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tree tomato Pruning and why it’s important

Pruning is a fundamental practice in the cultivation of tree tomato. This ensures a farmer gets plants that are shorter, stronger and with good structures. There are three types of pruning used in the cycle of cultivation.

Summit/Apical Pruning

Apical Pruning

After two months in the field you should proceed to strip the summit. It consists of breaking the plant’s apical dominance. This is the first branch and also the one that gives the plant its direction. This means it stimulates the plant to grow vertically.

  • If you fail to strip the summit, prune its formation, the fruit can reach a height of 4 meters or more which complicates handling in the field.
  • When you do this, it is necessary to seal the wound to prevent entrance of pathogens, fungi, or other agents that may sicken the plant.

Maintenance Pruning

You should remove all the branches leaves, and fruits either because they are affected or because they are unproductive. An unproductive branch, one that does not produce fruits is an extra load fo the plant. When you remove the unproductive leaves, you stimulate the plant’s growth of other new productive and healthier.

Read: Why you shouldn’t Worry about hass avocado Market

Renovation Pruning

It consists of practically cutting all the productive branches, which have reached a cycle of senescence (crop has aged, gotten old). When the plant has aged, it is essential that you carry out this type of pruning. You should cut 30-40 cm from the base stem in order to allow the growth of new branches, a new productive top, and in same way, the lengthening of the productive life of the crop.

Enlargement

This takes place at 3 months. It consists of delicately uniting the two main stems using a plastic band at a height of approximately 50cm. this helps to steady the tree to keep wind from knocking it over.

At the age of 4-6 months, the plants will need implementation of labors, that are crucial to their development and support. You have to broaden the circumference of the hole and the tree, inserting also organic material. This is done so as to supply the trunk, so that the roots can work and obtain more nutrients for the development of the plant because this is the place in which the plant starts to branch off and flower.

Read: Why You should shift gears to Hass avocado and Macadamia farming

Benefits of Pruning tree tomato

When you do enough pruning, you can reduce costs by stringing up the plant, because tree-tomato is also a plant. A bush that is brittle and is heavy with fruit, there is a probability of breaking all the branches. Tree tomato farmers should anticipate situations by managing it properly.

It is very important to follow cultivation procedures, that are timely and adequate as they represent a high percentage of plants health and success.

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FARMERS IDENTIFY THE HIDDEN FORTUNE IN TREE-TOMATO INVESTMENT

Through our farms and experience, we have seen farmers make extraordinary profits through tree-tomato farming. Let us now explore the profits you can get through this kind of investment.

We will assume you want to plant tree tomatoes on your five-acre land.

  • 1 Acre can be planted 1200 tree-tomatoes seedlings with a spacing of 2 ½ by 2 ½ ft.
  • 1 tree yields approximately 300-800 fruits per year (this might change depending on growth factors)
  • Alternatively, 1 grafted tree-tomato yields between 20-50 kgs annual
  • 1 Grafted tree tomato seedling costs around Ksh 100
  • Sale of one fruit after maturity 5-10 kshs
  • Drip Water Irrigation 400,000 for 5 years assuming water is tapped
  • Harvesting years = 5
  • Weeding and farm preparation for the 5 years, 400,000
  • Manures & Fertilizers Ksh 300,000 (Diammonium sulphate, ammonium nitrate)
  • Controlling pests   Ksh 200,000 (diseases like Powdery mildew, tree tomato mosaic virus, aphids insets control etc)
  • Other expenses Ksh 300,000

 

For better Understanding, let us now tabulate the information.

Number of seedlings cost Labor & other Expenses Cost
 

6,000

 

600,000

Manures & Fertilizers 300,000
Weeding and Farm Preparation 400,000
Controlling Pests 200,000
Other Expenses 300,000

Lets now calculate the profits while selling one fruit @ Ksh 5

 

FIRST YEAR RETURNS

Fruit sales (5000*500*5) 7,500,000
Less Income for 10 years 1,800,000
Income for one Year 5,700,000
Income per month 475,000

You can  calculate a kilo @ Ksh 80

 

Read Also: Starting an Orchard at home isn’t As tough As you would possibly Think

NB! Throughout our research during planting and harvesting, we have noticed that not all trees yield 100% and so in the above example, we have subtracted 10-15% of the total planted seedlings in the five acres to make it 5000 that is less 1000 trees, we are assuming even if the 1000 trees would reach maturity, they won’t be as productive as the rest.

