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What Causes Tomatoes To Split And How do you Prevent Tomato Cracking

Tomato farming in Kenya is a common practice among many farmers. This is because everyone loves tomatoes. They are great in cooking, salads and sauces and even make a great gift. However, with these beautiful and tasty beauties comes a problem. Sometimes, right in the middle of thinking everything is alright with your tomatoes, you will find splitting tomatoes or tomato cracking. Farmers in Kenya have made losses through tomato cracking and we want to help you prevent it.

How To Establish An Arrow Root Farm

 What causes tomatoes to split?

Fluctuation of temperatures sometimes can cause problems for newly growing tomato transplants. It is therefore very crucial to mulch your plants, either with organic mulch such as straws, wood chips or plastic. The mulch will conserve water and also prevent disease from spreading. When it comes to mulch and tomatoes, plastic mulch has shown to be the best mulch to help prevent tomato cracking. Sometimes, if you have a lot of rain after a spell of really dry weather, you’ll find splitting tomatoes on your tomato plants. A split tomato problem is really caused by lack of water. If you take away water, the tomatoes cannot stay lush and juicy, and the skin will crack just as your skin cracks if you do not have enough moisture. And when the tomatoes receive a large amount of water quickly after this, they fill with water and the skin bursts at the cracks like an overfilled water balloon.

Here Are The Things To Consider When Establishing Drip Irrigation In Your Farm

How to Prevent Tomato Cracking

This cracking problem in tomato is more than just an aesthetic problem. You will realize that through these cracks bacteria and fungus can be introduced into the fruit and cause them to rot or provide an easy access to pests. For you to prevent splitting in tomatoes, you will have to water your tomato plants once a week with about 1-2 inches of water. To keep tomato cracking to a minimum, be sure to keep your tomato plants watered evenly on a regular basis. Protect them from a severe drought in your absence by setting up a watering system on a timer. This way you can water your farm when you aren’t home to do it and you won’t have to deal with severe tomato cracking. It’s as easy as that to solve a split tomato problem. Finally, be sure to fertilize your tomatoes according to the instructions on your tomato fertilizer. Fertilizer or manure is important to keep the soil healthy enough to help your plants produce as many tomatoes as possible. If you follow these rules, soon enough you will have plenty of unsplit tomatoes to enjoy and to sell.

 

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tree tomato Pruning and why it’s important

Pruning is a fundamental practice in the cultivation of tree tomato. This ensures a farmer gets plants that are shorter, stronger and with good structures. There are three types of pruning used in the cycle of cultivation.

Summit/Apical Pruning

Apical Pruning

After two months in the field you should proceed to strip the summit. It consists of breaking the plant’s apical dominance. This is the first branch and also the one that gives the plant its direction. This means it stimulates the plant to grow vertically.

  • If you fail to strip the summit, prune its formation, the fruit can reach a height of 4 meters or more which complicates handling in the field.
  • When you do this, it is necessary to seal the wound to prevent entrance of pathogens, fungi, or other agents that may sicken the plant.

Maintenance Pruning

You should remove all the branches leaves, and fruits either because they are affected or because they are unproductive. An unproductive branch, one that does not produce fruits is an extra load fo the plant. When you remove the unproductive leaves, you stimulate the plant’s growth of other new productive and healthier.

Read: Why you shouldn’t Worry about hass avocado Market

Renovation Pruning

It consists of practically cutting all the productive branches, which have reached a cycle of senescence (crop has aged, gotten old). When the plant has aged, it is essential that you carry out this type of pruning. You should cut 30-40 cm from the base stem in order to allow the growth of new branches, a new productive top, and in same way, the lengthening of the productive life of the crop.

Enlargement

This takes place at 3 months. It consists of delicately uniting the two main stems using a plastic band at a height of approximately 50cm. this helps to steady the tree to keep wind from knocking it over.

At the age of 4-6 months, the plants will need implementation of labors, that are crucial to their development and support. You have to broaden the circumference of the hole and the tree, inserting also organic material. This is done so as to supply the trunk, so that the roots can work and obtain more nutrients for the development of the plant because this is the place in which the plant starts to branch off and flower.

