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Hass Avocado is a Canopy Of Life: A Testimony Of TEHU Self Help Group

Hass Avocado Is The Canopy Of Life: A Testimony Of TEHU Self Help Group

 

They say when people come together they can conquer the world and there is power in numbers. Mr. Paul Muthami Tumuti a writer and a farmer who is the chairman of TEHU self-help group had a vision for the group and the entire Kenya. According to Mr. Muthami “Avocado is the canopy of life”, this is what we are going to show you in this article.

Mr. Muthami who is an alumni of Kimathi Institute which has now changed to Dedan Kimathi University of Technology studied building but decided to do farming as a part timer.

Every day is a learning day and life is an experience. Few farmers had Hass avocado trees in TETU and market was a challenge. Brokers and Cartels always come in sheep skin but inside they are leopards. They will tell farmers how the market has shifted and they should sell their produce to them since they are connected and have ready market.

In 2016, with just 22 members, TEHU (Tetu and Huhoini) Fruits and Vegetables self-help group was formed and registered with assistance of agricultural department. The main purpose of forming the group was most farmers had few mature trees and the only way of having a bargaining power was to be in a group. TEHU was registered from members of several sub-locations that are karaihu, Kigogoini, Gatumbiro, Kiriti, e.t.c.

In 2016, the group sold 52,000 pieces of hass avocado from various farmers to one of the biggest exporters in Kenya. Their anticipation was 10 Ksh per fruit but they only managed to sell at 5.19 Ksh per fruit. They were very demoralized and almost gave up. However, they knew there was hope because previously their fruits were being bought for less than Ksh 2-4.

In 2017 more members joined and they had 17 new members making a total of 35 members. According to the chairman, they were frustrated by the strict conditions given by the exporter and they decided to sell at the farm gate. This time they managed to get a supplier. They sold a total of 78,000 hass avocados fruits at 8.50 Ksh. This was more of a break through. The farmers were excited since they were paid promptly and at the farm gate.

In 2018, the group was becoming bigger, from 35 members to 110. This time the group expanded from Tetu and Huhoini to other areas such as Thegenge, Nyeri Municipality, Mweiga, and Giakanja.e.t.c. The dream was coming to a reality and now the target was an exporter. So the group management together with members called a meeting to deliberate on the terms to be given to the buyers of the fruits.

 

Avocado Training in Meru, OxfarmAg educating farmers group

 

 

Terms to the buyer

 

  • They should verify the quality and quantity of the fruits
  • They should negotiate and agree on the best price.
  • Exporter/interested party have to deposit a good sum of money in TEHU’s bank account as a down payment.
  • Supervision both from the exporter and TEHU has to be present during harvesting.

 

In 2018 the group received more than 10 interested parties who wanted to buy the fruits from members. Each buyer was to come up with best price they can buy the fruits and also best terms. The management tasked by the group was meant to select the best of the parties,

The group members sold the fruits to one of the exporting companies at Ksh 12 per fruits gate price.

In 2019, Things were bigger and better, the members rose from 110 to 300 of which 150 members had mature fruits for sale. This time members came all the way from marwa, and Othaya. After doing the vetting of various interested parties, one exporter who won to buy the fruits bought 450,000 pieces of hass avocado at Ksh 16 and 200,000 Fuertes avocados at Ksh 6- Ksh 8. While the members were selling at Ksh 16, the non-members were selling theirs at Ksh 8. That is 100% difference; do you now believe there is power in numbers?

TEHU has created for the local young people who during harvesting are highly engaged. Its only in 2016 they had professional pickers but there after the group decided to engage the local young people.

 

Some conditions for Becoming a Member of the group.

 

TEHU doesn’t discriminate any farmer, whether you are a farmer with a single tree or a farmer like Mr. Kabue from Githakwa with 300 trees. So what do you need to become a member?

  • Registration and membership fee of Ksh 1000
  • Fruit should be grown organically, (no synthetic fertilizers). Most exporters want organic products. ( Use traps instead of chemicals to control pests)
  • Members should undergo trainings
  • Members should wait for the fruits to mature fully and wait for TEHU management to give out  directives

The group management meets at least once in a month to deliberate on issues affecting the group or emerging news. On the other hand, members meet at least twice a year.

 

Benefits of being in the group to the farmer

 

After having an interview with TEHU self help group chairman Mr. Muthami, we visited a member of Tehu, Mr Kabui, a farmer of Hass avocado  who hass  300 trees and here is a summary of the advantages associated with joining TEHU.

