Scientific name: Carica papaya

Local names:

English: Pawpaw; Swahili: papaya. Pawpaw is a widely cultivated fruit tree in the tropics and subtropics. General Benefits of Pawpaw Ripe papaya is a favorite breakfast and dessert fruit that is available year-round.

fruit tree seedlings

It can be used to make fruit salads, refreshing drinks, jam, jelly, marmalade, candies and crystallized fruits. Green fruits are pickled or cooked as a vegetable.

Suitable Growth Condition

Papaya thrives in warm areas with adequate rainfall and a temperature range of 21-33°C. Its altitude range is similar to that of the banana, from sea level to elevations at which frosts occur (often around 1600 m). However they grow best in areas below 1000 m.

The quality and yield are low at higher altitudes. Frost can kill the plant, and cool and overcast weather delays fruit ripening and depresses fruit quality. Fruit tastes much better when grown during a warm sunny season. Evenly distributed annual rainfall of 1200 mm is sufficient if water conservation practices are employed.

Papaya grows best in light, well-drained soils rich in organic matter with soil pH of 6.0-6.5. It can tolerate any kind of soil provided it is well-drained and not too dry. The roots are very sensitive to water logging and even short periods of flooding can kill the plants.


RELATED: Why Africa offers growing opportunities for agricultural products



Papaya is propagated by seed. To reproduce the desired characteristics it is best to get seeds through controlled pollination. Use of sterilized soil minimizes losses resulting from nematodes and damping-off fungi. Germination takes 2-3 weeks.

Another practice is to sow the seeds in sterilized nursery beds and to prick out at the 2-3-leaf stage, transferring 3-4 seedlings to each container. Seedlings are transplanted about 2 months after sowing when they reach the 3-4-leaf stage or 20 cm height, preferably at the onset of the rainy season.

During transplanting, take care not to disturb the roots. Older seedlings recover poorly after planting out. Papaya needs adequate drainage and is often planted on mounds or ridges. Transplants must be watered regularly until they are established. Field spacing are in the order of 3 x 2 m to 2.50 x 1.60 m, giving densities of 1667 and 2500 plants/ha respectively.

Thinning to one female or one hermaphrodite plant per hill is done when the plants reach the flowering stage. In the absence of hermaphrodite plants, 1 male plant per 25 – 100 female plants is retained as pollinator.

Papaya plants grown from seed produce fruits of different shapes, sizes, colour and even taste. Vegetative propagation of papaya provides a solution to most of these problems. The clone is selected for higher productivity and good quality fruits besides agronomic qualities such as dwarfness for easy harvesting and good resistance to diseases.

Planting holes of 2*2*2 ft are prepared with 1 bucket of compost and is mixed in with the dugout soil and returned around the plant. Firm the soil and water liberally and add mulch around the young plant.

The farmer can choose to grow the crops conventionally or do organic farming.


Inter cropping

Papaya grows best when planted in full sunlight. However, it can be planted as an inter crop under coconut, or as a cash crop between young fruit trees such as mango or citrus. Low growing annual crops such as capsicums, beans, onions and cabbages are suitable good inter crops.


The stage of physiological development at the time of harvest determines the flavor and taste of the ripened fruit. The fruit matures at 9 months after transplanting. The appearance of traces of yellow colour on the fruit indicates that it is ready for harvesting. Fruits harvested early have longer post-harvest life, but give abnormal taste and flavor. The fruits also tend to shrivel and suffer chilling injuries when refrigerated. The fruit is twisted until the stalk snaps off or cut with a sharp knife. Yields per tree vary from 75 to 150 fruits annually, giving 35 to 50 tons of fruit per ha per year. A papaya plantation can be productive for over 10 years but the economical period is only the first 3 to 4 years. It is therefore advisable to renew the plantation every 4 years.



Number of seedlings in one acre at a spacing of 6ft*9ft 800-900 plants.

For 800 plants.