Read: Why You should shift gears to Hass avocado and Macadamia farming

Benefits of Pruning tree tomato

When you do enough pruning, you can reduce costs by stringing up the plant, because tree-tomato is also a plant. A bush that is brittle and is heavy with fruit, there is a probability of breaking all the branches. Tree tomato farmers should anticipate situations by managing it properly.

It is very important to follow cultivation procedures, that are timely and adequate as they represent a high percentage of plants health and success.

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Tips on how to get over 20Kgs/Tree from Tree-tomato farming

Tree tomato Fruit can be red or yellow; personally, I prefer the tangy red ones. The plants grow from seed to about 2m tall, long and leggy, and only fruit after they have formed several branches, usually after Year 2.

Related Content:The benefits of certified fruit seedlings

To get the most out of your tree tomato:

  • They only live for about 12 years, so always have a few young ones coming on to replace the old ones;
  • Tip cuttings will fruit sooner, and tend to produce a stronger, more compact bush;
  • In coastal and windy areas, it pays to shelter the trees, and cover them during a frost;
  • Don’t put them in your greenhouse; they grow better outside away from whitefly which covers them like snow otherwise;
  • Feed them like a tomato, with plenty of nitrogen and trace elements;
  • Pruning increases fruit size, so in summer trim some of those leggy growing branch ends back by 60cm.

Combine it all and you can harvest up to 20kg per plant – we have had a crate box full off one tree.

Two Deadly Enemies of Your Tree Tomato

Grafted tree tomato fruitsJust like citrus trees, tree-tomato will die if left to dry out, even if for only a day. In eastern areas you will have to irrigate all dry seasons with a drip line or hand water every few days. In the west, if you’re growing outside, your older plants will get through a few days of dry seasons winds but not many. Get the watering can out or you’ll lose your prized tree. Mulch the root zone to keep the moisture in.

Nematodes are tree-tomatoes worst enemy, they survive by feeding directly off the nutrients pumped through tree-tomatoes roots. They form galls that can reach up to an inch wide where they hide and reproduce, causing many symptoms that point to problems in infected plants’ transport systems. Yellowing plants, stunted growth and general decline are early symptoms, but unless your bed is heavily infected with nematodes, a large tree-tomato planting will only show these symptoms in a relative few plants. They typically appear in soils where tree-tomatoes and other root knot nematode host plants have been grown in the last three to five years, and populations increase the longer an area is used. If you suspect your tree-tomatoes plants have nematodes, start by digging up a particularly weak plant. Roots that have a lot of unusual knobby growths are infected with these parasites.

 

 

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Why Record Keeping is Important in Fruit Farming

 

Production record-keeping is an important task for any fruit or crop farm, whether small, medium or large.

Currently, government agencies, lenders, and insurance companies are requiring better and more accurate records. Not only bushels per acre, income and expenses, but also weather records are becoming increasingly necessary.

An important tool for any Fruit or crop production farming operation, regardless of size, is having and maintaining a recordkeeping system for crop production. A common question that often gets asked is why should I keep production records? There are several reasons as follows: keeping records meets the requirements of various farming regulations; complete and accurate records help demonstrate your protection of soil, water and other environmental resources; records will help you analyze the performance of your farm’s cropping system; records may provide liability protection in the event of a complaint or lawsuit concerning your farming operation; and complete records demonstrate conformance with regulations.

The Recordkeeping System for fruit Production is designed for recording pesticide applications, nutrient applications, manure applications, animal burial and composting, irrigation, employee training, and pesticide drift management plans.

Also Read: Why Hass Avocado is the new Cash Crop

Lenders and Insurance Need your records

From the business aspect of the operation, record keeping is needed for future analysis of production methods, cropping history, and decision making. Record keeping provides valuable information concerning what worked and what did not and possibly, the reasons why something did not turn out as planned. As we all know, the best production methods and hybrids can fail due to weather conditions. Keeping daily records of precipitation and high and low temperatures is easy to accomplish and you can have a fairly accurate weather station. A high/low thermometer, rain gauge, something to record them on, and about ten minutes a day is all that is needed.

