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Do you think Kenyan leaders who are highly recommending hass Avocado farming are bluffing? What do they know that we don’t?

hass avocado farming

President Uhuru Kenyatta

President Uhuru Kenyatta while he was opening Nairobi ASK show in October 2018 asked Kenyans to embark on Hass avocado farming. President has noted that avocado market in Europe and other major countries has grown tremendously. Through the minister of Agriculture and Trade, President noted that his government would work closely with farmers and exporters in enhancing people lives through farming.

Former Premier Hon Raila Odinga

Former PM planting Hass Avocado

Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) leader Raila Odinga has urged farmers in Western Kenya to embrace hass avocado farming to improve their income generation levels.
Speaking during the launch of avocado tree planting at Nyamira Girls’ High School and Bar Opuk Primary School in Bondo constituency, Odinga said avocado had been discovered to be the new ‘gold’ in the world. He encouraged the farmers to plant it in large quantities to be able to serve the region as a cash crop. “Hass avocado farming is a cash crop. Avocado is the new gold that has been found in the world… so we want to see this place become more and more green,” said Odinga.
Urging the residents to paint the region green, the National Super Alliance (NASA) principal stated that he wants the people of Western Kenya to plant many avocado trees so that they can organize to put up an avocado processing factory in Kisumu.
Odinga said that if the programme was properly embraced, then the region could produce more avocados that could even be exported to other parts of the world, adding that “we want to have a flight emanating from Kisumu direct to London carrying Nyamira avocado.”
The former premier was flanked by Siaya Governor Cornel Rasanga who stated that, as a county, they support the programme and promised that his government would help in planting as many avocado trees as possible to enhance the region’s tree cover.
Rasanga added that his county government is currently supporting the establishment of tree nurseries in all primary and secondary schools across the region with a view to improve the area’s forest cover.

Governor Mwangi Wai ria- Muranga

Muranga Governor Mwangi Wa Iria

Mwangi Wa Iria Governor Muranga County, has been at the forefront of encouraging people and farmers to plant hass avocado and macadamia. Muranga county government through courtesy of Mwangi Wa Iria has partnered with major hass exporters such as Kakuzi.
Before the governor intervened, hass avocado farmers were being exploited where brokers were buying fruits as low as Ksh 3. However after the governor negotiated the price, a single fruit is now being bought @15 and can go as high as Ksh35.
Before the market was regulated, farmers used to sell a fruit for as low as Sh1. Now they sell one for Sh8. Hass-avocado exporters sell the fruit for as high as KSh 30. Just last year farmers in Murang’a county earned Sh500 million from hass avocado farming according to Governor Mwangi Wa-Iria. Hass avocado investment is bigger than coffee. One properly watered tree of hass avocado can give you 1,000 fruits a year, which comes to Sh8,000.

Governor Kiraitu Murungi- Meru County

Meru Governor Kiraitu distributing seedlings

On Friday 5th October 2018, H.E governor Kiraitu Murungi distributed hybrid Macadamia and Hass Avocado seedlings to farmers in Meru. Although the governor was categorical that he doesn’t encourage farmers to uproot their miraa, he was quick to note that hass avocado and macadamia farming is the future.
In January 2018, Meru County government through the governor took major steps in empowering farmers in the region to embrace diversity and stop depending on traditional cash crops such as tea and coffee. Towards that end, the County’s Department of Agriculture promised to distribute half a million seedlings of avocado in the next two years.
The Hass avocado species has been identified for the project which if successful, should see farmers earn at least ten thousand shillings from each tree every season. As he was speaking at Gitoro ASK showground, the governor asked Trade and Industrialization CS and former Meru governor to help get a good market for farmers. He distributed over 400,000 seedlings.
With the demand for avocados growing in the west, Kenyan farmers are upping production of the coveted crop and reaping the benefits.

Governor Alfred Mutua- Machakos

Machakos Governor, Dr Alfred Mutua

Machakos Governor Alfred Mutua during his benchmarking tour in Nyeri County in 2018 reached at a decision to partner with Nyeri County in a bid of supporting Avocado farmers and increasing the number of trees in the county.
Mutua reached at the decision in his bench-marking tour in Nyeri County when he visited an avocado farm, Mweiga in Kieni . Avocados are in super high demand in the world and if one grows them well, returns can be as high as 250-300 percent. That is good money. I have learned how to grow and ship Avocados to overseas markets.
Mutua said this can fetch good extra income to Machakos residents. “We have decided to partner with Nyeri County to support our Avocado farmers and expand the number of trees grown in our counties. We can then join hands in marketing the fruits locally and overseas so that our households have added income.” Mutua said.
“Our people are hardworking and it is the role of our governments to support and guide them so as to grow wealth. My vision is to identify at least five crops that each household in Machakos can grow so as to generate sufficient income. Once we do that, it will be Bye Bye Mwolyo (Bye to relief food shame),” Mutua added.
Mutua said he is committed to doing this and other ventures such as construction of factories, promoting industrialization and economic enterprises. He said all these will enable residents get extra income.

