Posted on

How to grow “Williams” Hybrid Banana

The banana is one of the most produced and commercialized fruits in the world. Suckers spring up around the main plant. The eldest sucker replaces the main plant when it fruits and dies, and this process of succession continues indefinitely. Tender, smooth, oblong or elliptic, flesh-stalled leaves numbering 4 or 5 to 15, are arranged spirally, and can be up to 2.7 m long and 60 cm wide. The inflorescence, a transformed wing point, is a terminal spike, shooting out from the heart in the tip of the stem. 

Ecological Requirements:

  • Altitudes – Altitudes of below 1800 m above sea level are generally recommended for the production of bananas.
  • Temperature – For optimal growth, bananas require a warm humid climate. An average temperature of 20°C to 30°C is required. Below 20°C, normal plant growth is retarded. Lacatan and Valery tolerates cold weather better than other varieties. Cooler areas (higher altitudes) slow down plant development and the inflorescence may also fail to emerge.
  • Rainfall – Bananas can grow well with an annual rainfall of 1000 to 2500 mm. optimal yields require a well distributed annual rainfall of 1400 mm or more, without long dry spells.
  • Soils – Bananas can be grown in a wide range of soils as long as there is good drainage and adequate fertility. They can tolerate short periods of flooding but do require good soil aeration. Light to medium, well drained loam soil is the best. Fertile deep soils rich in humus should be chosen wherever possible. For best growth, a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5 is recommended.

Spacing

The spacing depends on the variety, soil fertility level, and rainfall (water availability). The following spacing is recommended under a five-year cycle on a fertile soil with adequate rainfall:

  • Short variety (Dwarf Cavendish, Giant Cavendish) 2.5m × 3m.
  • Medium variety (Valery, Williams) 3.0m × 4.0m
  • Tall variety (Lacatan, Poyo) 4.0m× 4.0.

Read: Factors that determine the success of dairy farming

Planting

  • A planting hole measuring 90 cm ×90 cm × 60 cm is recommended although this may vary depending on water availability. In dry and semi arid areas it is recommended to use larger holes measuring 90 cm × 90 cm × 60 cm. the topsoil and the subsoil should be kept separately. Mix the topsoil with one bucket (about 20 kg) of well decomposed manure and 150 g of TPS. Refill the hole with the top soil first followed by the sub soil.
  • To ensure good anchorage, a sucker or a corm with the eyes facing upward should be placed 30 cm deep in the planting hole. A heavy cover of mulch should be placed around each plant to conserve soil moisture. Under rain fed conditions, planting should be carried out only at the onset of the rains. However, if irrigation water is available, planting can be done throughout the year.

Read: make money through passion fruit farming

Maturity/Harvesting

  • The time for planting to maturity of a banana depends on area and variety. A plant takes roughly 8 to 12 months to mature. Maturity indices vary widely among varieties. Angularities or fullness of fingers, as well as color change are some of the standard criteria used. Immature bananas are very angular but fill out to a rounded shape at full maturity.
  • Fruits are ready for harvesting 90 – 150 days after fingers start to form. Fingers are considered mature for harvest when they are ¾ round (75% maturity)
Posted on

Current state of hass avocado farming in African Kenya and Africa

CURRENT STATE OF HASS AVOCADO FARMING IN AFRICAN KENYA AND AFRICA

Hass Avocado could be a universal fruit that thrives in most climatic zone climes and therefore the temperate belt of the planet. The angular distance demarcations for the foremost varieties area unit between 450 “N and 600” S. This includes most of Pacific America, South-east Asia and continental Africa where Africa Hass Avocados find their way thanks to numerous world markets for various functions.

Africa Hass Avocado Varieties

Kenyan Hass Avocado Varieties area some of the best within the world as Africa continent vaunts many the best varieties. Here are most Africa Avocado Varieties each in African nation and African country.

  • Hass-a thick variation (Kenya, SA).
  • Fuerte-a hybrid selection (Kenya)
  • Nabal, Puebla-both terribly inexperienced variations (Kenya).

The Hass Avocado sort develops quick, not solely in African nation however in its original home of California. Its fruition amount is characterized by immense, succulent turn out.

Kenyan Hass Avocados Area Unit Thought of The World’s Finest

Africa Hass Avocado exporters ride on the fineness of the African Hass Avocado by world standards because of it’s a mixture of native and international varieties. As an example, before the Central American country variations saw the sunshine in African nations (1904), there were already small-scale native trees that later evoked a master selection through affixation. Secondly, the tree is ideally a warm-climate flora, and considering most of tropical African nation is sunny, and has dry soils with correct evacuation, the fruit comes in sensible yield and style. Thirdly, because the African nation case illustrates, the mixture of growth highlands of between a hundred and fifty and 2100 meters, as well as, between water level and 800 meters altitude, diversifies the standard.

As with the remainder of the world, Hass Avocado seasons fall under the higher chunk of the year. starting spring (early March) to late season (November), the crop espouses extended harvest seasons after we have the very best offer for many Africa Hass Avocado commerce corporations. In African country, the subsequent varieties bear harvest within the months in brackets:

  • Fuerte (March to July)
  • Hass (May to Gregorian calendar month
  • Edranol (May to July)
  • Rayan (July to August)

Major Markets that Import Kenyan Hass Avocados

Kenya and African country lead the pack among the African states that barrage the worldwide market with their turn out. The only most vital market is that the EU of that France is that the leading country among those who purchase African nation Hass Avocados, African country and therefore the remainder of the countries. In 2010, African nation exported 14101 Mega Tons whereas SA accounted for the second biggest export, after Peru, of 56282 Mega Tons that visited the EU. Europe amounts into the largest market in the main because of its outside the angular distance scope of best climes for growing Hass Avocado.

Related Content: Tips on how to get over 20Kgs/Tree from Tree-tomato farming

State of the planet marketplace for the Hass Avocados from African nation

Though United Mexican States and South American country still control with the EU and Britain markets, Africa has shown a lot of improvement within the last four years in its hold of the planet market. Kenya, as an example, saw nineteen p.c of its Hass Avocado fruit endure sale within the UK within the last four years season whereas virtually the remainder, 79 percent, visited the Eurozone. Considering that in production levels the country doesn’t rank beside the leading world producers in geographical area and South-East Asia, the fact that it had been among the highest 5 exporters in early years reflects the demand for the really African crop.

Kindly contact oxfarm Organic  for more information on how to plant Hass Avocados and how to get these seedlings and many more.