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How to establish grafted purple passion Fruits Orchard

Passion fruit production is constrained by several insect pests, diseases and inadequate knowledge on the
management of the crop among other factors. A grower needs to know a few basic facts about the crop.

Varieties

The two types of commercially grown passion fruit in Kenya.
1) The purple passion (Passiflora edulis f. edulis) This type of passion fruit is most suited to upper midland
and highlands (1,100 to 2,500m above sea level). It has purple colored superior fruits of 4-5 cm in diameter
which have an aromatic flavor. It is good for fresh market and Juice extraction for local and export markets

2) Yellow passion fruit (Passifl ora edulis f. fl avicarpa) This passion fruit is most suited to the coastal lowlands. It is more vigorous and has a larger fruit of 5-7cm. It is more acidic and used for juice extraction. Yellow passionfruit is resistant to Fusarium; wilt, tolerant to Phytophthora blight, nematodes and brown spot.
It is used as rootstock to purple passion fruit.

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Seed extraction, planting and grafting

Step 1: Seed extraction
Healthy mature fruits of yellow passion fruit with a history of good bearing capacity are collected from parent plant. Seeds are scooped from the fruits.
• Extracted seeds are put in water for at least 3 days to ferment and ease separation of pulp and seed.

  • The seeds are then dried under shade. Seeds lose viability rapidly if not stored in a dry, dark cool place.
    Step 2: Planting
    Seeds are planted into prepared beds or into 6 cm wide by 22.5cm high polyethylene bags filled with sterilized soil to eliminate root knot nematodes, soil borne diseases and other harmful organisms.
    • Sterilization may be through solarization (using sun) or by use of steam.
    • Germination starts after about 17 days.
    Step 3: Grafting
    Seedling rootstocks of yellow passion fruit are grown until they are at least 50cm high and 3-4 mm thick.
    • Healthy seedlings with dark green leaves are selected for grafting.
    • Scions from healthy high yielding true-to-type vines of purple passion fruit are collected preferably when the plants have flowered. Scion mother plants should be raised in areas protected against sucking insects, to reduce incidences of disease.
    • Sterilization of grafting equipment between grafts must be practiced (use jik).
    • Two methods of grafting are used. These are cleft (most common) and splice.

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After grafting

  • Seedlings should be watered regularly and protected from insects.
    • All shoots from the rootstocks must be removed.
    • Harden-off seedlings by exposing them to the sun gradually when scion shoot is about 10cm long.
    • Remove grafting tape from the union and transplant seedling in the field one month after grafting

NB! We got you covered, we already have grafted passion fruit seedlings. Just book yours today!

 

Purple passion fruit seedling

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Fruit farming In Ukambani saving residents from insufficient rainfall

Fruit farming In Ukambani saving residents from insufficient rainfall

Lower Eastern Kenya region commonly Known as Ukambani have adopted farming of different fruits. Frruit farming has revived the region and has given hopes to many farmers who for years have experienced poor harvesting of other crops.

Most parts of the country especially eastern region for instance experienced below-normal rainfall that was mainly recorded in April and May 2017 according to the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources State Department of Environment Kenya, Meteorological Department.

This ever-hotter weather and more erratic rainfall has made growing many crops more difficult in Kenya’s Ukambani region, but fruits harvest is prospering.

As per the Best Tropical Fruits Company, a Kenyan fruit growing and processing firm, between 2012 and 2016, mango production in Kenya rose by 47 percent, to more than 80,000 tonnes.

This according to the firm has also increased selling price for processed mango by two thirds since 2013, with overall revenue from mango sales hitting 400 million Kenyan shillings ($3.9 million) by the end of 2016.

Ukambani is now producing some of the sweetest mangoes in the world according to one farmer who represents a group of mango growers and also has carried out research on mango farming in Kenya as part of a master’s degree programme.

Poor harvest from maize/beans farming

Growing cereals especially maize and beans which the farmers would plant in April for October harvest, but the crops would not perform well due to inadequate rainfall. The end result has been, very little is produced that could hardly take care of the farmers’ families not to talk of selling.

Eastern people end up miserable on harvest time because they do not have enough produce to take care of their families and to sell. Munuvi one of the farmers, who grows yellow passion today says the passion is speedily raising as the fruit of choice for most farmers in Machakos county.

“I am happy that yellow passion is picking up well giving rise to some farmers’ organizations where we can sell our produce,” says Munuvi,

She is a member of the Yatta Farm Growers Community Based Organisation, which brings together 100 farmers.

Ramesh Gorasia grows date palms on part of his 400-acre farm in Masongaleni, Makueni County. Date palms are related to loquats safe for trees.

“We have 772 mature date palms and 1,200 young ones. Our main specialty is fresh dates, which we grow for sale both locally and abroad,” says Gorasia.

In his farm there are also oranges, tangarines, grapefruits, bananas, mangoes among others.

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 Support from County Governments

In June this year, Governor Kivutha Kibwana, Makueni Farmers representatives, and residents of Makueni unveiled the Makueni Fruit Processing Plant at Kalamba.

The Plant has a capacity to process five metric tons of raw mangoes producing 3,000 liters of Puree (Mango concentrate) per hour. A liter of the concentrate fetches Sh150 at the market place.

This factory will provide opportunities for local farmers and investors to own a stake and grow wealth, learn new technologies and learn about value addition to increase farm incomes.

Makueni County, with a total of 1,469,625 mango trees from its 28,696 farmers, led in 2010 mango production in the Eastern province, generating Sh1.267,974. Machakos County followed with Sh300,268 from 506,544 mango trees scattered to its 17,676 farmers according to  Institution Development and Management’s baseline survey of mango trees census report.

(Source: FarmBizafrica)

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