  • Group creates social relations that enable individuals to achieve goals that they may not otherwise be able to achieve by themselves.
  • Enable farmers to improve on fruits quality due to trainings.
  • Help farmers benefit from economies of scale by lowering their costs of acquiring inputs or hiring services such as pickers and transport.
  • It also empowers their members economically and socially by involving them in decision-making processes that create additional rural employment opportunities, or enable them to become more resilient to economic and environmental shocks.
  • They have an easy reach to resources as group members can apply for loans on bank they operate on due to the security they have on the fruits.
  • They have an easy reach to donors such as DANIDA as it has offered to construct a cold room for the group.
  • They attract good hass Avocado prices as they have quantities that can interest exporters thus eliminating the broker and having a direct exporter of their produce.

 

 

Inspection and counting of hass avocado fruits from the farm

 

How Is the Avocado Market?

 

According to Mr. Muthami, even if we uprooted all the other trees in Kenya and plant avocados, we wouldn’t meet the global demand of avocado. Currently avocado fruit is the most sort after because of its healthy benefits. Mexico produces more than 40% of the total global production of hass avocado. Combined with other Latin American nations they produce more than 80%.

Their avocado fruits hit the market between March and June. This is a great advantage to Kenya and other tropical countries in Africa since our avocados and especially the highlands mature at around June-September. ” If only we farmers can be patient enough and sell in August…” poses Mr. Muthami. By around that time, there are few fruits in Europe and Middle East which means, by the law of demand and supply, assuming the demand is constant, the price will definitely go higher.

“The consumer wants the product but most don’t have the conditions to grow them. Avocado oil is very expensive and it’s very hard to find it in local market. For economic returns and food security the farmers have to be into groups. Most farmers are frustrated by market when they do it individually. The more you narrow the chain of brokers the more you earn. Use good agricultural practices and channel your energy in good use” Added Mr. Muthami.

 

What Ministry Of Trade Should Know

County governments and national government can play a vital role in ensuring youths and farmers form groups that can help them market their produce be it fruits or veggies. Nyeri alone produces more than 10 million hass avocado but are disorganized and sell to brokers at less than Ksh 8.

Imagine, TEHU due to their bargaining power sold their fruits at Ksh 16, while most individual farmers at Ksh 8. This means more revenue is lost in Nyeri county alone. Agriculture is the backbone of Kenya in terms of GDP. It then means that if the relevant parties can come together and ensure farmers are organized, they can offer employment.

There are many beneficiaries;

  • Farmers
  • Exporters
  • County and national governments
  • Employment to the local young people

 

TEHU testimony should be used as an inspiration to many young people.

 

 

 

 

Where is the Future of Young People in farming?

Young people can form groups and grow crops together. Quantity is the biggest challenge, but if young people have good will, have trusts among them they can do wonders.

The world we are living in has many challenges, after completing education, most youths end up in towns, tarmacking looking for white color jobs but the money is with masses and coming together. We keep on complaining how there no jobs in Kenya, the time is now, and we must come together and fight together.

 

…………………………………………..end……………………………………………………………………..

 

Writers’ Point of view

TEHU coming together is a success story that ought to reach the entire world. Its part of a comprehensive and sustainable plan advocating the long term vision of the hass avocado farmers. It will benefit farmers and the entire village’s community since it advocates better farming practices at a minimized cost and will thus increase the avocado production leading to more profits for farmers.

I trust that this article would inspire many more hass avocado farmers and help them in creating both employment revenue for themselves. I also take this opportunity to congratulate all the TEHU members who have been working tirelessly for achieving their objective. You are True Heroes!

As OxfarmAg Ltd company we are involved in training and organization of farmers groups interested on avocado farming.

If you would like to book us email us ask@oxfarm.co.ke

 

 

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Get huge DISCOUNTED prices this August 2019 for the fruit tree seedlings and Oxfarm packages

OxfarmAg Ltd has made it easy for the farmers who want to invest in fruit tree farming by using our vast experience to plant on behalf of the farmer or visiting our demo farms to learn. Fruit tree farming is one of the best investments to make in this year because of its returns and security.

Through our research, we have realized that most farmers do not have required expertise to go about fruit tree farming and they make they make costly mistakes while establishing their orchards. This has caused many customers huge losses, or trial and error. As OxfarmAg ltd we assist in giving valuable information, establishment of the orchards and marketing of the produce on the behalf of the farmer.

August 2019 discount on;

  • Unit cost discount for fruit trees -20%
  • Discount for organic fertilizer -30%
  • Labor (digging holes, planting) – 50%

 

We have discounted prices for our fruit tree packages for August 2019.

