Tree tomatoes prefer subtropical climate. For vigorous growth, they require well-drained fertile soil which is rich in organic matter. The soil must be permeable since the plants are not tolerant to water-logging.
Tree tomatoes grow naturally on soils with a pH of 5 to 8.5 and do not tolerate tightly compacted soil. Although they can be planted under irrigation, rainfall between 600 and 4000 millimeters is suitable. The crop cannot survive in areas with prolonged drought and must have ample water during the dry season. Application of mulch retains moisture in a tree tomato plantation and also reduces weed growth.
Annual temperatures between 15 and 20 °C are ideal for tree tomato production. It is intolerant to frost (below -2 °C) and drought stress. Tree tomatoes grow well in altitude of between 1,500m to 3,000M above sea level.
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The history of the mango tree can be traced back to the Bronze Age, or almost 4,000 years ago. Originally, a native of southern Asia, especially eastern India, the mango tree was introduced to Southeast Asian countries by Buddhist monks. Later, it was brought to Africa by the Portuguese, from where the mango tree spread across the world.
The English word ‘mango’ is an adaption of the Malayalam name for the fruit, which is ‘maanga‘. A member of the Anacardiaceae, or the cashew family, the scientific name of mango is Mangifera indica.
What are the medicinal benefits of mango leaves?
Now that you know the health benefits of eating mango, let’s look at some of the medicinal uses of mango leaves:
Decreases blood pressure: Extract of mango tree leaves has antihypertensive properties. As a result, having tea made with mango leaves a few times a day helps in decreasing blood pressure.
Helps in controlling diabetes: Tender mango leaves which are pink or purple in color are rich in tannins and anthocyanins. Juice of these mango leaves taken on an empty stomach in the morning helps in controlling blood sugar levels.
Treats oral problems: Clean a few old/mature mango leaves and boil them in water until the water turns slightly yellow. Add some salt to this water and rinse the mouth with it.
Eliminates free radicals: Mango tree leaves contain antioxidants and vitamin C. Consuming mango leaf extract can help eliminate free radicals and protect the body from oxidative damage.
Cleanses the stomach: Soak a few mango leaves in warm water and leave them overnight. Consuming this water on an empty stomach in the morning helps in cleansing the stomach and flushing out toxins from the body.
Other health benefits include;
Prevents anemia: Mango is rich in iron. Also, the vitamin C present in mango increases the absorption of iron.
Improves digestion: Being rich in fiber and polyphenols, mango aids in decreasing constipation and inflammation of the bowels.
Helps gain weight: Consuming mango with milk helps in nourishing the body and gaining weight.
Boosts immunity: Apart from vitamin C, mango also contains folate, zinc and vitamin B6. All these contribute greatly towards strengthening the immune system
Improves eyesight: Presence of an abundance of carotenoids which help in improving eyesight.
Keeps heart healthy: Mango is a good source of selenium and B6, both of which promote heart health.
What are the useful parts of the mango tree?
Mango bark: Consuming the powder of dried mango bark provides relief from diarrhea.
Mango gum: The gum obtained from the bark of the mango tree can be applied on cracked feet and areas affected by scabies.
Mango sap: The juice that oozes from the branch after plucking a mango can be applied on bee stings to relieve pain.
Mango seed: Obtained from mango seed, mango butter can be applied on the skin to soothe sunburns, remove and prevent stretch marks, heal scars and reduce wrinkles. It can also be used as a hair moisturizer. Mango seed extract has proved helpful in losing weight and decreasing obesity.
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Do you believe in investing for generational benefit? Let me explain about sustainable Macadamia farming as a business.
It’s not a quick return investment that you plant today and you become millionaire after a month.
This investment need patience since from your initial investment, you get first returns after 3-4 years. And still you will have to wait another three years for you to break even and be profitable.
But why should you invest in this long term project of macadamia farming.
This is a sustainable agribusiness with guaranteed income like the case of real estate. Once you employ the patience needed you will be in for good ride.
An acre of land holds 80 macadamia trees. With good agricultural practices and weather, each tree can produce between 60kgs – 120Kgs per year of macadamia nuts at maturity. A kg of macadamia retails between Ksh 100 to Ksh 200.
This has potential to earn you the farmer Ksh (480,000 – 1.9M) per year.