Governor Mutahi Kahiga- Nyeri

Governor Mutahi Kahiha said that the Hass variety is particularly popular for export. “One tree of the Hass Avocados variety can bear up to 1,000 fruits if well cultivated and cared for. Abroad, one Hass Avocado can fetch up to 5 dollars. If more farmers could take up this type of farming, with the support of the County Government, then more farmers would be empowered. The County Government of Nyeri is committed to cultivating a suitable and conducive environment for farmers where best market practices are practiced.” Mutahi added.
Governor Mutahi this year only has distributed more than 500,000 hass avocado seedlings.

Hass Avocado and Macadamia farming will Improve Lives “ Kiraitu Murungi”

Former Agriculture Cabinet Secretary Willy Bett

Former Agriculture Cabinet Secretary Willy Bett called Kenyan residents to venture into hass avocado farming, saying that the market in France and other European countries was huge.
The CS said the national government would promote farming of avocados by licensing the establishment of seedling nurseries. He explained that there was high demand for avocado produce in France and other European countries and emphasized of the need by the farmers to venture into farming.
Former CS Willy Bett has urged farmers to diversify and seek alternative crops to boost food security in the counties and also to improve their livelihoods.
Mr Bett said maize farmers cannot rely solely on maize and wheat production because of changing economic trends.
He said the country faces maize shortage because many Kenyans depend on it as their staple food adding that farmers should not only concentrate on maize farming.
Speaking at the Kenyenya Green Stadium in Bomachoge Borabu constituency where he launched avocado farming in Kisii County, the CS urged farmers to embrace avocado farming to improve their earnings.
“Farmers need to adjust their farming techniques and venture into other forms of agriculture such as avocado.” “I urge the Kisii people to embrace intensive farming to increase food production for local consumption and export. Kisii is endowed with plenty of rainfall which residents need in planting various crops despite shrinking land sizes,” said Mr Bett.
The CS together with the Kenya Health Inspectorate Service distributed 10, 000 avocado seedling to trained farmers.

Agriculture CS Mwani Kiunjuri

Agriculture CS Mwangi Kiunjuri Distributing Hass avocado Seedlings

Avocado market for Kenya continues to expand as South Africa lifts an 11-year-old ban on Kenya. I urge farmers take advantage of my Ministry’s collaboration with the County Governments in distributing avocado seedlings. However, avocado farmers should ensure that they comply to market standards to avoid attracting another ban.

Conclusion

Do you think all these leaders are bluffing? Many people have been questioning us and in their thinking, they think Hass avocado farming is a pyramid like the quail birds. We at Oxfarm Ag Ltd can assure you our esteemed customers and farmers at large that Hass avocado farming is the future. Avocado is a fruit and with the new eating trends, people are eating healthy and doctors have been recommending avocado as a source of natural fruits.
This short rain, don’t waste time, plant as many tree fruits as you can. More specifically plant hass avocado and Macadamia nuts.

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Hass Avocado and Macadamia farming will Improve Lives “ Kiraitu Murungi”

On Friday 5th October 2018, H.E governor Kiraitu Murungi distributed hybrid Macadamia and Hass Avocado seedlings to farmers in Meru.

Although the governor was categorical that he doesn’t encourage farmers to uproot their miraa, he was quick to note that hass avocado and macadamia farming is the future.

In January 2018, Meru County government through the governor took major steps in empowering farmers in the region to embrace diversity and stop depending on traditional cash crops such as tea and coffee. Towards that end, the County’s Department of Agriculture promised to distribute half a million seedlings of avocado in the next two years.

Top Skills farmers need to be successful in Kenya

The Hass avocado species has been identified for the project which if successful, should see farmers earn at least ten thousand shillings from each tree every season.

As he was speaking at Gitoro ASK showground, the governor asked Trade and Industrialization CS and former Meru governor to help get a good market for farmers. He distributed over 400,000 seedlings.

With the demand for avocados growing in the west, Kenyan farmers are upping production of the coveted crop and reaping the benefits.

Farmers are now switching from coffee and tea to avocados in a bid to profit from the growing European demand. Kenya produces an estimated 115,000 metric tonnes of avocados annually, a figure that is about to increase as farmers embrace news.

Kenya is currently the world’s sixth largest exporter of hass avocado. In recent years, the popularity of hass avocados has increased and is driven by the global awareness of their health benefits.

However, there are concerns by stakeholders that Kenyan farmers should not rush to uproot their coffee trees in order to plant Avocado. This is because it takes about two to three years to start producing fruit, and a further two to reach maturity. However, you can inter-crop and later uproot coffee.

If you are looking for a better way to earn from farming contact us.

 

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Hass Avocado Farming In Kenya From seedling to Export

hass avocado farming in Kenya

Hass avocado farming in Kenya offers a good opportunity for youth and farmers to venture into. The market, both local and export is growing day by day but its limited by the production capacity.

Demand projections for the consumption of Kenyan grown Hass avocado fruits locally and internationally is increasing due to its inherent characteristics and adherence to Organic production. This agri-enterprise is ideal for Kenyan farmers and buyers finds them at their growing regions. The cost of production is low as it requires less labour,it is a perennial crop, resistant to diseases and pest which gives Kenyan farmers comparative advantage and well placed for organically grown Hass avocado.