 

WHAT IS IN THE OXFARM PACKAGE
• Free agronomy advice.
• Certified quality Fruit tree seedlings
• Organic manure (earthlee) per holes (Equivalent to a bucket of normal manure).
• Absorber KM per plant (Reduces irrigation frequency by 50%).
• Labor (measurement and digging of planting holes, mixing and soil treatment, planting)

WHAT IS REQUIRED FROM THE FARMER.

  • Clearing of the farm for any weeds and bushes.
    • Paying the agreed amount on time.

ADDITIONAL COST FOR THE FARMER
Transport cost; Ksh 20 per Km from either Nairobi, or Nyeri town whichever is convenient.
• Farm preparation.
• Payment is 80% of the package during booking + Transport and the balance to be paid on material day of planting.

OTHER ADDITIONAL COST TO CONSIDER
• Field visits to the farm.
• Irrigation and its system.
• Management of the farm.

 

We also assist farmers get the best type of irrigation for their farms. Either drip irrigation or bottle irrigation.

 

WHY SHOULD YOU ENGAGE ON FRUIT TREE FARMING

There is a huge demand of fruits as more people are becoming healthy conscious, There is increased population driving the demand of food higher, Due to numerous challenges while farming traditional crops like Maize and other cash crops like coffee and tea, the trend favors fruit tree farming.

There is also a decline in major fruit producing countries in southern hemisphere like Mexico and South Africa due to climate change which is favoring countries in tropics like Kenya.

Due to enhanced bilateral trade between Kenya and other countries like China and US the demand will continue to rise due to enhanced ease of doing business and exports.

 

THE PACKAGE HAS THE FOLLOWING.

  • Certified Fruit tree seedlings

We have Quality healthy seedlings Certified by Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service – KEPHIS and we are registered by Horticultural Crop Directorate – HCD

We have discounted our seedlings at 20% for August 2019.

  • Organic components

EARTHLEE – Is an ultra-concentrated, extremely pure, naturally occurring 80% Humate powder which contains no traces of sodium or heavy metals. EARTHLEE supplies to crops the active ingredient of Organic Matter i.e. humus which is readily available in an easy to use and cost effective dry powder form.

EARTHLEE accomplishes the normal function of organic matter and there by reduces the need for bulk application of organic matter in the soil.

Over time, EARHTLEE will enhance nutrient transfer; increase the Soil Cation Exchange Capacity, water-holding capacity and structure of the soil, as well as its aeration, tilth and workability.

Earthree saves the farmer huge cost of adding farm yard or compost manure which is bulky and more costly. The 20g of earthree is equivalent to a bucket of common manure per hole.

 

  • Absorber KM (Reduces irrigation frequency by 50%).

Absorber is a water retainer that, when incorporated into a soil or a substrate absorbs and retains large quantities of water and nutrients.

Unlike most products that become hydrated, Absorber has the property of easily releasing the absorbed water and nutrients, thereby allowing the plant to have water and nutrients available at will as a function of the absorption – release cycles.

We add 20g per hole for every plant. Absober saves on cost of irrigation, better fruit tree establishment and minimizes leaching of soil minerals and fertilizers.

  • Labor

We come with our own labor to your farm; we have professionals who know how to carry out even biggest of the projects. We start first by measurement and digging of planting holes, mixing and soil treatment with organic materials, and later we plant the seedlings)

 

Check on this video how we do this in the farms.

 

CONTACT US AND BOOK TODAY.

Discount ends on 31st August 2019.
+254706222888
or info@Oxfarm.co.ke

Check our Catalogue or download on this link.

Oxfarm Catalogue discounted prices pdf

 

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Huge discounts this august 2019 – Oxfarm packages

The discount ends on August Saturday 31st 2019.

Oxfarm Package

We were the first company to start fruit tree farming packages in Kenya. We have been engaging many farmers on our fruit tree packages for years, where we assist in supply of quality certified seedlings, planting services and also marketing of the produce. Most of our clients are busy and committed in their work either in offices or overseas, we make their wish on fruit tree farming a reality.

We help them establish their orchard by bringing professionalism in the farms that guarantee a strong start for successful projects. The idea rose as we had encountered such challenges as unreliable seedlings, lack of reliable information/guide on establishment, unskilled labor, and we were unsure of market. This was when we were starting our orchards. We have various packages and their cost vary depending on the type of fruit tree to be farmed per acre farm. We also have quality certified seedlings for our clients.

 

What is inclusive of the Oxfarm fruit tree packages?

