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Factors to consider when starting an orchard enterprise

There’s no place on the farm quite like the orchard. For dew-fresh fruit, but also for picnics in blossom time, watching the bees gather nectar for your honey, and simply enjoying life. Making a detour on your way to feed the chickens in the morning and stopping by the orchard for a night-chilled Transparent apple is a country experience hard to pass up.

The only problem is, unless your land comes with an established orchard, it’s going to take a couple of years’ wait. That’s why starting an orchard should be one of the first things you set out.

To speed up your first yield even further, try a few dwarf trees. You probably won’t bother much with these once your big ones start bearing, but they will give you an initial crop to tide you over the second or third year of waiting.

Where to Plant an Orchard 

The orchard is going to be around for some time. That’s your first consideration in deciding where to locate it.

As a permanent addition to your homestead, the orchard should have not only good soil, but good air and water drainage as well. Thus, a slope is the best location if you have one. Avoid low-lying sites, since this harbor the cold. The ideal spot is on the small hills surrounding a valley or depression. No trees should be exposed to the windy hilltops and none to the frost-retentive bottom land. Rows of trees planted on hills should, of course, follow the contour system.

The soil in your orchard should be as good as you can make it. If you want to plant fruit trees right away and your soil is hard clay or sand, you’ll have to build it up for each individual tree. It will pay you to fill the excavations in which the trees are to be set with improved soil, compost, rotted manure, ground rock phosphate, and rock potash to a depth of — hold onto the book — about five feet.

Planting Fruit Trees

Agri-business in KenyaEven if your soil is ideal, prepare to spend a bit of time with a pickax and shovel. The minimum size for a tree hole is three times the size of the root ball. In the case of fruit trees, the bigger the better. Usually one no smaller than three or four feet in diameter and two to three feet deep is dug. Pile the topsoil separately, since this is what should go back into the bottom of the hole along with well-aged nitrogen-rich compost and ground rock phosphate and rock potash. Don’t use fresh manure. Spread most of the extra subsurface soil elsewhere and grow a cover crop over it.

If what you’re removing is almost solid clay soil, and you’re replacing it with the ideal light, humus-filled one, the improved area around the tree will act as a sponge. Water retention will be too much. In this case, put a tile drain at the bottom of the hole. This is simply a single row, or a cross, of sections of drainage pipe, usually four inches in diameter, spaced out on top of a layer of gravel across the floor of the hole. It leads the water away from the root area, culvert-fashion, to the surrounding subsoil.

The mechanics of planting fruit trees are important. All injured and broken roots must be pruned back. The roots are then spread out evenly on top of a layer of enriched soil replaced in the hole to raise the tree to its proper level. Make sure you keep the roots moist while you work. It’s a good idea to mix up a bucket of mud slurry from your compost to pour over the roots when they are spread out. The slurry will coat the finer roots, keeping them moist, minimizing air pockets, and helping to settle them in. Fill the rest of the hole, tamp down the soil and give it a heavy dousing of water or light mud slurry. The tree should sit in the center of a slight depression about a foot in diameter. At the same distance out put up a two-foot-high wire mesh “collar” to keep out field mice, rabbits, etc. Outside of this mini-fence cover the ground with an inch of rotted manure extended all the way to eight feet from the tree. Cover the circle in turn with about a foot of hay mulch.

A regular fruit tree should be planted at least twenty feet from its nearest neighbor. Dwarf fruit trees can be spaced as close as ten feet apart. Set the tree straight to ever so slightly leaning in the direction of any prevailing winds. The largest branch, like a weather vane, should point into the prevailing wind. Prune back the branches of a newly planted tree a little more, proportionately, than the root loss. This will give it a chance to build a good strong root system. Give the trunk a pole support to prevent wind whipping from loosening the roots.