We at Oxfarm would want to be as honest as it is rather than give our farmers figures that might only appear good but do not really add up.  What we can do to our willing farmer is to inspect your land, conduct soil sampling and testing, water availability survey, land topography survey, selling our grafted tree tomatoes to you. We treat your farm like is yours by giving you free consultation and ensuring you reach the highest levels in farming.

You will realize that we have calculated on the downside by selling a fruit at 5 although the current market is at Ksh 10 and Kgs per tree per year at 30Kgs while it can go as high as 50 basically because we want our farmers to have a clear picture.

If you have any questions regarding tree tomatoes, don’t be left behind, contact us or visit our offices and we will gladly help you.

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Why You Should Try Our Grafted Tree Tomato Seedlings

Tamarillo best known as tree-tomatoes in Kenya is a fast-growing tree that grows up to 2-5 meters. Grafted tree tomato reaches peak production after 1-2 years while the normal ones reach after 3-6 years depending on the caltivar, and the life expectancy is about 12 years. The tree usually forms a single upright trunk with lateral branches. Grafted Tree-tomato produce 6-10 fruits per cluster. Plants can set fruit without cross-pollination, but the flowers are fragrant and attract insects. Cross-pollination seems to improve fruit.

CONDITIONS REQUIRED

Grafted tree-tomato prefers subtropical climate, they grow in many parts of Kenya with rainfall between 600 and 4000 millimeters and annual temperatures between 15 and 20 °C. It is intolerant to frost (below -2 °C) and drought stress. It is assumed that fruit set is affected by night temperatures. Areas where citrus are cultivated provide good conditions for tree-tomatos. Tree-tomato plants grow best in light, deep, fertile soils, although they are not very demanding. However, soils must be permeable since the plants are not tolerant to water-logging. They grow naturally on soils with a pH of 5 to 8.5. they are as well planted by irrigation as they also do well.

PROPAGATION METHODS

SEEDS
Most farmers in Kenya use seeds as a means of Propagation but its also possible by the use of  using cuttings. Seedlings first develop a straight, about 1.5 to 1.8 meters tall trunk, before they branch out. Propagation by seeds is easy and ideal in protected environments. Seedlings should be kept in the nursery until they reach a height of 1 to 1.5 meters for efficient growth.

CUTTINGS
Plants grown from cuttings branch out earlier and result in more shrub-like plants that are more suitable for exposed sites. Cuttings should be made from basal and aerial shoots, and should be free of pathogenic viruses. Plants grown from cuttings should be kept in the nursery until they reach a height of 0.5 to 1 meter.

NB! The above ways are not recommended since the plants are easily affected by nematodes and have a short life span.

Related Content: Tips on how to get over 20Kgs/Tree from Tree-tomato farming

THE EASIEST WAY TO GROW TREE-TOMATO IS THROUGH GRAFTED SEEDLINGS

 The tree grows very quickly and is able to carry fruits after 10 months though in some favorable conditions they carry fruits in a lesser span of time. The plant is day length-insensitive. The fruits do not mature simultaneously, unless the tree has been pruned.
A single tree can produce more than 30 kg fruits per year, an orchard yields in 30 to 40 tons per hectare. One single mature tree in good soil will bear more fruit than a normal family can eat in about 3 months.

PLANTING AND PRUNING

  • Spacing should be 6 by 6feet
  • Dig 2ft by 2ft Mix one and a half wheelbarrow of well-prepared compost (chickens and pig manure are preferred) with two spade-full of topsoil to plant the seed-lings.
  • Leave a shallow depression in every plant for placing the mulching material – only 1 feet of the tree tomato seedling should be buried while planting just enough to cover the root hairs.
  • Selection of planting site is very important.
  • An acre can be planted 1200-1500 tree seedlings.

