does not develop well or possibly even broken tree branches if the weight becomes too much. While in most cases you don’t need to thin citrus fruit, sometimes tangerines require it. If a tree has set a lot of fruit, remove some of it when it is about an inch across by grabbing each fruit to be removed and gently twisting it until it breaks free of the tree, continuing the process until you have about 3 to 4 inches of space between each of the remaining tangerines. Remove all the fruits from trees that are two years old or less, allowing the trees time to become well-established before producing fruit.

Watering

Tangerines require moist, well-drained soil and will use lots of water as the fruit develops, but over-watering can kill the tree by drowning the roots or promoting rot. Gently soak the soil around the tree, then allow it to become partly dry before soaking it again. Be consistent when watering the tree, since fluctuating amounts of moisture will cause the tangerines to split. A drip system is ideal for watering tangerine trees. Another option is to dig a ditch around the tree, at the drip line, and fill it with water every week to 10 days, depending on your soil and climate conditions. In very dry areas, choose a drought-tolerant variety such as the Sunburst for best results.

Tangerine farming in Kenya

 

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Fertilizing

Feeding tangerine trees is important if you want to have a healthy tree and get a good crop of fruit each year. Oxfarm Organic Ltd recommends that you apply a fertilizer designed especially for citrus trees, as the trees are heavy users of zinc, nitrogen and iron. Follow label directions to determine the correct amount for your tree, and divide the yearly dose into thirds, applying the first feeding in the spring, just before the tree blooms; the next dose two months later; and the final feeding a month after that. Don’t feed the tree in late summer, typically after July, as you may end up stimulating new growth that will be too tender to survive the winter.

For more Information Kindly visit our offices.