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Why You Should Try Our Grafted Tree Tomato Seedlings

Tamarillo best known as tree-tomatoes in Kenya is a fast-growing tree that grows up to 2-5 meters. Grafted tree tomato reaches peak production after 1-2 years while the normal ones reach after 3-6 years depending on the caltivar, and the life expectancy is about 12 years. The tree usually forms a single upright trunk with lateral branches. Grafted Tree-tomato produce 6-10 fruits per cluster. Plants can set fruit without cross-pollination, but the flowers are fragrant and attract insects. Cross-pollination seems to improve fruit.

CONDITIONS REQUIRED

Grafted tree-tomato prefers subtropical climate, they grow in many parts of Kenya with rainfall between 600 and 4000 millimeters and annual temperatures between 15 and 20 °C. It is intolerant to frost (below -2 °C) and drought stress. It is assumed that fruit set is affected by night temperatures. Areas where citrus are cultivated provide good conditions for tree-tomatos. Tree-tomato plants grow best in light, deep, fertile soils, although they are not very demanding. However, soils must be permeable since the plants are not tolerant to water-logging. They grow naturally on soils with a pH of 5 to 8.5. they are as well planted by irrigation as they also do well.

PROPAGATION METHODS

SEEDS
Most farmers in Kenya use seeds as a means of Propagation but its also possible by the use of  using cuttings. Seedlings first develop a straight, about 1.5 to 1.8 meters tall trunk, before they branch out. Propagation by seeds is easy and ideal in protected environments. Seedlings should be kept in the nursery until they reach a height of 1 to 1.5 meters for efficient growth.

CUTTINGS
Plants grown from cuttings branch out earlier and result in more shrub-like plants that are more suitable for exposed sites. Cuttings should be made from basal and aerial shoots, and should be free of pathogenic viruses. Plants grown from cuttings should be kept in the nursery until they reach a height of 0.5 to 1 meter.

NB! The above ways are not recommended since the plants are easily affected by nematodes and have a short life span.

Related Content: Tips on how to get over 20Kgs/Tree from Tree-tomato farming

THE EASIEST WAY TO GROW TREE-TOMATO IS THROUGH GRAFTED SEEDLINGS

 The tree grows very quickly and is able to carry fruits after 10 months though in some favorable conditions they carry fruits in a lesser span of time. The plant is day length-insensitive. The fruits do not mature simultaneously, unless the tree has been pruned.
A single tree can produce more than 30 kg fruits per year, an orchard yields in 30 to 40 tons per hectare. One single mature tree in good soil will bear more fruit than a normal family can eat in about 3 months.

PLANTING AND PRUNING

  • Spacing should be 6 by 6feet
  • Dig 2ft by 2ft Mix one and a half wheelbarrow of well-prepared compost (chickens and pig manure are preferred) with two spade-full of topsoil to plant the seed-lings.
  • Leave a shallow depression in every plant for placing the mulching material – only 1 feet of the tree tomato seedling should be buried while planting just enough to cover the root hairs.
  • Selection of planting site is very important.
  • An acre can be planted 1200-1500 tree seedlings.

 

PEST CONTROL & FERTILIZATION
When planting Tree-tomato’s approximately 200 grams of diammonium sulfate should be applied in each plant. After two months of planting each plant should be supplied with Ammonium nitrate or urea (the white fertilizer) in 250 grams per plant in a span of 4 months for 6 years.

Tree tomato is resistant to most diseases and pests. However, the tree is prone to powdery mildew, which causes the leaves to fall off. Application of copper oxychloride (allowed in organic farming) can control the disease. Neem extracts can also be used to control the disease. The main pests that attack the tree include the aphids, thrips whiteflies and nematodes. Pests can be prevented by continuous application of plant extracts (chilies, African marigold, garlic, neem) at least three times.

A kilogram of tree tomato fruits sells between Ksh 100-150.

 

For more information about tree-tomato and other fruits

 

Grafted Tree Tomato Seedlings

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ONE ACRE INVESTMENT AND RETURN OF FARMING TREE TOMATO.

GRAFTED TREE TOMATO

Grafted Tree tomato is a fast-growing tree that grows up to 2-5 meters.  The tree usually forms a single upright trunk with lateral branches. We graft our tree with ‘muthakwa’ for several reasons.

  • Resistant to Nematodes.
  • Drought resistant.
  • Fast maturing.
  • Higher life span.

CLIMATE, SOIL REQUIREMENT & GROWTH

The tree tomato prefers subtropical climate, they grow in many parts of Kenya with rainfall between 600 and 4000 millimeters and annual temperatures between 15 and 25 °C. It is intolerant to frost (below -2 °C) and drought stress. Tree tomato plants grow best in light, deep, fertile soils, however, soils must be permeable since the plants are not tolerant to water-logging. They grow well on soils with a pH of 5 to 7.5.

REQUIEMENTS:

Land, Manure, Grafted seedlings, Irrigation system, Labour, Pest and Diseases control,

At a good spacing an acre can accommodate 1200 – 1500 plants.

  • Require a recommended spacing measuring 6ft by 6ft, then dig dip holes measuring 2ft by 2ft this helps in roots penetration and also to be able to accommodate enough manure.
  • Add a bucket of well rotten manure into per hole and mix well with top soil.
  • Plant your grafted seedlings by first ensuring you have watered your soil well or plant during rainy season. Add mulching to every stem of your plants.
  • In case of a dry season apply irrigation either drip irrigation or bucket irrigation.
  • For those that need to grow organically consult your agronomist about organic farming.
  • For conventional farming apply NPK fertilizer after two weeks of planting this will ensure faster growth and root development.
  • Protect you plant from pest and diseases from early stages by splaying at a good interval depending with the rate of infestation with pesticides and fungicides both protective and curing ones.
  • During entire growth season apply CAN fertilizer three times.
  • Splay your plants with foliar feed to ensure faster and stronger plants and also during flowering to boost more flowers and ensure they do not drop.