  • Certified Fruit tree seedlings
  • Organic manure (earthree) per holes (Equivalent to a bucket of normal manure).
  • Absorber KM per plant (Reduces irrigation frequency by 50%).
  • Labor (measurement and digging of planting holes, mixing and soil treatment, planting)

What is required from the farmer?

  • Clearing of the farm for any weeds and bushes.
  • Paying the agreed amount on time.

 

August 2019 discount on;

  • Unit cost discount for fruit trees -20%
  • Discount for organic fertilizer -30%
  • Labor (digging holes, planting) – 50%

 

We have discounted prices for our fruit tree packages for August 2019.

Contact info@oxfarm.co.ke or 0706222888 for quotation.

 

Additional Cost

  • Transport cost; Ksh 20 per Km from Nairobi or Eldoret town whichever is convenient.
  • Farm preparation.
  • Payment is 80% of the package + Transport and 20% to be paid on material day.

 

Other additional cost to consider

  • Field visits and consultation from agronomist.
  • Irrigation and its system.
  • Management of the farm

 

We also assist farmers get the best type of irrigation for their farms. Either drip irrigation or bottle irrigation.

 

WHY SHOULD YOU ENGAGE ON FRUIT TREE FARMING

There is a huge demand of fruits as more people are becoming healthy conscious, There is increased population driving the demand of food higher, Due to numerous challenges while farming traditional crops like Maize and other cash crops like coffee and tea, the trend favors fruit tree farming. There is also a decline in major fruit producing countries in southern hemisphere like Mexico and South Africa due to climate change which is favoring countries in tropics like Kenya. Due to enhanced bilateral trade between Kenya and other countries like China and US the demand will continue to rise due to enhanced ease of doing business and exports.

 

THE PACKAGE HAS THE FOLLOWING.

  • Certified Fruit tree seedlings

We have Quality healthy seedlings Certified by Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service – KEPHIS and we are registered by Horticultural Crop Directorate – HCD

We have discounted our seedlings at 20% for August 2019.

 

 

  • Organic components

EARTHLEE – Is an ultra-concentrated, extremely pure, naturally occurring 80% Humate powder which contains no traces of sodium or heavy metals. EARTHLEE supplies to crops the active ingredient of Organic Matter i.e. humus which is readily available in an easy to use and cost effective dry powder form.

EARTHLEE accomplishes the normal function of organic matter and there by reduces the need for bulk application of organic matter in the soil. Over time, EARHTLEE will enhance nutrient transfer; increase the Soil Cation Exchange Capacity, water-holding capacity and structure of the soil, as well as its aeration, tilth and workability.

Earthree saves the farmer huge cost of adding farm yard or compost manure which is bulky and more costly. The 20g of earthree is equivalent to a bucket of common manure per hole.

Organix limited

 

  • Absorber KM (Reduces irrigation frequency by 50%).

Absorber is a water retainer that, when incorporated into a soil or a substrate absorbs and retains large quantities of water and nutrients. Unlike most products that become hydrated, Absorber has the property of easily releasing the absorbed water and nutrients, thereby allowing the plant to have water and nutrients available at will as a function of the absorption – release cycles.

We add 20g per hole for every plant. Absober saves on cost of irrigation, better fruit tree establishment and minimizes leaching of soil minerals and fertilizers.

Organix Limited

 

  • Labor

We come with our own labor to your farm; we have professionals who know how to carry out even biggest of the projects. We start first by measurement and digging of planting holes, mixing and soil treatment with organic materials, and later we plant the seedlings)

We also give agronomy advice with visits to our clients farms.

 

About us

OxfarmAg Ltd is an award winning company registered in Kenya comprising of young energetic youths who are ready to take agriculture to a whole new level. We work hard to make OxfarmAg ltd the most sort out by farmers for our products and service delivery.

We are certified to provide agricultural inputs mostly seedlings of high quality. We have qualified agriculturists in most part of Kenya who are involved in management of various agricultural projects.

We believe nowadays Money grows on trees.

 

P.O. Box 3552-00100 Nairobi-Kenya

Contacts: +254 706 222 888 or +254 723 662 773/

Whats app link – here

Email; info@oxfarm.co.ke

Website; http://oxfarm.co.ke/  or www.oxfarmorganic.com

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PEST AND DISEASES CONTROL IN TREE TOMATO (TAMARRILO) FARMING

Tamarillo best known as tree-tomatoes in Kenya is a fast-growing tree that grows up to 2-5 meters. Grafted tree tomato reaches peak production after 1-2 years while the normal ones reach after 3-6 years depending on the caltivar, and the life expectancy is about 12 years. The tree usually forms a single upright trunk with lateral branches. Grafted Tree-tomato produce 6-10 fruits per cluster. Plants can set fruit without cross-pollination, but the flowers are fragrant and attract insects. Cross-pollination seems to improve fruit

Pests That Affect Tree Tomato

The most common pests are aphids, root knot nematodes, white flies, cut worms and horn worms.