 

PEST CONTROL & FERTILIZATION
When planting Tree-tomato’s approximately 200 grams of diammonium sulfate should be applied in each plant. After two months of planting each plant should be supplied with Ammonium nitrate or urea (the white fertilizer) in 250 grams per plant in a span of 4 months for 6 years.

Tree tomato is resistant to most diseases and pests. However, the tree is prone to powdery mildew, which causes the leaves to fall off. Application of copper oxychloride (allowed in organic farming) can control the disease. Neem extracts can also be used to control the disease. The main pests that attack the tree include the aphids, thrips whiteflies and nematodes. Pests can be prevented by continuous application of plant extracts (chilies, African marigold, garlic, neem) at least three times.

A kilogram of tree tomato fruits sells between Ksh 100-150.

 

For more information about tree-tomato and other fruits

 

Grafted Tree Tomato Seedlings

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TIRED OF GROWING MAIZE AND BEANS, TRY HASS AVOCADOS

TIRED OF GROWING MAIZE AND BEANS, TRY HASS AVOCADOS

Avocado farming in Kenya presents a good opportunity not only for farmers, but a growing population of youths to venture into. The Kenyan market both domestic and export is growing but limited by the production capacity of the current farmers. The most popular variety for the export market is the HASS avocado. Kenya produces an estimated 115,000 metric tons of avocado annually, 70% of which is grown by small-scale farmers. Some years back, most of the avocados were sold in local markets, but this has drastically changed today, where three quarters of the avocado fruit grown is exported to other countries.

CONSUMPTION OF HASS AVOCADO

Global avocado consumption is growing by about three percent every year; however, production growth remains a little behind. For now, the market is big enough for all players involved. Consumption is growing rapidly especially in North America and Europe. At present, Europe is recording high prices due to slow supply. In America, prices remain at a reasonable level. China is a major import market. Worldwide investments in the product are on the rise.

Hass avocado does well in altitudes between 1000m to 2000m. The fruit is generally bigger in cool areas as compared to warm areas. The optimum temperature is 20 to 24 degrees Celsius. Although avocados are resistant to drought, well-distributed rainfall of between 1000-1200mm is adequate for proper crop development. They also require well-drained soils to avoid root rot. The best soils are sandy or alluvial loam with pH ranging from 5 to 7.

Traditionally Kenya is known to grow maize, potatoes and beans, but Kenyans are taking a different path, specializing in growing the Hass avocado variety, which can be intercropped with beans and vegetables in a bid to diversify agribusiness. Beans are known to fix nitrogen in the soil, thus, making it rich for the avocados besides making you as a farmer utilize your farm well and make more money.

YIELD OF HASS AVOCADOS

Hass avocados yield depends on numerous factors which include plant density, disease control, soil fertility among others.

The yield depends on several factors such as proper pest and disease control, plant density, and soil fertility among others. Generally, the average yield of Hass avocados in Kenya is 90,000 fruits per hector.

There is great potential for Hass avocado production in Kenya, especially for export. Some regions especially the central region and the rift valley region have impressive climatic conditions to produce this fruit.

The biggest challenge, however, remains lack of understanding among some farmers on the pesticides minimum residual levels (MRL) guidelines by the European market. Without this crucial information, there is a danger of farmers producing fruits only for them to be rejected by the export companies.

Every effort should be made to sensitise the farmers about these guidelines to ensure the highest export quality of Hass avocado that is produced in Kenya. Oxfarm Organic has experts who will advise on the best ways of cultivating Hass avocados from land preparation all the way to harvesting to ensure maximum returns.

With only Ksh 40,000 investment per acre, Oxfarm Organic can make you earn 10 million in less than 10 years.

Also Read Tree tomato farming made easy in Kenya

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ONE ACRE INVESTMENT AND RETURN OF FARMING TREE TOMATO.

GRAFTED TREE TOMATO

Grafted Tree tomato is a fast-growing tree that grows up to 2-5 meters.  The tree usually forms a single upright trunk with lateral branches. We graft our tree with ‘muthakwa’ for several reasons.

  • Resistant to Nematodes.
  • Drought resistant.
  • Fast maturing.
  • Higher life span.