Most growers of avocado are found in former central region, Kisii, and parts of western. However, north rift regions are becoming a force in the latest trends, bearing in mind they possess large tracks of land. In the recent developments, Kenya has witnessed increase in the number of countries interested in Kenyan fruits, some of these countries include, Russia, Netherlands, Italy, Spain, France, Germany and many more. Leading exporters include Kakuzi Ltd, Selina Wamucii, Mt. Kenya Avacado Farms.

National government through agencies such as KEPHIS, HCDA and the like have been on the fore front in improving hass avocado farming in Kenya. Local governments on the other hand have also played a great role in enhancing hass avocado farming in Kenya, for example, Mwangi Wa Iria, Muranga County governor has been providing farmers with hass avocado seedlings and marketing their produce to various exporters ensuring they get value for their produce.

Today in Kenya more and more farmers are compelled to start growing improved avocado trees, which will triple the countries production rates for exportation. The big season for avocado has begun with an expected high rise in volumes of exported avocados.

Ecological Requirements for Hass Avocado Farming In Kenya

Hass avocado farming in Kenya does well in higher altitudes of between 1000m to 2000m. Howevor, the fruit is somehow bigger in cooler areas as compared to warm areas. It requires an optimum temperature of 20-24 degrees celcius. Avocado, grows in deep soils that are well drained to avoid root rot. Although avocados are fairly resistant to drought, thy require well distributed rainfall of between 1000-1200mm for proper crop development. The best soils are sandy or alluvial loam with a PH ranging from 5-7.

Planting Hass Avocado

Hass avocado farming in kenya is is grown from seeds, however, to ensure you have the right hass cultivar, grafting is done which increases resistance to diseases, improves yield and increases its adaptability to different soils. Growers found that grafting small stems onto the seedling of another type of avocado produces a tree that matures faster and bears far more fruit than one grown from a Hass seed.

Planting material must be inspected by qualified personnel to ensure they are free from diseases. In case of newly cleared land, it is advisable to plant an annual crop a year before growing avocados, in order to achieve a good tillage of the cleared land. If there are strong winds, ensure the necessary wind-breakers such as hedges are in place.

It is advisable to plant the trees in straight lines to facilitate crop husbandry and harvesting. In Kenya, the rectangular pattern of planting is preferred for hass avocados, as it eases movement of machinery in between rows as well as other activities such as inspection, thinning, and pruning. Tree spacing depends on several factors such as soil fertility and climatic conditions. Spacing may range from, 5m by 5m, 6m by 7m to 8m by 10m.

The planting holes should be 2 feet by 2 feet. Use about one bucket of farmyard manure properly mixed with top soil. Planting should be done after the onset of rains when rainwater has properly penetrated the soil. When filling up the holes, do not damage the roots. Irrigate the newly planted Hass avocado trees or seeds preferably until the first shoots appear. Tie the young plants to sticks to support them.

Pruning hass avocados

Pruning starts at the planting stage where roots that are too long and do not fit in the planting hole are reduced in size. During the early stages of growth, trees are trained in order to maintain a good framework. Pruning is also normally done before flowering and upon completion of harvesting. The general guideline is that the tree canopy height should be 70% of row width. This allows light to penetrate. Pruning improves yield and provides a superior tree structure.

Thinning is also done by removing some of the already formed fruits in order reduce competition for nutrients, therefore ensuring high-quality fruits. Too many fruits will result to small sized fruits. Ensure weed is controlled to reduce competition for nutrients and water. Some of the methods for weed control are mechanical cultivation, cover cropping, and mulching.

Pests and Diseases that affect hass Avocado farming in Kenya

The most efficient and economical method of pest and disease control is prevention. These preventive measures include weed control, proper selection of planting material, maintaining optimum plant density and proper fertilizer application.

Hass avocado farming in Kenya is not considerably affected by pests and rarely will pest control require a chemical application. However, some of the major pests attacking avocados include, False codling moth which is a brownish, night-flying moth, thrips, and Scale insects

Fungal diseases may also affect avocados and therefore need to be checked. They include;

  • Root rot – Also known as Phytophthora cinnamomi, it is mostly found in areas with poorly drained soils and flood prone areas. Some of the preventive measures include fungal and hot water treatment of seeds and grafting on phytophthora resistant rootstock. There are two chemicals registered to combat this disease i.e. Ridomil, active ingredient Metalaxyl, is a granular formulation which is applied in the soil, and works by killing the pathogen. Aliette, the second chemical is applied onto the leaves.
  • It’s also called Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. It attacks the fruits, forming dry, dark brown sports. It mostly attacks mature fruits. It is controlled using copper based fungicides as well as spraying with chemicals such as Benomyl, Mancozeb, Metiram, Propineb, Thiabendazole or Triforine.
  • Cercospora fruit spot or Pseudocercospora purpurea also affects the fruits leaving small, light yellow spots which eventually turn to a brownish color on leaves and fruits. It’s controlled using similar methods to Anthracnose.
  • It attacks fruits, twigs, and leaves. Lesions emerge as little dark spots a little raised and are oval or elongated. It’s controlled using similar methods to Anthracnose.

Why Kakuzi Ltd is abandoning Pineaple and venturing into hass avocado farming

Harvesting of hass avocados

Kenya Hass Avocados flowers at around October and are mature for picking between June to September. It is important to know how to identify the correct harvesting period because avocados are harvested raw and ripen off the tree. Harvest a few fruits and keep them in favourable conditions to ripen. If the fruits ripen evenly, they can be considered to have been mature. Careful picking of similar fruits from the trees can now commence.