Aphids

Aphids in a tree tomato leafaphids are small sap-sucking insects. Aphids are slow moving and come in shades of green, red, brown, black and yellow. They have needle-like mouth-parts which they use to suck juices out of plants. Low to moderate aphid population levels do not usually cause significant damage and rarely kill mature plants. However, large infestations can reduce plant yields and produce sticky “honeydew,” warranting pest control.

The first step in controlling aphids is by weeding. Aphids often collect on weeds like sowthistle and mustard. Where the infestation is large you can spray effective insect sides such as Karate,  Actara or pentagon 50EC.

Root knot Nematodes

They are microscopic worms which occupy each acre of fertile earth in billions. This particular species invades various crops, causing bumps or galls that interfere with the plant’s ability to take up nutrients and to perform photosynthesis. Unfortunately, controlling nematodes is not easy.

The best control of nematodes in tree tomato fruits is by planting the grafted one as  bug weed (muthakwa) tree which is used to graft is resistance to nematodes.

White Flies

small yellow-bodied insects which have white wings, which they. They feed on the underside of tree tomato leaves, sucking out sap and weakening the plant. Affected leaves begin to yellow and die, the leaf margins usually curl inward as damage progresses.

Inspect the underside of tomato leaves for white flies. By natural control methods use a jet of water to blast white flies and wash them off your plants and leaves. Repeat this process every week to control and get rid of white flies. For effective elimination of white flies you can also use a contact insecticide namely; levo 2.4sl.

Cutworms

Cutworms chew through plant stems at the base. They primarily feed on roots and foliage of young plants, and will even cut off the plant from underneath the soil. In most cases, entire plants will be destroyed; they do a lot of damage in no time at all. Even if only the bottom of the plant is destroyed, the top will often shrivel and die.

Hand pick. Go out at night with a flashlight and gloves. Pick off the cutworms and drop into soapy water; repeating this every few nights.

Note: Apply an insecticide late in the afternoon for best control

How to start commercial Bee keeping in Kenya

Diseases That affect Tree Tomato (Tamarillo)

Powdery Mildew

Infection is characterized by the development of gray-white powdery growth majorly on leaves and stems, which causes them to become distorted.

The plant may eventually wilt as disease severity increases.

Spray RANSOM 600WP 15g/20l or DISCOVERY 400SC 10ml/20l or DUCASSE 250EC 20ml/20l

Blight

Initial infection occurs in older leaves with concentric dark brown spots developing on the leaves. As infection advances, infected leaves turn yellow and fall off. On stems, spots without clear contours are seen. The lesions enlarge as severity increases.

Spray EXEMPO CURVE 250SC 15ml/20l or FORTRESS GOLD 40g/20l or MEGAPRODE LOCK 525WP 15g/20l

Mosaic

This is a viral disease, and the virus is mechanically transmitted and also spread by several species of aphids in non-persistent mode.

Attacked leaves have reduced size and patches of dark-green tissue alternating with yellow-green. Generally, the plant becomes stunted and the quality of fruits is greatly reduced.

Control aphids (vectors) with KINGCODE ELITE 50EC 10ml/20l or PENTAGON 50EC 10ml/20l or PRESENTO 200SP 5g/20l

 

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keep bees if you want 100% production in Avocados

When you think of what bees produce, you probably think of honey. But bees also indirectly produce one-third of the common fruits and vegetables we eat, via pollination. Getting good crops of avocados in Kenya is not always easy, and pollination is part of the problem. Avocado growers find it hard to provide a regular supply of fruit because the trees only give a good crop every second year. However, if we all kept bees, avocado production can increase tremendously, below is an explanation on why bees are necessary.