One final thought on planting. Science is discovering more and more about the roles bacteria and fungi play in crop growth. There is no doubt some of both interacting with the orchard. An old farmer I know would never plant a new fruit or nut tree without going around to an orchard he particularly admired and, picking the best tree of the kind he was planting, “borrowing” a shovelful of dirt as a “starter” for his own tree. Now I’m not saying this is necessary … the only reason I mention it is because his new trees never failed, and they were always covered in season with the most incredibly delicious fruit.

related Content: drip irrigation in fruits

Points to consider when choosing an orchard enterprise

  • Location
  • Costs and returns on investment
  • Complexity of management
  • Markets
  • Labor requirements
  • Water security

The key areas of risk to production include: pollination, pests and diseases, and climatic factors such as, drought, frost, hail, wind and heat. Orchard yield and quality is determined by the integrated management of the soil, irrigation, tree canopy and nutrition. These inputs are dependent on each other as water and nutrients cannot be separated from the soil that supports the root system that in turn dictates the performance of the canopy and therefore the yield.

Key factors for success

  • Growing the right varieties (meeting market demand)
  • Business and orchard management and mechanization
  • Economic return on investment
  • Efficient use of water
  • Shortest lead time to first commercial harvest
  • Consistency of production including yield and quality
  • Choosing the right region, soil type, available water and land aspect

Tree density may range from one hundred to several thousand trees per hectare. The relationship between tree spacing and yield illustrates that the more trees planted on a hectare of land, the higher the initial yield. However, at higher densities, unless trees are trained carefully they will eventually compete for sunlight resulting in a reduction in yield per hectare and quality of fruit and nuts produced. Higher density plantings will have greater establishment costs but there will be earlier economic return on investment.

For more information, visit our offices today. Book your seedlings today and establish an orchard of your choice.

 

 

 

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Kenyan’s Diamonds are hanging on Tree Fruits

How huge is the potential for the fruits farming and export business in Kenya? You’re about to find out…

As millions of people around the world look for healthier and organic foods, fruits are growing in demand both locally and globally.

Apart from the millions of fruits that we eat at home in Kenya, many of us do not notice the huge volumes of bananas, avocados, pineapples, mangoes and several other tropical fruit varieties that are shipped to Europe, the Middle East and USA every week!

Kenya has a unique advantage to profit from this very lucrative market for tropical fruits which grow abundantly on our continent.

Why is the market potential for tropical fruits huge for Kenya?

apple fruits grown in Kenya
apple fruits grown in Kenya

In line with our tradition on Small starter, it’s important to us that our readers understand the market forces and economic opportunities behind every business opportunity we share.

Our research has identified three strong reasons why Africa’s future in the tropical fruits business is shining very bright.

Africa has a strong geographic advantage

More than 70 percent of fruits consumed on earth come from the tropics, which is why they’re called ‘tropical fruits’.

A very large portion of our dear continent is located in the tropics – a region that enjoys all-year-round sunlight and has a perfect climate for fruits to thrive and grow abundantly.

As a result, Africa remains one of the world’s largest producers of some of the most popular fruits on the planet – citrus, pineapples, bananas and many others.

Despite our continent’s huge potential to produce fruits for the world, a lot of fruits grown in Kenya are consumed locally.

Because fruits are highly perishable (spoil very quickly) and many farmers have little access to good storage facilities, Kenya currently exports less than 5 percent of the fruits it produces every year.

Related Content: make money through passion fruit farming

A growing demand for healthier and organic foods

Due to the revelations by modern science about the health benefits of eating fruits and, millions of people around the world (especially in developed countries) now include some form of fruit in their daily diets.

Apart from their rich nutrient, mineral and vitamin content, fruits are now known to lower blood pressure; reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke, and probably some cancers; and help to lower the risk of eye and digestive system problems.

The growing consciousness in Western countries to adopt fruit-rich diets is one of the major drivers of the growing demand for tropical fruits which are abundant in Africa. As a result, countries like Ghana, South Africa, Ivory Coast and Kenya earn millions of dollars every year from fruit exports to Europe, the Middle East and USA.