Avocado is harvested between April and September in Kenya. Since most varieties do not change colour on maturity, a few fruits should be picked and stored at room temperature for 7-10 days. If they soften without shrivelling, then the fruit is ready for harvesting. Fruit should not be pulled from the stalk but be cut off leaving a 3-cm stalk.

Postharvest: The following treatment, processing and packaging methods should be used to prolong shelf life:

Pre-cooling -After harvesting, avocadoes must be cooled as quickly as possible to the optimum storage temperature of 5oC for Fuerte and Hass varieties; within 5 h of harvesting.

Hot Water Treatment -This treatment is used to kill fungal spores on and in the skin of the fruit. The avocadoes should be immersed in water heated to a temperature of 50°C for 3-5 min. Treatment of fruit using fungicides such as Bavistin (Carbendazim) and Sporta K Brochlura z improves the effectiveness of this treatment.

Grading And Packaging– Avocado fruits are graded according to size and weight. Injured and diseased fruits should be removed. The fruits are packed as per the orders and quality standards in 4 kg cartons after all debris, soil and foreign particles are removed using a water bath. This water must be changed periodically to avoid cross contamination. A fungicidial treatment (Thiabendazole) at 300 ml per 100 L of water is used. The fruits are waxed, and dried in hot air. Avocado fruits are stored in cold storage (5°C).

Kenya Becomes an Avocado Powerhouse in Africa Overtaking South Africa

Market – The most important factors ensuring successful marketing are quality, packaging, rapid adaptation of exports to seasonal fluctuations and changing market situations (supply and demand), an intact logistical chain (including proper cooling along the marketing chain and competitive prices).

Investors who plan on venturing in the hass export business must clearly target the specifit market segment if they want to reap the full benefits of avocado-production. The export market doesn’t start with buying the seedlings for planting. Fresh products export needs a long term plan of venturing into one of the most stringent markets ever, more so for those targeting the EU food market, which is strictest in the world.

 

Hass Avocado Seedlings

 

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Kenya Becomes an Avocado Powerhouse in Africa Overtaking South Africa

Avocado sales to China are expected to be more than double this year as demand continues to grow for the fruit from the country’s expanding middle-class population. It appears to just double every year. And, the pace of growth shows no sign of slowing as more health-conscious consumers in the world’s most populous nation show an interest in the “heart-healthy” avocados, executives say. The fruit also appeals to “young, trendy people,” said Barnard.

One big beneficiary of the growing demand is Kenya, the greatest avocado producer in Africa. The Chinese market has been growing at a very fast pace. Avocado has evolved into a trending ingredient worldwide and has particular resonance in China and Russia— where it’s commonly known as butter fruit — due to its somewhat exotic positioning.

Reasons Why You Should Start an Agribusiness in Kenya Today

Most of the demand in China is from urban consumers in the largest cities of Shanghai, Beijing and Guangzhou. Chinese millennials who have traveled overseas also are helping to grow the market. Demand for avocados also is strong in Japan and other parts of Europe such as Netherlands.

Russia and Italy are key destinations of the green skins in Europe. Italy is yet to make a mark in the Kenya avocado scene as Russia has done. This is why the bulk of local Fuerte goes to Asian destinations.

Italy and Russia are among the key buyers of Avocado in Europe. However, Italy is yet to position itself in the Kenya avocado scene compared to Russia. This is more of a reason why most of our fuerte goes to Asian countries.

According to Selina Wamucii, a company that sources fresh produce from farmers, Kenya Avocados’ impressive volumetric growth rate per year and access to new markets has helped the country to overtake South Africa as the number one exporter of avocados from Africa.  According to Trade statistics from International Trade Centre (ITC), the East African country became the 11th largest exporter avocados in the world in 2017, exporting a record volume of 51, 507 tons to the world. South Africa, traditionally the lead exporter of avocados from the continent, relinquished the position and trailed Kenya for the first time in five years with 43, 492 tons.

Why Kakuzi Ltd is abandoning Pineaple and venturing into hass avocado farming

Statistically, as the top performer in the Africa avocado exporting industry, Kenya holds 1.3% of the total world volume. South Africa follows by 1.1 percent, a depreciation from the 2016 peak of 1.6% when it was Africa’s export champion. Even though these two countries’ figures are a far cry from the 48.4 percent market share of Mexico, they are nonetheless impressive for each country. While Kenya boasts new markets like the Russian Federation and South-east Asia, South Africa has over 90% of its exports going to European Union countries, (ITC 2018).

Why farmers should plant more Avocado

There is no other perfect time to invest in avocado like this time. Kenya has not only attracted avocado export to South Africa, but has also overtaken S.A in terms of export to become number one in the continent.

We are in a very strong position to sustain avocado export dominance in Africa. With players such as Oxfarm, Kakuzi Ltd, Selina Wamucii and the likes who source avocado from farmers,  will surprise the world. The Kenya’s small-scale farmers are the backbone of this country and with right information and management, our future is secure.

 

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Preparing for Wambugu Farm Agricultural Training Center Event

Wambugu farm situated in Nyeri County will on 27th and 28th July 2018 hold their annual ATC. During the two days, farmer and aspiring farmers are invited to interact with the biggest agriprenuers.

