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Tips on How to Start an Aquaculture Farming in Kenya

Aquaculture business in Kenya and other parts of the world goes beyond the farming of fishes only, it comprises of other marine or aquatic lives which includes but is not limited to shrimps, shellfish, prawns, aquatic plants and lots more.

Though aquaculture farming is most times referred to as fish farming, it is because fishes compose a larger fraction of this kind of farming practice.

Some farmers in Kenya may want to go beyond fishing by incorporating other aquatic lives which includes both salt and fresh water organisms, and some entrepreneurs may also want to start this kind of business but may not know how to about. Don’t worry; these steps will help you on how to start aquaculture farming business in Kenya.

Best Tips of Growing Grapes In Kenya

What are The Requirements Before Starting?

  • Knowledge is Power – Always remember that knowledge is power and is the key to success too, so before going into this kind of farming business make sure you have a basic or an adequate knowledge of what aquaculture is all about, its pros and cons, how to get the fishes and others, so that you don’t start what you can’t finish.
  • Research on what kind of aquatic life will yield you lots of profits by checking the local markets including other local farmers, seafood stores, and others to know what their demand is and what kind of species they want in terms of volume, price and weight, this will make you to know what kind of aquaculture farming you will go into because making a choice blindly will affect your business profit.
  • Capital– You must have known what kind of aquaculture farming you will be going into, try as much as possible to know how much money or capital that you will need in establishing the business, also put into consideration the size of the business operation so that you wouldn’t be estimating too high or too low.
  • Land– Get a suitable land that best fits your practice, and depending on your market research you will know if you are basing on just fish farming or combining it with shrimps, prawns and others as it will help you in getting a sizeable land for the project. Make sure that the location is good and is near to markets and other potential buyers.
  • Know that aquaculture farming is wider than some people think and involves more work, so if have to consider so many things from feeding to labour, water quality and regulation, and other essential things which will make them survive and grow well.
  • License– Many countries requires that the farmer must have a license for such business, so try and find out from your local or county government so that you will be able to meet the necessary requirements for getting a permit or license in this kind of operation without being penalized.
  • It is good to join an association and organization that oversees the affairs of the aquaculturists in Kenya such as Fisheries and Aquaculture Department that will not only help to publicize your business but will provide you with an opportunity to see and interact with other prominent business fellows, and other numerous benefits which you are bound to gain from it.

Starting aquaculture business in Kenya may seem stressful but it is simpler than it looks, all you need is to put the above factors into consideration and then watch things fall into places. And you don’t have to worry about making profits because recently people are now focusing and switching their diets to seafood making the demand to be on the high side.



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8 types of agribusiness ideas to think about in 2019

Making more money through farming is sometimes seen by many as an old-fashioned way of doing things. However, in the real world out of fantasy, agriculture is one of the core sectors in the world and especially Kenya where it amounts to more than 30% of the gross domestic product.

For you to succeed in this sector, it is crucial to get some entrepreneurial skills. Agribusiness is no longer considered as an art or a science; its passion and a way of making money. Below are some of the tips to help you in this field;

  • Value addition: to attract higher returns, think about value addition and agro-processing
  • Technology: To expand your scope of information and market your products, embrace technology
  • Avoid Middlemen – Approach the market head-on and avoid middlemen who at times eat farmer’s sweat
  • Borrow Loans: Rome was not built in one day, partner with microfinances and banks and grow with them.
  • Attend trainings: no one has monopoly to ideas, always engage others in trainings and you might learn one or two things.

Well, if you do that you can rest be assured you can’t fail in agribusiness. Here are some of the few agribusiness ideas you can start in 2018/19 and make money.

Hass Avocado Farming

Hass avocado at Mkulima Wa Nyeri Farm

Hass Avocado business is booming day in day out in Kenya. Hass avocado takes about 2-3 years to mature and has a lifespan of more than 50 years. You can start with one care or a few seedlings and expand later. Currently big companies such as kakuzi are buying a single fruit not less than Kshs15 from small scale farmers. Below is break down of what you expect from hass avocado investment depending on the care given. With our package, you can sit back and watch us do the work for you. For only 40K you can join the millionaires club within no time. here is the package.