One set of accurate records should be enough to satisfy all your needs. If you keep good records of production, expenses, income, and weather, you should have all the required information for any purpose, from crop insurance to lenders to your own needs. You should be able to make informed conclusions regarding the past and to plan for the future.

Good records lead to better decisions and hopefully higher returns.

For more information on recordkeeping for fruit or crop production, contact Oxfarm Organic Ltd, Extension horticulture educators for tree fruit Production.

Also Read: how to grow peaches and nectrines

 

 

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How to improve your fruit harvest

Growing your own fruit means that you can enjoy the pick of delicious varieties fresh from the tree or bush, turn them into pies, jellies and jams or store for future use. And you don’t need a lot of space, either – in small gardens, you can grow fruit as cordons or trained trees. You can also grow fruit in containers.

With a little care throughout the year, you can enjoy the best possible harvests – here’s how.

Plant at least two fruit trees

Plant at least two fruit trees so that they can cross pollinate. Where space is limited, choose self-pollinating varieties that fruit on their own, or try family trees with several varieties grafted onto a single trunk.

Protect blossom

Protect blossom from frost if possible, by covering with fleece. Remove the covers by midday so that pollinating insects can get in, then recover at night.

Mulch

Mulch around the base of plants with well-rotted organic matter in autumn, to lock in nutrients and water into the soil, and suppress weeds. Use pine needles around berries as they create the acidic conditions they love. Scatter slow-release fertiliser, such as chicken manure, each spring onto moist soil.

Water regularly

Water new fruit plants regularly until they are established, and continue to water any plants in pots. Water all fruit plants when they have ripening fruit, but be careful not to over-water as this can lead to tasteless fruit and can leach nutrients from the soil.

Related Post: drip irrigation in fruits

Pick off fruits

Pick off baby fruits from newly planted fruit trees in their first season. It takes willpower, but it allows the tree to concentrate on establishing well. Mature trees will drop fruits early in the season (called the ‘June drop’) but it’s a good idea to thin fruits growing too close together so that those remaining have room to mature.

Underplant with flowers

Underplant fruit with nectar-rich flowers such as nepeta, lavender or annual flower mixes to attract bees and other pollinating insects – they’ll pollinate your blossom at the same time.

Let fruit ripen fully

Let fruits ripen fully on the plant or tree, so that they have more time to build up nutrients. But pick them before they become overripe as they may rot and spread disease – and will attract wasps too.

For more information, visit our offices, and book your seedlings early enough.

 

 

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Benefits of Growing Your Own Fruits

Benefits for you and your family:

  • Fresh and nutritious fruits. Fruits from your own garden are higher in nutrients than the ones that have traveled several thousand miles to get to your grocery store.
  • Having your children assist you in the garden can increase the chance that they will eat more of the fruits and vegetables they have helped to grow.
  • Growing your own fruits can offer you the opportunity to reduce the amount of pesticides that you use in your garden, making them healthier.
  • Growing your own fruits will save your money at the grocery store.
  • Gardening increases physical activity. It is a great way to engage the whole family in physical activity and lets them help to take responsibility for the garden.
  • The fruits grown in your garden will promote health because they are rich in nutrients, especially in phytochemicals, anti-oxidants, vitamin C, vitamin A and folate.
  • Gardening gives you’re a real sense of appreciation when you can see the bounty of your efforts.
  • Growing a garden gives you a new appreciation for nature, when you can have the opportunity to see how things grow.
  • Gardening may stimulate many new interests. You may want to learn more about botany, landscape architecture, photography, nutrition, and farmer’s markets.
  • Gardening gives you the opportunity to give back. If you have an abundant garden, you might give some of your produce to the local soup kitchen or food bank.
  • This can be a great time to create memories with your children, memories that can last a lifetime.
  • Your garden can lead to new skills, and knowledge for you and your family, your child may have a new found interest to become a farmer!