If you are an aspiring farmer, and you have been following us, you will witness that we have been on the forefront in informing farmers on the best farming practices and how to start from scratch.

This is an opportunity for you to see what other right-minded farmers like you are doing.

What You expect to learn

  • Value addition on tree tomato
  • Kales farming
  • Cabbage farming
  • Dairy goat farming
  • Dairy Cows Farming
  • Arrow-root Farming
  • Sweet-Potato farming
  • Vertical Farming, e.t.c

Value Addition on Tree-Tomato

Did you know that tree tomato is used to make jams, juice and other end products? Well you have a chance to come and learn from us.

Oxfarm (oxfarm.co.ke) in collaboration with tamarillo farm mweiga (tamarillo.co.ke) and Mkulima wa Nyeri Farm are inviting you to Wambugu farm ATC to learn more on value addition on tree tomato fruits. This in an annual event that take place in July every year. We will have samples for those who will visit our stand to get a taste on our various products.

Some of our products are;

  • Jam,
  • Juice
  • chili sauce and
  • fresh fruits

Vegetable prices has in the past few years skyrocked. This is so because of the rising population which means demand for food is on the rise. So how can you manage the small land you have to feed you and still have a space to grow vegetables for sale? What about dairy farming, where do you go wrong?

Below are some pictures of what you expect to see and learn about. Set a date and make sure to visit our booth when you are there.

 

 

Kales Farming
Spinach Farming
Spinach Farming
Onion Farming
Sweet Potato Farming
Onion and cabbage farming
Spinach Farming
Green Peas Farming
Tomato Farming
Kales Farming
Spinach Farming
Spinach Farming
Onion Farming
Sweet Potato Farming
Cabbage Farming

 

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Water storage can help farmers during dry seasons

water storage

Farmers in Kenya are at times hindered from daily activities due to lack of enough water. However, with Kenya being well geographically placed with quite some rain during the season, Kenyans can store water and use it when it is dry.

Kenya’s per capita water is less than 600 cubic metres, which is below the global threshold of 1,000, making it one of the chronically water-scarce nations. Kenya’s water problem is, thought-provoking: if millions are not threatened by severe drought, they are fighting to remain afloat amid raging floods. Water scarcity is one of the major challenges to sustainable food production the world over, and climate change experts warn that it will only get worse as the world’s population continues rising. But local farmers can alleviate this situation by investing in water harvesting technologies and irrigation.

In Kenya, reservoirs and rock pools are common water storage facilities in homes or farms. A number of people use these methods of water storage to either harvest or store water which is often used either in normal home operations or in farms.

The urge to ensure there is adequate water that can push families into cluttering the garden with many unsightly tanks. Although the sight of one or two overhead tanks in the garden can be forgiven, it’s important to find a better way to place the water storage systems in the compound without interfering with the landscaping of the surrounding farm.

Also Read: Why You should shift gears to Hass avocado and Macadamia farming

Ways Of Storing Water

There are a number of options that you can explore to ensure you collect and store water depending on the space available and the water requirement for one’s home or farm. For instance, a home with high dependency on rain water due to perennial water shortage may deem it necessary to have several huge underground tanks. On the other hand, a small family may only settle for an overhead tank with a capacity of 10,000 litres, rather than digging a dam or building a rock pool in their property.

The type of water storage system can only be settled on after the family has identified its water needs. This helps one know the capacity of water storage facility needed. After which, one can choose among the available options.

However, an underground tank is one of the best choices for individuals keen on maintaining a proper manicured garden in their compound. The tank is concealed below the garden surface and is constructed using concrete. Drainage systems are put in place to trap water and guide it to the tank below. Underground tanks are often used by people practicing rain water harvesting.

Also Read: Why buy vegetables while you can have your own bag garden?

After constructing the tank, grass and trees are grown on the surface, to give the garden a flawless look.  Other than concrete, bricks can also be used to construct the underground tank that can be as big as one may wish. In case you are not sure about how to go about it, get help from experts on rain water harvesting. Landscapers can also assist homeowners to design the garden, as well as recommend the best trees or plants to be grown on the surface.

Water tanks can be camouflaged by either being placed on a tower that is raised above the ground. If it’s not too high up, it can have creeping plants grown around the tank or made to resemble the garden pattern or design.

A water tank with a pattern similar to the garden layout or landscape is creative and attractive. It’s pleasant to the eye and adds value to the garden. The design can be done according to one’s taste and preference.

It is paramount to increase investment in terms of water storage techniques, including storing groundwater during wet season, harvesting rainwater and conserving soil moisture through storing water in the ground.

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Why You should shift gears to Hass avocado and Macadamia farming

Farmers in Kenya have been complaining about market and low prices of their products. Be it maize, beans, coffee, tea or wheat these are common sentiments. This is so because of unpredictable prices, changing weather conditions, and expensive farm inputs.

Organizations and farming companies are offering new farming methods and better options such as Macadamia and Hass avocados.  In areas such as north rift where farmers are known to grow maize, organizations are enlightening farmers on Macadamia farming. The reason NGOs and other interested parties are concerned about North rift is because north rift is because they have fertile extensive lands which they can do large-scale farming.