Year Expected no of (kg) per hass tree/year

(Calculate with average)

Total number of trees. Total average no of Carton. (1 carton = 4kg) Total income

Cost of a 4kg cartoon


Ave- ksh 75

2nd 10-13 750 2250 0.2 millon
3rd 40-60 750 9375 0.7 million
4th 80-120 750 18750 1.4 million
5th 130-160 750 27187 2.0 million
6th 170-185 750 33187 2.5 million
7th 200-220 750 39375 3.0 million
8th 220-230 750 42187 3.1 million
9th 230-240 750 44062 3.3 million
10th 240-270 750 47812 3.6 million





17th 650-750 1300 105000 7.8m






  • Hass avocado tree have a lifespan of more than 50 years.
  • You can start with few trees or one acre then expand with time.
  • The reduction on the number of trees per acre from 11th year is due to cuttings and pruning. This is to create space for aeration as the trees grows bigger.
  • The farm gate price at local market in current year for a 4kg carton is Ksh 200 – 500. It has been increasing per year so we predict it will even double in five years’ time as global demand of hass avocado increases.
  • With your farm production it’s easy to export especially when you have grown them organically. At global market last year a 4kg carton was retailing at Ksh 2000-3500.

The biggest advantage with Kenya is that its climate is suitable for avocado growing as the crop requires areas with at least 1000mm of rainfall.

Research reveals that in 2017, global market for avocado was valued at Sh13 trillion. This value is expected to more than double to Sh23 trillion by the year 2027 – in the next nine years.

Unlike other forms of get-rich-quick schemes that Kenyans have endured and lost billions of shillings, avocado farming enthusiasm appears to be driven by genuine consumer market demand and most importantly, this demand is global.

According to various studies, avocado has high nutritional value that helps people live healthy and avoid diseases like cancers of the stomach, hearth diseases, helps remove waste in the body, and protection from diseases like stroke among many others. There is a growing wave of healthy living across the world driven by emergence of diseases associated with modern living.

Read: Earn more than 10 million per acre with 40k investment.

Irish Potato farming

With less than seventy thousand shillings you can grow irish potatoes in one acre of land. In areas such as Kinangop or Molo one acre of land can produce a minimum of 90 bags which retails not less than Ksh 2000. To invest in this type of farming you will require; a piece of land in a good area, the best seed tuber variety and DAP fertilizer (200 kgs per acre) and fungicides. For you to know the best tubers for your area, consult your local agricultural experts.

 Cassava Farming

Although cassava is an indigenous crop, it is a fast growing and well adapted to dry areas and is currently picking up as people in Kenya and beyond try to eat heathy. Having said that, you can never go wrong with this investment in areas such as Taita Taveta, Baringo, Makueni, Machakos and Kitui. Cassava only takes10 months to mature after planting.  Some of the basic requirenments of this type of venture include; a piece of land with well drained soil of pH of between 5.5 and 6.5, cuttings from middle stem portions, Fungicide/insecticide. Start small with cassava business. With Ksh 20,000 you are good to go.

Poultry Farming

In Kenya poultry products (meat and eggs) are on demand on daily basis. Actually the demand is so high that we are at times forced to buy these products from Tanzania or Uganda. Poultry farming is broken into three categories which are Pullet or Layers, Broiler chicken and Cockerel farming. Main things required to farm poultry include: Sufficient land space, Good fencing, Chicks, Feeds.

With good care of your chicks by feeding them well and maintaining your farm you are likely to thrive and be a successful poultry farmer. The initial set-up required to start this would be about Ksh30,000.

Bee Keeping Business

In Kenya the most important species is called the Apis mellifera also know as the Honeybee. Though the country has a vast potential to grow this market only 20% has been tapped. Leaving a large 80% for future investors like you. Special beekeeping equipment is the most expensive cost head of bee production but the returns out-weigh this burden especially if the bees are well-nurtured. The initial start-up capital required is about 10,000 to 50,000 varying on factors such as equipment cost and location costs.

Read: Improving banana farming in Kenya through Value Addition

Capsicum Farming (Pilipili hoho)

Capsicum is an easy crop to grow as it can be grown both indoors and out-doors. Capsicum only takes 3 months to mature and the market is usually readily available. You require; a piece of land in a suitable area with enough rainfall or enough supply of water, you can construct a greenhouse if you want to, quality certified seeds. You can start with let’s say KSh 100, 000 and grow on a 40*80 piece of land and within 3 months you can get 450,000.

