Mango Farming in Kenya needs time and patience. Oxfarm grafted mangoes take less time to mature.
Mango Farming in Kenya: Planting
Land should be ready by deep plowing followed by levelling with a mild slope. Spacing varies from 5m x 5m, within the dry zones where growth is in smaller amount, 8m x 8 m, in substantial downfall areas and rich soils where rich vegetative growth happens. New dwarf hybrids like Amrapali is planted at nearer spacing. Holes are stuffed with top soil mixed with 20-25 kilo well rotten mature.
One year previous healthy, straight growing grafted mangoes from Oxfarm is planted at the center of holes in conjunction with the ball of the intact soil throughout season in such a simplest way that the roots aren’t distended and the graft union is on top of the bottom level. Plants should be irrigated forthwith when planting. Within the initial one or 2 years, it’s better to produce some shade to the young plants and additionally stake to create them grow straight.
Mango farming in Kenya: Irrigation
Young plants are more opt for correct institution. Just in case of full-grown up trees, irrigation at ten to fifteen days interval from fruit set to maturity is useful for up yield. However, irrigation isn’t counseled for 2-3 months before flowering because it is probably going to market vegetative growth at the expense of flowering.
Mango Farming in Kenya: bury Cropping
Inter crops like vegetables, legumes, short length and dwarf fruit crops like papaya, guava, peach, shrub, etc. betting on the agro-climatic factors of the region is full-grown. The water and nutrient necessities of the bury crops should be met singly.
Mango farming in Kenya: harvest and yield
The yield of mango varies greatly, relying upon the variability and agro-climatic conditions prevailing in an exceedingly region. Grafted mango trees begin bearing from the second year onward. However, phanerogam trees might take 5-8 years. At the beginning of bearing at the age of two – three years the yield is also as low as 10-20 fruits (2-3 kg) per tree, rising to 50-75 fruits (10-15 kg) within the succeeding years, and to regarding five hundred fruits (100 kg) in its tenth year. within the age group-20- forty years, a tree bears 1,000-3,000 fruits (200-600 kg) in a year. The productive age of a grafted fruit tree is sometimes 40-50 years, when that the yield declines.
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Mango Farming in Kenya: Post Harvest Management
Shelf life of mangoes being short (2 to three weeks), they should be cooled as soon as they are attained to storage temperature of thirteen degree Celsius. Several varieties will stand up to storage temperature of ten degree Celsius. Steps concerned in post-harvest handling embody preparation, grading, washing, drying, waxing, packing, pre-cooling, palletization and transportation.
Mangoes are typically packed in furrowed fiber board boxes 40cm x 30cm x 20cm in size. Fruits are packed in single layer eight to twenty fruits per carton. The boxes should have decent variety of air holes (about V-day of the surface area) to allow sensible ventilation.
Banks in Kenya have additionally developed mango funding schemes in potential spaces for enlargement of area below mango. Individual mango development schemes with farm infrastructure facilities like well, pump set, fencing and drip irrigation system etc. have additionally been thought of.
Contact Oxfarm now and be advised on a way to best grow mangoes. In addition, book your mango seedlings now because the demand for mango seedlings is incredibly high and we would really like all our customers to have the primary priority.