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tree tomato Pruning and why it’s important

Pruning is a fundamental practice in the cultivation of tree tomato. This ensures a farmer gets plants that are shorter, stronger and with good structures. There are three types of pruning used in the cycle of cultivation.

Summit/Apical Pruning

Apical Pruning

After two months in the field you should proceed to strip the summit. It consists of breaking the plant’s apical dominance. This is the first branch and also the one that gives the plant its direction. This means it stimulates the plant to grow vertically.

  • If you fail to strip the summit, prune its formation, the fruit can reach a height of 4 meters or more which complicates handling in the field.
  • When you do this, it is necessary to seal the wound to prevent entrance of pathogens, fungi, or other agents that may sicken the plant.

Maintenance Pruning

You should remove all the branches leaves, and fruits either because they are affected or because they are unproductive. An unproductive branch, one that does not produce fruits is an extra load fo the plant. When you remove the unproductive leaves, you stimulate the plant’s growth of other new productive and healthier.

Read: Why you shouldn’t Worry about hass avocado Market

Renovation Pruning

It consists of practically cutting all the productive branches, which have reached a cycle of senescence (crop has aged, gotten old). When the plant has aged, it is essential that you carry out this type of pruning. You should cut 30-40 cm from the base stem in order to allow the growth of new branches, a new productive top, and in same way, the lengthening of the productive life of the crop.

Enlargement

This takes place at 3 months. It consists of delicately uniting the two main stems using a plastic band at a height of approximately 50cm. this helps to steady the tree to keep wind from knocking it over.

At the age of 4-6 months, the plants will need implementation of labors, that are crucial to their development and support. You have to broaden the circumference of the hole and the tree, inserting also organic material. This is done so as to supply the trunk, so that the roots can work and obtain more nutrients for the development of the plant because this is the place in which the plant starts to branch off and flower.

Read: Why You should shift gears to Hass avocado and Macadamia farming

Benefits of Pruning tree tomato

When you do enough pruning, you can reduce costs by stringing up the plant, because tree-tomato is also a plant. A bush that is brittle and is heavy with fruit, there is a probability of breaking all the branches. Tree tomato farmers should anticipate situations by managing it properly.

It is very important to follow cultivation procedures, that are timely and adequate as they represent a high percentage of plants health and success.

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How profitable is tomato farming in a green house?

Greenhouse tomato farming in Kenya has caused a huge increase in tomato production. Most tomato farmers in Kenya exercise small scale greenhouse farming of popular greenhouse tomato types inclusive of Anna F1. You could make easy money in Kenya through greenhouse farming of tomato.

Growing plant life in a greenhouse permits for less complicated implementation of appropriate agronomic practices and decreases tomato production prices. Capsicum and onions are the other crops in Kenya that are generally grown in a greenhouse. With nearly all sorts, greenhouse tomato farming is greater worthwhile than growing tomatoes in an open field.

It is easier to control the temperature in a greenhouse and much less water is used when the suitable irrigation method is used. Most Kenyan farmers use drip irrigation for their greenhouses. Excess nutrients in a tomato farm will lead to immoderate weed boom on the expense of tomato growth, leading to smaller and lighter fruits, and hollow tomatoes that perish quickly.

Farmers are recommended to deliver liquid fertilizers with the drip irrigation kits to keep away from giving their tomatoes extra nutrients. Tomatoes are a popular vegetable and are continually in high demand

It takes a shorter duration —  months — for greenhouse-produced tomatoes to mature, while it takes no less than three months with outdoor farming.

Advantages of Green Houses

Due to controlled irrigation and temperatures, the tomatoes sports a continuous output of flowers and fruits, all at different levels.

One plant has a potential of up to 15 kg at the start of the harvest, going as much as 60 kg by the point it has completed its full cycle — recommended at 365 days.

Assuming you have 2000 plants each gives you 60kg per year, that is 120,000 Kgs of tomato. If at the gate you sell at KSh 30, then you can get at least KSh 3, 600, 000 annually. That translates to KSh 120, 000 each month.

The plant vines are supported inside the greenhouse with sticks and strings, developing as much as 5 meters high. If properly looked after, the minimal plot of land under greenhouse production can yield up to 25,000 tonnes of tomatoes.

Tomatoes are usually very vulnerable to diseases requiring heavy application of insecticides but under the greenhouse growing strategies, which come with simple training on hygiene, most of common infections are without difficulty kept at bay. Also stored at bay are bugs and other pests regarded to invade the crop as well as weeds.

Apart from big savings on crop safety chemicals, which constitute a big part of production expenses, much less labor is needed in a greenhouse, whilst exposure to chemical toxins related to application is minimized or eliminated altogether. It is also exact for the environment.

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