According to the World Health Organisation, millions of people around the world still die prematurely from diseases associated with low fruit consumption. While this is sad, it signals a promising and lucrative growth in the demand for African tropical fruits now and in the future as more people add fruits to their diets.

A rapidly growing fruits juice industry

This rapid growth is driven by a rising preference by customers for healthy drinks (like fruit juices) over soft drinks (such as carbonated drinks – like Coke and Pepsi). There is also a rising demand for organic, super fruit and 100 percent natural fruit juices without any sweeteners and preservatives.

This means that in the very near future, producers will require more raw fruits to make a glass of juice.

As more manufacturers shop for fruits to produce more juice to serve the growing demand, Africa will become a huge supplier due to the abundance of fruits that grow on the continent. This added demand from fruit juice manufacturers is allowing farmers across Africa to process their harvested fruits into less perishable concentrates thereby reducing spoilage and earning them more money.

Make an effort today by calling us. We have all types of tree fruits. Book Now!

 

 

 

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Lucrative Passion-Fruit Farming In Kenya

Passion-fruit farming could be an extremely remunerative enterprise in Kenya with high and regular income. It is one of the biggest fruit exported by Kenya.

The local market demand is also quite high. The crop is pliable to a good agro-ecological zone from low lands to the highlands. The demand for the fruit on every export and domestic market keeps on growing.

Related Content: Macadamia nuts farming: How to get most returns

Large quantities of passion fruits are eaten raw locally and at constant time, they’re conjointly exported. East Africa could be a massive provider of recent purple passion fruits to the export market followed by Brazil, Colombia, Zambia and Rhodesia; of that the U.K is that the largest customer. Different exporters embrace Holland, France, United Arab Emirates, German and Belgium.

There are 2 kinds of Passion fruits wide fully grown in Kenya; Yellow and purple. Purple varieties do well at higher altitudes than the yellow varieties. Yellow varieties, on the other hand, tend to yield higher and are resistant against diseases.

The purple selection is acidic, varies in style and appetizing with intense aromatic scent and spherical in form. The yellow Passion-fruit is larger, with similar style however presumably less aromatic, additional acidic and is also spherical in shape.

The fruit will be eaten raw or consumed when extracting the pulp and making juice. The juice is used during a kind of product and the pulp could also be superimposed to completely different dishes.  A good vary of cosmetic product and food flavors are derived from the fruit that’s made in Vitamins A and C and carotene.

Passion-Fruit Farming Expected Returns

Passion-fruit farmingMost Kenyan farmers have the concern of attempting out some new crop as they’re not perpetually positive of the quantity of profits or losses to be incurred within the whole method. Reality is that, in passion-fruit farming, yields of over 15-20 tonnes are possible. In one year, a farmer might earn up to Sh1 million per acre as compared to 35,000-60,000 shillings earned  from wheat or maize farming. A ¼ acre can grow about 350 passion plants or more. One plant with good care can produce 10–15 kg of fruits in a year. Passion fruits sell for Ksh40–100/kg while grade 1 for export can go for around Ksh70–100/kg.

Passion fruit farming has become popular in Kenya, for example the North rift farmers are moving away from maize to passion which has better returns, cheaper to maintain and ready market going as far as Uganda.

The passion plant is a climber; this means there can be creative ways of maximizing on the little space you have. It is concerning time that additional farmers are venturing into passion-fruit farming. This can be one area that with no doubt, one is in a position to reap huge throughout harvest season.

Also Read: Why Hass Avocado is the new Cash Crop

 

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Starting an Orchard at home isn’t As tough As you would possibly Think

We all realize that fruits have lots of health edges, however growing them in your farm provides several benefits. Not solely you’re assured of a constant offer of recent fruits, however tending to them right in your own farm adds physical activity to your daily routine. Additionally, growing them, yourself can provide you with additional management over that fertilizers and pesticides that are applied – or not applied – to those fruits. However, lots of householders realize growing fruits is discouraging. We believe that the exercise needs excessive amount of attention, time, and space. and the very fact is that growing fruit reception isn’t as tough as everybody may suppose.