Mushroom farming

This is a new venture in Kenya compared to other types of farming. Mushroom production used to be a complex thing but over time things have changed as numerous research, training and workshops have been conducted. With many researches, there have been development of more tolerant varieties such as oyster mushrooms.

Mushroom farming does not require a huge piece of land in comparison with other crops. With a quarter acre of land, you can have your incubation house as well as a cropping house. In addition, you can make use of the vertical height as mushrooms don’t grow that tall. Assuming you have 1000 bags in a cropping room, you are assured of 2 tons of button mushrooms selling at an average of Ksh 600 per kg translating to about Ksh 1.2 million. The market for mushrooms in Kenya lies in supermarkets, households and hotels. According to NAFIS, the demand for mushroom is growing up to 1200 tons a year. With proper strategies and marketing, this is definitely a venture you should think about.


Fish farming

Initially, we used to depend on fish from lakes or rivers. However, commercial fish farming has taken over and currently fish are produced from fish ponds. The varieties grown in our ponds include, African cat fish, Nile tilapia and rainbow trout. With the right information, it is very easy to start a fish pond.

With a quarter acre of land, you can have 100 m2 ponds fit in. The main costs in fish production include polythene, labor, feeds and fingerlings. However, fish ponds can be made from concrete and plastics but these might cost you more. With the consciousness about eating healthy, the demand for fish has been going up almost daily with people demanding for white meat growing huge. With a quarter acre you can have several thousands of fish with a kilo going not less than KSh 500. Farmers are urged to maximize technology use and modern farming techniques and with proper management, a cat fish in Kenya can grow up to 15 Kgs while Tilapia grows up to 250g.  recommends Hass avocado farming. If you have any challenges or questions or want to buy certified organic seedlings don’t hesitate, call us today!


Hass Avocado Seedlings

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Different Types of Fish Farming in Kenya

Fish farming is a form of aquaculture. It involves raising fish commercially in ponds for human consumption. There are different fish farming that utilize different aquiculture methods.

Cage System

Cage System

This method uses cages that are placed in lakes, oceans, and ponds that contain fish. This method is also commonly known as off-shore cultivation. Fish are normally kept in cages where they are artificially fed and harvested. The fish farming cage method has made numerous technological advances over the years, especially with reducing diseases and environmental concerns. However, the number one concern of the cage method is fish escaping and being loose among the wild fish population.

Irrigation Ditch/Pond Systems

Pond System

This basic requirement for this method is to have a ditch or a pond that holds water. This is a unique system because at a small level, fish are artificially fed and the waste produced from the fish is then used to fertilize farmers’ fields. On a larger scale, mostly in ponds, the pond is self-sustaining as it grows plants and algae for fish food.

Also Read: The work of Agricultural Engineer in Kenya

Also Read: Different Types of Fish Farming in Kenya

Composite Fish Culture

Composite Fish Culture

This is a type of fish farming that allows both local fish species and imported fish species to coexist in the same pond. The number of species depends, but it is sometimes upwards of six fish species in a single pond. The fish species are always carefully chosen to ensure that species can coexist and reduce competition for food.

Integrated Recycling System

Integrated Recycling System

This is considered the largest scale method of “pure” fish farming. This approach uses large plastic tanks that are placed inside a greenhouse. There are hydroponic beds that are placed near the plastic tanks. The water in the plastic tanks is circulated to the hydroponic beds, where the fish feed waste goes to provide nutrients to the plant crops that are grown in the hydroponic beds. The majority of types of plants that are grown in the hydroponic beds are herbs such as parsley and basil.

Classic Fry Farming

This method is also known as “flow through system”. This is when sport fish species are raised from eggs and are put in streams and released.

Different Fish Species Raised on Fish Farms

There are a number of different fish species that are raised on fish farms, the most common fish spices raised are salmon, carp, tilapia, catfish and cod.

Catfish farming

Catfish are easy to farm in warmer climates. Catfish are predominantly farmed in fresh water ponds and fed mostly soybeans, corn and rice. Catfish are often considered one of the more sustainable fish specifies for fish farming purposes. Cultivating catfish first began in the 1900s and became commercialized in the 1950s. Catfish is populous because of its health benefits and market demand. Farm-raised catfish are usually harvested at 18 months of age where as wild catfish usually get much bigger. There are a number of catfish species, but the three most prominent ones are blue catfish, channel catfish, and flathead catfish.