While other fruits have simple ways of flowering and self pollination, avocados are different. Each avocado tree can be covered by almost hundreds of thousands of tiny flowers. Flowering process is complex and generally occurs over a two-day period. Under normal climatic conditions, the flower first opens in the female stage, when the stigma (the female part of the flower) is receptive. The flower closes overnight and on the second day the male stage occurs when the pollen is shed. Overlap between male and female phases may also occur under certain climatic conditions. Due to the difference in timing of the female and male stages, therefore, a means of transferring pollen from an individual flower to another flower (within the same tree or adjacent trees) is required. The avocado flower, therefore, requires a vector to effect pollination, which is a necessary first step in the process of fruit set. A vector is an external agent that is capable of causing the transfer of pollen grains from the anthers (the pollen bearing male part of the flower) to the stigma. Numerous pollen grains need to be deposited onto the individual stigmas for the avocado tree to have the potential for a good crop. The avocado flower is adapted to visitation by most flying insects as is evident by its open morphology and the easy access to the nectar. Therefore, flies, wasps, honey bees, stingless bees, bumblebees and other insects are potential pollinators of the avocado flower. To date, the honey bee has been the only commercially introduced pollinator in avocado orchards.

Why You Should Buy Your Seedling From Certified Nursery Operators

Why you Should Plant Different Cultivars (Hass and Fuerte avocados)

Avocados flowers are pollinated by insects, so growers bring honey bee hives into the orchard in the flowering season. Most avocado orchards have two different cultivars so that, when some trees have flowers at the female stage, other trees have male flowers. This means the bees need to collect pollen from male flowers of one cultivar (called the polleniser) and transfer it to females of another cultivar.

Avocado trees may have hundreds of thousands of flowers, but for some reason, not many of them produce fruit.

Preparation of Bees

For a hive to be able to adequately pollinate fruit blossom, it must be above certain strength in bee numbers. It is fundamentally difficult to build a population of honey bees during cool conditions, particularly if there are no naturally occurring sources of pollen and nectar. Thus to have healthy bees early in the season, for avocados pollination, the preparation and management of bees should be a major priority between march and June.

Attractiveness, Nutritional Value Of Pollen And Nectar

Honey bees visit both female- and male-stage avocado flowers. Usually, they collect nectar from both flower stages and pollen from the male stage. However, they sometimes collect pollen only and will not visit the female flowers. The attractiveness of the avocado flower to honey bees is low, in comparison to the flowers of numerous species that may be in bloom simultaneously, such as various citrus species and species. In many cases, foraging honey bees from hives that were placed in the orchard for pollination
purposes abandon the avocado flowers in favor of competing bloom. It is quite evident, therefore, that the avocado flowers are not as well adapted to supply the honey bees? needs, when compared to the flowers of many other species.

Not Just for Money; Why you Must Plant an Avocado Tree

Availability Of Bees For Pollination

Avocado blossom coincides with a number of nectar-producing flowering eucalyptus species that have the potential to provide alternative economic gains for the beekeeper in the form of honey crops.

Any serious avocado farmer who wants to make good money must  keep bees. The bees not only help in increasing production, sweetness and size of fruits but also produce pure organic honey every three months.

 

 

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Ultimate guide for beans farming in Kenya

Beans farming in Kenya is not as common as maize. However, it is one of the common grown crops in Kenya. In fact, it is often inter-cropped with the main crop for maximum absorption of nutrients by both plants. Our guide will help interested parties, both farmers and traders to have a clear mind on beans farming and how they can get money as far as beans are concerned.

Varieties of beans grown in Kenya

Beans popularity in Kenya may be due to the fact that bean recipes are numerous and beans are consumed almost with everything and contain quite a considerable amount of protein. Before venturing into beans farming, it is advisable to look at the different varieties available. If a farmer knows the different types of beans he will be able to choose the best based on its performance. Below are the several varieties;

  • Rosecoco beans Kenya
  • Mwezi moja beans
  • Chelalang beans
  • Mwitemania beans

Do your research well as a farmer and identify which variety does well in your area and guarantees high yields.

Yield per Acre of Beans

The hybrid varieties nowadays are very impressive and has a high yield compared to the traditional varieties. Most of the improved varieties produce about 20 pods for each plant, which translate to about 25, 90 kg bags per acre. Notably, this crop is high yielding when all the conditions are optimal.

Dry beans market

Beans are source of proteins which makes Kenya depend highly on them. The market for beans is overwhelming, both locally and international. Depending on quality and type of beans, the prices per 90 kg bag of beans ranges between Ksh 7,000 and Ksh 12,000. Particularly, beans fetch better prices when it is not harvesting period. Some varieties are also more expensive than others. The rose coco and kidney beans, for instance, are a bit pricey compared to the other varieties which are available in large quantities. Beans with a high supply across the country will fetch a lower price compared to those that thrive in specific areas. Irrespective of the type of beans, the market for beans is always there and since it’s a grain, you can store it and sell when the prices are high.