Related Story: Tree tomato farming made easy in Kenya

Planting your Fruit Tree

If you intend on moving a longtime flowering tree or fruit plant or planting a vacant root or potted tree, make sure you dig a hole doubly as wide and doubly as deep. Back fill the opening with loose soil and a layer of compost. If any of the roots are broken, take them away before planting. Keep the extent of soil at a similar level as it was in the nursery. Produce a depression around the base of the tree to allow the water to filter down onto the roots rather than running off into the encircling soil or land. The soil can settle and you’ll be ready to see wherever you would like to add more soil. Don’t over water within the rainy months.

Throughout the primary sunny season, you’ll be required to water the plant once per week if there is  rain fall. Even within the highlands areas of Kenya, you’ll still wish to follow the rule of watering deeply once per week with a recently planted tree.

Picking Your style of Fruit

An important issue to recollect once planting your flowering trees is to make sure you either decide a pollination fruit tree otherwise you will be required to purchase 2 varieties that may fertilize. A crab apple will fertilize most fruit tree varieties because it blooms for an extended amount of time than an everyday apple, permitting it to fertilize early, mid, and late season apples. You’ll be able to conjointly purchase “fruit cocktail” trees, wherever many varieties are grafted onto one stock. although a fruit selection is pollination, you’ll get a bigger harvest if a cross-pollinator is near.

Best Fruits to Plant These Days

Tree- Tomato

One shrub big in sensible fertile soil will bear additional fruits than a median family will eat for three months. The fruits are consumed recent by scooping the flesh from halved items. For alternative uses the skin should be removed that is well done by gushing boiling water over the fruits and material possession four minutes before peeling. The shrub flesh is more to stews to form distinctive flavor. The shrub fruits are tasty and ornamental in salads creating savory desserts.

Fresh shrub is usually integrated with sugar and water to form refreshing juice. The fruits shouldn’t be cut on wood or alternative leaky surface because the juice can build an ineradicable mark. The shrub plants are tiny appealing,  woody and evergreen. The leaves are  alternate and evergreen with a heart formed base and a pointed apex. The shrub plants are brittle and shallow frozen growing to a height of 3M to 5.5M. The fruits are long pedunculate and support, in clusters of three to twelve swish, egg formed and pointed at each end. The color is also deep purple, blood red, orange or yellow.

Grapes

Although grape vines aren’t exhausting to grow, you’ll face stiff competition at time of year, from birds and alternative animals. Grapes would like some style of trellis or support to grow on. There are lots of recommendations of a way to prune them, however many folks grow them quite with success with a way additional casual approach. Refer to Oxfarm for the most effective varieties for your space and make sure you select the sort you’re yearning for, either recent ingestion or wine grapes.

Apples

A well-established fruit tree could be a real quality, And there’s an apple to suit each size of garden. select your apple rigorously to fit your tastes and the size of your garden. If your farm permits then select 2 varieties that may fertilize each other. In smaller gardens attempt growing fruit trees in tubs. A dwarf Family Apple has three completely different varieties on a similar tree – simply good for a instrumentation on the area. Or if you fancy one thing extremely completely different then a step-over fruit tree can produce a true talking point!

Apple trees solely do not give the impression of being stunning and supply shade, they’ll conjointly give twenty-five years or additional of fruit for you and your family. Fruit that may build some superb homemade merchandise, like applesauce, conserve, apple pie. And that’s not even numeration the easy pleasure of biting into a crisp ripe apple plucked straight from the tree!

A lot of parents withdraw from planting apple trees in their yards, thinking they grow too huge or take an excessive amount of care. However, with several dwarf and semi-dwarf varieties, you’ll be able to match some apple trees within the tightest of areas.

Peaches

Peach trees tend to be sufficiently little to suit in any size curtilage. Once the peaches are ripening, you’ll be able to smell their sweetness many yards away. they are doing need some pruning, to stay the branches productive and accessible, and a little of cutting the young fruits, so you get a smaller crop of enormous items, instead of a significant crop of small peaches.