Tilapia farming

Tilapia is the third most popular fish used in fish farming or aquaculture, with the first two being carp and salmon. They have increased in popularity due to their high protein, large size and growth capabilities. Tilapia is a tropical fish that requires warmer water to survive. The ideal water temperature is usually between 28 to 30 degrees C. Tilapia fish are known to reproduce rapidly and this is a challenge for managing tilapia fish species for farming use. If not managed properly, fish will aggressively compete for food which may result in stunted growth. Therefore, males are almost used exclusively. Tilapias are resilient towards fighting off diseases and parasites. Tilapia fish require a cereal-based diet and don’t eat other fish, but they are also considered to be one of the most invasive fish species.

Salmon farming

Salmon is one of the most popular fish species with the most commonly farmed being Atlantic salmon. There are two other varieties of Pacific salmon that are also farmed – Chinook and Coho. Farmed salmon are vaccinated to prevent disease outbreaks and only on rare occasions do they require additional medications. There are often questions about the different colours between wild and farmed salmon – farmed salmon aren’t dyed, their colour comes from their food. Salmon feed is made to conserve wild fish stocks.

Tuna farming

Tuna fish are saltwater fish and are important in the commercial fish farming industry. Japan is the biggest consumer of tuna and has invested a significant amount of research into studying the fish. There are different species of tuna including, bluefin, yellowfin, and albacore. Bluefin tuna populations have dropped significantly in some regions due to over fishing. Farming tuna is complex as the fish are “massive” and are very active – so simulating their natural environment is extremely difficult. Most tuna for human consumption are caught in the wild and raised in a facility to increase weight gain. Tuna are carnivorous and eat other fish. Tuna are typically farmed in net pens offshore and in some cases are farmed in recirculation systems.

Eel farming

Eel fish farming emerged in the early 1950s and it is considered one of the most profitable in terms of export value in the fishing industry. However, the profit value is largely driven by the Asian markets and is culture specific. Eels are a carnivorous and catadromous fish, which means that when they are young they live in fresh water, but as they mature they migrate to the sea for breeding –spending anywhere from 8 to 30 years in freshwater before they migrate. The majority of eel farming takes place in Asia, with China, Japan and Taiwan leading as the biggest producers. Glass eels are preferred over elvers because they are easier to transport and wean onto artificial diets. Eel farming can take on one of two different forms – high intensity recirculating tank (indoors) or intensive pond facilities.

Also Read: How Do I Monetize My Passion On Farming?

Indoor fish farming

Indoor fish farming is the alternative to cultivating fish outdoors in a cage system. With the emergence of technological advances, raising fish indoors is now possible using proper control production methods. Indoor fish farming is often very sophisticated and in some cases allow for automatic collection and processing of fish wastes into crop fertilizers. There are advantages and disadvantages to indoor fish farming:

Advantages to indoor fish farming

  • Fish are protected from predators and weather changes.
  • Fish are often produced faster through temperature control, water quality and feeding practices.
  • Indoor fish farming is often considered more environmentally friendly because it requires less water and produces less waste.
  • Avoids the chance of fish escaping and getting loose amongst wild fish populations.
  • Allows higher stock densities and often saved farm labour input costs.
  • It often allows greater flexibility for facility locations, which can save transportation costs if facilities are located near markets.

Disadvantages to indoor fish farming

  • Requires electricity input costs.
  • Requires infrastructure set-up which often requires a significant amount of startup capital.
  • Fish raised indoors are carnivorous, which requires the capture of large amounts of other fish for their diet.

Also Read: Zero Starter Guide Of Onion Farming In Kenya

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5 Things to Consider When Thinking of Starting a Fish Production

Are a you a youth in Kenya and would like to venture in Fish farming? Great! Now could be a great time for you to enter the aquaculture industry, it is a profitable business. Fish have high market value and demand in Kenya, as well as a promising future as a source of income around the world.

A suitable location

First, you need to consider your location. It’s important to determine whether you are in a suitable area for fish farming and are in compliance with your state and local laws.

Take space into consideration. You will need space for your office, storage of inventory, your staff and a place to store your equipment.

