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Ways To Propagate, Transplant, Manage And Harvest Moringa

Moringa is a money making tree, in our post we will tell you more on how to propagate and grow Moringa.

Propagation Through Seeds;

  • Fill in seedlings bags with light soil mixture.
  • Plant two or three seeds in each bag. (The seeds should have been soaked overnight.)
  • Keep moist but not too wet. Germination will occur within two weeks.
  • Remove extra seedlings, leaving one in the bag.

Seedlings can be transplanted after four to six months when they reach  2-3ft tall.

Transplanting; 

  • Dig the hole 1ft wide and 1 ft depth.
  • Mix compost or manure with the top soil and fill back the hole with the mixture. Manure should be 1 or 2 shovelfuls.
  • Make a hole in the pit to accept all soil in the bag. Keep the soil around the seedling intact.
  • Water lightly for the first few days.

NB; SPACING OF Moringa depends on the intended purpose of production.

For seed production 2m by 2m; 1000 trees an acre, and 1m by 1m; 4000 trees an acre, for leaf production.

Management of Moringa

Moringa tree grows quickly and so must be pruned aggressively to encourage lateral growth and increased production.

  • When the tree is at 1m cut to height of 0.5m.
  • When the tree is at 1.5m cut to height of 1m.
  • When the tree is at 2m cut to height of 1.5.
  • When the tree is at 2.5m cut to a height of 2m.

Harvesting;

-Flowers will appear around 4-9 months.

-Seed pods will mature in around 12 months.

-When harvesting leaves or seed pods prune trees to a height of 2 meters.

-leaves can be harvested once the plant reaches a height of 1.5metres.

-Harvesting rows at different times will ensure there will be always leaves ready to harvest as they are needed.

-During the rainy season harvest of leaves can be done in a week time but during the dry spell you can harvest after two weeks.

Seeds fetch 250ksh per kg while a kg of moringa leaf powder fetches at 300ksh

Photos of Moringa leaf powder and Moringa seeds.

 

 

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Facts about Moringa (Oleifera)

Moringa  also known as drumstick, Ben oil tree, horseradish or the miracle tree etc. is a fast growing, drought resistance tree, native to tropical and subtropical regions of Asia. It’s widely cultivated for its young seed pods and leaves used as vegetables and for traditional herbal medicine. It’s also used for water purification.

Key Nutrients of Moringa;

  1. Proteins
  2. Iron
  3. Magnesium
  4. Vitamin C
  5. Riboflavin (B2)
  6. Vitamin B6
  7. Vitamin A etc.

Facts about Moringa

Oleifera pods
  • It contains 30 times more magnesium than eggs
  • It contains 17 times more calcium than milk
  • It contains 15 times potassium than bananas
  • It contains 12 times vitamins C than oranges
  • It contains 10 times vitamin A than carrots

Edible parts of the plant

They include;

  1. Leaves- They are dried and ground into moringa leaf powder. The dried leaf powder can be added to dishes, drinks and soups to increase the nutritional value of a meal.
  2. Pods
  3. Roots
  4. Bark
  5. Flowers
  6. Seeds
  7. Fruits

Health Benefits of Moringa.

  1. Rich source of vitamins, minerals and amino acids. Has vitamin A, C and E, Calcium, Potassium and Protein.
  2. Anti Cancer agent. Fights free radicals; leaves extracts have higher antioxidant activity, free radical scavenging capacity and higher inhibition of lipid, protein and DNA oxidation.It also contains antioxidants called flavonoids, polyphenols and ascorbic acid in the leaves, flowers and seeds. It reduces cancer cell growth and promotes cell death in several cancers.
  3. Contains anti-aging and anti-inflammatory properties.Inflammation can lead to chronic diseases like diabetes, respiratory problems, cardiovascular disease, arthritis and obesity. It reduces inflammation by suppressing inflammatory enzymes and proteins in the body. Lowers inflammation in the cells.
  1. Helps reduce some diabetes symptoms. It’s effective at reducing lipid and glucose levels and regulating oxidative stress in diabetic patients.
  2. Protects the cardiovascular system. It prevents plaque formation in the arteries and reduces cholesterol levels.
  3. Supports brain health. Supports brain health and cognitive function because of its antioxidant and neuro enhancer activities. Its high content of vitamin E and C fights oxidation that’s leads to neuron degeneration improving brain function
  4. Protects the liver. Has high concentration of polyphenols and thus protects liver against oxidation, toxicity and damage. Can reduce liver damage, fibrosis and reverse oxidation in the liver. Moringa oil can restore liver enzymes to normal levels, reducing oxidative stress and increases protein content in the liver.
  5. Contains antimicrobial and antibacterial properties. It’s effective against types of fungi that cause infections on skin and strains of bacteria that are responsible for blood and urinary tract infections and digestive problems.
  6. Enhances wound healing. Has blood clotting properties
  7. Could protect against arsenic toxicity.

How to use Moringa;

Add moringa powder to your smoothie or drink it as a tea.

-has mild flavor.

-Stay clear of seed extract consumption, as they have shown a level of toxicity in immune cells.

-Has laxative effects if taken in large quantities.

-it should be ½ to 1 teaspoonful per day.

 

For more information about Moringa and other tree fruits feel free to contact us.