Macadamia tree has a life span of more that 40 years. You will be pocketing above amount per year from your one acre, if you have bigger sized farm the better.
Investing your land under macadamia does not limit you, you have options to intercrop. Our OxfarmAg agronomists will advice you better.
Depending on your region initial startup cost include. Land, irrigation system, land preparation, certified seedlings, and management. Other recurring cost after the initial investment are weeds control, irrigation, pruning and general management.
Our estimation for an acre from land buying to setting up a system in place plus fencing ranges between (1m – 3m)
We came up with a package that helps farmer during initial setup stage that ensures farmer save on time and cost. We call it Oxfarm Macadamia Package. We assume a farmer has land, irrigation system and has done initial land ploughing.
Our agronomists will visit your farm for further advise as to how best you can make use of your farm.
This is what is inclusive of the macadamia package
Free consultancy (Normally we charge 5,000 but now it’s free)
Free beehive ( SAVE Ksh 6500)
80 certified Macadamia nuts seedlings. (Discounted at 15%)
Organic manure (earthlee) per holes (Equivalent to a bucket of normal manure). (Discounted at 50%)
Labor (measurement and digging of planting holes, mixing and soil treatment, planting) (discounted at 50%)
Life time free agronomy support.
All these you get at a cost of 37600 exclusive of transport. You can also opt to buy seedlings which we sell at Ksh 350 but we have discounted them for this season at Ksh 295 if you pick them in any of our demo farms. ( Nairobi, Nyeri, Nakuru or Eldoret) Talk to us 0706222888/ 0740000044
Pomegranate plant is a small shrub with a maximum height of 10mtrs, our variety is Wonderful which goes for Kshs. 300 per seedling, it grows in semi-arid areas and can survive in both Alkaline and acidic soils, but extremely good in well drained heavy loam soils. Ph. of the soil between 6.5 and 7.5. Best propagation is through stems or cuttings, the plant survives for a duration of about 28-35 years so it’s important to ensure on the PH right, and to add sufficient Nutrients and manure to the soil prior to planting. Proper ploughing and establishing the nutrients will help in better root system and water management.
To purchase this fruit and to find out more about this fruit, kindly Call/Text/Whatsapp us on 0706222888
Some of the Major benefits of the Pomegranate fruit.
Pomegranate seeds get their vibrant red hue from polyphenols. These chemicals are powerful antioxidants.
2. Vitamin C
The juice of a single pomegranate has more than 40 percent of your daily requirement of vitamin C.
3. Cancer prevention
Pomegranate may help stop the growth of prostate cancer cells.
4. Alzheimer’s disease protection
The antioxidants in the fruit and their high concentration are believed to stall the progress of Alzheimer disease and protect memory.
Pomegranate can reduce inflammation in the gut and improve digestion.
Pomegranate is a powerful anti-inflammatory because of its high concentration of antioxidants.
Flavonols in pomegranate may help block the inflammation that contributes to osteoarthritis and cartilage damage.
8. Heart disease
Pomegranate juice helps protect the heart and arteries.
9. Blood pressure
Eating pomegranate daily may also help lower systolic blood pressure.
Pomegranate can prevent illness and fight off infection
Pomegranate is a good source of folate, potassium, and vitamin K.
Drinking 8 ounces of pomegranate juice a daily may improve learning and memory,
13. Endurance and sports performance
Pomegranate helps reduce soreness and improve strength recovery. It also decreases oxidative damage caused by exercise.
14. Sexual performance and fertility
Pomegranate concentration of antioxidants and ability to impact oxidative stress make it a potential fertility aid. Oxidative stress has been shown to cause sperm dysfunction and decrease fertility in women.The juice has also been shown to help reduce oxidative stress in the placenta. Drinking pomegranate juice can also increase testosterone levels in men and women, one of the main hormones behind sex drive.
Pomegranate may help decrease insulin resistance and lower blood sugar.
To purchase the seedlings kindly click on the link below.
Did you know that Dragon fruit farming is one of the most profitable fruit farming venture in Kenya? One stool of 2 plants can give you about 20 fruits each season. On average, each fruit weighs about 500g. That means each stool will give you approximately 10 kgs every year. If you sell at a wholesale price of 500 per kg, you will be earning Ksh5,000 per stool. One acre accommodates 2,000 stools at a spacing of 1m between the stools and 2m between the lines. That translates to Ksh10 million per year from one acre.
