Posted on Leave a comment

Why fruit farming?

BASIC RECOMMENDATIONS TO A FARMER ON THE IMPORTANCE OF FRUIT ORCHARD ESTABLISHMENT.

1.Ecological balance

This aspect refers to the interaction between ecosystems resulting to coexistence or survival by the related species. The system involves human beings, birds, animals, microorganisms, insects etc. As a farmer its always viable to venture into fruit tree farming since they are the initial beneficiaries of the project in the following ways

  • Fruit trees established near homesteads provide shade and air purification to the population while in return human beings manage and take care of the tree through watering and maintenance.
  •  Fruit orchards also provide shelter and breeding areas/ “homes’’ to the birds and other animals such as bats while other species create pleasant environment through sweet melodies in the morning.
  • Microorganism benefit by getting food from leaves falling from the trees and in return promote decomposition of the litter usable by the trees, this reduces the amount of synthetic fertilizers a farmer uses. This also helps in improving soil structure, texture, aeration etc.
  • Fruit trees supports insects such as bees which in return facilitates pollination and in the long run the farmers gets higher fruit production and honey.
  •  Soil conservation by reducing soil erosion since the roots holds the soil particles together.
  • Trees perform the photosynthesis process whereby they take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen. This process aids in reducing the greenhouse effects that threatens global warming.
  • Phytoremediation which refers to the ability of the soil to absorb harmful chemicals/pollutants present in the soil.
  • Trees acts like a carbon sink. In general tree store carbon mainly in their system and the soil. While they mainly pull carbon out of the atmosphere—making them a sink—they also release carbon dioxide. This occurs naturally, such as when a tree dies and is decomposed (thereby releasing carbon dioxide, methane, and other gases).

The rule of the thumb is fruit trees play a greater role in ecosystem maintenance.

Here is a list of fruit seedlings so that you can consider.

Here is the list of seedlings and their price in (Ksh).
Hass avocados@150
Grafted tree tomato @100
Fuerte avocado @150
Passion plants grafted @70
Yellow passion @50
Mangoes @150
Oranges @150
Tangerines @150
Guavas @100
Pawpaw @60
Apples @350
Macadamia @350
Lemons @100
Lime @150
Pomegranates @300
Pears @300
Plums @350
Kiwi @400
Grapes table/wine @300
Upland Arrow roots suckers @100
Pixie orange seedlings @250
Custard apple @100
Plantain @500
Dragon fruit @800
Tissue culture bananas @180
Strawberries @50

Posted on 9 Comments

PROFITABLE APPLE FARMING IN KENYA

Oppotunity for Farmers

The saying goes that apple a day keeps the doctor away it’s a commonly used mostly to describe the importance of apple consumption. Using a recent survey Kenya imported 4000 tonnes of apples in 2016 representing about Ksh. 160 million. This shows the high demand of apples that many farmers are not meeting locally and for the agripreneurs that’s a good opportunity to invest in. Most parts of Kenya are ideal for apple farming and with more than 400 known varieties we as oxfarm will guide you to know the best varieties suited to your area of farming.

Health benefits

  • Apples are rich in soluble fiber which has been shown to reduce intestinal disorders.
  • Helps in control of insulin levels by releasing sugar level slowly in the blood stream.
  • Lowers cholesterol levels and the risk of respiratory diseases
  • Cleans and detoxifies the body
  • Strengthens the heart and quenches thirst
  • It’s a good control of obesity

The most commonly grown varieties of apples in Kenya include winter banana, anna, top red, brae burn, Fiji, golden dorset, and cripps lady.

They prefer sandy-loamy soil that run deep and drain easily with a recommended PH of 5.5-6.5. spacing of 3m by 3m and planted in a hole measuring 2ft by 2ft. Require rainfall of 800-1100mm per year.

 

How profitable is apple farming

For the grafted varieties they start fruiting as early at 9 months but full profitability on the fifth year with a tree having more than 20 years life span. A mature well managed apple tree can produce more than 500 fruits in a season. An acre at a good spacing can accommodate 500 trees where at farm gate a fruit retail an average of 15-30. Hence a single tree can give a return of an average of 10000, and a one acre apple orchard can give a return of Ksh 500k. An apple fruit can be stored for four to eight months and even more when refrigerated.

 

RELATED: Lucrative Passion-Fruit Farming In Kenya

 

 

MANAGEMENT

Require pruning on first two to three years to attain a desirable shape of the tree and also remove the unwanted branches, it require low temperature of 13 degrees to break dormancy but early dormancy can also be triggered through the use of chemicals or mechanically through defoliation of leaves.

 

CONTROL PEST AND DISEASES

Major pests are birds, aphids, thrips, spider mites, fruit fries, and codling moth

Diseases include apple scab, powdey mildew and armiralia root rot

Preventative control for these pest and diseases is ensuring certified seedling that are free, also observe high standard hygiene in your garden.

For more on how to control of pest and diseases, varieties suitable for your area, certified seedling visit us in our offices hermes house Tom Mboya Street 1st floor.

Check for more details on apple farming in our online shop.

 

Apples trees seedlings