If you feel that the location where you live is suitable or you could acquire suitable land for farming nearby, that’s great. You’ve checked the first criteria off your list!

knowledge from Experts

Once you have found a suitable location for your business, you need to start soaking up as much knowledge about fish farming as you can before you actually start investing money in your business.

For learning about fish farming, you may visit several fish farms in your area or find online resources. There are several websites that can help you gather more knowledge about aquaculture. Go through some of the fish farming sites and learn about the pros and cons of the fish farming business.

Consider a Business Plan

Before starting any business, you need to have a business strategy outlined.  Your business plan should contain all necessary information about the structure of your company, your expenses, expected investment and anticipated return on your investment.

Take some time to consider all the possible expenses and be sure to include everything you’ll need to start your business in your plan.

Determine what you will need; how many staff, what equipment and supplies, your overheads, funds and assets. You will need your business plan to register your company as a corporation or proprietorship. It will also help you to attract investors and partners, apply for bank loans and government grants, as well as create a solid plan for you to follow as closely as you can.

It might be a good idea to consult a business consultant or attorney to help you with your necessary permits and paperwork. These experts will make it easier for you to form a company and comply with all the legal requirements.

How to get funding

If you want to start a small scale or midsized business, you must have some funds saved up as your startup capital. If you don’t have enough experience in the industry, you should consider starting small and asking one of your friends with a little more experience to become your partner.

There are many benefits of a partnership business. You can gather funds much quicker that way. You also share liabilities. If you don’t have enough money, you may apply for a business loan. Even if you don’t have good credit or if you don’t qualify for a traditional business loan, there are other ways to gather funds for your business.

Read Also: how to grow peaches and nectrines

Here are some alternate ways you could get funding:

  • Borrow against your property: If you have property or valuables, you could borrow money against them. “Some banks offer home equity lines of credit that let you borrow up to as much as 75% of the appraised value of your land.
  • Sell your valuables: Look around and see if you have any belongings that you could sell to get some startup cash, like your old car, your old computer or furniture that you don’t need.
  • Ask your friends and relatives: You might have a rich friend or a relative, like a rich uncle, who wouldn’t mind investing in your business or lending you the money to get started.
  • Look for microloans: Microloans are available through a variety of sources. They could be through community sources, personal loans or through online sources. The terms of microloans, interests rates and eligibility varies from lender to lender.
  • Government Funding: See if you can qualify for a small business loan from the government;  you have a variety of options.

Read Also: 11 Ways to Succeed In Agri-Business Even After Failing Several Times In The Past

Consider marketing your Product

Your marketing success will largely depend on how active you are in informing others about your new venture. Your connections with local businesses will be the most effective marketing tool for you at the beginning.

There are many ways to advertise your farm with very little cost.

You can use the internet, social media platforms and other forms of media such as the newspaper, your local radio station, your city papers, bulletin boards and handmade signs and flyers to get customers to visit your farm.

You can also use your farm as a storefront. If you are on a busy road, add some signage telling passers-by about your fish and encourage them to stop and buy some.   We hope this article will help you to gather all the resources you need to start your own business in aquaculture. Now there is nothing that’s stopping you from becoming a business owner.

Read Also: The role of an Agronomist

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What You Require To Establish A Small Fish Pond

Prior to a farmer starting fish farming, there are a few fundamental contemplations to guarantee achievement. These include:

Design of the Pond

When choosing the pond site and configuration, there are a few variables to be considered. A portion of these are:

Source of water to fill the pond and how the same water will be brought to the pond:

Fish Ponds in Western Kenya (Courtesy: Youtube)

The general rule is that the pond water inflow and outflow should measure up to the pond volume over the time of a month. On the off chance that the inflow is too low, water quality may experience the ill effects of oxygen exhaustion as well as collection of toxicants. In the event that the water surge is too high, a lot of valuable green growth might be flushed out from the pond. The water should keep the pond full all through the culture period. The pond should top off in under seven days. Place screens on pond deltas and outlets to keep out predators, creepy crawlies and undesirable fish and furthermore to hold the cultured fish.

Size, shape and pond depth:

Moderately shallow ponds are profitable. In any case, the shallow end ought to be no less than 0.5m deep to keep away from invasion by weeds and predation of the fish. The size and state of the pond can shift contingent upon the fish species, fish populace and the farmer’s preferences. It’s important that on the off chance that you need to produce fingerlings, you will require all the more small ponds while a food fish producer requires moderately large ponds.