PEST AND DISEASES

Tree tomato is fairly resistant to most diseases and pests. However, the tree is prone to powdery mildew, which causes the leaves to fall off. Application of copper oxychloride (allowed in organic farming) can control the disease. The main pests that attack the tree include the aphids, thrips, whiteflies and nematodes (grafted tree tomato is best in control of nematodes).

MARKET

We buy all the fruits from our Farmers both for export (organically grown) and for local market and for value addition. We have never satisfied even a fraction of the local market. Our main buyers for local market are Super markets, Marigiti and Githurai in Nairobi, Mombasa, Kisumu and Eldoret. We buy from all comers of our country.

COST AND RETURNS ESTIMATES OF PLANTING TREE TOMATO IN ONE ACRE LAND

PLANT POPULATION 1200 PLANTS

Preparation of land (digging ,fallowing) to attain fine tillage 6000
Buying of seedlings from reputable dealers @100 each 120000
Digging of holes 2ft by 2ft @10 each 12000
Buying and application of manure per hole @30 per bucket 36000
Planting, mulching of seedlings 2400
Fertilizer for the entire season 12000
Chemicals for the entire season 20000
Water expenses (for irrigation) 50000
Management and miscellaneous. 50000
Total cost 300000
Expected average output 20-50kg per tree Ksh @80 for the first one year

Average 40*80*1200

 

 

3.8 million

 

Unit Cost and return of growing grafted tree tomato.

  • Unit cost = 300000/1200 = 250
  • Unit return = 3500000/1200= Ksh 3000

Read More: Why You Should Try Our Grafted Tree Tomato Seedlings

OUR SUCCESS STORY

One of the best investment we have ever done is Farming tree tomato, it was not a smooth journey to master this type of farming, and we encountered failures like not planting the hybrid varieties, and also planting non grafted plants that survived only for one season then withered. Our success story have lead us to be featured in local TV and Radio programs also in Newspapers. We came to a conclusion that we needed to ensure the success of our farmers interested in commercial tree tomato farming. We ensure we remove barriers that hinder successful tree tomato farming like enlightening our customers on.

  • Soil testing.
  • Type of manure to use.
  • Organic Farming.
  • Why and how to use drip system in your farm.
  • How to control pest and diseases.
  • Management of the farm.
  • Field visit.
  • Management of the farms.

We do visit farms in any part of Kenya to advice farmers on what’s suitable on their farms depending on their area. Apart from tree tomato we grow other types of fruit trees like passion fruits, Hass avocado, Macadamia, Oranges, Apples etc. We also do manage the farms on behalf of our customers. We deliver seedlings and fruits in any part of the country. Contact us and be part of the community that believe money grows on trees.

Watch the following video on tree tomato farming (Kikuyu version)

The Videos have been captured at Mkulima Wa Nyeri Farm

 

Value added Products from tree tomato
tree tomato packaging
Fruit ready for market and value addition

Value addition where we make Jam and Juice
tree tomato grafting
Mithakwa seedlings

We create more local employment
Delivery of seedling to client

 

 

Contact us for more information

Buy seedlings from our online shop.

Grafted Tree Tomato Seedlings

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GRAFTED TREE TOMATO SEEDLINGS

Muthakwa grafted tree tomatoes are pest and disease resistant. They have a long lifespan of more than 6 years.They have a short maturity period of 8 months unlike the ungrafted ones. Order seedlings from us or contact us

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Why Grafted Tree Tomato

Cost analysis of planting 200 grafted tree tomato seedlings.

Variety: Red oratia.

Space: 6000sqft

Preparation of land (digging ,fallowing) to attain fine tillage 1000
Buying of seedlings from reputable dealers @100 each 20000
Digging of holes 2ft by 2ft @10 each 2000
Buying and application of manure per hole @50 per bucket 10000
Planting, mulching of seedlings 500
Fertilizer for the entire season 4000
Chemicals for the entire season 7000
Water expenses (for irrigation) 10000
Management and miscellaneous. 20000
Total cost 70500
Expected output 65kg -120kg per tree @100 for one year

65*100*200

120*100*200

 

1.3 million

2.4 million

 

  • The plant take 8-10 months to mature and depends on location.
  • The cost of seedlings can vary depending with your dealer Oxfarm Organic ltd sells their seedlings at Ksh 100.
  • Cost of manure, labor and management can be greatly reduced if you do the work.
  • Prices of a kg of tree tomato vary from various markets from 80-150.

Related Post: Amazing health benefits of tree-tomato

GRAFTED TREE TOMATO

What to do.

  • Require a spacing measuring 6ft by 6ft, then dig dip holes measuring 2ft by 2ft this helps in roots penetration and also to be able to accommodate enough manure.
  • Add a bucket of well rotten manure into per hole and mix well with top soil.
  • Plant your grafted seedlings by first ensuring you have watered your soil well or plant during rainy season. Add mulching to every stem of your plants.
  • In case of a dry season apply irrigation either drip irrigation or bucket irrigation.
  • Add fertilizer after one month of planting this will ensure faster growth and rood development.
  • Protect you plant from pest and deceases from early stages by splaying at a good interval depending with the rate of infestation with pesticides and fungicides both protective and curing ones.
  • Splay your plants with foliar feed to ensure faster and stronger plants and also during flowering to boost more flowers and ensure they do not drop.

 

These are just costs and output, on how to achieve this you need to learn the best methods that work to achieve these outputs. Come visit us in our demonstration farm in Nyeri or visit our offices.