Society and Community

  • Gardens can foster a great sense of community through parent to parent connections, teacher to student or student to student.
  • Schools and community may decide to build a community or school garden. This is a tremendous learning tool for all involved as well a providing a source of nutritious fruits
  • A community/school garden can help to foster and motivate future leaders (e.g., 4-H afterschool programs).
  • Neighborhood Community Gardens beautify landscape, support local farmers, can create a food secure community where residents do not need to rely on vendors to supply fresh produce.

Environment

Tall fruit trees provide shade.

  • You can use less pesticides or use natural pesticides and this will be less contamination to the environment.
  • Produce peels and waste can create a lot of green waste and takes up a lot of space in the garbage can. Recycle them to make your own compost. It is less expensive than buying fertilizers.
  • Turn unsightly lands into attractive landscapes.
  • Get creative. There is a potential to grow an innovative gardens like futuristic horticulture gardens that are very cost-effective and require substantially less space.

If you’ve got a bit of empty space on your farm, growing a fruit tree is a good way to fill it and still get a passive income- beehives are a similar option, but you can surround a grown tree with beehives for kicks.

Investing in more fruit trees will make them more worthwhile, definitely- the combined benefit of many fruits is always going to be more apparently valuable for the time you spend interacting with the tree every few days. Even ignoring the quality level gain of a fruit tree and placing some kegs or preserves jars right next to your trees can boost the profits you’re seeing from your tree without much extra effort, or you could keep them around as a guarantee of some portable energy consumables during a given season.

Start exploring today!! Book seedlings today!

 

 

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Kenyan’s Diamonds are hanging on Tree Fruits

How huge is the potential for the fruits farming and export business in Kenya? You’re about to find out…

As millions of people around the world look for healthier and organic foods, fruits are growing in demand both locally and globally.

Apart from the millions of fruits that we eat at home in Kenya, many of us do not notice the huge volumes of bananas, avocados, pineapples, mangoes and several other tropical fruit varieties that are shipped to Europe, the Middle East and USA every week!

Kenya has a unique advantage to profit from this very lucrative market for tropical fruits which grow abundantly on our continent.

Why is the market potential for tropical fruits huge for Kenya?

apple fruits grown in Kenya
apple fruits grown in Kenya

In line with our tradition on Small starter, it’s important to us that our readers understand the market forces and economic opportunities behind every business opportunity we share.

Our research has identified three strong reasons why Africa’s future in the tropical fruits business is shining very bright.

Africa has a strong geographic advantage

More than 70 percent of fruits consumed on earth come from the tropics, which is why they’re called ‘tropical fruits’.

A very large portion of our dear continent is located in the tropics – a region that enjoys all-year-round sunlight and has a perfect climate for fruits to thrive and grow abundantly.

As a result, Africa remains one of the world’s largest producers of some of the most popular fruits on the planet – citrus, pineapples, bananas and many others.

Despite our continent’s huge potential to produce fruits for the world, a lot of fruits grown in Kenya are consumed locally.

Because fruits are highly perishable (spoil very quickly) and many farmers have little access to good storage facilities, Kenya currently exports less than 5 percent of the fruits it produces every year.

Related Content: make money through passion fruit farming

A growing demand for healthier and organic foods

Due to the revelations by modern science about the health benefits of eating fruits and, millions of people around the world (especially in developed countries) now include some form of fruit in their daily diets.

Apart from their rich nutrient, mineral and vitamin content, fruits are now known to lower blood pressure; reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke, and probably some cancers; and help to lower the risk of eye and digestive system problems.

The growing consciousness in Western countries to adopt fruit-rich diets is one of the major drivers of the growing demand for tropical fruits which are abundant in Africa. As a result, countries like Ghana, South Africa, Ivory Coast and Kenya earn millions of dollars every year from fruit exports to Europe, the Middle East and USA.

According to the World Health Organisation, millions of people around the world still die prematurely from diseases associated with low fruit consumption. While this is sad, it signals a promising and lucrative growth in the demand for African tropical fruits now and in the future as more people add fruits to their diets.

A rapidly growing fruits juice industry

This rapid growth is driven by a rising preference by customers for healthy drinks (like fruit juices) over soft drinks (such as carbonated drinks – like Coke and Pepsi). There is also a rising demand for organic, super fruit and 100 percent natural fruit juices without any sweeteners and preservatives.