Slope of the pond base:

The bottom of the pond must have an adequate slant for good drainage. A slant with a drop of 2cm for each 10m along the pond bottom is appropriate. On the off chance that the slant is excessively gentle, the pond won’t be easily drained. In the event that the pond is excessively steep, it might be excessively shallow toward one side or too deep at the other end. Pond ought to be drainable.

Height, width and Slope of the dyke:

The perimeter and feeder streets are required for machines movement during construction and harvest. If you intend to drive on the dykes, assemble them no less than 3m wide to top and at the base.

Soil types:

Top soil is high in organic material and ought not be used to construct pond dykes. Land ought to be made out of good quality soil, with practically no rock or shakes on the surface or mixed in. Areas with rocky, gravelly, or sandy soil are not suitable for pond construction. Soil that will be used to build the dykes must contain no less than 20 percent clay so the finished pond will hold water throughout the growing period.

Read: Making millions through pig farming

Read: Production and marketing of capsicum crop

Fish Species suitable in Kenya

There are three major fish species which can do well in the Kenyan climatic conditions. They are Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) and Trout

a) Tilapia

This is a warm water fish and is mainly cultured in fresh water environment. It thrives well in water temperature of between 20-35 degree Celsius. It attains sexual maturity at two months. Tilapia feeds lower in the food chain i.e. feeds mainly on phytoplankton, zooplankton and detritus.

Stocking rates range from two to six fingerlings/m2, depending on the level of management. Male tilapia are known to grow almost twice as fast as females.

It is therefore preferable to stock only males (monosex culture) to achieve the fastest growth and reach market size in the shortest possible period, resulting in more proteins and profits. A major management problem of pond-cultured tilapia is excessive reproduction and the subsequent stunting of fish due to overcrowding.

Methods of controlling overpopulation include manual sexing of fish, use of sex-reversal hormones to produce all males, and use of predators.

The success of these methods may rest with how well a fish farmer understands the techniques.

b) Catfish

It grows in the same agro climatic regions as tilapia. The water temperatures of between 26-33 degrees Celsius are ideal. It attains maturity at two years of age or at 200-500 grams. It feeds mainly on zooplanktons. Their stocking rate is 100-450 fry/ m2.

Catfish has a drawback of high mortality of fry especially during the first 14 days after eggs hatch

c) Trout

It’s a cold water fish and it’s best grown in high altitude regions where water is cooler. Its presently limited by availability of seeds and quality feeds in the country

Read: Success on bee keeping this is what you need to know

Pond preparation for stocking

The procedure below should be followed by the farmer to the latter when preparing the pond for stocking. These steps will help boost the productivity of the pond.

  1. For an old pond, drain all water and allow it to dry for 14 days.
  2. Apply lime to the pond bottom and dyke slopes. Choose agricultural limestone (CaCO3) for application in your fishpond
  3. Apply organic fertiliser in the pond before filling it with water. The most common examples of organic fertilisers are animal manures (from cattle, poultry, donkeys, rabbits, sheep and goats) and decaying plant matter, such as cut grasses.
  4. Fill the pond with water.
  5. Apply inorganic fertiliser in the pond after it has been filled. Apply DAP and UREA to your fishpond at the following rates: wwDAP: 2 g/m2/week (or weekly applications of 15 tablespoons DAP for every 100 m2) wwUREA: 3 g/m2/week (or weekly applications of 30 tablespoons urea for every 100 m2).

Fish feeds

There are various feeds that can be offered to the fish in the pond. Some commonly available feeds include:

— Meals

— Crumble

— Dry sinking pellets

— Moist sinking pellets

— Floating pellets

The feeds can be formulated so as to meet the body requirements of the fish species. This can be done as follows:

  1. Cotton seed cake— 37%
  2. Wheat bran— 57%

iii. Fresh shrimp— 6%

  1. Vitamin premix

Feed ingredients can be hand ground or a manual grinder can be used. It’s important to adhere to the four fixes (4Fs) when feeding fish. These are:

  • Fixed feed quality.
  • Fixed feed quantity.
  • Fixed feeding location.
  • Fixed feeding time.

The fish should be fed between 10am and 4pm when the water temperatures and dissolved oxygen content are reasonably high and the fish are active.