Related content:Tips on how to get over 20Kgs/Tree from Tree-tomato farming

Pawpaw

With the year virtually coming back to an end let’s take a glance on ways that to form cash out of pawpaw. If you’re thinking of beginning an orchard and you don’t have a thought, pawpaw fruit is additionally a decent begin. Pawpaw could be a fruit enclosed by lots of thought and plenty of farmers shun from it. Botanically, the pawpaw could be a giant herb, while not wood tissue, thereafter it’s not a tree. It’s a bent to be dioecian, which means that male and feminine flowers don’t grow on a similar plant. Therefore, the plant is either male or feminine. Male plants are fully unproductive however are required for cross-pollination, at the speed of concerning one male plant to twenty feminine plants (the cross-pollination is finished by insects and to a lesser extent, by wind and birds). Today, let’s take all plant a pawpaw and that we can notice however we are able to profit each financially and health wise.

Grafted Purple Passion fruit

Passion fruit is an evergreen, flowering tracheophyte that originated from Brazil that climbs by tendrils. Its height and unfold varies looking on the structure it climbs on. Passion fruits were introduced within the Twenties in Kenya for business growing. There are many species and varieties, of that the purple passion fruit (Passiflora edulis power unit edulis) has the most important business potential. Most of the fruits are processed, however it’s conjointly consumed recent. The yellow passion is analogous to the purple passion, however is additional vigorous, additional tailored to tropical lowlands and additional drought resistant. The fruit pulp is incredibly aromatic however rather acidic. The common fruit is slightly larger and turns from inexperienced to yellow at maturity. Ripe fruits drop from the tracheophyte. The purple passion is grafted with the yellow passion to allow it handle harsh weather conditions.

For these fruit seedlings, contact us or visit our offices.

 

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Why Small-Scale Farmers Are Encouraged To Grow Fruits And Nuts

WHY SMALL-SCALE FARMERS ARE ENCOURAGED TO GROW FRUITS AND NUTS

Growing fruits and nuts provides a wide opportunity for kenyan poor families to enhance their incomes as well as improving the nutrition of the poor who currently suffer from deficiencies in vitamins, minerals and other micronutrients because of low
consumption of these foods.

Source Of Vitamins

According to World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), many fruits are, for example, important sources of vitamins A and C that are lacking in the diets of many Africans. Low intake of vitamin A – around 50 million African children are at risk of deficiency – is considered to be Africa’s third greatest public health problem after HIV/AIDS and malaria.

Vitamin C, on the other hand, is essential for protecting cells and keeping the body healthy and also absorbing iron from food. Vitamin C is an important mineral that is present in significant quantities in many fruits. Common fruits include HASS Avocado, Grafted Tree tomatoes, oranges, mangoes, grapes, tangerines e.t.c. Nuts on the other hand include MACADAMIA nuts, groundnuts, cashew nuts, e.t.c.

Impact of Fruits and Nuts Farming
Action on improving fruit and nut availability and quality, when coordinated, is likely to have a major positive impact on the health of African consumers and increase income generation.
If farmers receive good incomes from cultivating high quality fruits and nuts, that consumers can afford and are informed about the benefits of eating them, a strong domestic production sector can develop in Kenya.

 

The cultivation of fruits and nuts by smallholders to feed local markets and support of export markets presents a tremendous opportunity for investment, especially if the indigenous species that are recognized and valued by domestic consumers are considered as well as exotic ones. At present, about 80% of the total market value of fruit and nut crops is earned locally in Kenya, and this market is likely to grow further in the coming decade.

Source of Income

The total value of all traded production was estimated to be 650 million USD in Kenya in 2007, of which around 85% was contributed by fruits and 15% by nuts. Many fruit and nut species are rare assets in that they can be established on farms with a very modest initial investment and their value increases with time and is maintained over many years, continuing to contribute to family livelihoods and to bringing women, men and children out of poverty in a sustainable way.