This means that in the very near future, producers will require more raw fruits to make a glass of juice.

As more manufacturers shop for fruits to produce more juice to serve the growing demand, Africa will become a huge supplier due to the abundance of fruits that grow on the continent. This added demand from fruit juice manufacturers is allowing farmers across Africa to process their harvested fruits into less perishable concentrates thereby reducing spoilage and earning them more money.

Make an effort today by calling us. We have all types of tree fruits. Book Now!

 

 

 

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Why you should invest in hass avocado

Kakuzi Limited a farm in Muranga has more than 408 hectares of land producing both Hass and Fuerte avocados. Kakuzi is one of the largest exporters of hass avocados in Kenya. The hass season runs from June to mid-September with Fuerte starting a little earlier in March/April.

On 08/12/17, the farm held its annual Avocado Small Holders Field Day; an event that was graced by Muranga Governor Mwangi Wa-Iria. Kakuzi and Muranga county government aims at educating, supporting and promoting increased productivity of avocado by Kenyan farmers.

The event brought together many farmers from Muranga county while others came from as far as Nyandarua county. The Muranga county government and Kakuzi company are passionate about addressing social issues, thus creating a sustainable society and providing an opportunity for development for all. The welfare of Kakuzi’ s employees and of the surrounding communities is therefore at the core if its operations.

During this day Earlier today, Muranga Governor Mwangi Wa-Iria presided over the avocados bonus award ceremony at Kakuzi Limited. The 19 million Shillings bonus will go to farmers who have sold their hass avocado to Kakuzi Limited through a partnership mediated and harnessed by the County Government. This partnership enables the avocados farmers to secure a steady market and better pricing.

Prior to the roll out of this marketing partnership farmers would earn as little as 3 shillings per fruit owing to exploitation by middlemen. However, depending on the grading farmers can now earn up to 35 shillings per fruit delivered to Kakuzi Limited. This initiative is part of the wider avocado farming programme instituted by the County Government to cushion farmers from externalities such as middlemen and fluctuating markets. The initiative also involves giving hybrid hash avocado tree seedlings to farmers in addition to provision of other farm inputs necessary for commercial avocado farming.

Strengths of Hass Avocados

  • The Hass avocado is one amongst the foremost common avocados within the world.
  • The merely natural Hass Avocado trees are acclimatized to most climates in Republic of Kenya
  • Kakuzi company has already oversubscribed several fruits before. Some investors are showing interest in this investment product.
  • There are prospects to intercrop the avocado trees with low and plantains.
  • Kakuzi buys Hass Avocado at between KSh nineteen and thirty-five per piece depending on size. currently that’s a high giving farmers a possible financial gain of Ksh.1.5 million per acre on the average.
  • In addition to the shopping price, farmers supplying Kakuzi get annual bonus at the end of each year. The best farmer this year got a cheque of KSh. 300,000.
  • The fruit contains a limitless market in Europe and that we simply can’t satisfy it. Most of the Hass exports (70%) are to France, whereas 15%  goes to the united kingdom with the balance distributed through alternative EU countries, Switzerland and Scandinavia.
  • Avocado is that the best paying fruit among the fruits oversubscribed overseas thus presenting a property high profit venture for Kenyan farmers.

Related post: Commercial Kiwifruit farming in Kenya

Why Invest in Hass Avocado?

Agricultural Investments will be the best performing investments for the next decade. This is because; the average age of farmers in Kenya and the entire World is over 55 and the rising population is dependent on industrial farms, artificial seeds, pesticides and fertilizers. It seems we are at peak yield and the world needs more food. Population around the world is increasing and food demand will mirror that. Global demand for this superfood is increasing.

 

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Hass Avocado Farming: What Exporters Expect from You

As demand for hass avocado grows regionally and internationally, there’s no short cut for farmers seeking the simplest market and costs. One should twig right as hass avocado farming  it involves varieties, seedlings and fruits, particularly if you are looking for an export market.