CLIMATE, SOIL REQUIREMENT & GROWTH

The tree tomato prefers subtropical climate, they grow in many parts of Kenya with rainfall between 600 and 4000 millimeters and annual temperatures between 15 and 25 °C. It is intolerant to frost (below -2 °C) and drought stress. Tree tomato plants grow best in light, deep, fertile soils, however, soils must be permeable since the plants are not tolerant to water-logging. They grow well on soils with a pH of 5 to 7.5.

REQUIEMENTS:

Land, Manure, Grafted seedlings, Irrigation system, Labour, Pest and Diseases control,

At a good spacing an acre can accommodate 1200 – 1500 plants.

  • Require a recommended spacing measuring 6ft by 6ft, then dig dip holes measuring 2ft by 2ft this helps in roots penetration and also to be able to accommodate enough manure.
  • Add a bucket of well rotten manure into per hole and mix well with top soil.
  • Plant your grafted seedlings by first ensuring you have watered your soil well or plant during rainy season. Add mulching to every stem of your plants.
  • In case of a dry season apply irrigation either drip irrigation or bucket irrigation.
  • For those that need to grow organically consult your agronomist about organic farming.
  • For conventional farming apply NPK fertilizer after two weeks of planting this will ensure faster growth and root development.
  • Protect you plant from pest and diseases from early stages by splaying at a good interval depending with the rate of infestation with pesticides and fungicides both protective and curing ones.
  • During entire growth season apply CAN fertilizer three times.
  • Splay your plants with foliar feed to ensure faster and stronger plants and also during flowering to boost more flowers and ensure they do not drop.

PEST AND DISEASES

Tree tomato is fairly resistant to most diseases and pests. However, the tree is prone to powdery mildew, which causes the leaves to fall off. Application of copper oxychloride (allowed in organic farming) can control the disease. The main pests that attack the tree include the aphids, thrips, whiteflies and nematodes (grafted tree tomato is best in control of nematodes).

MARKET

We buy all the fruits from our Farmers both for export (organically grown) and for local market and for value addition. We have never satisfied even a fraction of the local market. Our main buyers for local market are Super markets, Marigiti and Githurai in Nairobi, Mombasa, Kisumu and Eldoret. We buy from all comers of our country.

COST AND RETURNS ESTIMATES OF PLANTING TREE TOMATO IN ONE ACRE LAND

PLANT POPULATION 1200 PLANTS

Preparation of land (digging ,fallowing) to attain fine tillage 6000
Buying of seedlings from reputable dealers @100 each 120000
Digging of holes 2ft by 2ft @10 each 12000
Buying and application of manure per hole @30 per bucket 36000
Planting, mulching of seedlings 2400
Fertilizer for the entire season 12000
Chemicals for the entire season 20000
Water expenses (for irrigation) 50000
Management and miscellaneous. 50000
Total cost 300000
Expected average output 20-50kg per tree Ksh @80 for the first one year

Average 40*80*1200

 

 

3.8 million

 

Unit Cost and return of growing grafted tree tomato.

  • Unit cost = 300000/1200 = 250
  • Unit return = 3500000/1200= Ksh 3000

Read More: Why You Should Try Our Grafted Tree Tomato Seedlings

OUR SUCCESS STORY

One of the best investment we have ever done is Farming tree tomato, it was not a smooth journey to master this type of farming, and we encountered failures like not planting the hybrid varieties, and also planting non grafted plants that survived only for one season then withered. Our success story have lead us to be featured in local TV and Radio programs also in Newspapers. We came to a conclusion that we needed to ensure the success of our farmers interested in commercial tree tomato farming. We ensure we remove barriers that hinder successful tree tomato farming like enlightening our customers on.

  • Soil testing.
  • Type of manure to use.
  • Organic Farming.
  • Why and how to use drip system in your farm.
  • How to control pest and diseases.
  • Management of the farm.
  • Field visit.
  • Management of the farms.

We do visit farms in any part of Kenya to advice farmers on what’s suitable on their farms depending on their area. Apart from tree tomato we grow other types of fruit trees like passion fruits, Hass avocado, Macadamia, Oranges, Apples etc. We also do manage the farms on behalf of our customers. We deliver seedlings and fruits in any part of the country. Contact us and be part of the community that believe money grows on trees.