By conserving these genetic resources in farmland – of indigenous species that are threatened in the natural landscape as forests recede, and of locally adapted exotic species – they are also made available to future generations, so that their livelihoods and health can also benefit.

Moreover, fruit and nut production is not amenable to much mechanization and is therefore labor-intensive, and thus plays to one of the key strengths of smallholders, which is their low labor cost, enabling them to compete with larger farmers.

Read Also: How to improve your fruit harvest

Production of Fruits and Nuts
Although the potential for improving fruit and nut production to improve incomes for small-scale farmers in Kenya and elsewhere in Africa is evident, smallholders face a number of bottlenecks in the cultivation and sale of produce. These include production constraints, such as limited species and variety development, inefficient delivery systems for delivering superior cultivars to farmers, and poor farm management practices,

With smallholders being unaware of better propagation, pest management and irrigation methods to improve quality, increase productivity and profits. In addition, farmers face market constraints, such as poor post-harvest practices that reduce sale ability, poor market delivery systems, lack of knowledge about the species and varieties for which markets are available, and lack of awareness among consumers of the health benefits of eating fruits and nuts.

Market Potential

Kenya has a very big market potential, since in most parts of Kenya, fruits are available throughout the year. This is a very long period and can be utilized to beat the export market. The major challenges facing the fruit marketing in Kenya are the competition from other producers such as South Africa and Israel; these can only be addressed by improving the quality of the fruits produced.

NB! If you need to grow tree fruits, Macadamia nuts or tissue banana, kindly visit our offices or contact us.

 

 

 

 

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PASSION FRUITS PEST AND DISEASES CONTROL

Disease and pest management

In our farms we have had good and bad experiences when farming passion fruits. We have compiled some of the harmful pest and diseases that have led to big losses in our farms that we would like you to avoid and also have the knowledge on how to control them.

PEST

1. Mealy bugs:

These are small, oval, sucking insects with a cottony white waxy covering to their bodies. Infestation generally occurs on the tender floral buds and fruits. Adults and nymphs pierce the attack parts and suck the sap. The insect secrets a sugary substance over which a black coating develops. Such development interferes the food manufacture by the leaves and it downgrades the quality of the fruit.

2. The Passion Vine Mite

The passion mite may cause serious damage to the vines. Unless damage from these mites is checked the vines may die or the growth may be so adversely affected that there is a marked reduction in fruit. To the naked eye this mite appears as scattered, reddish patches on the lower surface of the leaves along the mid-rib and veins as well as on the fruit surface. The mites attack the young leaves and suck the sap, the affected leaves are generally curled. As a result a heavy infestation may cause complete defoliation and the plant may eventually die.

3. Fruit flies

These insect pests puncture the immature fruits while the rids are still tender. As the fruit enlarges a woody area develops around the puncture. If the fruit is still quite small and under developed, the damage may be sufficient to cause it to shrivel and fall from the vine. If the fruit is well developed, it may grow to maturity. At the time of opening, the area around the puncture has the appearance of a small woody crater which disfigures the outer appearance of the fruit but apparently does not impair the quality of the juice.

(e) Aphids

Aphids infest passion fruit and plants and suck the sap. On fully grown vines, severe damages seldom results. On seedlings, however, aphids may cause severe damage. Aphids are known to be efficient vectors of passion fruit woodiness virus, which is proving to be a serious disease of passion fruit in Kenya.

Routine Pest Control Measures

The control of pests, which attack the passion fruit, involves two basic problems,

(1) The destruction of insects which attack the plants.
(2) The preservation of the insects whose function in pollination is of vital importance to fruit plant.

The problem is complicated because both beneficial and destructive insects are so closely associated with the plant. The injurious insects must therefore be eliminated without destroying the beneficial ones. An approach to this problem is the proper timing of spray applications. Less damage to the beneficial insects, when a farmer schedules his chemical spray application during periods when the pollinating insects are not active.

We advice farmers on varius control measures to use when controlling pest in their farms.