It is necessary for a farmer to start out with clean and prime quality planting materials to urge higher yields. The export market needs quality manufacture, that’s why it’s not advisable to shop for seedlings from unqualified sellers.

Hass avocado tree can be irrigated through drip pipes, and water should always be obtainable. For export quality, the tree ought to be planted in five by five meters spacing or there around, in between the areas one will grow weeds or vegetables to manage soil erosion and to draw in useful insects.

Besides, the hass avocado plant would like enough sunlight throughout flowering. Farmers, therefore, should enable light-weight penetration and management of pest and disease. Before planting avocados, one should conduct a feasibility study on the planned farm before investment. You would like to think about water accessibility, the soil characteristic and therefore the prevailing climate conditions.

Related Content: Commercial Kiwifruit farming in Kenya

Kenya’s Advantage Over Different Countries

Kenya presently produces two hundred,000 metric tons (MT) of the fruits p.a. however solely exports sixteen,000MT. Israel, on the opposite hand, produces a hundred,000 metric tons of the fruits however exports sixty per cent of the full.

The United States is presently the foremost dominant marketplace for avocados followed by Europe and therefore the region Asia. The regions are provided by farmers from the geographic area, African nation, Spain, and Israel. Kenya lags in avocado export because of the fruits lack uniformity. Most countries in Europe not settle for the Kenyan avocados because of challenges that farmers will simply avoid, together with fruit form.

How to handle export hass Avocado

packaged hass avocadoAvocado will just grow well all in all areas of the Kenya except the coastal region because of salinity. Export market demands fruits of certain shapes and sizes, options which may solely be achieved through irrigation of the crops. Avocado farmers in Kenya don’t irrigate their farms as a result their fruits lack uniformity, some are too big, others are medium whereas others are smaller than the desired minimum. Customers at the export market like size 12 fruits with dry matter content of twenty-three per cent.

Another challenge with Kenyan Avocado farmers is that they pick their fruits too early, therefore, they take too long to mature. Native Avocado farmers have advantage over their peers in different countries because of Kenyan fruits gain the market at the time when none of the leading producers have avocado fruits.

“If avocado farming in Kenyan is professionally done, then it will be another success rather like flower farming because of its gathering window which fall at the best time for Europe.” one of the exporters notes.

Also read: Farmers already earning more from Macadamia nuts and hass Avocados

 

Don’t wait, book your seedlings today. Visit our offices for guidelines and more information.

 

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Tree-tomato farming made easy in Kenya

For those of you who might not have the greenest of thumbs, here may be a good productive plant for you to start growing, tree-tomato. Learn more now!

The tree-tomato, typically referred to as the tamarillo, may be a member of tomato family, that additionally includes different staples like regular eggplants, capsicums and potatoes.

It isn’t all that acknowledged here in Kenya. However, if you raise a relative or friend from Central Kenya, they’ll presently need to be your best buddy after they hear you have got a tree that is roofed with these delicious fruits. Firstly, they originated from South and Central America. Tamarillos were introduced to Kenya by Asia back within the late 1800’s.

The Tree-tomato may be a quick growing, however short lived tiny tree, lasting solely five to seven years. However, fruit are often expected in eighteen months from planting. You don’t get a lot of quicker results than that once it involves perennial plants. For a longer-lived tree (approximately fifteen years) grow a grafted tree-tomato.

When planting tree-tomato, it’s vital to understand that they’re a shallow non-moving. Choosing for a sunny spot that has some protection against hot wind and smart clearing is crucial. If you reside in a frosty space that drops below -3ºC, think about putting a lightweight cowl over your tree in winter time. If there’s any injury to the soft fleshy growth, simply tip out these shoots and your tree can recover easily. Tamarillos may also be fully grown in giant pots. Expect your tree-tomato to induce roughly 2-3 metres tall and 1-2 meters wide. Lop seed plant fully grown plants at the 1m tall stage, as they have some encouragement to grow bushy.

Related post: What To Do To Tree-tomatoes Affected By Nematodes

Planting Stage Continue reading Tree-tomato farming made easy in Kenya