Fish farming is a very profitable enterprise if done with good management. Farmers should develop passion towards this less exploited agricultural opportunity. Join me next week as we go through handling, seed production, marketing, hatchery management and fish farming economics among other topics on aquaculture.

The fish ought to be fed between 10am and 4pm once the water temperatures and dissolved  oxygen content are moderately high and therefore the fish are active.

Fish farming could be a very profitable business if sensible management is done. Farmers ought to develop passion towards this less exploited agricultural opportunity.

(Courtesy of Daily Nation, Seeds of Gold)

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Successful fish farming in Kenya

Kenya is known to be blessed with various assets with the potential for fruitful aquaculture. Hence, commercial fish rearing isn’t another investment thought in the nation. The nation is home to unmistakable geographic and climatic areas and assets, for example, substantial waterways, the Indian Ocean coastline, marshes, and Lake Victoria, the biggest freshwater lake in the continent. Such resources add to the plenitude of a variety of sea-going species in Kenya, which favors both vast and small-scale fish farming in Kenya.

As of now, fish farming in Kenya has ended up being a key monetary movement and a source of income for a few Kenyan family units. Thus, you can go over various fish farms set up for business purposes as you transverse the nation. While a few farmers practice this gainful financial activity for its benefits, others are doing it for family consumption. In any case, regardless of whether its fish farming for subsistence or business purposes, these fish farms have made a huge contribution to the dietary demands and economy of the nation.

Read: Success on bee keeping this is what you need to know

Benefits Of Commercial Fish Farming In Kenya

  • You will have an easy time since climate, and geographical conditions of Kenya are ideal for the economic activity.
  • Kenya has an array of fish species hence you can choose on the most profitable ones.
  • The country has a high demand for fish products, so your fish will fetch good market prices.
  • You can opt to use some of the fish for consumption. So you can earn and at the same time meet your daily nutritional demands.
  • The practice can be a good source of income considering the current high rate of unemployment experienced in Kenya.
  • The practice is a right way of exploiting the numerous water resources in the country for economic purposes.

Step By Step Instructions On How To Start A Fish Farm

In case you’re thinking about joining the group of fish farmers in Kenya, it is critical that you remember a few imperative elements. Here is a well-ordered manual for take after while diving into this lucrative monetary activity.

  • Selecting the perfect land – For business angle generation, it will be appropriate on the off chance that you pick earthen lakes since they are the most reasonable. Make sure that the ground you pick is moderately level and free from contamination. Furthermore, the land ought to have a dependable water source since the quality and amount of the water you utilize impacts production.
  • Construction and outline of the fish pond – Ensure that the pond plan you pick underpins the species you expect to introduce. The pond should support the growth of your fish. A perfect pond configuration also guarantees most extreme production and great wellbeing of your fish.
  • Selecting suitable fish species – Your decision of a specific species is subject to the farm area, atmosphere, and market. For example, tilapia is known to have a monstrous demand across the nation. You can likewise go for fish species that is easy but difficult to keep up with your present area climate.

Read: What to consider when starting a dairy farm

Techniques And Tips

It is advisable that you provide quality food to ensure faster growth and maximum production. For commercial farming, you can go for manufactured supplementary feeds. The Kenyan market has several fish feed varieties that are specific for the different types of fish species. While caring for your fish, ensure that you handle all your tasks precisely and timely.

It is also advisable that you change the water and examine the water and soul quality regularly. Additionally, be keen on how you protect your fish from predators and use the proper medicines to keep your fish healthy.

Incomes And Profitability

Fish farming is a lucrative business idea in Kenya. For example, a farmer in Kirinyaga started the business with about Ksh. 20,000 and began making money after only a half year. His first huge cash from his fish farm was Ksh. 150,000. As of now, the farmer acquires between Ksh. 60,000 and Ksh. 100,000 consistently from the production of fish and fingerlings. This is simply a case to affirm how lucrative fish farming in Kenya can be.


Fish has a ready and appropriate market in Kenya since most Kenyans cherish the delicacy. Moreover, fish also has an appeal in the universal market. It is prudent that you send your fish straight to the market at the earliest opportunity because of their perishability. You can also categorize your harvest as indicated by sizes with the goal that you can expand profits.

Read: Getting started on chilli (Pilipili) farming