Sasini, and other companies have invested heavily in North rift where they aim to buy Macadamia nuts and Hass Avocado fruits from farmers.

Hass avocado farming and Macadamia nuts farming is not only a good investment for the farmers but also to the environment as it improves the tree cover. The recommended forest cover in Kenya is 10% while currently its less than 7%.  Another advantage of Macadamia nuts and Hass Avocado is that a farmer will always harvest a fruit as long as he lives and the tree will remain. Unlike planting a tree such as Cyprus or cedar which will be harvested upon maturity.

According to hass avocado and macadamia traders, the market is increasing but there is limitation in production.

Unlike other crops farming, hass and fruit farming does not require much of your time and you can grow them as you still do other things.

Read: How to manage soil to prevent insects and pests

No short cuts for Hass avocado and Macadamia farming

If you are a farmer or you are interested in hass avocado or macadamia nuts farming and you want good production and better prices, don’t cut corners.

How to ensure you increase produce goods fruits, nuts

  • Ensure you plant the right variety (not just avocados or macadamia)
  • Always insist on certified seedlings
  • Maintain good care.

Start with clean and high-quality planting materials for higher yield. You should have known by now that export market requires quality procedure. At Oxfarm, we have quality seedlings (hass avocado and macadamia (Murang’a 20)) that are certified by both HCD and KEPHIS.

Read: Why you shouldn’t Worry about hass avocado Market

Advantages of Grafted Over Non-Grafted hass avocado and Macadamia nuts

  • Grafted do not take too long to mature – they take only 2-3 years to produce fruits while the non-grafted takes 7- 10 years
  • Production is more
  • Grafted trees do not grow as tall as the non-grafted ones

Kenya produces 150, 000 annually where 70% is grown by small-scale farmers. Over time, local market has been the biggest beneficiary but for the last few years things have changed drastically. Farmers are now interested on the export market and have now commercialized and there are more people interested in large scale farming of hass avocado.

Read: How to Boost Your Agribusiness Through Marketing

Don’t be left behind, change gears to tree fruit farming and make money as you still do other things.

 

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Why you shouldn’t Worry about hass avocado Market

Hass avocado, the once an abundance fruit is slowly turning into a luxurious item. Would you have one day thought that an avocado could one day be so in fashion? What is affecting the fruit and making it so luxurious?

The truth is that even the already high prices are likely to spike. As of now, the prices are a record high and there seem to be a light at the end of the tunnel to the farmers. This is indeed something that has gotten most foodies worried. To purchase an avocado today you must pay twice of the thrice of what was the cost some months ago.

A few months ago in USA, there has been an uproar, particularly on the social media by hipster complaining about the scarcity and the high prices that the fruit has attracted. As usual, some may be arguing from the point of ignorance and coming up with many theories to explain their situations. With the launch of direct flights from Kenya to USA, hass avocado farming can only go higher.

One thing we must all agree is that the scarcity and high prices have everything with market forces. We know that high demand attracts high prices. This is what has been happening world over. There has been no withholding of the product, but the supply has gone extremely low from last years. From the economist perspective, there is nothing unusual about the current state of the hass avocado market. The situation is being informed by the various forces in the market. In fact, a close look at the situation shows that there have been two almost equal forces affecting this niche and thus the acute shortage and spike in price. These forces are the dwindling production and bulging consumers market.

Related: Shade nets and why they are important in today’s farming

Decreasing Production of Hass Avocados in South American Countries

Let us take a look at the supply end and establish how it could have contributed to the current state. There are several factors that we can identify from the supply that has contributed to the shortage the market is experiencing. According to the release records, the production of the avocado in South America nations has been adversely affected by various factors since 2016. Countries such as Mexico which supplies almost a half of the international market had a very bad season from last years. Other countries such as Chile, Colombia, Peru, Dominican Republic and the United States among others also posted poor harvest.

Climate change can be said to have affected the production of the fruits. The extended droughts in some of the most productive parts of the world are causing a sharp decline in production. It is important to note that export from Mexico dropped by half last year according to Hass Avocado Board. Another factor that is contributing to the reduced supply is the number of farmers moving away from the crop. This is due to the high production costs. One of the key problems has been the amount of water that the avocado plant requires to bear fruit in a season.

Why not take this advantage as Kenyans and produce more hass avocados?

Related: How to Boost Your Agribusiness Through Marketing

Bulging Consumption Market of Hass Avocado

For over time now, the consumption market of hass avocado has been expanding at a very high rate. The fact that hass avocado can be used in many ways has made it very popular among larger population.  Apart from being a fruit, hass avocado has also been established to possess high medicinal value. These are just some of the factors that have contributed to its market expansion. Among the latest entrance into the avocado consumption market is China.

The entrance of Chinese in the consumption is believed to have destabilized the Europeans and the American markets. With its sheer size of the middle-class population, the demand for the avocado has shot to the roof. Note that Chinese middle class is more than 100 million and they’re the main consumer of avocado. What’s more interesting the price at which the item is selling in the Chinese market. It has been established that Chinese middle class is willing to pay more for the product. This demand can be explained by the increase in export to China by various countries such as Kenya. In short, China is a new and huge market that is opening up while the production of the item is stagnating or dwindling in major producing countries.