Price of beans in Kenya

Just like any other agricultural product, prices for beans fluctuate depending on a number of factors including demand and supply. The crop will tend to be expensive when they are in high demand, which is often around planting time when farmers need seeds for planting, and also during periods with no new crops. The cost may also depend on the region you are in and when you are buying or selling. So different areas in Kenya register varying prices of beans. Averagely, beans prices in Kenya range from Kshs. 7,000 to Kshs. 12,000 in major towns of

Kenya from low to high seasons. The best thing to do when scouting for better rates is to check the indices often provided by trading companies and the government on the prices of beans in major towns including Eldoret, Nakuru, Kisumu, Nairobi, and Mombasa. It is not suprising that each town could register a different price for the same variety of beans. This is because different factors play out when determining the prices.

Beans production

It is always good to have a projection before embarking on planting the crop. This is where you consider farming as a business and have a clear business plan. You will need to have a structured plan on what to expect through the farming period and how to counter different eventualities. Your projections against the real data will give a vivid picture of whether or not to proceed with the venture. Apart from this, knowing exactly what to do is necessary. Below are some tips that might help you with your business plaa;

  • Know the appropriate beans planting season in Kenya
  • Choose the best beans varieties in your area
  • Consider ideal ecological requirements – This includes temperatures of about 20 to 25 degrees, altitude of between 1,000 m to 2,100 m above sea level, rainfall of between 900 mm to 1,200 mm per year and a soil pH of 6.5 to 7.5

Although the market for beans is always there and appealing, beans farming is not an easy task especially if you are to do it commercially. However, it is always possible to register good yields if you do it right and follow the above steps. You also need to have achievable goals.

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Not Just for Money; Why you Must Plant Hass Avocado

Kenya is a democratic country of hardship and hunger, where politicians decide if the people get food. Politicians do not seem to care about research or making agriculture better. How can hass avocado be the promise of the future for Kenya?

Having more nutrition than any other fruit in the New World, hass avocado is considered to be the most important contribution to human diet in the New World. Avocados have the highest energy value of any fruit. It also is rich in proteins and fat, and yet low in carbohydrates. Holding many valuable vitamins and minerals, hass avocado is the fruit of promise in Kenya.

Kenya is very abundant in many agricultural resources. Kenya’s most important economic impact is agriculture, which provides about two-thirds of the population with work in Kenya. Almost 40% percent of Kenya’s exports are agriculture related. Population is governed by the national government of Kenya who makes policies, resources allocations, and food and price policies. Constitutionally, the counties are responsible for agriculture. Goats and sheep also have large populations in Kenya. Increasing dramatically from the past, dairy and poultry markets now make higher returns than crop farming. Over the last four decades, significant progress in agriculture has been made in Kenya.

keep bees if you want 100% production in Avocados

Benefits of Hass Avocado

Hass Avocado is useful in many different ways beneficial to the Kenyans. It has high nutritional density, is a source of protein, fiber, major antioxidants, stroke prevention, and is used as a baby food. The hass avocado contains about twice of our daily needs for vitamins C, E, and beta-carotene as its calorie proportion. Rich in copper and iron, two mineral constituents of antioxidant enzymes, avocados again prove their nutritional quality. Potassium is also high in avocados, as it is has one of the highest potassium rates in tropical and non-tropical fruits and vegetables.

A benefit of potassium is a 40% reduction in stroke risk with 400 mg of potassium, supplied in less than one-half of an avocado. Hass avocado is associated with lower blood pressure because it is high in monounsaturated fat. All amino acids are found in the avocado however not in ideal portions.

Hass avocado being used in baby foods has many benefits including containing more potassium than 45 other fruits, juices or vegetables. They are also one of the only fruits or vegetables, which contain monounsaturated fats, essential for a baby’s development. Another benefit is avocados have been shown to maintain good cholesterol while reducing bad cholesterol. One half of a Hass avocado contains about 80 grams of edible fruit has a significant percentage of the daily nutritional needs of children ages 7 to 10. The Hass and Fuerte avocado varieties are promising in Kenya.

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Trends that Will Shape Agribusiness In Kenya in 2019

Agriculture as we all know is the backbone of Kenyan Economy. Kenya has a population of about 50 million where according to 2009 census 80% are farmers. However, in the recent years, rural-urban migration has been very high where young people move to cities in such of better opportunities. This has left a gap in agriculture. Oxfarm Ag Ltd has identified several trends that will shape agribusiness not just in Kenya but worldwide.

Attracting Young People Into agribusiness

One of the biggest factors that will determine how well agribusiness industry will cope with and adopt the newest Ag-Tech applications related to food production, will be young farmers. The industry is facing a problem with ensuring effective food production due to the fact, that most farms are run by older demographics that can range from 40 years old and above. If this persists happening and if we will not be able to figure out methods of raising the interest of farming and agriculture to young people, the pace at which new technology will be adopted will be hindered, as well as the progress of finding new solutions to current problems in the industry will be slowed down tremendously as well.