Watch the following video on tree tomato farming (Kikuyu version)

The Videos have been captured at Mkulima Wa Nyeri Farm

 

Value added Products from tree tomato
tree tomato packaging
Fruit ready for market and value addition

Value addition where we make Jam and Juice
tree tomato grafting
Mithakwa seedlings

We create more local employment
Delivery of seedling to client

 

 

Contact us for more information

Buy seedlings from our online shop.

Grafted Tree Tomato Seedlings

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GRAFTED TREE TOMATO SEEDLINGS

Muthakwa grafted tree tomatoes are pest and disease resistant. They have a long lifespan of more than 6 years.They have a short maturity period of 8 months unlike the ungrafted ones. Order seedlings from us or contact us

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Why Grafted Tree Tomato

Cost analysis of planting 200 grafted tree tomato seedlings.

Variety: Red oratia.

Space: 6000sqft

Preparation of land (digging ,fallowing) to attain fine tillage 1000
Buying of seedlings from reputable dealers @100 each 20000
Digging of holes 2ft by 2ft @10 each 2000
Buying and application of manure per hole @50 per bucket 10000
Planting, mulching of seedlings 500
Fertilizer for the entire season 4000
Chemicals for the entire season 7000
Water expenses (for irrigation) 10000
Management and miscellaneous. 20000
Total cost 70500
Expected output 65kg -120kg per tree @100 for one year

65*100*200

120*100*200

 

1.3 million

2.4 million

 

  • The plant take 8-10 months to mature and depends on location.
  • The cost of seedlings can vary depending with your dealer Oxfarm Organic ltd sells their seedlings at Ksh 100.
  • Cost of manure, labor and management can be greatly reduced if you do the work.
  • Prices of a kg of tree tomato vary from various markets from 80-150.

Related Post: Amazing health benefits of tree-tomato

GRAFTED TREE TOMATO

What to do.

  • Require a spacing measuring 6ft by 6ft, then dig dip holes measuring 2ft by 2ft this helps in roots penetration and also to be able to accommodate enough manure.
  • Add a bucket of well rotten manure into per hole and mix well with top soil.
  • Plant your grafted seedlings by first ensuring you have watered your soil well or plant during rainy season. Add mulching to every stem of your plants.
  • In case of a dry season apply irrigation either drip irrigation or bucket irrigation.
  • Add fertilizer after one month of planting this will ensure faster growth and rood development.
  • Protect you plant from pest and deceases from early stages by splaying at a good interval depending with the rate of infestation with pesticides and fungicides both protective and curing ones.
  • Splay your plants with foliar feed to ensure faster and stronger plants and also during flowering to boost more flowers and ensure they do not drop.

 

These are just costs and output, on how to achieve this you need to learn the best methods that work to achieve these outputs. Come visit us in our demonstration farm in Nyeri or visit our offices.

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GRAFTED TREE TOMATO

download this PDF file  A MILLION WITH 200 TREE TOMATO

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Grafted muthakwa tree tomatoes

The grafted variety matures after 9- 12 months depending on location and the expected output is between 25-40 kg per plant annually. The current market price of the tree tomatoes fruits is sh 80-150 per Kg. This means one tree tomato can give returns of more than 2000-6000 annually under good management.

They have a lifespan of more than 6 years and they produce through out the year. One acre of land under a good spacing can be planted 1500 seedlings. Get the seedlings from us @100. We do delivery country wide. We also have management and consultancy services on the tree tomatoes. Visit our offices or demo farm in Nyeri to learn more on tree tomato.

Also Read: Tree tomato farming made easy in Kenya

 

 

The grafted variety is diseases resistant also drought resistant ‘Muthakwa tree’ is tap rooted and is able to tap water from deep underground. It is also not attacked by nematodes unlike the ordinary tree tomato. We are currently managing over many farms in Nyeri, Embu, Nakuru and Kiambu counties.

Feel free to contact us for more information.

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Tree Tomato Demo farm Nyeri Kenya

When it comes to tree tomatoes we do it the best way.This is by grafting to increase productivity as well as increasing their lifespan.Order grafted seedlings from us.You can also visit our demonstration farm for more.