Related: Reasons Why You Should Start an Agribusiness in Kenya Today

Although China is thinking of producing their own avocado, Kenya stands a better chance due to its good climatic conditions. We should all take this advantage and plant more hass avocados. The market is there, let no body lie to you that it’s a scheme. Avocado is a fruit that is so loved both locally and abroad.

 

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8 types of agribusiness ideas to think about in 2018

Making more money through farming is sometimes seen by many as an old-fashioned way of doing things. However, in the real world out of fantasy, agriculture is one of the core sectors in the world and especially Kenya where it amounts to more than 30% of the gross domestic product.

For you to succeed in this sector, it is crucial to get some entrepreneurial skills. Agribusiness is no longer considered as an art or a science; its passion and a way of making money. Below are some of the tips to help you in this field;

  • Value addition: to attract higher returns, think about value addition and agro-processing
  • Technology: To expand your scope of information and market your products, embrace technology
  • Avoid Middlemen – Approach the market head-on and avoid middlemen who at times eat farmer’s sweat
  • Borrow Loans: Rome was not built in one day, partner with microfinances and banks and grow with them.
  • Attend trainings: no one has monopoly to ideas, always engage others in trainings and you might learn one or two things.

Well, if you do that you can rest be assured you can’t fail in agribusiness. Here are some of the few agribusiness ideas you can start in 2018/19 and make money.

Hass Avocado Farming

Hass avocado at Mkulima Wa Nyeri Farm

Hass Avocado business is booming day in day out in Kenya. Hass avocado takes about 2-3 years to mature and has a lifespan of more than 50 years. You can start with one care or a few seedlings and expand later. Currently big companies such as kakuzi are buying a single fruit not less than Kshs15 from small scale farmers. Below is break down of what you expect from hass avocado investment depending on the care given. With our package, you can sit back and watch us do the work for you. For only 40K you can join the millionaires club within no time. here is the package.

Year Expected no of (kg) per hass tree/year

(Calculate with average)

Total number of trees. Total average no of Carton. (1 carton = 4kg) Total income

Cost of a 4kg cartoon

(Ksh50-120)

Ave- ksh 75

2nd 10-13 750 2250 0.2 millon
3rd 40-60 750 9375 0.7 million
4th 80-120 750 18750 1.4 million
5th 130-160 750 27187 2.0 million
6th 170-185 750 33187 2.5 million
7th 200-220 750 39375 3.0 million
8th 220-230 750 42187 3.1 million
9th 230-240 750 44062 3.3 million
10th 240-270 750 47812 3.6 million
:

:

:

:

:

17th 650-750 1300 105000 7.8m
:

:

:

:

50th

Note

  • Hass avocado tree have a lifespan of more than 50 years.
  • You can start with few trees or one acre then expand with time.
  • The reduction on the number of trees per acre from 11th year is due to cuttings and pruning. This is to create space for aeration as the trees grows bigger.
  • The farm gate price at local market in current year for a 4kg carton is Ksh 200 – 500. It has been increasing per year so we predict it will even double in five years’ time as global demand of hass avocado increases.
  • With your farm production it’s easy to export especially when you have grown them organically. At global market last year a 4kg carton was retailing at Ksh 2000-3500.

The biggest advantage with Kenya is that its climate is suitable for avocado growing as the crop requires areas with at least 1000mm of rainfall.

Research reveals that in 2017, global market for avocado was valued at Sh13 trillion. This value is expected to more than double to Sh23 trillion by the year 2027 – in the next nine years.

Unlike other forms of get-rich-quick schemes that Kenyans have endured and lost billions of shillings, avocado farming enthusiasm appears to be driven by genuine consumer market demand and most importantly, this demand is global.

According to various studies, avocado has high nutritional value that helps people live healthy and avoid diseases like cancers of the stomach, hearth diseases, helps remove waste in the body, and protection from diseases like stroke among many others. There is a growing wave of healthy living across the world driven by emergence of diseases associated with modern living.

Read: Earn more than 10 million per acre with 40k investment.

Irish Potato farming

With less than seventy thousand shillings you can grow irish potatoes in one acre of land. In areas such as Kinangop or Molo one acre of land can produce a minimum of 90 bags which retails not less than Ksh 2000. To invest in this type of farming you will require; a piece of land in a good area, the best seed tuber variety and DAP fertilizer (200 kgs per acre) and fungicides. For you to know the best tubers for your area, consult your local agricultural experts.

 Cassava Farming

Although cassava is an indigenous crop, it is a fast growing and well adapted to dry areas and is currently picking up as people in Kenya and beyond try to eat heathy. Having said that, you can never go wrong with this investment in areas such as Taita Taveta, Baringo, Makueni, Machakos and Kitui. Cassava only takes10 months to mature after planting.  Some of the basic requirenments of this type of venture include; a piece of land with well drained soil of pH of between 5.5 and 6.5, cuttings from middle stem portions, Fungicide/insecticide. Start small with cassava business. With Ksh 20,000 you are good to go.

Poultry Farming

In Kenya poultry products (meat and eggs) are on demand on daily basis. Actually the demand is so high that we are at times forced to buy these products from Tanzania or Uganda. Poultry farming is broken into three categories which are Pullet or Layers, Broiler chicken and Cockerel farming. Main things required to farm poultry include: Sufficient land space, Good fencing, Chicks, Feeds.