Kiwi is a medicinal fruit that is native to China and most parts of southern Asia. Today, large scale kiwi farming is done in New Zealand, France, Chile, and Italy. Kiwi is a perennial deciduous plant that produces round fruits with a pleasant, unique sour taste and short hairs. It thrives in warm areas with high humidity. Over the past few years, the demand for the fruit has increased rapidly in the local and export markets due to its nutritional value and health benefits.
Health benefits of Kiwi Fruit
Kiwi fruit is highly nutritious and contains a large percentage of Vitamin C, Vitamin A, and Vitamin B1 and 2. Vitamin C is important in the body since it reduces the risk of cancer, stroke, heart disease, and chronic diseases in the circulatory system. Also, it enhances the health of teeth, iron absorption, and helps in the maintenance of healthy bones, and healing of wounds. Besides, it contains phosphorus, magnesium, sugar, iron, and calcium. With a low-calorie content and a high nutritional content, Kiwi fruits enhance the overall healing effect on the body.
Degrees of fruit maturity
There are three degrees of fruit maturity in Kiwi harvest management. The first degree is botanical maturity which takes place when the fruit has attained the final size and shape. At this time, nutrients have stopped flowing into the fruits. The second degree is usable maturity which occurs when the fruits are fully developed and are ready for consumption. At this time, the fruits have attained all the ideal qualities in the fruit content such as smell, taste, strength. The third degree is technological maturity which indicates the degree of ripeness of the fruits for consumption. Fruits should be harvested when they have fully ripened and sufficiently softened. Harvesting the fruits too early makes them lose their weight excessively and results in a lot of post-harvest losses since such fruits are not durable in storage. Kiwi fruits are sensitive to freezing and frost hence should be grown in areas that are less prone to frost. Farmers should ensure that they plan their markets early enough to prevent post-harvest losses and to ensure that they are taken to the market early enough.
Commercial kiwi Fruit harvesting
On most occasions, harvesting kiwi fruits can be a complicated task, especially when growing the fruits for commercial purposes. The advancements in agricultural technology have led to the introduction of a harvesting tool called a refractometer. This tool is used by commercial kiwi farmers to measure the sugar levels in the fruit to determine whether it’s mature enough to be harvested. Home gardeners require extensive knowledge of kiwi fruits to know when the fruits are fully mature. In some cases, the fruit might have attained the full size, but it’s mature enough for harvesting. Kiwi fruits should be harvested when it fully softens off the vine. Unlike other fruits, kiwi fruits fully ripen after they have been removed from the vine. After harvesting, the fruits should be stored in areas with high humidity and cold temperatures. This helps in preserving them longer for up to 4 – 6 months.
Retailing at competitive prices in the export market, Kiwi farming can be a lucrative venture for smallholder and largescale farmers. Kiwi farming requires skill and expertise. Apart from quality kiwi seedlings, Oxfarm Ag Ltd provides you with soil testing services, farm inputs such as irrigation and fertigation systems at competitive prices, and agronomy support to ensure that you achieve success in Kiwi farming.
Vertical and greenhouse farming should be viewed as two production systems on a gradient instead of perceiving them as two opposed systems. In most cases, greenhouses can use technologies from vertical gardens to increase crop performance and climate control in these environments. When interactions with the exterior environment are undesirable, vertical gardens provide an ideal environment for climate control.
In modern agriculture, vertical farming is a production system that is gaining popularity, especially in urban areas. During establishment, this method requires knowledge from other disciplines such as systems engineering and environmental science. However, farmers can hire professionals to establish controlled environments with proper ventilation systems to regulate the flow of air, fully functioning advanced irrigation and fertigation systems, crop monitoring tools such as sensors, and proper lighting with fewer energy costs. Compared to traditional production systems, growing crops in controlled environments is more efficient and uses less water, especially when using drip irrigation systems.
Farmers growing crops in greenhouses invest more in freely available solar energy which cost-effective and more efficient compared to electrical energy. However, greenhouses do not offer all the required conditions which make vertical gardens more viable, especially in urban environments where space is limited.
What are the benefits of practicing Farming in controlled environments?
There are countless benefits of growing crops in controlled environments. They include:
Energy losses across the greenhouse and vertical façade are relatively low and the beneficial energy gain is higher, especially in cold areas that receive little sunlight. However, controlled environments are not effective for various crops such as grapes that require direct sunlight to enhance crop quality.
Resources such as land, water, and fertilizers that are used are less which makes the production methods viable in densely populated, arid, and semi-arid areas.
Vertical gardens and greenhouses strengthen local food production especially in urban areas that rely on imports to sustain the ever-increasing population.
Controlled environments provide the ideal conditions for various crops such as strawberries and vegetables to flourish. Unlike open fields, controlled environments are not affected by the adverse effects of climate change such as extremely high temperatures and strong winds.
Adopting innovative solutions
Europe and Asia provide a large market for Kenyan horticultural products. As the global population keeps growing, the demand for food is rising to sustain it. Agricultural land is decreasing over time and it’s important to adopt innovative farming practices to produce enough food for the growing population.
In arid and urban areas, small spaces can be used to grow more. Vertical farms promote agriculture in urban areas where space is limited and arid areas where water and ecological conditions are not conducive for agriculture. Apart from hydroponics and aeroponics production methods, there is a new system whereby the roots are exposed to a nutrient-rich fog. This method requires less water and the production is higher compared to hydroponics since the nutrients are absorbed faster.
Automation and digitalization in controlled environments make farm management more effective. Since the growing environments are smaller, especially in urban areas, irrigation, fertigation, crop monitoring, and pest control is more effective and efficient which translates into high yield quality and quantity.
At Oxfarm, we can help you establish vertical farms as well as Multistorey gardens.
In agriculture, every solution should be tailored to meet a farmer’s needs in a specific group. In the process of understanding a farmer’s needs, it becomes simpler to shape the future of agriculture. Through the digitalization of farmers’ interactions, supply chains, and farming techniques, it’s easy to understand how various components work in different fields. Innovations in technology have helped connect farms digitally and made it possible for them to devise better farm management practices, from planting to harvesting.
Data That Helps Find Better Answers
Within each growing season, farmers collect and analyze a lot of data which include the seedling varieties planted, inputs applied, management practices applied, and yields produced. The rise of data science in agriculture has resulted in the creation of tools that provide farmers with real-time data. Satellites, drones, and remote sensors collect real-time data on the crop’s performance, temperature, nutrient utilization, soil conditions, and weather conditions. Artificial Intelligence tools analyze the data and relay a report and important insights to the farmers, helping them devise better farm management practices and make informed in-field decisions.
Climate FieldView, for instance, is a software that provides farmers with a clear and complete picture of how their farm is performing. Using the platform, farmers can optimize inputs, monitor their field variability, and control pests and diseases on time. These digital tools help farmers to use crop protection tools such as pesticides efficiently and effectively. Digital platforms and tools can also notify farmers when the weather conditions are too windy or too wet to help them devise effective spraying programs. With adequate data about the farm and the weather, farmers can grow more crops while using less water, inputs, land, and energy.
Products That Reduce the Impact on the Environment
The environment needs to be preserved and farmers understand that quite well. Extensive use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers can harm the soil and the environment. Farmers should consider planting crop varieties that require fewer pesticides. In fruit farming, planting cover crops and implementing sustainable farming practices should be employed to help in keeping carbon in the soil. Enhanced pest and weed control mechanisms have also helped in minimizing carbon emissions from farm machinery and crop protection products.
An Even More Precise Innovations
Precision agriculture is a farming method that uses fewer resources to produce more food. For instance, drip irrigation systems are connected to fertigation systems to form an efficient and more effective system for applying water, pesticides, and water-soluble fertilizers to crops. With digital innovations, these systems are connected to a computer system that analyses real-time data collected by drones and sensors and turns on the irrigation and fertigation systems. This increases production while using fewer resources. If looking for high-quality drip irrigation and fertigation systems, Oxfarm Ltd is the place you should look for.
Progress For The Next Generation
Innovations in modern agriculture make it possible to grow high-quality food with fewer resources on a smaller piece of land. Technologies have reduced the effects of agriculture on the environment and increased the farms’ productivity. If we use collective ingenuity to search for answers, progress in the agricultural sector will be achieved. Data science, biotechnology, chemistry, breeding, and biologics are helping in providing tailored solutions.