PASSION FRUIT DISEASES

(1) Brown spot disease – Alternaria passiflorae

The disease is caused by fungus known as Alternaria pasiflorae; this is characterized by the development of brown spots and lesions on the leaves, stems and fruits.

The attacked stem normally turns brown and this leads to ring barking. As a result the functions of the plant tissues, which are responsible for carrying food from the leaves to the roots and vice versa, are interfered with and there is subsequent dieback. As the infection progress, the spots enlarge forming a series of concentric rings and the infected leaves and fruits may fall prematurely. The vines may wither from the affected parts upwards particularly after the stem has become desiccated. The quality may also shrink and drop from the vine. When the attacks are very severe, fruits begin rotting either from the stalk or from the bottom producing a brown color in the attacked parts.

The disease may infect vines of all ages. Humid conditions, accompanied by slightly higher temperatures than normal may accelerate the spread of the disease.

Control of Brown Spot Disease

(a) Field hygiene

This involves the constant removal of all infected material, which should be burnt at least once a week. The pruning frequency should also be increased during humid periods when the disease appears to spread very rapidly.

(b) Chemical control

Besides keeping the cines reasonably exposed to the sun by judicious pruning, regular spraying is very necessary to reduce losses where the disease is prevalent.

Related Post: Why Hass Avocado is the new Cash Crop

(2) Woodiness disease

Virus causes the disease. The infection is characterized by grossly misshapen fruits, which show abnormal thickening and hardening of the tissues of the fruit wall and a reduced pulp cavity. The foliage becomes mottled with dark green areas localized on the raised portions of the leaves. The leaf color between dark green and the raised areas is yellow green (mosaic appearance). The leaves are frequently misshapen and reduced in size. In some instances there is lack of growth of the terminal shoot accompanied by a bunchiness of the harsch-textured terminal leaves. The disease is one of the most serious diseases of passion fruit and may curtail the commercial life of a vineyard. Aphids spread the virus, by at the transfer of sap from diseased to healthy plants during pruning and other cultural operations.

Control Measures

Fungal sprays cannot control woodiness, it is therefore recommended that plants showing typical symptoms of the disease be uprooted and burnt. Also ensure you get seedlings that are certified to avoid this disease. Plant hygiene measures should be practiced, especially during training and pruning. Pruning knives should be sterilized by use of appropriate disinfectant, both before and after use. Passion fruits should never be planted again in the same field or in the immediate vicinity particularly where a severe attack has occurred.

3. Fusariam Wilt

Fusariam wilt is serious disease in Passion fruit particularly the local purple passion fruit. The disease is soil borne, which means that the fungus lives in the soil from where it attacks the rooting system of the affected plant. The disease spreads upwards along the stem and one can easily recognize brown patches scattered on the stem. The brown patches can easily be mistaken for the brown spot disease and can only be diagnosed by an experienced person. Since the attack originates from the roots the transaction of water and minerals from the soil are interfered with, the plant starts to wither and eventually it dies.

Control Measure

There is no control of this disease once it attacks the plant. A farmer should uproot and burn it and never again to plant that passion fruit which is very susceptible to this disease on the same soil. We use the  Yellow passion fruit which is resistant to this disease, which is used as a rootstock against this disease.

 

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Grafted purple passion fruits kenya

Grafted purple passion

Why you should think of investing on grafted purple passion fruit. The fruits matures after 6 months. One vine of grafted passion fruit plant can produce a minimum of 50kg or estimated 1500-2500 fruits in one year. One acre can be planted 650-1000 plants seedlings. They have a lifespan of more than 3-5 years. Purple passions have ready market and the current market price per kg at the farm gate is sh 70-100. The grafted ones are recommended because they are resistant to fusariam wilt  a disease present in the soil. Order seedlings from us at sh 70 each. We also do planting and management practices for our clients at an agreed fee. Delivery services available country wide. Visit our offices at Hermes house ,1st floor,opposite KTDA Tom mboya street. contact us for more info