Marketing Process Of Hass Avocado In Kenya

Drip irrigation

Given the recent drought conditions which cost Kenyan  farmers billions of shillings in losses, there’s a lot of investment in the development of advanced drip irrigation technology, which allows farmers to limit wastage by efficiently delivering the exact amount of water to the soil, needed by their crops to grow.

Big data

In order to improve operational efficiency and yield prediction, the agricultural industry is increasingly using data analytics. Farmers are now able to implement complex systems that assist them with equipment management. This is also combined with data on weather patterns and soil conditions as well as crops to be planted, to develop a formula to determine the best time and place to plant and harvest. Big data is also useful for forecasting demand for crops, yield on crops, as well as potential land size and usage of land.

Vertical farming

This modern form of farming, used to produce food in a smaller controlled environment through vertically stacked layers to save on water and fertilizer, is no longer just a noisy word, but a reality. A number of farmers in Kenya are already successfully using this technology as part of their farming practices.

Mobile applications (apps) 

Smart phones are no longer just used for multimedia purposes and accessing information through the internet. Farmers are now actively using apps to monitor their crops via GPS, calculate feed, save water, get access to networks and markets, etc. Mobile apps have become a major disruptor in the agricultural industry. Developers globally are working around the clock to introduce app innovations that were once unimaginable.

Want To Become A Serious Farmer? Do These Things!

 Future Trends We Can Expect In Agribusiness

The introduction of new technologies and the potential they can provide to farmers across the globe (e.g. using Biotech to alter crop health, utilizing Digital Twin to predict optimal weather conditions for crop growth etc.) will become dependent on our ability to introduce younger generations to start a career in farming and agribusiness. In order to achieve this, we need to put the focus on financing and funding the younger generation in terms of financially encouraging them to start their own sustainable farming businesses and help them get a meaningful start that will contribute to efficient future food production.

 

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Mushroom Production Farm Tour And Training

The mushroom training will be at one of largest producers of mushrooms in Kenya. Producing button mushroom oyster mushroom and portobello mushroom.

This is what the training on Mushroom farming will cover.

  • Cost of production
  • Structure design
  • Preparing compost
  • Substrate preparation and mixing ratios
  • Sterilization/pasteurization (decontamination) of substrate
  • Inoculation (spawning) and conditions
  • Incubation
  • Maintaining conditions
  • Soil casing
  • Management
  • Fruiting process
  • Harvesting
  • Storage
  • Marketing
  • Challenges in production and marketing
  • Cooking preparation recipe

 

Event date: 22nd June 2019

CHARGES PER HEAD

  • 3,000/= Inclusive of transport, Lunch and writing materials.
  • Payable to Farmer Trend mpesa till number 201677
  • send confirmation to 0706222888

 

 

 

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DAIRY GOAT – Farm tour & training 13th April 2019

dairy goat farming

How To run a modern Dairy goat Farm – Second Edition

After a successful farm tour organized for learning about how to run a dairy goat agribusiness on 10th November 2018, we have organized yet another one on the same venue due to many request we are getting.

Our April farm tour and training will focus on DAIRY GOAT FARMING as business in Kenya. The training will be held at Shamba Dairies – one of the leading and well managed dairy goat farm in Kenya.

The farm located in the heart of Kangema town is the home of 40lts of dairy goat milk per day, with the champion goat producing 5litres of milk per day – a feature many dairy goat farmers in Kenya dream off.

The farm has three breeds of goats namely Alpine, Toggenbergs and Saanens.

 

Shamba dairies is among the few farms in Kenya that completes the entire value chain, It has a small yoghurt processing unit fully dedicated to goats’ milk yoghurt production.

Feeding, which they mostly grow on the farm includes proteins such as desmodium, lucerne, calliandra, green leaves, which is constantly in their cages.

This tour and training offers those with an interest and new entrants to goat farming an opportunity to learn the success behind Shamba Dairies.

 

The event is organized by Farmers Trend in collaboration with Team Oxfarm. We are dedicated in promoting agri-tourism in Kenya, showcasing the success of this modern farms that started from a humble background.

 

Contact us for details, bookings and any clarification
Oxfarm – 0706222888

 

See more details on the poster below

 

LEARN MORE ABOUT DAIRY GOAT FARMING FROM THIS VIDEO.

 

 

Some Photos of the farm