With good care of your chicks by feeding them well and maintaining your farm you are likely to thrive and be a successful poultry farmer. The initial set-up required to start this would be about Ksh30,000.

Bee Keeping Business

In Kenya the most important species is called the Apis mellifera also know as the Honeybee. Though the country has a vast potential to grow this market only 20% has been tapped. Leaving a large 80% for future investors like you. Special beekeeping equipment is the most expensive cost head of bee production but the returns out-weigh this burden especially if the bees are well-nurtured. The initial start-up capital required is about 10,000 to 50,000 varying on factors such as equipment cost and location costs.

Read: Improving banana farming in Kenya through Value Addition

Capsicum Farming (Pilipili hoho)

Capsicum is an easy crop to grow as it can be grown both indoors and out-doors. Capsicum only takes 3 months to mature and the market is usually readily available. You require; a piece of land in a suitable area with enough rainfall or enough supply of water, you can construct a greenhouse if you want to, quality certified seeds. You can start with let’s say KSh 100, 000 and grow on a 40*80 piece of land and within 3 months you can get 450,000.

Mushroom farming

This is a new venture in Kenya compared to other types of farming. Mushroom production used to be a complex thing but over time things have changed as numerous research, training and workshops have been conducted. With many researches, there have been development of more tolerant varieties such as oyster mushrooms.

Mushroom farming does not require a huge piece of land in comparison with other crops. With a quarter acre of land, you can have your incubation house as well as a cropping house. In addition, you can make use of the vertical height as mushrooms don’t grow that tall. Assuming you have 1000 bags in a cropping room, you are assured of 2 tons of button mushrooms selling at an average of Ksh 600 per kg translating to about Ksh 1.2 million. The market for mushrooms in Kenya lies in supermarkets, households and hotels. According to NAFIS, the demand for mushroom is growing up to 1200 tons a year. With proper strategies and marketing, this is definitely a venture you should think about.

Read: ONE ACRE INVESTMENT AND RETURN OF FARMING TREE TOMATO.

Fish farming

Initially, we used to depend on fish from lakes or rivers. However, commercial fish farming has taken over and currently fish are produced from fish ponds. The varieties grown in our ponds include, African cat fish, Nile tilapia and rainbow trout. With the right information, it is very easy to start a fish pond.

With a quarter acre of land, you can have 100 m2 ponds fit in. The main costs in fish production include polythene, labor, feeds and fingerlings. However, fish ponds can be made from concrete and plastics but these might cost you more. With the consciousness about eating healthy, the demand for fish has been going up almost daily with people demanding for white meat growing huge. With a quarter acre you can have several thousands of fish with a kilo going not less than KSh 500. Farmers are urged to maximize technology use and modern farming techniques and with proper management, a cat fish in Kenya can grow up to 15 Kgs while Tilapia grows up to 250g.

Oxfarm.co.ke  recommends Hass avocado farming. If you have any challenges or questions or want to buy certified organic seedlings don’t hesitate, call us today!

 

Hass Avocado trees

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Hass Avocado farmers reap big in Muranga

This year hass avocado farmers have shared Sh20 million as their annual bonus following direct contact with a processor. Through negotiations by the Muranga county government and multi-national Kakuzi Ltd, 3,000 farmers drawn from 60 co-operative societies delivered their quality fruits for processing.

In the past three years, avocado farmers have been benefiting with annual bonus from the processors depending on production, quality and size of the fruits. In 2014, the farmers, after they complained of exploitation by middlemen, made Governor Mwangi wa Iria to scout for a market before settling on Kakuzi and other players.

On Friday, 8th December Governor Wa-Iria witnessed the Kakuzi assistant general manager Paul Mbugua declaring the annual bonus to thousands of farmers drawn from four counties in the region. Quality fruits in the negotiated contract, the company buys a four-kilo carton of quality fruits at Sh420.  According to Mr. Mbugua, this year, production of avocado remained low due to prolonged drought that led to better payment in the international market. Payment is made to farmers a week after delivery at the factory in Makuyu. Farmers should employ strategies to increase production to supply the growing market locally and internationally.

Read Also: The benefits of certified fruit seedlings

Viability

Avocado fruit business is growing rapidly in Kenya with small-scale farmers reaping profits from this investment. It is viable with benefit-cost ratio>1 and affordable initial capital requirements. Demand projections for the consumption of Kenyan grown Hass avocado fruits locally and internationally is increasing due to its inherent characteristics and adherence to Organic production.

This agri-enterprise is ideal for Kenyan farmers and buyers finds them at their growing regions. The cost of production is low as it requires less labor, it is a perennial crop, resistant to diseases and pest which gives Kenyan farmers comparative advantage and well placed for organically grown Hass avocado.

The governor lauded the achievement following partnership between his administration and Kakuzi that has benefited the small-scale farmers who had been exploited by middlemen. Before 2013, our farmers were greatly exploited by brokers who bought an avocado at one shilling but presently they are reaping better payment.  Wa-Iria said that his administration will not entertain brokers who had been a threat.

As an agricultural organization, we work to enhance diverse seed access to our farming communities. For more information Contact our offices.