Item description Unit cost (800) Total cost
Manure One bucket per hole @30 24000
Holes Digging, transport of manure to the hole, mixing and planting @30 24000
Seedlings Certified @50
Fertilizer N.P.K






Pesticides Entire season 5000
Fungicides Entire season 5000
Water Entire season 20000
Management farm manager, (Weeding, splaying etc) @7000 for 9 months 63000
Misleneous 7000
Return per year.
75 fruits per plant

150 fruits per plant

With 800 plants

With 800 plants



1.8 million

3.6 million

For the All type of Fruit tree seedlings We at oxfarm we do propagate and sell quality certified seedlings to farmers at the best prices for each seedling as above. We also assist in establishment of orchards and for all types of fruit trees. In order to learn more visit our demo farm at ridge ways Kiambu road or in Nyeri. Contact 0706222888 To get directions Call/Text/ WhatsApp us on 0706222888


  1. Hi,
    I am interested can it do well at Kajiado Ildamat,I have half acre and if it can do how much will it cost.


    1. yes the can do well in Kajiado. a half acre can accommodate 400-450 plants. each seedling goes for ksh50 plus other cost of farming. contact us 0723662773 for more info 0723662773

  2. Hello, this is awesome, just a point of concern, do you deal with hybrids that are as a result of genetic alterations or are your seeds purely inbred lines


    1. The are not GMO. they are purely inbred

  3. Do you provide market for the fruit and is the farm manager sourced by you or the farm owner?

    1. hi Winnie we do provide contact us for more info 0723662773

  4. Hi. Could you kindly give such a good breakdown for tree tomato

  5. I am from Sabah, Malaysia. I have an acre of land. Can you give costing and return in Ringgit Malaysia please?

    1. We will inbox details also you can inbox your contact to 0723662773

  6. Good morning, what variety of paw paw seedlings do you have. My farm is in mombasa so how would i get the seedlings should i be interested.
    Can you connect me with buyers of the crop who would be interested maybe an exporter. What other advivce do you have of a crop that can do well im coast province with an export market potential

    1. Thankyou Francis, we have Solo sunrise variety that does well in Mombasa and we do deliver seedling in case you my need them. we will guide you on how the export market for paw paw operate, we also have other varieties of crops that do well in coastal areas. contact us for more information on 0723662773

  7. Hii which type does well in western part of kenya and Can i get some soil check

    1. hi Jane, there several paw paw fruits you can plant in western, we may need to visit your farm and get to understand whats the best and also for soil analysis. contact us on 0723662773 for arrangement.

  8. Hi Guys, where are you based? I need 20 seedlings for a farm along Kiambu Road. How long do they take to start producing? I planted some 6 months ago and they haven’t left the ground in height.

    James ,0724082450.

    1. Hi James, we will contact you, mostly why your plants haven’t left ground is because probably the stayed in the seedbed for a long time.

  9. Hello Oxfam Admin,
    Thanks for all these information.
    I will get in touch as soon as I am ready.

  10. Am Samwel Mwangi. Can these fruit trees do well at narumoru . 5km towards mount Kenya.?

    1. yes they will do well

  11. This is good information. Am interested in paw paw farming, which type can do better in Mwingi (Kitui county)
    My contact 0720 374802



    1. we have solo sunrise variety that will do well there and mature after 9 months

  13. I mean pawpaw varieties

  14. Hello this is Petro from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. I have ten acres suitable for growing papaya.

    Kindly advice me on the better seed variety together with availability to start the farming this month.

    1. hello Petro, there are several varieties,lets chat on whatsapp +25423662773

  15. I like it and I have started digging hole. Can I get Solo and sunrise papaya variety seedlings and at how much per seedling. I need 200 please
    QUESTION. THERE a papaya variety which I understand that when picking starts one IS ABLE TO PICK ONE FRUIT PER TREE PER DAY. WHICH VARIETY IS THIS. i DEARLY IN NEED OF IT

    My phone 0721243134

    1. We only have solo sunrise variety @ 60 per seedling. contact 0712075915 to order

  16. Hi,do you offer compensation of seedlings just in case one or two seedlings dies as a result of catastrophes such as flood and one would like to do the filling.

  17. Hai solo pawpaw do better in muranga

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *