1. Charcoal stove / kerosene stove
- These are used in places where electricity is not available or costly and where power failure is quite common.
- These stoves are covered with plates or pans to sustain the heat in the brooding area.
2. Gas brooder
- Natural gas, LPG or methane is connected to heating element which is hanged 3 to 5 feet above the chick to provide heat.
- It is attached with canopy type reflectors to reflect the heat towards the chicks.
3. Electrical brooder
- It is also thermostatically controlled heating system that spread required amount of heat uniformly above large area, this avoid crowding of chicks under brooder directly.
- One electrical brooder can be used for 300 to 400 chicks.
4. Infra-red bulbs
- It is a self reflecting bulb and hence no need of reflector over the bulbs.
- 150 and 250 watt bulbs are available to provide sufficient heat to 150 and 250 chicks, respectively.
5. Brooder guard / chick guard
- These are thin sheets of metal, hard board, or bamboo mat of 1 to 1.5 feet height and varying in lengths.
- They are used to restrict the movement of chicks, so that the chicks will be kept closer to the brooders and prevent them from chilling.
- They are used to prevent chicks from straying too far away from heat supply until they learn the source of heat.
- We have to provide brooder guard with a diameter of 5 feet, height of the brooder should not exceed 1.5 feet.
- For this purpose, we can use materials like cardboard sheet, GI sheet, wire mesh, and mat etc. depending upon the season of brooding.
- During warm season, brooding is done for 5-6 days. In cold season it is 2-3 weeks.
6. Electrical heaters (heating rods or coils)
- This type of brooder is provided with heating elements and pilot lamps and in some cases thermometer is provided to record the temperature.
- They used to have a reflecting device over the heating rods or coils.
- The temperature can be adjusted depending on the requirement.